Premium Essay

Homework 05

In: Business and Management

Submitted By pj69
Words 21051
Pages 85
Study Unit

Improving Your

When you complete this study unit, you’ll be able to

Identify your audience, medium, and purpose

Focus your ideas

Organize your material

Plan both informal and formal writing projects

Use words, punctuation, and sentences to achieve the effect you want

Revise, edit, and proofread to make your final copy accurate, professional, and attractive


Writing a strong letter to apply for a job or putting together a convincing argument for a business report requires more than a collection of nouns, verbs, and punctuation. Good communication skills include the basics, of course, but proper planning, a pleasant style, and close attention to detail also count. This study unit is designed to help you make the best use of the writing tools you already have by making them work for you as you plan, develop, revise, and present your work.



Organizing Your Material
Patterns of Organization
Outline Options
Developing an Outline
The Formal Outline




Types of Writing
Key Considerations
Writing the First Draft

How to Give Your Writing Punch
Choosing the Right Words
Informality and Formality
Using Words Properly

Revising Your Writing
Editing Your Work
Proofreading the Final Draft
Presenting Your Work













Improving Your Writing

Just as there are many ways to write, there are many ways to describe the process of writing. In this study unit, we’ll break down the process into these stages:

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...Homework and Testing 1 Homework and Testing Assigning Homework How much is too much? As with classroom assignments, homework should never be given as busy work. It should have a purpose with a goal. And as I mentioned in the Behavioral Approach to Learning, homework should NEVER be given as punishment. The kid will associate homework with punishment. This may interest you. Harris Cooper (1998) analyzed more than 100 research studies on homework in American schools. He found that homework had a very small connection with test scores at the elementary level. If anything, the more homework an elementary school student had, the more negative their attitude was toward school. Plus it takes away from their social time, which is an important part of growing up. Kids need to learn social skills. Too much homework causes stress, as you probably know very well by now. Kids need to have down time too! Why does homework have such a small effect at the elementary level? One reason is that young children have limited attention spans and are very distractible. It is difficult to do homework in a house that has many distractions. Teachers need to work with parents and help students find a quiet space to do homework. Most professional organization in education agrees that homework should never exceed 10 - 20 minutes per day in grades K - 2. In grades 3 - 6 homework should never exceed 30 - 60 minutes per day. Another reason elementary school children do not benefit much from homework is...

Words: 6818 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Est1 - Task 310.2.1-05

...EST1 - Task 310.2.1-05 The attitude of Company Q towards social responsibility seems to be decreased by the pressure of profit loss. They closed 2 stores recently due to the fact that they were continually losing money. This not only creates a problem for the employee's that worked there, but also for the customers who frequented the stores. By improving their ethical makeup they could not only improve their profits, but it would also help the relationship with their employees and customers grow. There are a few things that Company Q could work on and change to create a better enviroment for the community. They decided to close 2 different stores in higher crime areas stating they were losing money. Instead of closing the stores they could implement new procedures to increase security. Installing cameras or hiring security guards to stand outside the store or patrol inside would show their customers that they are concerned for the safety of those shopping there. Company Q could also could work with other business owners and city government to makes changes to the area surrounding the store. These changes could include a well lit store front, friendly employees, and a well organized store. Company Q would have to make enough improvements to show their customers they care. This could have increased sales and possibly saved the company from closing the two stores. When asked about donating their day old food to the local food bank, the company refused and......

