Free Essay

History of Football

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ryanzane593
Words 2570
Pages 11
Being the most popular and highest earning revenue sport in the United States, football is often a target of criticism and inquiry, both from the general public and from politicians. Most recently, the sport has come under pressure because of concerns that there are long-term health effects resulting from head injuries, specifically the impact of multiple concussions. In fact, a large group of retired professional players has sued the National Football League for allegedly withholding information about this long-term impact. The issue has spread to college football, and is also being discussed at the youth level. In early 2013, President Barack Obama made what many thought was an unprecedented public comment about the ongoing controversy. The President expressed concern about the issue and noted that if he had a son, he was not sure he would allow him to play football due to the uncertainty about long-term brain trauma from continuous hits to the head. As controversial as that statement may have seemed at the time, it still does not compare to a previous President’s involvement in addressing safety issues in football. In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt took very active and direct public action to address issues of safety in organized football. The sport was growing in popularity, but was highly controversial due to the uncontrolled violence and serious injuries. Many influential people were calling for football to be banned altogether. President Roosevelt’s support for football and strong influence when dealing with the issue of player safety began a process of reforming the sport, and is recognized by many now as giving the sport a much wider appeal that allowed it to develop into the modern sports empire it is today. Football in the United States today is the definition of a sports empire. The professional organization, the National Football League (NFL), is made up of thirty-two teams sharing annually over $9 billion in revenue. This includes television rights, ticket sales and merchandise. This revenue dwarfs other professional sports in the United States, being thirty percent greater than professional baseball, the second biggest sport in the United States. The annual NFL championship, the Super Bowl, routinely has had some of the highest television ratings in the history of television. College football, playing in leagues as part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), is made up of more than 1,280 institutions, conferences and organizations. College football has formed into an enterprise that generates billions in annual television revenues, merchandising, jobs and economic activity. No one could have imagined this kind of success based on American football’s humble beginnings. Shortly after the end of the Civil War, the first official college football game was held between Princeton and Rutgers University in 1869. This was when the sport was still a disorganized collection of town and club teams playing different versions of the game, which they either learned from others or made up on the spot. The rules were generally more like a mix between rugby, wrestling, and soccer and would have been barely recognizable to today’s fans. The games would often end in fights or riots, and players wore no pads or head protection. More colleges began to field football teams and specific rules were developed to standardize the game. Although the college game continued to be violent and bloody, it quickly began to gain popularity. College football’s success resulted in the formation of professional teams, which resulted in the first unofficial professional game which was said to have taken place in 1892 when a few players were paid contracts to compete. The first professional league, with paid players and individual ownership of the teams, was formed in 1902.
As football was developing, the United States was changing very quickly. There was big growth in economic activity to recover from the Civil War, and improving economic conditions had people looking toward sports and entertainment again. Just like in football, there were few rules holding back businesses from growing into giant corporations beyond the control of the government. President Grover Cleveland, who was President in the late 1890’s, was well known during this time for his “laisse-faire” policy that stood for very little government interference in the lives of citizens or businesses. Companies like Standard Oil, General Electric and Carnegie Steel were built into giant corporations and attracted large parts of the population into urban areas around the factories. Large amounts of immigrants were also coming into the country via Ellis Island to work at the big factories. This evoked fear because with such large numbers of unskilled and low-paid workers coming in, it would defeat the union's efforts to raise wages through collective bargaining. In this rough and uncontrolled environment, football’s violence and uncontrolled style fit right in.
