Premium Essay

Health Care Surveillance

In: Science

Submitted By Ghannima
Words 351
Pages 2
Surveillance provides significant information for monitoring the health of the public, identifying public health problems, and triggering action to prevent further illness. Such information is vital to the nation's health, and its analysis and dissemination frequently affects everyday life and clinical practice. Public health surveillance also provides data about the incidence of disease in the community. The data can help raise or lower the threshold of clinical suspicion for a particular infectious disease, which encourages early detection and appropriate treatment. Additionally, clinical side effects are avoided, in addition to unnecessary treatment, or treatment for the wrong disease. There are several criteria to determine the significance of a public health event and the need to have that health event under surveillance. Health events that affect many people or require large expenditures of resources clearly have important public health consequences. However, health events that affect relatively few individuals may also cause concern, particularly if the events cluster in time and place. Finally, the public health significance of an event is influenced by its preventability. These measures of importance do not take into account the effect of existing control measures. For example, the number of cases of vaccine-preventable illness has declined following the implementation of school immunization laws, and the public health importance of these diseases would be underestimated by case counts alone. In such instances, it may be possible to estimate the number of anticipated cases in the absence of control programs. According to Ndiaye, Quick, Sanda & Niandou (2003), “strengthening surveillance would help to ensure the detection and reporting of disease cases and would complement current surveillance activities. It should be noted that community-based...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Diabetes Health Campaign Part 1

...Diabetes Health Campaign - Part I HCS/535 March 4, 2013 Diabetes Health Campaign - Part I Diabetes is a disease that has reached epidemic proportions. In the United States approximately 23.6 million people are affected by diabetes making diabetes the 7th leading cause of death (Healthy People 2020, 2012). Diabetes is a disease that results in the body either not producing or not using insulin properly. Complications from uncontrolled diabetes can result in devastating effects on almost every system in the body. Diabetes is so prevalent that the disease has become a national health objective in the Healthy People 2020 agenda. In 2010 North Carolina had approximately 700,000 adults with a diagnosis of diabetes (North Carolina Division of Public Health, 2011). The unfortunate reality is that approximately one-third of the people in North Carolina have not yet been diagnosed and the screening test, a simple blood test, has only been utilized by approximately 60% of North Carolinians (North Carolina Division of Public Health, 2011). Diabetes is a very costly disease and plays havoc on a person’s body. In this paper the subject of discussion is the public health issue of diabetes and its effect on the communities and population of North Carolina. Diabetes and Healthy People 2020 Healthy people 2020 continues the three decades old national program that is scientifically based and identifies national goals and objective that span over a 10 year period (Centers for......

Words: 1729 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hsa 535

...------------------------------------------------- Applications of Epidemiology – A Case Study Shaneil White July 19, 2015 hSA505 Dr. Chad Moretz July 19, 2015 hSA505 Dr. Chad Moretz Analyze Good Health Hospital’s records and itemize recent nosocomial infections that occurred within the past year. In your report, categorize the different parameters (i.e., person, time, place, ethnicity, and gender) used in the compilation of data into the nformation summative. Currently at the Good Health Hospital, there’s a nosocomial outbreak of E. coli on Ward 10 on the second floor. Four cases have been identified so far linked to spoil food from the cafeteria, with two more cases pending. After meeting with chief administrator Joe Wellborn, one patient could possibly been symptomatic with the bacteria prior to admission. Parameters discussion below: * Person: 4 identified cases. (1. Male, age 23), (2. Female, age 21), (Male, age 15), and (Female, age 42). * Place: Good Health Hospital, Ward 10, second floor; Good Health Hospital cafeteria. Also research has indicated that other area hospitals around Tampa Bay has been contaminated with E. coli as well. * Time: Within the past week. Propose at least six (6) questions for the health care administrator at Good Health Hospital, regarding potential litigation issues with infections from the nosocomial diseases. Rationalize, in your report, the logic behind your six (6) questions. Traditionally, nosocomial infections have......

Words: 2061 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Week 4

...Case Study: Implementing a Syndromic Surveillance System Loreli Galvey, Samantha Sweeney, Marie Her, Sholanda Morris, Juanita Sanchez-Noble HCS 533 December 22, 2014 Portia Bonnett 1) How will your agency seek to ensure the quality of the data acquired from many hospitals throughout the state? Syndromic surveillance refers to methods relying on detection of individual and population health indicators that are discernable before confirmed diagnoses are made. Prior to the laboratory confirmation of an infectious disease, ill persons may exhibit signs, symptoms or laboratory findings that can be tracked through a variety of data sources. Data acquisition can be manual or automatic. Manual acquisition requires personnel resources like email a report or transfer a file, whenever data are to be transmitted. Automated processes may result in the transmission of a text report, a data file, or a series of structured messages over an error-tolerant interface that do not require human intervention to trigger each report. Developing systems such as web-based or handheld devices that allow providers to manually enter information at the time of patient care can help ensure the quality of data acquired from different hospitals. These systems allow more specific and complete patient syndromic information to be gathered and would enable better identification of patients who have the condition of interest. Developing standard formats to store or transmit data is another way of......

