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Hep B

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Submitted By LJ2u2014
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Preterm births and low birth weights are an ongoing problem in today’s society. Such births have a negative consequence on a multitude of different groups. The families of the child are directly affected but also society. In both developed and developing countries, birth weight is one of the most important if not the most important factor affecting neonatal morality. According to the WHO low birth weight is defined as weight less then 2500g. About 9% of births in the US are considered low birth. Preterm births before 37 weeks also play a major role in neonatal mortality. (Kramer, 1997). Low birth weight and preterm births are not limited to a select group of people but are a problem all groups of people face. Preterm births can be a result of substance abuse, alcohol, smoking, and hypertension just to name a few. Poverty is a big factor and is seen more frequently in minority groups. (Rawlings et al, 1995). Lack of nutrition and lack of access to healthcare are two leading causes among minorities. Low birth babies will have an impact on the family and society. Hospital costs will be high as well as future costs if complications occur later on in life. Not only will there be financial cost and burden but also psychological. Short term there will be high levels of stress. New parents will have a difficult time coping with and preparing to deal with future complications. Problems can include complications with the lungs, neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy, and physical limitations. Long-term problems would include continuation off care as the child is older and once the parents pass. The child might have to be placed in an assistive care facility to continue care. Stress level will be high for the parents and the child might not be able to incorporate into society or the working force due to the prior complications.

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