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Health: Social Determinants Of Health

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Paragraph 1: Introduction (100 words)

It is important to look at how and why researchers may link medical information with other non-medical information, for example, where people live, their income and their education. An understanding of how these factors affect an individual’s health can help us to look beyond the healthcare system for ways to improve the health of New Zealanders. These factors are called the social determinants of health. This essay will take a closer look at some of these social determinants and how they can influence people’s health and well-being. It will also discuss research articles that provide examples of influences of social determinants of health relating to adults.

Paragraph 2: SDH approach. Your discussion
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In order to improve population health status and reduce health inequalities, it is important to identify and understand the main factors that protect and promote good health. These factors are known as the social determinants of health. The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines social determinants of health as, “the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age” (WHO, 2012, pg. 1). These factors are shaped by a number of socio-economic variables including income and poverty, employment and occupation, education, housing, culture and ethnicity (Ministry of Health, 1998, pg. 8). It is important to consider these factors as they can have both a direct and …show more content…
Adulthood is generally defined as individuals between the ages of 30 and 65. While age related changes cannot be entirely stopped, the symptoms can often be managed with diet, exercise and medical care. Adulthood is the time of a person’s life when influences of the environment and lifestyle are most apparent. By the time people have become adults, their innate predispositions have combined with their past and current lifestyles and a variety of life circumstances to set a pattern for the future. Factors such as poverty, housing, education, social support services and employment all help create positive choices to minimize risk factors of unhealthy behaviors in adults. According to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), risk factors that account for most of the burden of disease in adults include; smoking, alcohol, physical inactivity, hypertension level, obesity, high blood cholesterol and inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption (McMurray, 2003, pg. 20). The main physical concerns associated with adult development that may become evident in late adulthood include arthritis, heart disease, diabetes and

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