Premium Essay

Health Care Systems: the U.S. vs. Canada

In: Other Topics

Submitted By marcymonique
Words 1238
Pages 5
The United States health care system is quite unique when compared to Canada’s health care system and those of other countries. Canada provides universal coverage, is privately run and is publicly funded through taxes. The U.S. is the only industrialized country that does not offer universal health coverage. The U.S. is said to be part of the developed world in terms of technology, well trained health professionals and job opportunities although when it comes to health outcomes it doesn’t do so well. Available studies suggest that the health outcomes in Canada were superior to those compared the U.S. The U.S. faces multiple barriers that have made their health care system inconsistent and so costly. In the past the system focused on revenue maximization instead of quality care at an affordable cost. The U.S. spends twice as much more per capita on health expenditures when compared to Canada (O'Neill & O'Neill, 2007). Canada spends much less on health care and yet performs better than the U.S. in health outcomes, infant mortality and life expectancy. A comparison of the U.S. health care system and Canada’s system performance will be evaluated along with the health outcomes that have resulted from each system.
The U.S. has a multi-payer private health care system where Canada has a single payer and is mostly a publicly funded system. “In Canada in order to receive full funding for health insurance the provincial government must meet the following criteria: care available to all eligible residents, comprehensive coverage, access without barriers, portable within the country and abroad, and publicly administered” (Shi, L., & Singh, pg. 21, 2013). In the U.S. the major source of funding for hospitals and physicians comes from private insurance or out-of-pocket spending. The U.S. health care system is not centrally controlled like Canada’s system and there is little...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Comparing the U.S. and Canadian Health Care Systems In discussions of health care reform, the Canadian system is often held up as a possible model for the U.S. The two countries' health care systems are very different-Canada has a single-payer, mostly publicly-funded system, while the U.S. has a multi-payer, heavily private system-but the countries appear to be culturally similar, suggesting that it might be possible for the U.S. to adopt the Canadian system. Much of the appeal of the Canadian system is that it seems to do more for less. Canada provides universal access to health care for its citizens, while nearly one in five non-elderly Americans is uninsured. Canada spends far less of its GDP on health care (10.4 percent, ver-sus 16 percent in the U.S.) yet performs better than the U.S. on two commonly cited health outcome measures, the infant mortality rate and life expectancy. In "Health Status, Health Care, and Inequality: Canada vs. the U.S.," (NBER Working Paper 13429) June O'Neill and Dave M. O'Neill take a closer look at the performance of the U.S. and Canadian health care systems. The authors examine whether the Canadian system delivers better health outcomes and distributes health resources more equitably than the U.S. system. The authors begin by examining the evidence on health outcomes. They note that the infant mortality rate and life expectancy are affected by many factors other than the health care system. For example, low birthweight-a phenomenon known......

Words: 1588 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

U.S. Healthcare vs Canada and India

...Grade Recieved - "A" Despite the documented challenges that the U.S. health care system faces, it also enjoys a number of advantages over other systems around the world. Choose 2 other countries from around the world and discuss the strengths of the U.S. health care system as compared to these countries from an administrator’s and a third-party payer’s perspectives. In your answer, be sure to not only discuss each strength, but provide an explanation as to why you feel the United States has this advantage over the other countries you chose. Abstract United States has many strengths and weaknesses within the healthcare system. In this case, we are going to focus on the strengths of the healthcare system in the United States and how they measure up to the healthcare system in two other countries. Those countries on India and Canada. The healthcare system within the United States is one of the best in the world. In order to receive a better understanding of the strength of the United States healthcare system, we have to dive into the healthcare systems of other countries. Real life questions were asked, from individuals from two different parts of the world in two different hospitals and how they felt about the healthcare system in the native countries. Once the healthcare systems of India and Canada have been explained, we can dive into the strength of the healthcare system in the United States. The life expectancy of individuals within India......

Words: 1865 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Funding and Reimbursing Healthcare

...United States vs. Foreign Nations: Funding & Reimbursing Healthcare Services United States vs. Foreign Nations: Funding & Reimbursing Healthcare Services In this document I will discuss the health care system of three foreign nations versus the United States. Specifically, focusing on how physicians and hospitals are reimbursed and funded in the United States as opposed to foreign nations. The three other foreign nations that will be involved in this discussion will be: Germany, Canada, and United Kingdom. Reimbursement/funding of health care services varies from nation to nation. Each of these countries inhabits a different point on the international healthcare continuum. In this critical analysis you will read about the different ways foreign countries and the United States reimburse hospitals and providers for health care services. The United States of America In America, we, as consumers, have the right to choose among various suppliers of healthcare services. We make a decision based upon the competing market and quality of goods and services. Then we pay for the cost of our services mainly through insurance or by paying for the full cost of the purchase ourselves. According to Bodenheimer and Grumbach, health care financing in the United States started off from out-of-pocket payments and evolved through individual private insurance, then employment-based insurance, and then finally government-based financing (i.e. Medicaid and Medicare) (2012, p.......