At the turn of the century, football was gaining popularity but continued to become more and more controversial. The game was become excessively violent and the rules were broken almost routinely in order to purposely injure an opponent. Dirty play was routine. A game played in 1894 between Harvard and Yale was named the “Hamden Park Blood Bath” after five players were hospitalized and four were crippled with injuries during the match. Across the country colleges began to ban the sport, and important magazines and newspapers began to say it was time for football to end. Football was seen as inferior compared to baseball, which had been around longer and was viewed as more civilized and modern.
A very influential voice in the United States, Harvard University President, Charles William Eliot, did not like athletics in general and compared football to the, “supreme savagery of war.” He wanted the sport to be banned. He said, "No sport is wholesome in which ungenerous or mean acts which easily escape detection contribute to victory."
During this time, a political change in the country was also working against football. The new Progressive Movement was viewed as supporting government control over more parts of daily life. This included more openness in government, civil rights for workers and women, and more control over large business monopolies. A progressive President Roosevelt had just been reelected to a second term in 1904 by a wide margin. He had followed a strict activist policy, breaking up the captains of industry and their big business monopolies like US Steel and Standard Oil, leading a movement to build the Panama canal and pushing a very aggressive foreign policy. He was a very energetic and vocal President, and was not shy about speaking out about public issues. Anti-football fever was at its peak in 1905. Despite efforts from colleges to make the game safer and more controlled, football continued to be dangerous. Eighteen people died in 1905 while playing organized football and public opinion was turning against the game. President Roosevelt was well aware of the controversy. As far back as 1895 he had warned that the “needless brutality” of the game needed to be fixed. But he was an avid sportsman and worried that the game would be ruined if too many changes were made. He had seen his first football game when he was a college freshman and fell in love with the game. He thought that the toughness required to play the game built character. In fact, his own sons were playing football, one playing in college. As President, at the critical moment when public pressure was building, he actively fought against banning the sport and disagreed publicly with Harvard’s President Eliot. In a letter that Roosevelt wrote to Eliot in 1905 he said, “I further think that one reason why [football’s abuses] are not remedied is that so many of our people whose voices would be potent in reforming the game, try to abolish it instead.”
Finally, late in 1905, Roosevelt used his ‘bully pulpit” to take direct action. He called for a meeting with coaches and administrators from the most influential universities. The President used the power of his office to convince the leaders that football was worth saving and it was their job to do it. To show how serious he was about the issue, he even had the Secretary of State attend the meeting. In the meeting, the group agreed to stop dirty play and change the rules of the game to reduce unnecessary violence. Most importantly, a discussion began on what types of safety equipment would be required, such as pads and helmets. The stature and authority identified with the office of the President, and the public attention about the meeting that resulted, went a long way in convincing the public and many critics that the game of football was going to be improved, and public opinion against football began to change.
Shortly after this meeting, sixty-two schools met to form the association that would someday become the NCAA. What came from this meeting was a standard set of rules to play the game, more severe penalties to cut down on dirty play, and an organization plan for the league. The coach of Yale at the time, Walter Camp, is recognized as being a very important influence on the rule changes that made the game more like what we know today. One of the most influential changes, the forward pass, was not really used for decades, but ended up as one of the changes that most changed the game.
As these changes began to take place, the game of football became much more mainstream and widely popular with the public. More colleges now started programs, and media coverage of games became more about the game and less about the violence. As football became more standardized, fans could better understand the game, and individual athletes could more easily become recognizable stars. A mythology around teams and individual players began, with nicknames and legends created based on performance on the field.
It can be argued that President Roosevelt played the key role in saving the sport of football from itself. A less active president, more inclined to stay out of public issues, would not have intervened. The critics of football were powerful people at the time, and only the power of the presidency could have overcome the pressure to ban the sport. The football empire we see today could have been lost forever if not for the enthusiasm and determination of Teddy Roosevelt.

