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Health Disparities of the Lgbt Community

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Submitted By dpoer1
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Health disparities of the LGBT community
Darlene Poer
Grand Canyon University

Minerva Gonzales
May 15, 2016

Health disparities of the LGBT community
Many factors contribute to a person’s health status. Among them are, limited access to care, socioeconomic, and environmental factors. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “the social determinants of health as well as race are ethnicity, sex, sexual orientation, age, and disability” (Myers, Yoon, & Kaufman, 2013). The Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community falls into this category. The individuals that belong to this group come from all ethnicities, races, economic and social statuses throughout the United States and the world. The Institute of Medicines report in 2011 states, “lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals have unique health experiences, but as a nation, we do not know exactly what these experiences and needs are ("LGBT health report," 2011, p. 4).For this reason their needs and health care inequities and inequalities should be addressed.
The health promotion goal of the LGBT community is to “improve the health, safety, and well-being of lesbian, gay, and transgender individuals” ("," 2014). To understand the current health status of the LGBT community, one must understand some basic definitions. 1. Gender identity-A person’s basic sense of being male or female. 2. Gender expression- Manifestations that are defined as masculine or feminine. 3. Gender role conformity- The extent to which an expression conforms to cultural norms. 4. Gender dysphoria- The discomfort one has with the sex that one had at birth.
There are many factors that affect the health status of this very diverse group. Among them are greater economic disadvantages. The Williams Institute reports that those identifying as LGBT have higher rates of poverty than heterosexual...

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