Words: 844 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Cdc and Information Systems

...Information Systems Office 4 Evaluating Surveillance Systems 4-5 Section 2: Information Systems Concepts (TBA) 5 Network Basics 5 Local Area Network and Wide Area Network: Description and Uses 5-6 CDC Network LAN or WAN 6 WI-FI and Telecommuting: Description and Issues 6-7 CDC: To Telecommute or Not 7-8 Section 3: Business Information Systems (TBA) 8 Defining MIS, TPS, DSS, and A.I. 8-10 CDC Using MIS 10 CDC Implementing TPS 10-11 CDC’s Use of DSS 11-12 CDC Implements A.I. 12-13 Section 4: System Development 13 Software System and Software Process 13-14 Waterfall Method vs. Prototype 14-15 The Phases of the Waterfall Method 15-16 Section 5: Information Systems and Society 17 History of Hacking 17 Techniques and Approaches Hackers Use 17-19 Preventive Measures for Minimizing Hacker Disruption 19-20 References 21-24 Section 1: Information Systems Overview The CDC Organizations use information systems for a multitude of reasons. Some of these reasons can be to increase the quality of healthcare and improve the overall health care industry, such as does the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC is well known for collecting data on a vast spectrum of information in order to improve the quality and the way health care is delivered. By conducting research and investigations, CDC continues to increase the security of health of our nation. Since opening its......

Words: 5907 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Technology in Healthcare

... Technology and Healthcare Throughout history there have been individuals that have collected and used data to improve the health of communities. With the advent of computers there has been a greater development of how this data on disease outbreaks are tracked and handled. The use of information technology in healthcare has created faster tracking and monitoring systems used to study emerging disease outbreaks such as SARS, influenza, HIV and even bioterroism attacks. In a way public health informatics has been around since before the creation of computers. Individuals such as Dr. John Snow and Florence Nightingale recognized patterns that pointed towards causes of disease outbreaks and the need to correct such situations to improve health outcomes. In 2005 Vachon said, Historically, Dr. John Snow can be disignated the “father” of public health informatics (PHI). In 1854, he plotted information about cholera deaths and was able to determine that the deaths were clustered around the same water pump in London…when the pump handle was removed, cholera disappeared. It was Dr. Snow’s focus on the cholera population rather than on a single patient that led to his discovery of the source of the cholera outbreak. (Mastrian & McGonigle, 2012, p. 368) Dossy (2000) said, “Florence Nightingale should also be recognized as an early public health informaticist. Her recommendation about medical reform and the need for improved sanitary conditions…led to a total......

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Healthcare Law and Informatics

...(Rundio & Wilson, 2010 ). Health IT has changed the ways of communication and documentation. Informatics in healthcare has helped to increase the efficiency of our healthcare system. By moving away from hand written medical records, information has become more organized, more manageable, and much more easily accessible. Advancements in technology have allowed organizations to become more productive and more cost effective. Informatics has helped organizations in reducing their staff needs, ultimately saving them money. As healthcare IT continues to advance, patient safety, quality of care, and costs will continue to improve, and privacy and security will continue to be the goal for all electronic information. The use of electronic health information to improve the quality of care requires the exchange of electronic health records, which increases the need for security and privacy. Because of this, it was essential to establish collaborative governance guiding health information technology infrastructure (Rundio & Wilson, 2010) . The Health IT Patient Safety Action and Surveillance Plan addresses the role of healthcare informatics within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services promise to patient safety. The objective of the plan is to use healthcare informatics to make care safer and to continuously improve the safety of health IT (“HealthIT”, n.d.). The Health IT Safety Plan lays out actions that can be taken to improve the safety of health IT. The plan......

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Insitutional Health

...Ebony Stewart May 7, 2014 Estimating Health Care Associated Infections and Deaths in U.S Hospitals as Oppose to Medical Malpractice Epidemiology Introduction This study was conducted for two important reasons. Deaths in the United States as well as an estimation to provide information for the number of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) were the purpose. The data sources used were 1) National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance 2) National Hospital Discharge Survey and 3) American Hospital Association all of these sources were used by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s. HAI occur in many different healthcare settings: acute care within hospitals, same day surgery centers, long-term facilities, and ambulatory outpatient care in health care clinics. HAI has resulted from and adverse reaction to toxins and evidence of infection isn’t presented during time of admission to hospital. Surveillance has also been a research base for HAI. NNIS is an ongoing system that has collaborated with CDC to monitor data on HAI”S and other nosocomial infections. It covers intensive care units, high risk nursery, and surgical patients. A major goal of NNIS is to develop data to prevent and control nosocomial diseases. NHDS was designed to meet needs of patients from non-federal hospitals that stayed only for a short period of time. The data collected from these surveys is collected to examine the importance of public health. The survey is conducted in three......