Bibliography
Battista, Judy. "A Rough Rider Tackles a Rough Sport." TheNewYorkTimes.com. August 12, 2011. (accessed March 18, 2013). http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/14/books/review/the-big-scrum-by-john-j-miller-book-review.html?_r=2&.
In this newspaper article, Battista examines why Teddy Roosevelt was so willing to protect football and explains the lengths he went to in order to do that. This article is extremely informative about Roosevelt’s measures taken to keep football alive in the United States and shows no bias.
Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, s.v. “President Eliot on Football,” (accessed March 18, 2013). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_William_Eliot#cite_note-5

The quote by Harvard’s President, Charles Eliot that was taken from this online encyclopedia helped portray how avidly against the sport he was. Also, being the influential voice he was at the time, it showed the struggles Roosevelt had to overcome in order to save football.
Folsom, Burton. "Teddy Roosevelt and the Progressive Vision of History." The Freeman (2010). (accessed March 18, 2013). http://www.fee.org/the_freeman/detail/teddy-roosevelt-and-the-progressive-vision-of-history.
The author of this article provides an in-depth view of the political changes occurring which were working against football. Folsom’s analysis of both the Progressive Era and activist Teddy Roosevelt’s work against big businesses helped illustrate his energy and confidence.
Francis, David. “The Big Business of College Football: Who’s Winning?” TheFiscalTimes.com. January 8, 2013. (accessed March 18, 2013). http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2013/01/08/The-Big-Business-of-College-Football-Whos-Winning.aspx#page1.
This newspaper article offered numerous stats about the NCAA football program and helped show how successful they are and continue to be. The author’s analysis of the financial side of NCAA football is knowledgeable, thorough and informative.
Gains, Cork, “Players and Owners are Fighting Over the Biggest Pie in Sports,” Business Insider, (accessed March 18, 2013). http://articles.businessinsider.com/2011-03-22/news/30057968_1_nfl-lockout-revenue-pie.
This article is completely unbiased and the author provides an NFL analysis from the business side. It strictly illustrates statistics pertaining to the NFL’s financial and popularity ratings.
History of Football, “A Brief History of Football,” (accessed March 18, 2013). http://www.historyoffootball.net/history_of_football.html.
This informative article was useful with the way it described the first game played and how much different the game actually was at that time when comparing it to our version today. Also, it analyzed the contribution Walter Camp had on the game and football. Mainly, the way his influential changes made the game more like the way we know it today.
Klein, Christopher. "How Teddy Roosevelt Saved Football." History. September 6, 2012. (accessed March 18, 2013). http://www.history.com/news/how-teddy-roosevelt-saved-football.
The author of this article really helps illustrate how serious Roosevelt was about saving the game of football. It also shows the way he used his power in order to influence everyone, while still finding a way to make the game safer future generations.
Mink, Gwendolyn. Old Labor and New Immigrants in American Political Development: Union, Party and State, 1875-1920. (1990).

The author provides a detailed view of how in the late 1890’s the increasing immigration affected union’s ability to raise wages. This also provides a comparison between the rough living environment and the violence of football at the time.
Pro Football Hall of Fame, “ History: Birth of Pro Football,” (accessed March 18, 2013). http://www.profootballhof.com/history/general/birth.aspx.
This article helps describe the way Teddy Roosevelt’s push for college football inevitably lead to the beginning of professional football. Stemming mainly from college footballs popularity and success.
Reuters News Agency. "Obama not sure he would let son play football." ChicagoTribune.com. January 27, 2013. (accessed March 18, 2013). http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-01-27/news/sns-rt-fbn-newssxa279aa1-20130127_1_cte-nfl-players-violent-hits.
This newspaper article provided a look at the way football is still viewed as a dangerous sport today, even though it does not even compare to the way it was during its upbringing.
Sahlberg, Jacque. "Memorable Games in Harvard-Yale history." YaleDailyNews.com. November 18, 2011. (accessed March 18, 2013). http://yaledailynews.com/blog/2011/11/18/memorable-games-in-harvard-yale-history/.
This newspaper article gives a descriptive look at one of the most dangerous football games ever played. The author provides an in depth look at the dangers of the game before Roosevelt intervened.
Walters, Ryan S., “History Repeating Itself: Grover Cleveland and Modern American society,” Word Press, (n.d.). (accessed March 18, 2013). http://ryanswalters.wordpress.com/2012/05/14/history-is-repeating-itself-grover-cleveland-compared-to-modern-american-society/.
The author of this journal provided a thorough look at how after the improving economic conditions after the Civil War had people looking towards entertainment again, generally being football. Also, Walters provided a comparison between the lack of rules in football and big business do to Grover Cleveland’s ‘laisse-faire’ policy. These similarities help popularity growth with football.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The History of Football

