Free Essay

His125 Roaring Twenties

In: Historical Events

Submitted By lakitaluvd
Words 863
Pages 4
Course HIS125
Roaring Twenties

9/9/2011

The Roaring Twenties

After World War I there were significant changes that developed socially, economically, and politically. Americans put the war behind them and the roaring twenties became a very exciting time and change was evident. The roaring twenties brought social change for women and youths, while, new technology helped to create a new economic boom. However, the change in politics would unite Americans that was looking for positive changes. Even though most Americans felt modernism was best for America they were meet with opposition from the traditionalist. The roaring twenties opened the door for women who began to enter the work force, gained the right to vote, and a freer lifestyle. In 1920 the 19th amendment passed which grants suffrage to women. Other social changes for women included the way they thought, dressed, and danced. Women began to wear shorter hair, shorter dresses, and some were known as flappers. Whereas, women had many social changes so did the younger generation (U.S History, Para 1). Moreover, the roaring twenties brought tremendous change to society as a whole. With the emergence of modern radio programs and motion pictures they entertained and influence the younger generation. As the new generation began to change there was a clash of values. Values changed from traditional to modern. As more motion pictures were made that depicted a more modern dress, thoughts, and style the younger generation formulated their style to match. Furthermore, while some Americans wanted to modernize others wanted to stay traditional, and the roaring twenties had a division of modernism and traditionalism. One way the traditionalist fought back was prohibition. Congress ratified the 18th amendment that made it illegal to consume, sale, transport, or the manufacturing of alcoholic beverages. The purpose of prohibition was to reduce social problems while protecting families from alcohol abuse. In addition to alcohol some traditionalist believed mass media was to blame. Some traditionalist assumed the content of motion pictures and radio was a bad influence and wanted more constraints on the movie and radio industry (Prohibition, Para 1). However, as the modernist and traditionalist were trying to solve their differences on social issues it was clear that the economy was booming. At the end of World War I new technology enhanced mass production of goods and services; because of the new technology prices fell. Due to higher wages and lower prices consumers began buying more which increased the standard of living. Also, tax rates were lowered for Americans while tariffs halted foreign competition and this also helped American businesses to prosper. One example of an American Enterprise that prospered from new technology was Henry Ford; the developer of the Ford Model T car (Cliffnotes, Para 2). Moreover, one of the reasons the economy was doing so well was in part due to the positive decisions the President and Congress was making after World War I. However, it was not always that way during World War I. President Woodrow Wilson and the Senate refused to ratify the Versailles Peace Treaty that ended World War I. As America moved into the roaring twenties Warren G. Harding was elected the new President in 1920. Also, it was the first time women got to vote. Once Harding was elected President his political views was to concentrate on America’s problems. Similarly, while President Harding was concentrating on America’s problems he had problems of his own in the White House. However, Harding was not exposed until after his death in 1923 from a stroke. During Harding’s time as President there were several scandals one of which was the “Teapot Dome Scandal”. President Harding allowed the transfer of Navy oil reserves to oilman Harry F. Sinclair. The public was outraged; first, because there was no open bidding for all Americans, and second, the secretary of interior Albert B. Fall received 400 hundred thousand dollars from Sinclair for the secret leasing of the oil reserves. However, it is important to remember that there were positive political achievements made, such as, women’s, right to vote, approving tariffs, and the signing of the Versailles Peace Treaty (U.S History, Para 2). Finally, the roaring twenties also known as “Jazz age”, “Age of intolerance”, and “Age of wonderful nonsense” was an exciting time for people. It closed the door to the world war, and opened doors for women. It was also a time when the economy was booming and new technology created better jobs with higher salaries. People enjoyed the motion pictures, new music, dance, and style. Modernism meets traditionalism; and while traditionalism fought, modernism won. American’s continued to prosper and enjoyed the roaring twenties until the stock market crash of 1929 followed by the great depression. References
United States History. (2011). Roaring Twenties. Retrieved Sept 8, 2011. Web. www.u-s-history.com
United States History. (2011). Tea Pot Dome Scandal. Retrieved Sept 8, 2011. Web. www.u-s-history.com
Cliffnotes. (2011). A New Society: Economic and Social Change. Retrieved Sept 9, 2011. Web. www.cliffsnotes.com
1920’s Prohibition. (2005). Prohibition in the United States. Retrieved Sept 9, 2011. Web. www.1920-30.com/prohibition/

