History

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ahmadhassn
Words 1725
Pages 7
INDEPENDENCE OF Rhodesia
INTRODUCTION
Chou En-lai, when visiting Somalia in February 1964, stated that 'revolutionary prospects throughout the African continent are excellent'. Now some ten years later there appears to be military stalemate between the liberation movements in Angola, Guinea (Bissau) and Mozambique and the 150,000 or more troops maintaining Portuguese rule in those territories. South Africa remains relatively unscathed by such insurgent activity, although she has recently become concerned at the increasing military effectiveness of the insurgents in Namibia (South West Africa), an area she continues to administer in defiance of United Nations' rulings. For the last decade Rhodesia has been faced with recurrent periods of insurgency which have varied in their seriousness.
Rhodesia's political and geographical position gives her a particular strategic importance in the confrontation between white and black in southern Africa. Together with Botswana, Rhodesia provides the most direct physical access into the Republic of South Africa regarded by her enemies as the powerhouse of the whole system of white supremacy. From a political viewpoint it seems improbable that white Rhodesia, unlike South Africa, has either the human or material resources to sustain for any considerable time the luxury of racial privilege dependent upon a system of social and political discrimination; and unlike the situation in Angola and Mozambique, there is no metropolitan power which might agree to come to terms with local realities -even if this took the form of a Portuguese-trained black administration, rather than the leadersAs Che Guevara wrote: 'People must see clearly the futility of maintaining the fight for social goals within the framework of civil debate ... Where a government has come into power through some form of popular vote,…...

Similar Documents

History

... because of racial or ethnic lines these groups would be compelled to live in the dingiest, most crime ridden, and dangerous sections of town. The more inequality and social lines drawn in the rapid growth of the major cities in the 19th century the more problems they would later be faced with. Despite many technological advances, the quality of life in the nation’s cities did not necessarily improve (Armitage et al., 2009). The rapid growth would spring up new problems for our nation. Some of these problems would be addressed after the turn of the century, and some would intensify. References- Faragher, J. M., Buhle, M. J., Czitrom, D., & Armitage, S.H. (2009). Out of many: A history of the American people (5th ed.). Volume II. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall....

Words: 355 - Pages: 2

History

...“The mid-twentieth-century era of a dictatorship is a highly disturbing chapter in the history of civilization. The key development was not only the resurgence of authoritarian rule but also the rise of a particularly ruthless brand of totalitarianism that reached its full realization in the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and Japan in the 1930’s. Stalin, Hitler, and Japan’s military leaders intervened radically in society and ruled with unprecedented severity” (McKay, History of World Societies, p. 907). Hitler came to power in 1933 in Germany. There are a few reasons why Hitler came to power from his incredible speaking to his many promises. Germany had just been through a war and had lost. With the ending of the war the Treaty of Versailles was a step toward establishing order. “More harshly the Allies declared Germany (with Austria) was responsible for the war and had therefore to pay reparations equal to all civilian damages caused by the war” (McKay, History of World Societies, p. 863). The government opposed and protested this Treaty, but there was no alternative. With this treaty in effect, living in Germany was very hard. The people of Germany were poor and needed someone to lead them out of this depression they had fallen into. Hitler promised to restore hope and to solve the problems of the depression. To Germans at the time Hitler made sense, uniting everyone. With Adolf Hitler came his National Socialism movement. National Socialism was shaped by Hitler’s beliefs...

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

History

... de Madrid, was published in 1661. Post- och Inrikes Tijyuk ded as Ordinari Post Tijdender) was first published in Sweden in 1645, and is the oldest newspaper still in existence, though it now publishes solely online.[13] Opregte Haarlemsche Courant from Haarlem, first published in 1656, is the oldest paper still printed. It was forced to merge with the newspaper Haarlems Dagblad in 1942 when Germany occupied the Netherlands. Since then the Haarlems Dagblad has appeared with the subtitle Oprechte Haerlemse Courant 1656. Merkuriusz Polski Ordynaryjny was published in Kraków, Poland in 1661. The first successful English daily, The Daily Courant, was published from 1702 to 1735.[10][14] [edit]Americas See also: History of American newspapers Diario de Pernambuco, founded in 1825 is the first newspaper in South America. In Boston in 1690, Benjamin Harris published Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick. This is considered the first newspaper in the American colonies even though only one edition was published before the paper was suppressed by the government. In 1704, the governor allowed The Boston News-Letter to be published and it became the first continuously published newspaper in the colonies. Soon after, weekly papers began publishing in New York and Philadelphia. These early newspapers followed the British format and were usually four pages long. They mostly carried news from Britain and content depended on the editor's interests. In 1783, the...