...The History of Football Sources suggest that the sport was first introduced in England as early as 1170 when an account describes youths going to the fields for a ‘game of ball’. Aspects of the game can even be traced back to as early as the second and third century BC in China. Sources taken from military manuals at the time describe an exercise called Tsu’ Chu, in which opponents used a leather ball filled with feathers and hair. The aim was to get the ball into a small net fixed on to bamboo canes while also defending themselves from attacks. Variations of the game are also documented in Egyptian and Greek society, proving that the sport has a long tradition throughout history. First instituted bans by leading figures In comparison to China’s advanced version of the football itself, the English equivalent was made using an inflated animal bladder. The game’s appeal continued to increase in England so much so that in the 1300s, its popularity became a bone of contention for Edward II. The king became increasingly concerned that football was distracting people from practicing archery, at a time when he was preparing to go to war with Scotland. The solution to this problem was to enforce a ban on everyone playing football. This was to be the first of many bans to be instituted by leading figures such as Edward III, Henry IV and Oliver Cromwell. Nevertheless, football re-emerged and continued to increase in popularity, particularly amongst the working classes, who saw the......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Football History

...The history of American football can be traced to early versions of rugby football and association football. Both games have their origin in varieties of football played in Britain in the mid-19th century, in which a football is kicked at a goal and/or run over a line. American football resulted from several major divergences from rugby, most notably the rule changes instituted by Walter Camp, considered the "Father of American Football". Among these important changes were the introduction of the line of scrimmage and of down-and-distance rules.[1][2][3] In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, gameplay developments by college coaches such as Eddie Cochems, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Knute Rockne, and Glenn "Pop" Warner helped take advantage of the newly introduced forward pass. The popularity of college football grew as it became the dominant version of the sport in the United States for the first half of the 20th century. Bowl games, a college football tradition, attracted a national audience for college teams. Boosted by fierce rivalries, college football still holds widespread appeal in the US. The origin of professional football can be traced back to 1892, with William "Pudge" Heffelfinger's $500 contract to play in a game for the Allegheny Athletic Association against the Pittsburgh Athletic Club. In 1920 the American Professional Football Association was formed. This league changed its name to the National Football League (NFL) two years later, and eventually became......

Words: 6858 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

History of Football

...“Football” before the 19th century referred to any number of ball games played on foot. The rules of these games differed from one another, some allowing the use of hands “running games”, others forbidding it “kicking games”. The first vestiges of what would become American football are found in the 19th century in the games played by students at the elite schools and universities of the United States. A particularly violent running game was played at Princeton University circa 1820, and around this time a kicking game was also being played by students of Dartmouth College. Rules for the Dartmouth game, known as “Old Division Football”, were published in 1871. The first running game to codify its rules was the popular English sport, rugby, and it did so in 1845. While there is some degree of debate over what constitutes the first American football team, most sports historians point to the Oneida Football Club, a Boston club founded in 1861. It is not clear what the rules and regulations most of these early football games followed. However, the infamous Rutgers v. Princeton game in 1869 opens a window to the past. The game was played by two teams of 25 people each. Each team was composed of 11 “fielders”, 12 “bulldogs”, and two “peanutters” whose job was to hang out near the opposing team’s goal so as to score from unguarded positions. This fact suggests there was no such thing as an “offside” rule at this time. American football at this point closely resembled soccer...

Words: 1255 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

History of Football

...Soccer: c Soccer — or football (or foosball or futbol), as it is called by the rest of the world outside the United States — is surely the most popular sport in the world. Every four years, the world championship of soccer, the World Cup, is watched by literally billions all over the world, beating out the United States professional football's Superbowl by far. It is estimated that 1.7 billion television viewers watched the World Cup final between France and Brazil in July of 1998. And it is also a genuine world championship, involving teams from 32 countries in the final rounds, unlike the much more parochial and misnamed World Series in American baseball (that doesn't even involve Japan or Cuba, two baseball hotbeds). But although soccer has become an important sport in the American sports scene, it will never make inroads into the hearts and markets of American sports the way that football, basketball, hockey, baseball, and even tennis and golf have done. There are many reasons for this. Recently the New England Revolution beat the Tampa Bay Mutiny in a game played during a horrid rainstorm. Nearly 5000 fans showed up, which shows that soccer is, indeed, popular in the United States. However, the story of the game was buried near the back of the newspaper's sports section, and there was certainly no television coverage. In fact, the biggest reason for soccer's failure as a mass appeal sport in the United States is that it doesn't conform easily to the demands of......