Words: 597 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Task 317.1.503-05

...Leadership Styles LET Task 317.1.5-03-05 By: Charles Lewis 06/2014 First Class Printing, established in 1977, has been a leader in the commercial printing industry since its inception. Hitting its peak in the nineties, the company started a slow downward cycle because of poor execution and growing competition in the industry. After cycling through a couple of different CEO's, Bill Parsons stepped in and turned the troubled company around. Mr. Parsons has been responsible for not only getting the company back to its position among the top of the industry, but also for creating record sustained growth. Mr. Parsons is modest about his successes and readily gives credit to his subordinates for the successes that the company has experienced under his leadership. He is described as highly motivated, fiercely ambitious, and dedicated to the success of the company. He shies away from interviews and requests from reporters who want to feature him in their articles. While shunning the public spotlight for the successes, he is quick to accept responsibility for failures. Mr. Parsons recently announced that he is retiring within the next two years. His two immediate subordinates, Chandler Hawkins and Peter Toole, are two very capable leaders who are both in the running to replace him. Chandler Hawkins, a graduate of Boston College's School of Business, has been with the company for several years and is the front runner for replacing Mr. Parsons. He has been at the......

Words: 677 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Kathryn Blink Week 2 Homework Exercise 3-13 A. Calculate the cost per equivalent unit for materials and conversion costs. Labor: $8.97 Cost: $9.59 Total: $18.56 B. Calculate the cost of items completed during November. $37,584,000,000 C. Calculate the cost of ending Work in Process. $55,680.00 (Material $47,328, Labor $25,056) Exercise 3-14 A. Prepare a reconciliation of units and a computation of equivalent units for June for the Cleaning Department. 40 @ 50 | 20 | 20 | 500 @ - | +500 | 470 (total units finished in the month) | 50 @ 75 | | 30 (add remaining) | | 520 | = | | | 520 | Problem 3-11 Prepare a production report for the Blending Department for May. Production Cost ReportBlending DepartmentMay | Unit Reconciliation | | Units in Beg. WIP | 7,500 | Units started during May | 97,000 | Units to account for | 104,500 | Units completed and transferred to packaging | 92,500 | Units in ending WIP | 12,000 | Units accounted for | 104,500 | Cost per Equivalent Unit Calculation | Material | Conversion | Overhead | Total | Cost | Beginning WIP | $7,000 | $8,000 | | $15,000 | Cost incurred during May | $106,473 | $143,632 | | $250,105 | Total | $113,473 | $151,632 | | $265,105 | Units | Units completed | 92,500 | 92,500 | | | Equivalents units, ending WIP | 7,800 | 2,400 | | | Total | 100,300 | 94,900 | | | Cost per......

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Homework Assignment 3 1. Current price in US dollars? (1924/98) $19.63 USD The price in July 2012? (1924/123) $15.64 USD 2. The percentage price change since January? (1924/114) = $16.88 USD ($19.63-$16.88) = $2.75 ($2.75/16.88) = 16.29% increase. Since last July? 19.63-15.64 = 3.99 3.99/15.64 = 25.51% increase 3. What other factors does Dennis need to consider in calculating total landed cost? Cost of the item, brokerage fees, shipping costs, currency conversion, shipping costs, handling fees, customs duties, tariffs and taxed 4. What do each of these terms mean to Dennis? a. Ex works, Seoul, Korea, SKw 12,100 (12,100/806)=$15.01 USD. This is the price of the unit once it is made accessible at the factory. There are still costs that need to be added such as, transportation costs, insurance cost, brokerage fees and applicable duties/taxes. b. CIF Baltimore, $15.50 USD. This means that the cost includes transportation and insurance to the port in Baltimore. Here are still costs that need to be added which are, brokerage, duties/taxes, and inland freight costs. c. DDP New York, $16.50 USD. This means that the cost has already been figured in and it includes transportation, insurance and duties/taxes. The cost that needs to be added is inland freight and brokerage fees. 5. What other pieces of information might Dennis require in order to make an informed decision? a. For choice A, with Ex works, how much......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Trademark Inc. 03-05