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

History

...Clairese Waites, Shannon Douglas, Makeda Sinclair World History I Dr. Godshalk Myth of Osiris In ancient Egypt the people believed that the environment was tied into the Gods. The Egyptian gods were animistic gods, which means they represented nature and earthly things like rivers, sunlight, crops, and love. The nature cycle that was and is still present in Egypt is the annual flooding and the infrequent droughts of the Nile River. These two phenomena’s were the center of the Egyptians lives because the events were natural things that could not be controlled, so they looked to the gods for help. The flooding of the Nile River was considered a gift. The people of Egypt anticipated the flooding of the river because it helped to fertilize their plants which in turn helped their society grow. The soot that the Nile bought to the crops when it flooded made agriculture rich and bountiful. Egyptians considered the floods a gift from Osiris; the God of the Nile, justice, order, and eternal life. The infrequent droughts of the Nile that the Egyptians experienced were seen as a time of hardship. The people believed that the droughts were bought onto them by Seth; brother of Osiris and god of drought, aridity, evilness, chaos, injustice, and darkness. When the droughts occurred it left the Egyptians with little to fertilize their crops. The cycles of the environment was illustrated in the myth when Seth, out of jealousy, killed Osiris and chopped his body up into fourteen...

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

History

...October 10, 2013 William Swaby History Assignment Describe the educational policies of the British Caribbean government between 1838 and 1876. Before Emancipation very little effort was put in by the British Caribbean Government to help educate the people of the Caribbean. Children of wealthy parents had tutors to teach them and, later, were sent to Britain to further their education in universities while the girls stayed to continue their education under tutors. The first school in the Caribbean was a charity school built in 1686 and many more were built afterwards in various islands. It wasn’t until the beginning of the 19th century when there was a school of any sort for slaves, the ones before were for white children. The planters always feared in educating the slaves because they felt it would cause the slaves to “get ideas beyond their station in life”. It wasn’t until 1835 when the British Government participated in the education of the British Caribbean. The British Government set up the Negro Education Grant in 1835, which would be a source of income for the missionary societies to help them in their educational efforts. In both 1835 and 1836 £25,000 was funded to missionary societies so they build schools for children and for educating new teachers in the Caribbean. In the years after, £30,000 was given until 1841. This money was distributed to different islands based on the number of freed slaves in each colony. This grant later proved to be not as...

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

History

... its general intention to advance the status of women in the Bahamas, the Suffrage Movement established strategic alliances with the other social movements of this time. It found a strident proponent of its cause in Randol Fawkes, leader of the Bahamas Federation of Labour. The Progressive Liberal Party in its pursuit of a majority rule government supported the right to vote for women and vigorously championed the cause shortly after the bye-election of 1960. Ilsha Mcphee History Coursework Question 1(A) What role did the Women’s Suffrage Movement Play during the “Quiet Revolution” in the Bahamas? Notable women such as Dame Doris Johnson, Mary Ingraham, Eugenia Lockhart, Mabel Walker and Georgianna Symonette has made countless triumphs toward the equal rights of all women in the Bahamas. In particular all of these women mentioned before were major persons in the Women’s Suffrage Movement in the Bahamas. This movement’s main purpose was to ensure that all women would have a right to practice the franchise. However, this is not the only thing that resulted in the hard work of the women apart of this movement. In fact, even the amount of times you could have voted and the men’s vote was affected positively through the efforts of the Women’s Suffrage Movement. Because of the Women’s Suffrage Movement’s Positive effects on the voting of all citizens’, we can clearly see their pivotal role in the “Quiet Revolution”. In the mid twentieth, the Bahamas was gaining...

Words: 1569 - Pages: 7

History

...Assignment/Dissertation Submission Form Student Information Please complete all parts of this form and submit with your assignment. All parts of the assignment must be stapled together before submission PLEASE USE BLOCK CAPITALS Student Registration Number | 2 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 2 | 0 | 3 | 6 | 3 | Class Code and Title - PRINT the code and title as it appears in the student handbook V | 1 | 2 | 1 | 6 | | History of the USA since 1877 | Tutor’s name | Mark Ellis | Submission date | 17/11/13 | | | Extension/Re-submission Yes No | Extension/Re-submission date: | Where appropriate please √ your year, Now √ the attempt. 1st | 2nd | √ | | Yr 1 | Yr 2 | Yr 3 | Yr4 | | Postgraduate...