Words: 1156 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The History of Football

...The history of American football can be traced to early versions of rugby football and association football. Both games have their origin in varieties of football played in Britain in the mid-19th century, in which a football is kicked at a goal or run over a line. American football resulted from several major divergences from rugby, most notably the rule changes instituted by Walter Camp, a Yale and Hopkins School graduate considered to be the "Father of American Football". Among these important changes were the introduction of the line of scrimmage and of down-and-distance rules.[1][2][3] In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, gameplay developments by college coaches such as Eddie Cochems, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Knute Rockne, and Glenn "Pop" Warner helped take advantage of the newly introduced forward pass. The popularity of college football grew as it became the dominant version of the sport in the United States for the first half of the 20th century. Bowl games, a college football tradition, attracted a national audience for college teams. Boosted by fierce rivalries, college football still holds widespread appeal in the US. The origin of professional football can be traced back to 1892, with William "Pudge" Heffelfinger's $500 contract to play in a game for the Allegheny Athletic Association against the Pittsburgh Athletic Club. In 1920 the American Professional Football Association was formed. This league changed its name to the National Football League (NFL)......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

History of Football

...History of Football - The Origins © FIFA.com The contemporary history of the world's favourite game spans more than 100 years. It all began in 1863 in England, when rugby football and association football branched off on their different courses and the Football Association in England was formed - becoming the sport's first governing body. Both codes stemmed from a common root and both have a long and intricately branched ancestral tree. A search down the centuries reveals at least half a dozen different games, varying to different degrees, and to which the historical development of football has been traced back. Whether this can be justified in some instances is disputable. Nevertheless, the fact remains that people have enjoyed kicking a ball about for thousands of years and there is absolutely no reason to consider it an aberration of the more 'natural' form of playing a ball with the hands. On the contrary, apart from the need to employ the legs and feet in tough tussles for the ball, often without any laws for protection, it was recognised right at the outset that the art of controlling the ball with the feet was not easy and, as such, required no small measure of skill. The very earliest form of the game for which there is scientific evidence was an exercise from a military manual dating back to the second and third centuries BC in China. This Han Dynasty forebear of football was called Tsu' Chu and it consisted of kicking a leather ball filled with feathers and......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Japanese Football History

...History of Japanese Football Christopher Hood casts a learned eye over the history of Japanese football, on both club and national level. Japanese football has yet to make much of an impression on the world stage, despite Hidetoshi Nakata's having made his mark with Perugia and Roma in Italy's Serie A. The general perception however is that Japan is new to football and not very good at it. In fact, football has a long history in Japan. Football reached Japan within ten years of the foundation of the Football Association (FA) in London in 1863, with matches taking place between some English teachers and their pupils in Tokyo and among Western sailors in Kobe in 1871. The officially recognised date for the birth of football in the country is in September 1873 with a game at the Naval Academy in Tokyo Bay organized by a British officer, Archibald Douglas, and his men. The amused Japanese spectators assumed it was a version of kemari, an ancient Japanese ballgame connected with the Shinto religion. The first competitive match in the country is reputed to be the 1888 game between the Kobe Regatta and Athletic Club and the Yokohama Country and Athletic Club, a rivalry that continues to the present day. It was not until 1921, however, that the Japanese Football Association (JFA) was established. After reports reached London of the All Japan Schools Soccer Tournament held in Osaka in 1918, the English FA magnanimously dispatched a replica of the FA Cup as a gift to the fledgling...

