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History Notes

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jrjones44
Words 687
Pages 3
Review up till now
WW1
Economic downturn
Fear of radicalism
Immigrants might be the problem…
Let’s go back to the good ole days…
Q: Are the old days really better?
The Jazz Age (1920s)
The Long Nineteenth Century
Historians always ignore what everyone else is doing
1789 to 1918-????
Industrial Revolution
French Revolution
Victorian Ideas and Imperialism
Bigger push for imperialism
Ends in 1918- why?
WW1 is over, Russian Revolution taking place
What replaces it?
“The Modern Age” parallels “Return to Normalcy” what does that mean?
Science better at understanding the world than religion
Individuals have the right to choose their own lifestyles
Women control their minds and bodies
More rights for minorities?
Reactions?
The New Traditionalists
God trumps science
Bible is the ONLY source of morality
Women are subservient to men
Immigrants are subservient to white Anglo-Saxon men
1920s
The New Era
The Roaring Twenties
Rise of automobile, gangsters, rise of the radio & other gadgets and appliances
The Jazz Age
Clash of old & new values
The Economy after the war…
Switch from war to peace initially difficult
Gets re-cranked up by 1922-1923
United states’ industry still intact after war, unlike Europe
Becomes world’s top producer of consumer products
Middle class expands greatly
What about the lower classes?
Same problems as before
Too much prosperity for middle class to care!!!
Rise of consumer spending on new fangled items
Luxuries become necessities
Auto Industry
Urban and rural more closely connected
Changes social mores
Mores= social values
Related businesses expand too
Becomes dominant American business
Why?
Advertising in the Modern Age
New focus-????
New target-????
Does this work?- yes
New Religion, Old Religion
Liberal Christianity
Fundamentalism
National debate
Scopes Monkey Trial- Dayton, TN
Man teaching evolution, science vs. religion topics
Modern vs. Traditional
God vs. science
Women in the home vs. women outside the home
The New Woman
The Flapper
Image showing more freedom for women
Modern Crisis for Modern Age
Self- made man image too hard to achieve for most
Big heores with self-made men
But now…
No idealism, no future
LOST GENERATION of writers
Ernest hemingway
T.s. Elliot
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Modern Age Media
Movies provide new imagery to help spread new ideas about women
Theda Bara- “The Vamp” movie
Louise Brooks
Hollywood eventually monitors movies with Hays Code -1930
Examine movies before they’re released, provide censorship for variety of “provocative” or bad acts
Start editing and censoring about 1934
The Jazz Singer- 1927
Modern marvel
First talking film
Story about old vs. modern
Resonates with immigrants
Infamous today for blackface performance
However, very popular at time- even with black audiences
Harlem Renaissance
Harlem neighborhood of NYC
Center of African American art, music, letters
Whites begin to take notice
Expression of separate black cultural identify
Nightclubs, theatres, music halls
Big development: JAZZ
Jazz Music
Mix of black and white musical traditions
Both black and white musicians
Radio spreads sound to the middle class
Youth use music to rebel- sound familiar?
Wild Music + Youth + Automobiles + Alcohol = IMMORTALITY
Fight for Traditional Values
PROHIBITION-1920
18th amendment- banned the sale of alcohol in U.S. push for morality in society immigrants= alcohol and immorality get rid of alcohol=???
Will get rid of all the problems
Doesn’t work- why?
A lot of people NOT against alcohol
Rise of illegal sources of alcohol
Traditionalists clinging to past
Examples of that today?
Responses for Tradition
Immigrant restrictions
The New (2nd) Ku Klux Klan-1915
The Birth of a Nation-1915
Movie about before, during, and after Civil War
Based on book, “The Klansmen”- made the KKK men heroes who saved women from black men
Klans and groups started because of this movie
Protect old values against new threats
NAACP, Jewish groups resist
Widespread corruption, hypocrisy
Late 1920s- KKK largely discredited
Politics in the modern age
Republican presidents
Not reform oriented
Hands off the economy
Hoover is progressive, but more in line with business
Pushes for strong economy…
What else is happening
Large numbers of Americans use consumer credit
Large numbers of American buy stocks on margin
Too good to be true…
1929 stock market crash * * * * * * *

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