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Great Gatsby

...The American Dream is the aspiration to obtain wealth, status and power based on the desire of self-betterment through self-reliance and accomplishment. F Scott Fitzgerald’s, The Great Gatsby, is an effective critique on the corruption that surrounds the American Dream. It is also a commentary on the warped view of Western hedonism and idealized lifestyles. The dream is portrayed strongly through the characters, depicting undignified ways to obtain wealth, the amoral social interactions and the illusion of affection and false fellowship. Thus exposing the unscrupulousness, self-absorption and disillusionment that lie at the wake of the American Dream. Fitzgerald critiques on the ideal of ‘self-made’ men (financially) and how through sheer desperation, men stray from conformity and followed a deviated path in order to reach wealth. The American Dream is the belief that regardless of one’s socio-economic background, an individual could still reach financial triumph through hard work, education and drive-which has been the belief of the American society. According to American sociologist Robert K. Merton, American society has generated common desires and pressures for material possession-which is how success was measured- those who fail to succeed by conformity or valid means, resort to devious acts to do so. Fitzgerald comments on this aspect of his society through the portrayal of Gatsby in the novel; who employed unorthodox ways of obtaining wealth in order to gain his......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

1920s Fashion

...The Roaring Twenties It was the Bee’s Knees to feel the Heebie-Jeebies while living young and free as a sensual Dumb Dora through the radical Roaring Twenties, an era that was absolutely unforgettable in American history! Organized doctrines advocating political, social, and all other rights of women equivalent to those of men, made the ideas of feminism possible. This was a new term that came about during the Progressive Era, a term that caused women to express their self-worth by capturing the world by it’s tail and launching a revolutionary era that lasted three decades; as Frances Willard said, “a wider freedom is coming to the women of America” (Textbook)… Within the first few years of the 1920s, the new culture that the generation had created was already set into motion. The youth no longer had the desire to act or dress like the older generation, they wanted something different. Through the fashion, entertainment and beauty industries women worked up the courage to reject the stuffy ways of the Victorianism lifestyle, and simply transition to a more advanced wild life of the conspicuous Flappers. In the late eighteenth century, the Victorian era was a widely known style that was commonly related to morals and structures based off of Christianity. Family and economic life for women was outrageously boring; a typical day for a woman would look like cleaning, gardening, plus taking care and cooking for her household. Women weren’t allowed to have......

Words: 1454 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Age of the Great Gatsby

...The Age of The Great Gatsby         In the novel The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald tells a legendary love story from the perspective of the narrator named Nick. The reader sees and hears about all the crazy parties, love stories, breakups and much, much more that all seem to stem from a dynamic character named Jay Gatsby.  The story takes place in a promiscuous and rebellious period called the roaring twenties, the time period right before the great depression, and to make it worst in the city that never sleeps. The roaring twenties period is the backbone of this story, characters in the novel directly correlate with the  illegal, rebellious, and careless behaviors that are seen in the twenties.         The prohibition caused lots of problems in this time period when it came to crime and binge drinking. First It is important to understand the social, political and economic effects of prohibition. In 1917 the Eighteenth Amendment was passed and stated that you couldn’t make, sell or transport any alcohol. The prohibitionist movement had a wide variety of supporters, including: Women, Church’s, employers and politicians. In the 1928 Presidential campaign Herbert Hoover won by calling prohibition “a great social and economic experiment, noble in motive and farreaching in purpose; " this is interesting because it shows to the public that he is in favor of prohibition, but by calling it an experiment it shows that he may have some concerns about it .It definitely was an experiment...

Words: 1569 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Great Gatsby

..."The Great Gatsby" is based on a 1925 novel of the same title, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Given what you have read in the textbook, does the film effectively portray life in the 1920s? Why or why not? The Great Gatsby was a real journey back into the 1920’s during the times of the” Roaring Twenties. The movie was an extremely accurate portrayal of life in the 1920s. The Great Gatsby showed the economic prosperity in the urban communities among the rich and wealthy. The setting of the movies décor was very accurate from the dapper dressing of the men in pinstripes suits, silk shirts, and pinstripe suits for the men. The women in the Great Gatsby wore the sleek colorful dresses and skirts along with dazzling hair and head accessories. The Great Gatsby showed a scene that showed the backdrop of the ballroom for the parties that was the best example of the 1920s. The Great Gatsby ballroom was the size of three or four houses together with the multiple levels opening up to grandiose dancing areas. The ceiling was glittering with sparkling lights that looked like white bubbles, lights, ornaments, exotic chandeliers, and beautiful greenery. The Great Gatsby dancing, singing and music was right out the of the 1920s jazz age. The movie soundtrack was a trip into the pass with all the Jazz Greats playing their songs from the 1920’s from Louis Armstrong, Johnny Dobbs and King Oliver and many other jazz musicians. The Great Gatsby movie set was the perfect example of the real......