Words: 2007 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Modern Football History

...the exact place where football originated. But there is a consensus among those connected to it that the roots of modern football lie in the mob game of 19th Century Britain. In its earliest form, football was chaotic to say the least, and it involved two teams playing with a spherical object on a less than uniform pitch. More than a decade after Sheffield Club beat Hallam FC 2-0 in the world’s first club match in 1857, there seemed to be an acknowledgment to the fact that the arrangement of players on the pitch in a certain way made a considerable difference to the way the game was played. (Wilson 2008, p.13, p.17) One of the earliest formations conceived was the pyramid shaped 2-3-5 formation. It had...

Words: 2064 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

How Did Pro Football Changed Sports History?

...On November 12, 1892, Pro football made its worldwide debut. It was the game between the Pittsburgh Athletic Club and the Allegheny Athletic Association. William Pudge Heffelfinger became the first official football player. He was paid 500 dollars illegally to play. They didn’t find out until 80 years later when they found an expense report that clearly showed the amount of money he received and the date of which he acquired the payment. The document containing the information about his payment is commonly known as “pro football’s birth certificate.” When it was time for the game, the Pittsburgh Athletic Club players noticed that Heffelfinger was in an Allegheny Athletic Association uniform. The Pittsburgh coach took his team off the field because fans of both sides had bet on the game and the Allegheny Athletic Association had obviously had the better chance of winning. It was finally agreed after a lot of arguing that the game would be played as a scrimmage and that all bets would be off. The arguing lasted so long that the game had to be shortened down to two 30 minute halves instead of the two 45 minute halves. That was the day that forever changed sports history. When football was first introduced in the early 1860s, players weren’t required to wear helmets, or in their...

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Core Convics

...All of us live with a set of personal core convictions—our views of what is right and wrong, what we feel is pleasing to God or not, what we are comfortable or uncomfortable in doing. Some issues are very crucial, like it is wrong to murder. Others are not quite as crucial, like there’s just something not right about cheering for the Green Bay Packers if you are a Vikings fan. Some things are based solidly on Scripture, some are based partially on Scripture, and some are just a personal thing between God and the person. And finally some of them are from family traditions that we grew up with through the years. If you start a list, every person could probably come up with hundreds of items that together form what they feel is right and wrong, a blueprint of how they walk with God according to their conscience. Every single person on this planet has a different list. If we asked enough questions, we would find differences in everyone’s personal convictions. The question then becomes, what is the proper place of personal convictions in the Christian walk and in the church? And how do we handle interacting with our brothers and sisters in Christ who have different personal convictions then us? My core convictions are church should be more then just on Sunday, family is the biggest part of your time in your life, every child should grow up in the church, and I also believe that all people should be given second chances. I...

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

What Is Football

...How Did Football Start Aia Seve College Success 10/23/14 Bibliography history.com. “Professional Football Is Born.” 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/professional-football-is-born. charlotterugby.com. “Rugby Vs. Football.” 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014. http://www.charlotterugby.com/rugby-vs-football/. Americaneagle.com. “History: Birth of Pro Football.” 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014. http://www.profootballhof.com/history/general/birth.aspx. randomhistory.com. “58 Fun Facts About Football.” 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014. http://facts.http://facts.randomhistory.com/football-facts.html/football-facts.html. profootballhof.com. “General History - Chronology.” 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014. http://www.profootballhof.com/history/general/chronology/1869-1939.aspx. This is paper is about the history and transformation of Football. There are two different types of football, there is European Football what we call soccer, and there is American Football which will be talked about in this paper. The purpose of this paper is to answer the following question on who, how, and where of football and also the rise in the popularity of football to what it is today. The who, meaning who was the founder of this game; the how, meaning how did this game come about; and the where, meaning where was professional football created; how was football played then transformed to how football is played now. A quick background of......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History of the Nfl