Words: 2218 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Integrating Dental Informatics in Planning an Effective Oral Health Information System in India - Need of an Hour

...PLANNING AN EFFECTIVE ORAL HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM IN INDIA - NEED OF AN HOUR Eshani Saxena*1, Pankaj Goel2 , Chandrashekar BR3, Sudheer Hongal 4 , 1. P.G Student , Dept of public health dentistry ,Peoples dental academy , Bhopal 2. HOD, dept of Public health dentistry AIIMS Bhopal 3. Dept of Public health dentistry, People’s dental academy , Bhopal 4. Reader, Dept of Public health dentistry, People’s dental academy , Bhopal Corresponding author: Dr. Eshani Saxena , P.G Student , Dept of public health dentistry ,Peoples dental academy , Bhopal . Received on 16 Jan 2014, Published on 2 feb 2014 ABSTRACT Technology in dentistry is a novel science and it will continue to grow in future. The research field that study dentistry from a technical perspective is dental informatics. Dental informatics engrosses every discipline in dentistry. To review the existing literature on dental informatics in public health practice and discuss the feasibility of integrating dental informatics in planning effective oral health information system in India. A thorough search for the literature on dental informatics and oral health information system was made in biomedical data bases using the search engine for two weeks by one investigator. The retrieved literature was then organized into primary and secondary sources, softwares in clinical dentistry, softwares for public health informatics etc. The literature focusing on the applicability of dental informatics in public health practice......

Words: 4941 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Infection Control Accreditation Task 1

...Recently the hospital implements preventing spread of Infection. The hospital has a successful framework for controlling the spread of infection and/or outbreaks among patients/clients, employees, physician, volunteers, students, and visitors. Identification and managing infections at the time of a client’s admission to the hospital and throughout their stay are the critical aspects of the infection prevention and control program, in addition to subsequent renowned infection control practices while providing care. In the hospital’s admission process, there are numerous ways to investigate, control, and prevent infections in the hospital setting, decides what procedures, such as isolation, should be applied to an individual client; and maintains a record of incidents and corrective actions related to infections. This process includes taking the patient’s history of infection, previous hospitalization, current diagnosis, and presence of draining wound, among others. During the health screening process, the hospital also ensures that the patient gets help from the right staff. Immediately the patient checks into the Nightingale Community Hospital, the symptoms are examined. This forms the basis of the treatment. In addition to the symptoms, laboratory tests are used to augment the diagnosis process. The hospital has a strict policy to screen the patient for infection within 24 hours upon admission. 2. Commission Standard: Compliance with Hand Hygiene In order to......

Words: 2699 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Public Health and Health Care Paper

...Public Health and Health Care Paper Health care focuses on the health of individuals whereas public health focuses on preventing disease and injury while promoting and protecting the health of populations. Public health is the science and art of promoting health, prolonging life, and preventing disease as a result of organized community efforts. Public health by way of systematic effort, identify the health needs of the community and then organize ample health service for the defined population (Association of Schools of Public Health, n.d.). The interdisciplinary approach of health services, biostatistics, and epidemiology are incorporated in public health. The purpose of this paper is to describe Center of disease control and prevention (CDC) as a public health agency and how it contributes to the core functions of public health. This paper will also examine the specific ways CDC influences the health care organizations and provider and will also discuss the roles of the agency workers including specific responsibilities, competencies, and skills. CDC as an agency and its contribution to the core functions of public health. CDC is the lead federal government public health agency and a key operational element of the Department of Health and Human Services. The CDC manages a variety of programs intended to control and prevent specific disability risks, injury, and disease on a national level through dissemination activities, program development, research, epidemiologic......

Words: 1456 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Health Care

...Health Care Management Healthcare is a very large, complex, and inefficient industry. This field is one field that will always require attention and there will always be a need for improvement because it will be in dynamic state always. This is due to the human health, coverage and technology. These are all things that we cannot control or are working hard to get under better control. Furthermore, health care touches everyone. There are families who worry about their children and aging relatives; employers who must provide health insurance to their employees and the employees who need the benefits. In addition, there are the government officials and politicians who are concerned about the rising cost of health care; and, of course, the hospitals and doctors who are responsible for delivering health care. Having adequate health care is extremely important to people. Even successful medical treatment can involve pain, anxiety, risk, and, inevitably, lots of money. The last thing a patient in a hospital wants to think about is "how am I going to pay for all of this?" Ideally, instead of worrying about money, a patient should be concentrating on getting well. So the main question is how to measure the cost of the health? Of course human life is the dearest. But financial sides must also be taken into account. Healthcare system must provide health for all legal law abiding country citizens, regardless of their income, financial ability, and past health history. Everyone deserves......