Words: 2640 - Pages: 11

History

...How have these sources developed my understanding of the holocaust? The sources I used to do my assignment have helped my understanding of the holocaust hugely making my knowledge of the holocaust even wider as there is so much detail and effort put into this very important and devastating event that occurred I had little understanding of the holocaust before these sources broadened my knowledge there are so many things about hitlers plans to get rid of jews that it so horrible I couldn’t even imagine how he could come up with such horible things . The one source that helped me a lot to do my assignment and to teach me more about the holocaust was the united states memorial dedicated to the victims of the holocaust. The one thing that triggered my mind which I learnt about via this website was the jewish partisans and nazi genocide , I didn’t realize that there were jews to fight against the nazi party in this way this site has made me want to investigate more on why hitler targeted this race and others . And It doesn’t make sense why hitler would want to kill people who had actually fought for Germany and defended Germany in world war 1. The other sources I used I didn’t find as effective as this one because they were lacking in all information however I found that they did answer the question that needed to be answered but it didn’t have the same depth and knowledge that the other site did have. Overall I think both sites increased my knowledge of the holocaust and......

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

History

... city of Antioch. Seleucus When the Seleucids fell out of favor in the city, Antioch joined with the Romans and became part of the Roman Republic. Rome ruled Antioch for a long period until the Crusader Era where it became the capital of the crusades/ One of the most significant accomplishments that were known to come from the city of Antioch was that it was known for the founding of Christianity. Although Antioch became part of the Roman dynasty and eventually into what we know now as Turkey, there still exist many cultural aspects that existed during the Antioch time period. For example, Farming in todays’ southern part of Turkey is very similar to how it was during Ancient Antioch. Foods such as Wheat, grapes, olives and cotton are still produced here (Aakanksha). The main reason Antioch became what it is known for today is its foundation in Christianity. Not only in Turkey but also the rest of the world, Christianity is one of the most practiced religions. None of that would have been possible without the foothold that began during the period in Antioch. St. Peters Cave, known as one of the oldest Churches in the modern era still stands today and is visited by tourist as well as religious figures of our time. Work Cited Aakanksha Gaur et al. “Antioch” The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica 4-17-14. Bahadir, Gurhan Downey, Glanville.......

Words: 562 - Pages: 3

History

...Police History Brett Hanson CJA/211 August 7, 2009 Sarah Plies Police History The image of a uniformed police officer is so ingrained into our system today that it's easy to think of the cops as an institution used to stop crime. It may be surprising that the idea of police officers as we know them is an extremely young concept, dating back to only the 19th century. As did most governmental institutions, law enforcement agencies in society evolved slowly over time. In the ancient societies, there was no law enforcement of any kind there were only families and clans that took it upon themselves to take revenge against those who may have inured or offended or killed one of their own. The idea of crime prevention was almost nonexistent in the early history of law enforcement and criminology. During the early history of policing, individual citizens were largely responsible for maintaining law and order among themselves. Those who served as a judge or jury did so voluntarily and were not paid for their services. This loosely-based system of social control worked quite well for centuries, particularly in more rural and less populated regions. However, the late 1700's and early 1800's saw a population explosion in major cities in the United States and England. Riots and civil unrest was common, and it became increasingly clear that there was a need for a more permanent and professional form of law enforcement that would carry the official authority of the government...

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

History

...1. 7The Minoans were a powerful sea faring people. They lived on Crete, which is an island in the Aegean Sea; the Aegean Sea is located west of Turkey and southeast of Greece. The Minoans lived and dominated Crete from around 3000 BC to 1500 BC. They had a deep culture in the arts. They are assumed to be a peaceful people for excavations done the ruins showed that there were no fortifications. The Minoans had developed significant naval power and for many centuries lived in contact with all the major civilizations of the time without being significantly threatened by external forces. Their commercial contact with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia undeniably influenced their own culture, and the Minoan civilization in turn appeared as the forerunner of the Greek civilization. The Minoan Culture contributed to Greek development by establishing a sea trade. They also produced many mercantile goods including glass blowing, pottery, weaving, jewelry making. They also helped great early languages through written words. The people of Greece had divided themselves amongst various tribes such as Achaeans, Aeolians and Ionians. These were tall, red blonde haired nomadic tribes who grazed cattle and goats. They spoke Greek language and were ruled by Minoans for centuries. Whether Achaeans, Ionians, or Dorians, all of the Greeks in the Homeric Age had essentially the same culture, which was comparatively primitive. Not until the very last century of the period was there any general......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