Words: 779 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Art Deco

...critic Bevis Hillier in her book Art Deco of the 20s and 30s (1968). History Art Deco owed something to several of the major art styles of the early 20th century. These formative influences include the geometric forms of Cubism (note: Art Deco has been called "Cubism Tamed"), the machine-style forms of Constructivism and Futurism, and the unifying approach of Art Nouveau. Its highly intense colours may have stemmed from Parisian Fauvism. Art Deco borrowed also from Aztec and Egyptian art, as well as from Classical Antiquity. Unlike its earlier counterpart Art Nouveau, however, Art Deco had no philosophical basis - it was purely decorative. The Art Deco style, adopted by architects and designers around the world, spanned the "Roaring Twenties", the Great Depression of the early 1930s, and the years leading up to the Second World War. It suffered a decline in popularity during the late 30s and early 40s, when it began to be seen as too gaudy and ostentatious for wartime austerity, after which it quickly fell out of fashion. The first resurgence of interest in Art Deco occurred in the 1960s - coincident with the movement's affect on Pop Art - and then again in the 1980s, in line with growing interest in graphic design. The style appeared in a number of jewellery and fashion...

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Chelsea History

...Chelsea Football Club est un club de football professionnel anglais fondé le 10 mars 1905 à Londres. Son siège est situé dans le quartier de Fulham, au sein du borough de Hammersmith et Fulham. Il évolue actuellement en Premier League et a passé la majorité de son histoire dans la plus haute division du football anglais. Leur stade est Stamford Bridge, qui comprend 41 637 places2, et où le club évolue depuis sa fondation. John Terry est le capitaine du club depuis 2003 et Guus Hinddink est l'entraîneur de l'équipe première. Chelsea a fait partie du Big Four anglais des années 2000 aux côtés d'Arsenal, de Liverpool et de Manchester United. Bien que possédant un palmarès moins impressionnant que celui des autres « grands » du championnat, les Blues disposent du quatrième palmarès d'Angleterre avec 26 titres et sont classés dixièmes au classement mondial des clubs de l'IFFHS entre 1991 et 2010. Chelsea rencontre son premier grand succès en 1955, en remportant le championnat. Le club remporte également plusieurs compétitions dans les années 1960, 1970, 1990 et 2000. Depuis 1996, Chelsea connaît la période la plus faste de son histoire. En tout, le club a remporté cinq championnats, sept FA Cups, cinq Coupes de la Ligue et quatre FA Community Shields. De plus, outre ses succès nationaux, le club a aussi remporté des compétitions au niveau continental, avec deux Coupes d'Europe des vainqueurs de coupe, une Supercoupe de l'UEFA, une Ligue Europa, et une Ligue des champions. En......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Did the 1920s Roar?

...people perceived them to be, it showed that they had more freedom of expression and gave them more independence to decide what they want to dress like. Women also changed their political rights by fighting the government gaining the power to vote, and getting them to consider women as “persons”. This caused them to be able to have a say and influence government decisions, and gave hope for woman that they could achieve political equality. Also in the 1920s woman’s employment rates and education numbers increased. Having more women in higher education and jobs is important because they proved that they worked just as well as men and they could support themselves on their own. Overall women changed their life and were part of the roaring twenties. The twenties also roared in social aspects like working hours, sports, and entertainment. The people of the 1920s got a shorter workweek but got a higher pay. This made the 1920s fun because it gave them extra time and extra money so they could buy new stuff increasing the economy. Sports popularity also grew, whether watching it as entertainment or playing it. Sports were fun because it gave people entertainment and being so popular back then it ensured that sports would have the same popularity today. Entertainment also changed, people had free time so they spent them going out to movies, clubs, dances, and sport games. This made...

