Free Essay

Hiv and Drugs

In: Social Issues

Submitted By titoh
Words 417
Pages 2

11TH MARCH 2016

1.Drugs and substance abuse in Kenya as in other countries permeates every sphere of the society and, indeed, threatens the very fabric of nationhood. As further stated ;
HIV and AIDs in the Kenya context as a socio-economic and cultural issue. * Human capacity crisis e.g. Poverty * Slow economic growth * Chronic food security * Reduced life expectancy * Enhanced gender inequality as females are affected more than the male counterparts * Stigma, wife inheritance, FGM, early marriages, polygamy The causes of Alcohol and Drug Abuse. * Stress * Genetic predisposition * Socio-cultural environment * Easy access, poor/ lack of role models * Rebellion against family, traditional values * Lack of information/education * Poor parenting * Peer pressure, experimentation, curiosity
The following are the Effects of Alcohol and Drug Abuse. * Social impact (Crime, GBV, breakdown in the social cultural norms, dysfunctional families/ separation/ divorce, child trafficking, immorality, orphans, high number of dependents, diseases, accidents, school unrest) * Economic impact (high poverty levels, high medical costs, unproductivity, overburdening of service provision , diversion of essential resources, economic crises such as bribery, corruption and money laundering) * Political impact – Breakdown of law and order, rise in vigilante groups and organized crimes, terrorism.

How HIV AIDs can lead to Alcohol and Drug use. * Self medication * Loss of hope * Stigma * Discrimination

2. Across cultures, there exists unequal power balance found in the socio-economic sphere in gender relations that favors men in the following stated ways. * Men have access to productive resources and decision-making authority. * Women have less access over and control of productive resources than men ( income, land, credit and education) * Men have greater control than women over when, where and how takes place * Unequal power balance is reflected in sexual relationships. * Gender based violence (GBV) refers to violence that arises as a result of the unequal power relationships between men and women. * Broad types of GBV in Kenya are mainly; trafficking, emotional and psychological Violence; harmful traditional practices; and socio-economic violence.
3.Pharmacological classifications of psycho-active drugs and their general effects and examples of drugs. * Stimulants – affects the central nervous system i.e. tobacco mirra * Depressants –decreases the activities of the central nervous system i.e. cocaine heroin * Hallucinogens –causes pronounced alteration of perception state of fantasy or illusion i.e. marijuana * Steroids –foster formation of living tissue can lead to muscular mass increment used as body building substances * Prescription drugs –they are legally available over the counter at chemists and hospitals i.e. Valium codeine ketamine.

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