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Health Promotion Throughout Nursing

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Submitted By jcyr
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Health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health (World Health Organization, n.d.). This means that not only are they looking at what they can do as an individual to better their health, but also how different environmental and social factors can better their health. This article is going to focus on the purpose of health promotion, the role and responsibilities of nurses in health promotion, as well as, comparing the three different levels of health promotion and prevention. Health care has undergone many changes over the last hundred years, one of them being how health promoting and prevention is looked at. Historically, health promotion was looked at as the illness and a cure, where now health promotion is focusing on health promotion and prevention (Fain & Lewis, 2002). With this new focus, it will decrease the cost of medical care, decrease hospital stays, increase individuals as well as communities’ knowledge and awareness on health related issues and overall, increase the quality of the individual’s life. Not only will it benefit just a single individual but they will also be able to teach their child, who will in turn teach theirs. Historically a nurse’s role in health care was very minimal and they were only to do what the doctor told them to do and when they were told to do it. They weren’t allowed to question the doctor or even make recommendations for the patients care, but this has all changed now. Today, nurses are more independent and have a greater role in health promotion and prevention and are very involved with the patient, their family and the community. Some of the roles nurses have in health promotion and prevention today are as advocates, care managers, consultants, deliverer of services, educators, healer and researcher (Edelman & Mandle, 2010). Over time nurses went from

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