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History 105

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The Civil War ended in May, 1865. Blacks had to overcome obstacles in order to thrive in the free world. They were met with opposition like The Black Codes, Jim Crow Laws and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan. The Black Codes were a set of laws made up by white southerners to ensure the newly freed blacks were restricted with activities and available to work (Black Codes. 2013). Some of the items included in the Black Codes were signing a yearly labor contract so the slave would be available for work and not move to the North. If the slave did not want to sign the contract, they faced being jailed, beaten and other forms of harm. The Black Codes restricted Blacks from entering into an interracial marriages, rent or own land and anything else that put a limit on freedom. The Black Codes were put in place to counteract the Federal Government’s move in giving freed Blacks 40 acres of land (“American Experience.” 2003) The Jim Crow Laws were a set of laws that operated primarily in the South from 1877 to the 1960s. The main premise of Jim Crow was to maintain racial segregation in public areas such as schools, restaurants and public transit. These laws were made to show black people where they ranked in terms of whites. One sign said. “No Dogs, Blacks, Mexicans” (Pilgrim, D., 2012). Some of these laws included where to sit on public transit, where they can drink water and how they are to treat white people when they cross their path. Many Christian ministers and theologians taught that whites were the Chosen people, blacks were cursed to be servants, and God supported racial segregation (2012). The Ku Klux Klan started as a group of ex-Confederate soldiers who opposed the Reconstruction policies based on the freed slaves. The group started in Pulaski, Tennessee, and there main purpose was to establish white supremacy. The KKK created fear by wearing strange clothing,…...

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