Words: 2528 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Comparison of Canadian and U.S. Health Care Systems

...Comparison of U.S. and Canadian Health Care Systems Quinn Sullivan California State University East Bay Abstract Health care is an essential service needed by citizens. As a result, the government plays an important role by designing an appropriate health care system for its citizens. In this paper, a comparison between the health care system in the U.S. and Canada has been made. Using various literary sources, the comparison has been done considering the four components of health care services delivery; financing, insurance, delivery, and payment. The findings indicate that the health care system in the U.S. is expensive but more efficient than the single-payer health care system in Canada. The findings have further been analyzed to ascertain its implications on the U.S. citizens, as well as the Canadians. The paper concludes that the health care system in the U.S. does not favor the middle-class earners, and thus recommends an improved system. Table of Contents Abstract 2 Table of Contents 3 1. Introduction 4 2.1 Health Care Delivery ...5 2.2 The Cost of Health Care and Administrative Overheads 6 2.3 Health Insurance 6 2.4 Funding 7 3. Analysis of Findings 8 4. Conclusion 9 5. Recommendations 10 6. References 11 1. Introduction Health care is among the basic needs of human beings. The need is not discriminative because everyone has an equal chance......

Words: 2335 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...Comparison and Contrasts of the United States and Canadian Health Care Systems Devry University HSM 310 Comparison and Contrasts of the United States and Canadian Health Care Systems Canada In the 1960’s, Canada reformed its system providing a universal single payer health care system which covers all services provided by physicians and hospitals it is mostly free at point of use and has most services provided by private entities. Single payer health care is the financing of costs of delivering universal health care for an entire population through a single insurance pool. The government took over full funding of both physician and hospital services, setting minor physician fees and hospital budgets. Everyone is covered at all times. United States of America For the past 8 decades, the U.S. has run its country on a private health care system where the individual pays for their choice of health care. Depending on the coverage of the health care amounts to the cost. In the U.S, government funding for health care is limited to Medicare, Medicaid, Veterans Administration and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, which covers senior citizens, the very poor, disabled people, veterans and their families and children. The United States is the only country in the developing world that does not have a fundamentally public tax-supported health care system. The National healthcare debate is one that has been a continuing arguing point for the last decade. The goal......

Words: 2788 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Canadian Healthy Policy vs. United States Health Policy

...Canadian Healthy Policy vs. United States Health Policy AHS 330 Health Care Systems: 7Q April 2, 2014 Healthcare in the United States is extremely different from the rest of the world. Over the years government and political analysts have compared and contrasted the health care systems of the United States to that of Canada’s. Despite being located on the same continent both countries have different ways of delivering health care to its citizens. Canada has a single-payer system that is publicly funded, while the United States has a multi-payer system that relies heavily on privately owned healthcare. This could be due to the differences in how many patients are cared for compared to those in America or it could be just a matter of who developed the better healthcare. However, due to the close proximity of the countries it is possible that the United States can adopt the Canadian healthcare system. According to Health Canada, Canada's publicly funded health care system is best described as an interlocking set of ten provincial and three territorial health insurance plans. Known to Canadians as "Medicare", the system provides access to universal, coverage for hospital and physician services. With this being said it is safe to assume that health care services are provided on the basis of need, rather than the ability to pay. “The Canadian Health Act contains a single national plan that is composed of thirteen provincial and territorial health insurance plans that all......

Words: 1987 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...Two Systems One Vision “Health care U.S vs. Canada” There are two different ways in which to approach the concept of universal health care one system can be described by aspects of Canada and another system can be described from modeling the current U.S system. The current President and his administration will deal with the daunting task of creating a universal health care plan and making health care affordable for the average American. In their quest to create a universal health care plan they may look towards our friends north of the border. Canada has implemented a Universal health care plan that has been running for several years, abet its health care system is not perfect; it is important for the United states listen to its neighbors and research the possible downfalls. This research paper will discuss the possibility of using the Canadian Health care system as model to improve universal health care in the United States. Many ask how Canada Manage to offer such a comprehensive health care system does. The answer to this question isimply put is money. Health care in Canada is funded by publically funded health care system. The Canada Health care act created five provisions that each provinces and territories would have to meet in order to retain federal monies. These provisions included: • Public Administration: All administration of provincial health insurance must be carried out by a public authority on a non-profit basis. They also must be accountable to......

