History of Public Health Education

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ugo02chi
Words 1083
Pages 5
MAUREEN ABUACHI
I.D# A00480381
INSTRUCTOR: DR. AMY THOMPSON
DATE: APRIL 25, 2015

The modification of health behaviors is facilitated by health education specialists. The World Health Organization (1998, P.4) defined health education as “comprising consciously constructed opportunities for learning involving some form of communication designed to improve health literacy, including improving knowledge, and developing life skills which are conducive to individual and community health.”. Most simply, health education helps to inform the public about behaviors that are healthy and unhealthy. Many individuals that are concerned about their health and the health of their families usually adjust their behavior in accordance with any new information (Schneider, 2011). For example, the surgeon general’s report of 1964 which stated that smoking caused cancer and other life threatening diseases, had significant impact on the prevalence of smoking in the United States.
The health education specialists role in the United States today has evolved over time based on the need to enhance health and provide educational intervention. The earliest signs of the roles and responsibilities of the health education specialist started in the mid 1800s with education in school hygiene, which was closely associated with physical activity. But by the early 1900s the need for health education began to spread to the public, but it was the social workers, journalists, visiting nurses and caregivers that were doing the educating not the health educators as we know them today. But as more knowledge was gained about how health, disease and health behavior related to each other, it became very obvious that these social workers, visiting nurses, caregivers and journalists could not provide the health education that was needed. The lack of training and the needed education at all…...

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