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Homosexuality

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I would like you to write on homosexuality, with a special reference to the ancient world and to other cultures. To what extent does the social understanding of sexuality in the ancient world and in other cultures illustrate the notion that heterosexuality, bisexuality, and homosexuality are cultural constructions? Devote most of your paper to offering a clear explanation of the concepts, and only a final section (no more than 20% of your paper) to your critical assessment.
Homosexuality behavior varies from culture to culture, but it is heavily practiced in the Africa, Asia, Pacific Islands and native America. The three basic forms of sexual practices that are known around the world are transgenerational, transgenderal, and egalitarian. Transgenerational is the sexual practice in which the people involved in sexual intercourse have a different or often large age gap, in transgenderal the individuals are of the opposite gender, and in egalitarian the partners are socially viewed the as the same gender (Grenberg pg.2). In cultures like the Coerunas Indians of Brazil, the homosexuality that was practiced heavily was trangenerational. Older men healers in these societies would consider it a ritual and a common way of life, to take a young boy healer into the forest for a long period of time to engage in sexual activity for the purpose of transferring his special powers into the boy. In a number of New Guinea cultures like the

In the other cultures,what cultures? an older man, married or not married, was expected to take a younger boy as a kind of active or masculine role and have sexual relations with him. However, today, we would call it bisexual or homosexual pederast, a man who has sexual relationship with a younger boy. For example, in the reading of homosexuality in other cultures on the Transgenerational Homosexuality, this relationship is to trains the young boy in manhood or to transfer his semen to the young boy (Greenberg p.3). He would even find the young boy a fiancée when he reached marriageable stage. Many of the cultures practising it were in Papua New Guinea, and perhaps the best known group was called the Sambia.
Homosexual in Other Cultures The construction of Homosexuality stated traveler and anthropologists have found large amount of distinctions in homosexual practice from culture to culture, and such sudden changes in sexual practice and orientation, even over a single generation, that they mostly want to say that all sexual behaviour is learned. Furthermore, I will argue against these theories that try to claim homosexuality was cause by it such as hormonal theory of homosexuality, injecting male hormones, INAH3, genetic theory of homosexuality, catholic view on homosexual. In the other cultures,what cultures? an older man, married or not married, was expected to take a younger boy as a kind of active or masculine role and have sexual relations with him. However, today, we would call it bisexual or homosexual pederast, a man who has sexual relationship with a younger boy. For example, in the reading of homosexuality in other cultures on the Transgenerational Homosexuality, this relationship is to trains the young boy in manhood or to transfer his semen to the young boy (Greenberg p.3). He would even find the young boy a fiancée when he reached marriageable stage. Many of the cultures practising it were in Papua New Guinea, and perhaps the best known group was called the Sambia. The Sambia believed, starting at age seven to ten, that boys would not develops manly qualities and sexual maturity unless they planted their semen into the boys. The culture required adolescents as fellator then fellate regularly young boys after they were taken from their mothers at about age seven. When the boys reached the initiation custom at puberty, they then had to repeat the process with younger boys as their social duty. They continued to do this throughout adolescence, until they reached marriageable stage, and then they had to end all homosexual activity until the men become fathers. However, in New Guinean tribal cultures, suggests the prescribed homosexual behaviour among younger boy is to be maintained by older men to keep them away from the young girls they wanted as their own wives. Next, the sexual expression was either anal or oral among the Kuks, Tchetchai, Sambia, Etoro, and Baruya. In addition, an older adolescence who practised anal or oral on a younger boy had to later marry that boy’s sister. In a few Melanesian cultures, Lesbianism has, until recently, placed considerably higher emphasis on sexual faithfulness among partners, though there is a recent new emphasis on sexual pleasure for its own sake. But even among the modern gay community, sexual expression varies from country to country; anal intercourse is more popular in some than others. The hormonal theory of homosexuality try to emphasize that homosexual may result from it,? but they proved wrong. Injecting male hormones is the next theory? that tries to change gay men by injecting male hormones. However, by doing this, I do not think this will change gay men to normal men. He will stay the same no matter what. In the 1990s, Simon LeVay pointed out that sexual orientation may be the result of different brain structure. He also claimed that hypothalamus also called INAH3 basically means a region in the brain that directs sexual behavior and blamed the structure was at fault. LeVay found this information by using a number of dead corpses. Furthermore, he claimed that the cause was a different in brain structure that related with sexual orientation. Moreover, there are numerous inconsistencies with Levay's study which have concerned the reliability of his discoveries. Also, me viewpoint is it is quite possible that the correlation of INAH 3 volume and sexual orientation are due to those differences. However, to me, it is uncertain results of whether or not sexual orientation is caused by brain differences or whether the samples LeVay used were unreliable due to the degenerative effects of AIDS on the brain. The religious viewpoint on homosexuality desires is not sinful. In addition, people drawn by homosexual desires are not sinful until they act upon those desires in some manner. This basically means if a person is homosexual and did not act in the public eyes, then he/she is not sinful. However, if they were to act right in the public eyes, as a homosexual men or women, then he or she commits a sin. For example, in Genesis 19, Lot offered the two angels, visiting the city of Sodom, a shelter. During the night, the men of Sodom demand that Lot hand over his guests for homosexual intercourse. Lot refuses, and the angels blind the men of Sodom when they try to enter. Lot and his family members escape, and the angels destroyed the town with fire “from the Lord out of heaven.” (Gen. 19:13). Therefore, I for myself believed the destruction of Sodom was cause by the people of Sodom because of their homosexual sins. Though, in the case where psychiatrists tried to explain conceptualization of homosexuality as a medical problem, however, they proved wrong. For example, Dean Hamer claimed homosexual men have gay genes in their bodies. However, anthropologist’s survey belief behaviours such as homosexuality and lesbianism are not produced genetically, but by conditions where they live in. If they were to call on homosexual men and said to them that it was their genetic, most of them will refuse and argue against it. Therefore, I for myself think that if homosexual genes were to be found in humans to be predictable, then many people would view this fascinating human trait more accurately. Also, in addition to Evelyn Hooker, She conducts a study where she used 30 subjects, the Rorschach test, consists of a series of ink blots that subject are ask to interpret, the Thematic Apperception Test requires subjects to describe and make up stories about pictures of people in various settings, the MAPS test requires subjects to arrange cut-out pictures and then make up a story about their arrangement. By doing this, she tried to prove that homosexuals could function as normal human beings. Also, these tests was to prove homosexual men own strength, normality, and lack of distinction from heterosexuals, they still did not refrain from indulging themselves in homosexual fantasies, thereby exposing their sexual appetites. Thus, my outlook on Hooker’s work was the product of a careful observation by homosexual activists to bring forward particular, pre-arranged outcomes, an approach that precludes scientific objectivity. Therefore, I believed if sexual behaviour were cause by genetic, the Melanesian children would seek out pederastic relationship in a new cultures. In addition, I do not believe the genetic theory is the case because if other cultures might argue if it were the case, the type of homosexual behaviour would be tightly defined by the genes involved and almost uniform in all cultures. Furthermore, many studies reported that possible hormonal differences affected homosexual orientation. However, my position on these studies were often directly inconsistent, and never actually measured any hormone levels?, but just used alternatives for hormonal influences, without direct evidence that the alternatives were actually revealing true hormone levels or imbalances. Thus, in the case of Story of seldom, the destruction of Sodom was because God did not see any moral people, and the destruction was due to the fact that he does not want the sin to spread.

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