...Re: Case 03-05, Accounting Issues Background Trademark, Inc., a public and growing global corporation, creates, assembles, and disburses their products through four main divisions of their corporation: Greeting Cards and Stationery, Calendars, Party Goods, and Specialty Gifts. Their core business comes from their customers in drug stores and supermarket chains. In the early to mid 1990’s, Trademark saw significant growth in response to their IPO issuance in 1992, however, since 1994, they have seen a flat and ultimate declining growth in their product. Issue Recently, Trademark, Inc. has realized an overstatement in their return of damage goods and are considering halting their previously acceptable return of slow-moving merchandise for a full refund for some larger customers. What potential misstatements, if any, related to the issues identified should Nancy, Trademark, Inc.’s auditor, consider? Analysis (1) Return for Damaged Goods Trademark, Inc. soon realized after shipping products to customers that the customers were displeased with their products. The boxes, in which the products were shipped in, were damaging their products, which in return caused customers to return Trademark, Inc.’s products. In response, Trademark changed shipping companies and fixed this problem for customers, ultimately lowering the amount of returns by customers. Should Trademark, Inc. follow their current company policy estimate of 25% or change to 22%? Option #1: Trademark,......

Words: 958 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...HOMEWORK WEEK Chapter 5, Review Question R3 What are some of the possible services that a link layer protocol can offer to the network layer? Which of these link layer services have corresponding services in IP? In TCP. Asides the basic service provided by the link layer which is to move a datagram from one node to an adjacent node over a single communication link, there are other services provided by the link layer protocols. These services are as follows; * Framing: network layer datagram are enclosed by link layer protocols within a link layer frame before transmission over the link. * Reliable Delivery: The protocols provides reliable delivery service by guaranteeing to move each network layer datagram across the link without error. * Error detection and Correction: The link layer protocols provide a mechanism to detect and correct error that are incorrectly decided in the link layer hardware. * Link Access: The media access control protocol specifies the rules by which a frame is transmitted onto the link. The reliable delivery service also have corresponding services in TCP. Chapter 5, Review Question 4 Suppose two nodes start to transmit at the same time a packet of length L over a broadcast channel of rate R. Denote the propagation delay between the two nodes as dprop. Will there be a collision if dprop < L/R? Why or why not? No, there will be no collision. This is because the transmission time is less than the propagation delay; so the......

Words: 305 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Unit 05-Lo2-P4

...UNIT 05 LO2- P4 Explain the physiology of two names body systems in relation to energy metabolism in the body. Our body requires energy so the body functions. This energy mainly comes from carbohydrates and fats that we take as food. Carbohydrates are decayed into glucose, glucose is soluble in blood. It is transported by the blood cells to various parts of the body where it reacts with oxygen in a series of steps producing carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O) and energy. The burning of food in the cells results in the free of energy is called respiration. Carbon dioxide and water, which are formed during respiration, are transferred through various organs of the body. The energy released in respiration fulfils the energy needs of the body. Aerobic Respiration Aerobic respiration is the process that takes place in presence of oxygen. Aerobic respiration break down molecules to get hold of bio-chemical energy and has oxygen. Molecules used by cells in aerobic respiration are glucose, amino acids and fatty acids. Glucose + Oxygen →Energy + Carbon dioxide + Water The aerobic respiration is an energy making process. During the process of aerobic respiration as many as 38 molecules of ATP are produced for every molecule of glucose that is utilized. Aerobic respiration process breaks down a single glucose molecule to yield 38 units of the energy storing ATP molecules. Anaerobic respiration. The term anaerobic means without air, which takes place without oxygen.......

Words: 1052 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...The University of Texas at Dallas Special Homework #1- Lifecycle Management Process Swapnili Jadhao 02/25/2015 SYSM 6301 Spring 2015 General “Case Study” Analysis Questions: 1. What was the general “subject” of the article? The general subject of this article is analysis of the ISO/IEC 24748 systems and software lifecycle management guide against other standards and academic material, and proposes additions to make to the standard for it to properly promote and support software quality engineering. The article explains the results of a term research project focused on the analysis guide for life cycle management a software quality engineering perspective. 2. What lifecycle stages were primarily focused on that needs to be improved? The lifecycle stages those were primarily focused on and needs to be improved are as listed below: • Concept – In this stage the stakeholder’s requirements trigger the project and drive the whole engineering effort. • Development – In this stage the stakeholder’s requirements are refined with the perspective of quality and are ‘baselined’. • Production – In this stage considering the quality model selected and the baseline accumulated from previous stages quality activities will be performed according to the plans. • Utilization – In this stage, the monitoring of performance and identifying, classifying and reporting of anomalies, deficiencies, and failures occurs. • Support – In this stage, the system-of-interest is deployed and logistics......

