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| 2.3.1 Study: Universal Themes | Study Sheet | | | | | English IV Sem 1 (S2110801) | MADISON HACKNEY | | | | Date: ____________ | |

This is a two-part study sheet for you to print out and complete. The first part will help you collect and review the information you learn in preparation for quizzes and tests. The second part will help you tie the pieces of information together in preparation for future writing assignments.
In the Study
What I need to know about theme:
1. In literature, theme refers to the central ideas or arguments expressed in a work of fiction.
2. Theme comes out of the interplay among setting, characters, plot, and narration.
3. A(n) fable is a brief story designed to illustrate a moral or general truth about human nature.
4. A(n) moral is a lesson or principle expressed in a fable or story.
5. A concise, wise, or witty saying is called a(n) epigram..
6. Most of the time, theme must be inferred from evidence in the text.
7. A theme is an idea that can be expressed in a complete sentence.
8. A theme is always a generalization. That means it is stated in such a way that it applies to everyone.
9. A theme from Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain might be a boy and a slave’s quest for freedom.
10. A(n) universal theme reflects a condition or experience that is fundamental to being human; all people can understand and relate to it.

What I need to know about archetypes:
1. archetype are patterns or models that appear repeatedly in literature and oral traditions across cultures and time periods.
2. The epic hero is an archetype, representing the bravest and strongest elements of humanity.
3. Even though Gilgamesh preceded Beowulf by thousands of years, both represent archetypical epic heroes in that they both choose their own journey.
4. Gilgamesh and Beowulf are both motivated by the desire for glory.
5. Both Gilgamesh and Beowulf do battle with a monster and refer to glory in terms of death and immortality.

In Your Own Words
1. What is the difference between a theme and a moral?

2. How would you define archetype?

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