Words: 2177 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Health Care

...National Health Care: “Proposal to the U.S. Government and U.S. Citizens” The United States of America (the United States) health care system has been described as most advanced and competitive, but at the same time inefficient and fragmented. According to the United States Census Board, health care system in the United States is ranked thirty-seventh in the world. More than 54% of the American Citizens are dissatisfied with the current health care system, but we also spend more than the citizen of other nations: we spend 15.9 percent of GDP on health care compared to other advanced countries in the world like France, Germany, United Kingdom, Canada, Japan and Australia (U.S. Census Bureau). Assessing the performance of the health care system is the most difficult task. Public and Private Health Expenditures as a Percentage of GDP. U.S. and some selected countries: (from Kaiser Family Foundation) A few years ago, when my mom turned forty years old, she discovered that she has a blood pressure problem. Prior to that she did not have a medical insurance when she found out about her problem. After discovering that she has a blood pressure problem, she applied for medical insurance in five or six health insurance companies, but they rejected her application because she had a preexisting medical condition. Finally, Kaiser Permentant Medical Insurance, accepted her application; however, they charged her twice the amount of monthly payment for her medical insurance. Around......

Words: 2818 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Defining Social Justice: America V Canada

...Social Justice: America v Canada Concepcion Cruz Argosy University   Abstract This paper will define social justice as defined in America, as well as it is defined by our northerly neighbors, in Canada. The author will analyze the ideologies of both countries, with regard to social justice, identifying similarities and illustrating differences by examining historical values, economic structure, and issues of discrimination that factor into the application of social justice and/or social injustice in each country. Using reasoning skills, the author will support statements or arguments about social justice as it pertains to both the U.S. and Canada.   America America is a country of conflicting ideologies. Conservatism is an ideology which places a high premium on progress as a slow, gradual process. Conservatives, or in political terms, the Right, view most forms of change as an invitation to chaos. They prefer smaller government and less regulation ( This constituency is likely to be privileged in society, and usually as a result of aristocracy that has been inherited, or passed down from previous generations. When things change too quickly, this privilege, in the eyes of its possessors, is at risk- hence the fear of change a conservative may have. The other ideology that is gaining traction in recent generations, in America, is liberalism. Liberalism is a belief in equal opportunity for all, within a defined set of laws governed by law. Liberal......

Words: 1600 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Single Payer Healthcare for the United States

...Universal Health Care For The United States | | | | | | | | | |Nicole Jones | |April 2011 | |HS 544 Health Policy and Economics | |Fowler | | | Table Of Contents Page Section 1: Executive Summary …………………………………………….. 3 Section 2: Introduction …………………………………………….. 4 Section 3: Literature Review ……………………………………………… 5 Section 4: Problem Analysis ……………………………………………… 10 Section 5: Solutions and Implementations ………………………………………… 17 Section 6: Justification ……………………………………………… 18 Section 7: References ……………………………………………… 20 Executive Summary Almost four decades ago, Canada and the United States had very similar health care systems. Today, they are very different. The Canadian system is......

Words: 5173 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Us vs Germany Healthcare

...Healthcare in Germany vs. U.S.A Western Governors University Organizational Systems and Quality Leadership Germany’s and the United States’ healthcare systems compare and contrast in many ways. Germany has the third richest economy in the world and many categorize their healthcare system as socialized. Germany provides medical care to all of the citizens—young, poor, old, sick, and injured. Otto von Bismarck the Prussian chancellor in the 1880s in Germany invented the concept of healthcare systems, the notion that a government has to provide mechanisms so all its people can get medical care when they need it. In 1883, the Sickness Insurance Act was passed, representing the first social insurance program. Over the past 130 years the system has grown to the point where virtually all of the population is provided access to medical care. The Germans have what they call “Sickness Funds”, which are paid for by premiums based on income to one of 240 private insurers. A worker earning 60,000 would split a $750 family premium with their employer. It is more expensive than the U.K. but cheaper than the U.S. by about two thirds. It is a system where the rich pay for the poor and the ill are covered by the healthy (Saul, 2014). The United States healthcare system until recently has been mostly controlled by private industries and insurance companies, although we do have Medicare and Medicaid for the old and poor. Recently the Affordable Healthcare Act has been passed which......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Baby Boomers