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Est Task1 - 310.2.1-05

...Western Governors University EST1: Task 310.2.1-05 Corporate social responsibility is when a company takes responsibility for the effects the company has on society and the environment. Company Q's current attitude toward social responsibility is pretty negative. They will have to work hard to create a higher level of social responsibility, which is not only beneficial for society but for them as well. Some of the irresponsible social decisions they have made are as follows. The company closed two of their stores that happened to be located in higher-crime-rate areas in the city. They closed the stores because they were losing money on a consistent basis. It does not seem like the company thought out the closing of the stores thoroughly. With some changes they could have kept themselves from losing money while still serving that area and employing workers from that area. Company Q decided to throw their day-old products away instead of donating them to a local food bank. They decided to throw the food out even after the food bank had inquired about the company donating the food. The company's reason for not donating the food was due to the worry of losing money from possible theft of the food by employees saying they were donating the food when they were actually were not. This was a concern even though they had never actually donated food previously and had this theft situation actually occur. Another socially irresponsible decision that Company Q has made is......

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Est1 Task 301.2.1-05

...EST1 Task 310.2.1-05 In the business world, social responsibility and profitability often are dependent upon one another. Many companies view social responsibility as being just as important, if not moreso, as making a profit. May times, the community relies upon local businesses upholding a certain level of social responsibility. Company Q is one company that is not setting, or meeting, a standard of social responsibility. Company Q’s actions show that the company places profitability at a higher level of importance than social responsibility. Company Q is not making an effort to be socially responsible, which may have played a part in the lack of profit of the closed stores. Many people in the community are unable to provide basics, such as food and water, for their families. In an effort to assist these people, food banks reach out for help from the community, in the form of monetary and food donations. One of the more common donation sources is grocery stores. Some grocery stores donate their day old and damaged food items to food banks. This gives the food to the local food banks, which is then given to the needy people in the community. This is a relatively easy thing to do, and something which utilizes a product which would likely be disposed of anyway. Company Q has failed to take this important, and much appreciated, step towards showing that it is socially responsible. The company’s choice to not donate the day old food is telling the......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Etc1 Task 310.2.1-05

...Task 310.2.1-05 Company Q is a small, locally owned, yet popular grocery store chain. It has recently come under scrutiny for some of its business practices. They are quickly losing their good reputation and not thinking of the community and only thinking of lining their pockets. This is not what Company Q wants to be known for. They have recently closed two of its chain stores, denied giving the local food bank day old food products, and raised the prices on their more healthier, organic food. In this paper, I will discuss the ways that Company Q can fix these three problems and essentially fix the public’s perception of them being socially irresponsible. Company Q has closed two of its stores that were located in a part of the city that is known for its higher than normal crime rate. The owners say that they closed these sites because they were both constantly losing money. Company Q did not take into consideration that when they closed these stores they took away jobs from their employees. They also took away money from the community that could have been used to make it better. Instead of being scared of losing money because of theft, Company Q could have taken extra security measures that would prevent the thefts from happening. The first thing they could have done was install extra security cameras and hired guards that would help keep an eye out and ensure that the thefts stop. This will also ensure the safety of their patrons and make the patrons......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Est1 Task 310.2.1-05