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Roaring 20's

...The Roaring Twenties (1920s) was a decade of distinct, cultural change during a period of sustained economic prosperity around the world. Although the 1920s included the progressive, independent influence of the “Flappers”, the period certainly witnessed more intolerance and conservatism through its many social complications. Throughout the 1920s, conservatism was evident in the midst of prohibition, the courtroom, and nativism. Prohibition began on January 16, 1920, when the Eighteenth Amendment went into effect (Doc. C). The problem though was that Prohibition had only banned the manufacturing, sale, and transport of alcohol, but not the possession or consummation of it. Due to this failure to clarify the intended, alcoholic policy, beverages still remained widely available within illegal speakeasies and secret, underground drinking establishments (Doc. B). Prohibition, first intended to reduce crime among the immigrant community, was now well on its way to contributing to the emergence of numerous issues. For example, the issue of organized crime; gang lords such as Al Capone dominated the illegal industry of alcohol, distributing to even individuals who admitted to having held some sort of political significance. Throughout the decade, support for the repeal of such a limitation continued to rise as the government presented the incapability to enforce such a law upon such stubborn citizens. This complication presents just one of the many factors of why social......

Words: 626 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Performance

...there was an excellent array of styles, themes, and performance. The Jazz piece entitled “Take Five” was choreographed by Julianna Hane. The piece was inspired by the 1920s jazz clubs and combined the authentic style of the time with contemporary movement. thought the costumes were absolutely wonderful. The bright, bold colors that contrasted against eachother brought life to the piece. The dance started and ended the same, with the one guy walking onto the stage (and then exiting at the end). His quirk drew my attention and I was immediately drawn in. At the beginning I thought the movement was a tad slow-going. I was hoping to see a more “va-va-voom” like dance because of the inspiration behind the piece, the roaring 20s. I expected to have a more sultry draw as well. One part that really stood out to me was the little solo section. I thought the concept of the group dancing in the circle and taking turns to individually have the spotlight was great. They each demonstrated different skills and brought something new to the piece. It reminded me of a "dance off" in a way. I especially loved how all at once they came back together with the same movement. Throughout the piece there were lots of grand hand-gestures, exaggerated movements, and long-legged kicks. It was very clear it was a jazz piece based on these movements, and off course the music. One piece that was especially moving to me was the duet “Finding Place”,......

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Great Gatsby Essay

...Clever and captivating, F Scott Fitzgerald’s novel ‘The Great Gatsby’ is perhaps the most critically analysed American piece of the past century. Arguably this is because Fitzgerald uses many diverse literary devices to fascinate the reader. Gatsby and Daisy embody the theme of complicated relationships, which Fitzgerald uses to make the reader question the legitimacy of Daisy’s feelings and Gatsby’s persistence in chasing his dream. Fitzgerald involves symbolism in many ways including a green light at the end of Daisy’s dock to symbolise Gatsby’s dream and comment on the greed of the people of the roaring twenties. The American Dream is a theme through which Fitzgerald is able to comment on the moral decay of the Roaring Twenties society. Fitzgerald uses the theme of complicated relationships between characters as a symbol of misjudgement, this is especially evident for Gatsby and his relationship with Daisy. When Gatsby and Daisy began their love, Daisy was a symbol of wealth and the upper class of American society. Circumstantially it was the case that for Gatsby to fulfil his dream he would have to work to once again be worthy of Daisy’s love. It is hard not to question whether during their time apart Gatsby had glorified Daisy and it is uncertain as to whether she was worth it. Gatsby strongly desired the past to be repeated. “Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that’s no......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

American Dreams

...American Dreams To many, America is the land of opportunity. In the early nineteen hundreds immigrants from all over boarded ships to come to America. These people had big dreams of making new lives for themselves in America. They knew they were going to have to work hard and most were willing to do whatever it took to become successful. If you are willing to put forth hard work and effort the American dream is possible for anyone to achieve. The American dream defined by many is the idea that anyone can succeed through hard work which potentially leads to a happy, successful life. Others also believe that freedom, relationships, and fulfillment play a role in the American dream. Critics often suggest that not everyone has the same opportunities of being able to “live the dream” because of class, race, religion, and ethnicity. In the story, The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald symbolizes the hope and opportunity that can be found in the new land, what comes to be known as the American Dream in the quote, “a fresh, green breast of the new world(Chapter 9).” The color green symbolizes the hope and opportunity that can be found in the new land, what comes to be known as the American Dream. An example of a metaphor in the story is Gatsby’s house. This image serves as a key symbol of aspiration, reflecting on both Gatsby's success as an American self-made man and the mirage of an identity he has created to win Daisy's love. Gatsby follows his American Dream as he buys the house to be......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Great Gatsby