...Retirement of Baby Boomers How Does It Affect Canadian Economy Table of Contents Introduction 3 1. Labor Market 3 1.1 Employment and unemployment rate 6 1.2 Employment rate and unemployment rate in long run 8 3. The Effects on Government’s Health Care Spending 14 4. Education 16 5. Standard of living 17 5.1 Increase productivity 19 6. Pension Plans 19 Conclusion 20 * Introduction The term baby-boomers refers to everyone who were born during the post-World War II, during the years 1947 to 1968, during which time there was a dramatic increase in the birth rate. It is estimated that 97% of the baby-boomers are still alive, which is about 8.5 million individuals. For a past decades, these baby-boomers have controlled and shaped many aspects of our economy, environment, and culture. But as this aging population is coming close to retirement, it could have serious impact on our society. In the coming years, there will be more retirees than worker, which could pose as a great issue in our economy. This paper will analyze the impact of this phenomenon on Canadian labor market and the level of investment, how this could reshape the government budget, and how it is going to affect the Canadian’s standard of living. 1. Labor Market It is quite clear that the retirement of baby-boomers has a big impact on the labor market. Some describes this as a “ demographic time bomb” for the nation’s labor force. Baby-boomers make up one-third of......

Words: 3362 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Differences in Canadian and American Health Care

...The Canadian Health Care system has been regarded as one of the best publicly funded health care programs in the world, to conduct a fair and unbiased comparison of the Canadian and American health care systems one should use similar measuring techniques. Comparing our Health Care system to the United States’ is only going to give us a false sense of satisfaction. This will hinder our progress towards reaching a system that would facilitate the needs of every citizen while taking their opinions and complaints into consideration. A Canadian Health Care system created by the people and for the people. The major differences between the Canadian and the American health care systems are that the Canadian health is a publicly-funded single-pay system which covers costs deemed medically necessary for every citizen/resident regardless of their ability to pay. While the American health care is a multi-payer system based on the patient’s finances. I argue That Canadian Health Care system is better than the American Health Care system. In the Canadian system the citizens will pay far less than they would ever pay if they were being treated for any sickness or receiving any medical services in the United States. It is clear that the Canadian health system is better than the American counterpart as the reported Life expectancy is higher in Canada by more than 2 years, 82.4 years for women and 77.4 years for men when compared to the American life expectancy, 80.1 years for women and 74.8......

Words: 4305 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Twelve Domains of Culture

...CA, TX, IL, AZ, FL, NM, CO, 90% live in urban areas, fastest growing ethnic population in U.S. |Immigrants to Western countries very diverse, culture differs with mix of west and traditional values & beliefs, value accountability to family & neighbors, value higher education, most live in CA, NY, FL, TX |Some major industries are electronics, telecommu-nication, chemicals, & steel. Entertain-ment industry is booming. Mountain-ous. Rapidly increasing immigrant group in U.S.. |Leave their country to attain a higher standard of living. Both religious & social system |Land-locked country in South-east Asia. Mountains & flood-plains. Trop-ical mon-soon climate. Mon-soon season from May to October Popula-tion of 5.2 million as of 1998. 70% of popula-tion is under 30 years old. Most live in rural villages near a temple. Paddy rice is subsis-tence for major popula-tion. |Reserved, formal, like order, love music & celebra-tions. Christmas tree with all its décor is a German creation. 60 million Germans in U.S.. Beautiful landscapes mountain ranges, lowlands & ocean borders. Largest economy in Europe, third largest in world. Climate similar to NW portion of U.S.. Embrace U.S. as their own. 1/4 of U.S. citizens trace their roots back to Germany. Mostly reside in St. Louis, Milwaukee Chicago, Cincinnati, Buffalo, NYC, & Baltimore |3.8 million square miles. Larger than the entire U.S. but has only 1/9 the population, 32.2 million people. Surrounded by 3 oceans, &......

Words: 7060 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Healthcare in America

...Improving the access and affordability of health insurance coverage for all Americans should be a primary concern for those who help create the laws of the land. At this date, there are roughly 44 million Americans without any type of healthcare coverage. Another 38 million people have inadequate health insurance (PBS, 2012). What this all means is that the people who need it the most are putting off seeing a doctor until last moment and then usually end up visiting an emergency room. If they cannot pay for the visit, the cost of that ER visit falls back on the taxpayers, people who have health insurance coverage, and the Federal Government. The young, under the age of nineteen, are usually covered by Medicaid and the elderly, 65 and up, are usually covered by Medicare. The people lost in the middle are mainly those aged 19-64, who are uninsured and do what they can to keep themselves healthy. When that does not work, the local health departments and emergency rooms are expected to take up the slack. Of those who may have health insurance coverage, that coverage comes through their employer. The people who have insurance through their employer make up about 56% of the population American workers, while about 11% have privately purchased insurance (Jovanovic, et. al., 2003). The people who do not have traditional jobs such as those who work part-time, work through a temporary agency, or work for a small company who does not provide health insurance, make up 29% of the......

Words: 1465 - Pages: 6