...EST1 Task#310.2.1-05 Businesses in today's society have multiple areas that they need to pay attention to in order to be successful. Of course profits are important, without them a business will not be successful, but there are other areas that need attention as well. One such area is social responsibility. Social responsibility can be defined as, "The obligation of an organization's management towards the welfare and interests of the society in which it operates." (, 2015). Social responsibility is a gray area, what one person views as a necessary social responsibility another person may not think of as very important. However, there are some social responsibilities that should be considered universal, such as, treating employees fairly and not harming the communities in which they operate to name a couple. Company Q has overall not done very well in the area of social responsibility. Company Q does not really seem to consider their social responsibility based on the description of the company's actions. Company Q, like any business has various stakeholders. A stakeholder is, "A party that has an interest in an enterprise or project. The primary stakeholders in a typical corporation are its investors, employees, customers and suppliers. However, modern theory goes beyond this conventional notion to embrace additional stakeholders such as the community, government and trade associations." (Investopedia, 2003) For Company Q, the......

Words: 1682 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Homework Week 1 Misunderstanding #1 Last weekend my wife and I threw my father his 76 Birthday party at our home while family and friends attended. When my younger sister and her family arrived, my wife greeted her by saying “hello stranger”, which is a proper greeting when two people haven’t seen each other in awhile. My sister received this greeting as a disrespectful greeting and stated to my wife she was offended and if you can’t greet me as “hello Gloria” do not greet me at all. a. Who was the sender? (My Wife) b. Who was the receiver? (My Sister) c. What was the message? A simple greeting d. What channel was used to send the message? Face to Face Communication e. What was the misunderstanding that occurred? A simple greeting was misinterpret as a personal attack. How could the misunderstanding been avoided. a. By not inviting here b. By not greeting her at all c. By greeting her by her name. Misunderstanding #2 Once I retired from the Marine Corps a year later I went back to work for a defense contractor as an instructor for the Marine Corps. During my time as a Marine the term “WM” stands for Woman Marines. I was not aware that terms was no longer used to refer to woman Marines. During my introduction I let the class know where the “WM’s” and the male marines restroom was. After the first class a female marine approach me to let me know that the term “WM’s” was no longer appropriate to refer to female......

Words: 364 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Homework for Unit 3 Homework: 5-2, 6-6, and 6-10 5-2 Pg. 210 Wilson Wonders’s bonds have 12 years remaining to maturity. Interest is paid annually, the bonds have a $1,000 par value, and the coupon interest rate is 10%. The bonds sell at a price of $850. What is their yield to maturity? INT = (Coupon rate)(Par value) = (.10)(1000) = 100 VB = INT [1/rd – 1/rd(1 + rd)N] + M/(1 + rd)N = 100[1/.10 – 1/.10(1 + .10)12] + 1000/(1 + .10)12 = 100[1/.10 – 1/.313843] + 1000/3.138428 = 100[10 – 3.186308] + 318.6308 = 100[6.813692] + 318.6308 = 681.3692 + 318.6308 = $1,000 $850 = $100/ (1 + rd)1 + … + $100/ (1 + rd)12 + $1,000/ (1 + rd)12 $850 = 100/(1 + .10)1 + … +100/(1 + .10)12 + 1000/(1 + .10)12 $850 = $1000 t=1NINT1+YTMt+M1+YTMN = 12.48% 6-6 Pg. 259 Suppose rRF = 5%, rM = 10%, and rA = 12% a. Calculate Stock A’s beta b. If Stock A’s beta were 2.0, then what would be A’s new required rate of return? rA = Risk-free rate + (Market risk premium)(Beta of Stock A) rA = rRF + (RPM)bA 12 = 5 + (rM – rRF)bA 12 – 5 = (10 – 5)bA 7 = 5bA 7/5 = bA 1.40 = bA BA = 2.0 RA = 5 + (5)2.0 RA = 5 + 10 RA = 15% 6-10 Pg. 259 You have a $2 million portfolio consisting of a $100,000 investment in each of 20 different stocks. The portfolio has a beta of 1.1. You are considering selling $100,000 worth of one stock with bet of 0.9 and using the proceeds to purchase another stock with beta of 1.4. What is the......

Words: 381 - Pages: 2