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History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare System

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History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare System
Victoria Chatman
BSHS 301
July 2, 2012
Pamela Hardy

History of Minority Population in the Child Welfare System The United States has more children living in poverty than any other industrialized nation. It comes as no surprise that out of the 20% of poverty stricken children in America, African American, and Latino children exceed 40%. In fact, children of color are overrepresented in the foster care system and are the least likely to be reunited with their families. This overrepresentation is driven by, racial discrimination, social oppression, negative social conditions, and economic injustice. But this is not to exclude racism within the child welfare system in itself. The child welfare specialists are encouraged to respond with familiarity and compassion to individuals from a wide diversity of cultural backgrounds.
“… Social welfare systems do not arise in a vacuum; they stem from the customs, statutes, and practices of the past. Therefore, one cannot understand current efforts to help the needy without first comprehending the foundations on which they were built.”
--Walter I. Trattner
History of African Americans
Social welfare developed from both communal and secluded services in the United States and North America. Most social welfare policy experts take the place before 1932 and the formation of governmentally supported programs. Even the most exclusive services were provided under segregated policies within the society. To grasp the historic distribution of services to African Americans community, one must understand the early progressions of the social welfare system, African Americans were cared for in different historical compasses and exempted from governmental services under segregated customs. It is imperative for social workers to comprehend this separation and understand that the...

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