History

... Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Alabama. She attended the Alabama State Teachers College and moved to Montgomery with her husband. They joined the NAACP. Park’s arrest led to the formation of the Montgomery Improvement Association led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The association boycotted the city owned bus company and lasted 382 days. This led to the Supreme Court to strike down the city ordinance which Parks had been arrested under. Parks served on the staff of Representative John Conyers starting in 1957 and the Southern Christian Leadership Council started the annual Rosa Parks Freedom Award. After her husband’s death in 1977 she founded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development. Her foundation takes young people around the country to learn about the history of their country and the Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks died October 24, 2005. “After her death, her casket was place in the rotunda of the United States Capitol for two days, she is the only woman and second African American in American history to lie in state at the Capitol, an honor usually reserved for Presidents of the United States”. (Academy of Achievement, 2014, Par 10). One of the most influential African Americans in the Civil Rights movement is Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King was a very smart man and earned his Doctorate degree in 1955. In 1954 Dr. King became pastor of the Dexter Ave. Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama; he was also an executive committee member of......

Words: 2607 - Pages: 11

History

... British, French, Russians, and Spanish before finally becoming America (Fuller, 2013). Hudson’s Bay Company tried to discourage people from settling there because they ran a lucrative fur trade, but later had to concede (Fuller, 2013). The Oregon Treaty defined the boundaries for the Oregon Country in 1846 so I will not have to worry about disputes over land anymore (Fuller, 2013). The problems with political pressures in the 1844 United States Presidential election pushed the expansion into the West (A&E, 2013). The Democrats wanted people to settle the Western territories and James Polk helped to define the boundary limits (A&E, 2013). I suppose it is a good thing that these things were decided before we started our trip because that would have just meant more moving around for us. Social life in my group consisted of people all pulling together to help each other out because supplies were low (Triumph & Tragedy, 2013). It was just easier and better to work together. We would have campfires at night to keep the predators away and sing songs to pass the time. We grew together as a community before we reached our destination. We were more like family after our trials and tribulations together (Triumph & Tragedy, 1999). The trip was difficult and at times almost unbearable but it made us stronger and ready to start our life anew. I may have wished for easier times, but the hard times brought us closer together as a community. I will cherish......

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

History

...webs.bcp.org Early Modern Empires (1500-1800) Introduction Before we learn about the unlikely and apparently rapid rise of The West during the 19th and 20th centuries, it’s important to understand the powerful empires of the early modern world between 1500 and 1800. Some readers may be surprised to learn about the wealth, thriving global trade, and dominant manufacturing production in Asia that held sway until at least the end of the 18th century. Throughout much of this era, Europe was, in contrast to Asia, an unimpressive backwater of small countries and kingdoms. But Europe’s “discovery” of the Americas and an ocean route to Asia, just before the year 1500, changed all that. The West gradually worked its way into the global economy and planted the seeds for its imperial rise and eventual dominance over most of the modern world. After 1500, world regions—such as West Africa, East Asia, and South America—fused together into one global trade system. For the first time in history, each region of the world now interacted with the others. For example, enslaved African labor was used in South American plantations to sell cheap sugar to Europe. Silver from Mexico bought loans for Spain, and that same silver ended up in China to buy silk or porcelain for Europeans. And so on. A new global system emerged, forged of uneven relationships, in which a small part of the world, Europe, successfully exploited the world’s human and natural resources to its advantage. This was...

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7

History

...University of Phoenix Material Appendix E Part I Define the following terms: Term Definition Racial formation The process where individuals are divided and categorized by mutable rules into different racial categories. Segregation The physical and social separation of categories of people. De jure segregation By law segregation. Races have their own hotels, buses, and restaurants. Pluralism A state in which people of all racial and ethnic categories have about the same over all social standing. Assimilation The process by which minorities gradually adopt cultural patterns from the dominant majority population. Part II Answer the following questions in 150 to 350 words each: • Throughout most of U.S. history in most locations, what race has been the majority? What is the common ancestral background of most members of this group? Throughout most of U.S. history the white race has been the majority. This race is majority because of the social standards they have not just because of the population. The white race was the first settlers in the new land. As known, the most common ancestral background of most members of this group is European. Europeans came to this land for new life opportunities. They were able to come together and form their own country and boundaries because they broke ties off with their European rulers. • What are some of the larger racial minorities in U.S. history? What have been the common ancestral backgrounds...

Words: 598 - Pages: 3