...The Great Gatsby, written in 1925, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, took place during the roaring twenties in Long Island, New York. The most important thing about this book was the time in which it occurred. It was an era of prohibition, bootlegging, and gangsters. Morals were out the window during that time; anything goes. The main character, Jay Gatsby, spent his entire time doing anything and everything he could to obtain all the riches any man would want, despite the costs. In order to complete the project I had to read the book and become familiar with the main character and story line. I had to figure out the time and place tied in the events of the story. Sometimes that meant going back and re-reading the same thing over again a couple times. I had to find the definitions of prohibition, bootlegging, and gangsters and describe the impact those things had on Gatsby and the 20s era. I enjoyed the research part of the project. I like looking things up on the internet and then putting everything together. The difficult part was finding the time to do the project because I do not have Wi-Fi at home, so I had to use outside resources and my cell phone, and listen to my mom complain about using up our data plan. The Great Gatsby taught me that a man should not be willing to sacrifice his morals or his soul for the finer things in life. People should not live beyond their means or participate in criminal activities so they can look big or feel important. ...

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Interpretation of the American Dream in the Jungle, the Great Gatsby and Death of a Salesman

...The United States Declaration of Independence proclaims that “all men are created equal” and that everyone has the rights for “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” This document led to the national ethos that is the American Dream. This dream states that "life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement" regardless of social class. Following the Civil War the United States of America underwent large scale change and by the start of the twentieth century was one of the richest nations in the world. By 1950 the U.S.A. was the richest country in the world and a superpower. The state was not the only thing to change during this period. From the late-nineteenth century up to the 1920s average Americans experienced a dramatic expansion in wealth and prosperity. However, with the Wall Street Crash in 1929 the U.S.A. experienced an economic depression that destroyed millions of livelihoods. This eventful period of American history led many to question the American Dreams place in modern America. This research paper will examine the interpretation of the American Dream in literature between the Progressive Era at the start of the twentieth century and the 1950s economic and social boom. In order to do this the paper will examine the novels The Jungle, The Great Gatsby and Death of a Salesman. These three novels all examine the American Dream in different decades. Written in 1906 by Upton Sinclair The......

Words: 2096 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Jazz Age

...that this time is called the "The Jazz Age is Born". In Paris, they banned dancing in public since of the war and it was the effect at the end of the 1918th centries but that wasnt't going to stop them from dancing. Many balls were held in Paris, because they loved dancing so much. During the pre-war era, many young americans were getting in trouble by their elders for the breaking the law such as, using slang, dancing low class dances, and loved dancing to the African American influences. Lots of the women in this time were getting but down since they were no longer using the corset, they were wearing much shorter skirts that showed their ankles, cutting their hair to a very short length with was very against what they did.Durring the Roaring 20's the most popular music would have been the beginning of the swing, or now as called the birth of Jazz. Jazz is a type of music of a American origin characterize by improvisation usually with a forceful rhythm or edge. Which in the early years when jazz was just getting started, people believed that it was the devils way in telling the public. The public dance halls, clubs, and tea rooms were opened in the cities. Most oddly black...

Words: 802 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

20's Fashion

...1920s Fashion: Style in The Jazz Age 1920s fashion was the perfect blend between style and function. Beautiful clothes that allowed women to move. Even 90 years after The Roaring Twenties ended, almost everyone still recognizes the style: * Cloche Hats * Flapper Dresses * Famous Fashion Designers * Elegant Art Deco Inspired Evening Wear * High Heeled Shoes * Simple Costume & More Complex Jewelry * Men's Fashion (suits and sportswear) * Art Deco Fashion Louise Brooks Wearing the Top Fashion of the 1920s History of 1920s Fashion Fashion is shaped and influenced by the society and events which surround it. Fashion is not something that exists in dresses only. Fashion is in the sky, in the street, fashion has to do with ideas, the way we live, what is happening. -Coco Chanel 1920s fashion is still famous because it was a huge shift from the previous era. Society changed quickly after World War 1: customs, technology, manufacturing all rocketed into the 20th century. Society was speeding up, airplanes were taking people across the country in a matter of hours rather than a matter of weeks, automobiles could travel between several states in an evening. Young Women Dressed in Typical '20s Fashion 1920s fashion reflects society's rapid movement and change. No longer were women willing to trade their mobility for the old stodgy customs of the Victorian era. Old-fashioned torture devices like the corset and the crinoline no longer served a purpose......

Words: 1282 - Pages: 6