Words: 626 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Public Health Survey

...level (*). 47.7% of all African Americans in the county live below the poverty level, 27.4% of Asians, 27.9% of Hispanics, 32.8% of Native Americans and 16.1% of Whites also live below the poverty level. (*) 22.5% of children under the age of 18 live in poverty, while 20.3% of residence between the ages of 18-64 are living in poverty and 8.3% of people over 65 are living in poverty in the county. (*) The proportion of families eligible for public assistance is _________ with 41.0% actually receiving some form of assistance (*). This may be due to the high unemployment rate of over 11% (*) The percentage of people with unmet health needs due to financial constrains is estimated at 28% (*) and a homeless population of 3%(*). Only 1.5% of the total annual budget has been allocated to public health for the year 2016(*). Payment sources for medical care include 40% private insurance, 26% Medicare, 14% Medicaid, and 20% without insurance. DISASTER ASSESSMENT During an interview with the Emergency Manager of Klamath County, Morgan Lindsay, I was able to ascertain the following information. Klamath community does have a disaster plan that is implemented and maintained by the Klamath County Emergency Management division of the County. The purpose of the division is to implement and execute the County’s responsibility in maintaining an emergency system, planning, preparing and providing for the prevention and management of disasters or emergencies that may present a......

Words: 4561 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Meaningful Use

...turned to certified electronic health record (EHR) technology to help facilitate the process of broadening health IT infrastructures. The federal government views EHR system used in meaningful ways as the key to reforming the healthcare systems. Meaningful use of the EHR systems can also improve the overall quality of healthcare, insure patient safety, as well as reduce the cost of healthcare to individuals (Bigalke & Morris, 2010, p. 116). The responsibility of employing the new EHR Medicare and Medicaid incentive programs has been given to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. CMS established and launched standards and managed the implementation specifications. CMS also oversaw the certification criteria, including the certification process for the EHR technology. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services also insured the safety of the patients by establishing privacy and security protections under the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act (Burchill, 2010, p. 232). The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services provided incentive payments to eligible professionals and hospitals that are determined to be meaningful users of a certified EHR program. According to an article by Jones, Heaton, Friedberg, and Schneider (2011) incentives totals may add up to $27 billion dollars between the years 2011-2016. Implementing electronic health record systems (EHR) is......

Words: 2452 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Nut1

...information access, protected PHI, and help eliminate errors in our everyday use. IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION ACCESS Benefits Increase quality of care Bedside charting access Ability to access your patients records at one time All information in one place IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION ACCESS • The implementation of the EHR will open up the employee to gain access to all the patient records available within one system. This includes x-rays, labs, notes, care plans, etc. • With secured passwords available to each employee, the employ is able to review current and past reports to increase the quality of care for that patient. • Accessing the chart at bedside will help prevent wrong patient errors. PERSONAL HEALTH INFORMATION Vulnerability The wondering eye Hackers Curious employees PERSONAL HEALTH INFORMATION • The patient health information(PHI) will be more vulnerable with the fact that the computer screens either on handhelds or desktops are more easily accessible to everyone's eyes who pass by them. • The risk of hackers getting into the system is also a risk for PHI to be breeched. • Curiosity of employees shows to be a risk involved with EHR. Employees have the risk of entering PHI when they want some information on the patient, even when it is not their patient or relevant to that patients care. PERSONAL HEALTH INFORMATION SECURITY Firewalls Encryption Password protection Limited access Penalties SECURITY • Manufacturers of the......

Words: 1060 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Health Camaign Part I

...Health Campaign Part 1 Lisa Moran University of Phoenix HCS/535 Dr. Michelle Ross July 13, 2015 Health Campaign Part 1 Health Campaign- Part One In the United States obesity has become a chronic condition over the years, and has grown in epidemic proportions. Defining obesity as the weight of the body which is excessive to healthy people and is the greatest public health challenge currently in the United States. The World Health Organization has stated that 2.8 million adults will die due to obesity in the world (World Health Organization, 2012). This paper will discuss the resourcefulness of Healthy People 2020 to fight obesity, discuss federal, state, and local agencies assigned with managing this problem, will discuss simulations to determine and analyze obesity, define the community, and describe the epidemiologic surveillance systems and tool for monitoring obesity. Obesity in America In the United States obesity amounts have accelerated to levels greater than before. In the United States one-third of all adults are categorized as overweight (Center of Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). The initiatives started in 2000 and were restructured in 2010 and 2020. Healthy People 2000 was established in 1990 by the Department of Human and Health Services as an approach to develop healthy Americans (Center of Disease Control and Prevention, 2009). The priority areas recognized were physical fitness and nutrition. Objectives for Healthy People was......

Words: 1775 - Pages: 8