...HISTORY OF AMERICAN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL PURPOSE: To explain the History of American Football and how it has become America’s most popular sport. INTRODUCTION: American Football has been around since the mid 1800’s. The First professional teams were founded in the late 1800’s. At the time of the first pro teams, paying a player was considered to be unsporting and dishonorable. This shows how far the sport has come since then. This morning, I am going to cover the history of Professional Football from the 1800’s to modern times and how it has become America’s most popular sport. By the end of this presentation, you should have enough knowledge to understand where professional football originated from, how it transformed from the early days to today and what the sport means to the people of America. BODY: I. Football originated from Rugby and Association Football in the 1800’s. A. The first professional game was played on September 3, 1895 between the Latrobe Athletic Association and the Jeannette Athletic Club. B. The first wholly professional team was the Latrobe Athletic Association in 1897. C. The First Professional Football league was the NFL (not today’s) formed in 1902. D. Football moved to the Midwest and the “Ohio League” (NFL) came about. TRANSITION: This completes my discussion on the early days of football. My next point will cover from the early 20th century to the beginnings of the modern NFL. ...

Words: 522 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sports History and Hall of Fame

...Sports History and Sports Halls of Fame Below are websites dealing with sports history, particularly those halls of fame which exist. In the dead of winter, many people's interest turn to sports, and the nominees and inductees are announced for many halls, including professional baseball and professional football. Professional Baseball Hall of Fame http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/ This website discusses the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York. The site combines baseball history and the Hall of Fame itself. The rotating exhibits at the museum are prominently featured, along with the members of the Hall. The site also discusses the rules for induction. Among the items available for the Hall of Fame members are their lifetime statistics, their biographies, pictures of their plaques, and desktop wallpaper. For those interested in analyzing the history of baseball elections, the results of the past votes are available. An online catalog of the museum's holdings is accessible here. The baseball history here is good, if sometimes not overly evaluative. The exhibits at the museum are also portrayed, and among the current exhibits are one on Ichiro Suzuki and another on Sports Illustrated. Information about visits is here as well. Basketball Hall of Fame http://www.hoophall.com/ This hall of fame (located in Springfield, Massachusetts), unlike baseball and football's hall of fames, represents all of basketball in one hall. (The other halls have......

Words: 1430 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Informative Speech On American Football

...chicken wings, pizza, popcorn, and beverages. If you have all these things in one place, you’re all having a super bowl party. Today I will inform on the rules of the american football as well as the history behind this sport, and the exciting and controversial game of super bowl. First I will discuss the rules that the american football has and I will also include the scoring system. Secondly I will talk about how american football has evolved from rugby and soccer. Lastly I will talk about the most talked about game, the super bowl and about how the people spend their time watching the game. The rules of the american football are very simple. According to american football there are two opposing teams, the offense and the defense. The offense stretches score points on the defense, while the defense tries to obtain position of the ball, and keeps the offense of the other team from scoring. There are four ways to score in a football game. The main scores of points the player will get is by scoring a touchdown. Another way to score is by kicking the ball between the goal post and the team will obtain one point. The field goal is another way to score, even though the...

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Move over Baseball, Football Is America’s New National Pastime

...Move over Baseball, Football is America’s New National Pastime Abstract The argument over which sport actually ranks as America’s national pastime is as enduring and intense as American sports themselves. Each and every week millions of Americans tune in to watch their favorite sports. Over the years baseball has traditionally been known as the national pastime among all sports, but the rich tradition and history behind baseball is almost certainly being slowly replaced by the glamour of football season. Although baseball is still referred to as America’s national pastime, football is by far the most popular sport in this country today. This can be attributed to many factors including a superior television product, more controlled violence, and legalized gambling with fantasy football. Keywords: national, pastime, football, baseball, sports, television, violence, gambling Move over Baseball, Football is America’s New National Pastime Each and every week millions of Americans tune in to watch their favorite sports. Basketball, baseball, football, golf, soccer, and racing all have a place and a market with the sports fans in America. Over the years baseball has traditionally been known as the national pastime among all sports, but the rich tradition and history behind baseball is being slowly replaced by the glamour of football season. Over the past two decades, baseball has been left behind while football has become America’s new national pastime (Gramling,......

Words: 1221 - Pages: 5