Premium Essay

Hop in

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Thodge777
Words 405
Pages 2
Timothy Hodges
Finance 423
Hop In Foods Strategy Paper

Hop in foods is a Virginia based convenient store like 7 eleven. Hop in foods have been acquiring stores and assets at a rate that will require additional working capital. The company also wants to reduce the level short term debt so they can borrow at a better rate should the need arise. Furthermore Hop In also wants to provide additional capital using an initial public offering equity funds. Hop in foods is also wants to determine the proper stock price for this offering if the new stock is overpriced there is a possibility that the demand may be lower and halt market development. If underpriced Hop in has the risk of not obtaining the full value of the company. One of the first things we can determine is the cost debt for this type of company. Using the Altman Z scoring formula I can assess the credit worthiness of the firm. This will also help me determine the likely hood of a company going bankrupt in the next two years. Z scores greater than 2.99 are usually considered safe so that will be the bench mark. Next is to determine the weighted average cost of capital using the given beta, the expected market return dating from the 1960s to 1976 and 5 year Treasury bill rates. Next is to determine the capital structure of the company. The data provided about the acquisitions of different stores and the cost of the assets gives us a basis for projecting the future revenues. Looking at the additional revenue streams each store will bring we can now project revenues. I would use the percentage of sales method to determine the cost of goods SG&A etc. After that we discount the cash flows at the appropriate rate. Valuing an IPO is no different than valuing an existing public company. Consider the cash flows, balance sheet and profitability of the business in relation to the...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Hip Hop

...11/08/13 Hip Hop Made Me Do It! From the vulgar and raw lyrics of NWA to the simply educating lyrics of Jay-Z hip hop has been the blame for many issues that occur in our society. These issues do not only range within the field of crimes, but hip hop has also been the blame for cultural and gender relations. Hip hop is probably the youngest genre of music and has yet been so impactful in its short amount of time. But is it reasonable to place the blame on this popular form of expression? Is the excuse ‘hip hop made me do it’ firm, respected, and truthful? Why hip hop? It is not only the black community where hip hop is the blame for such things as drugs and violence but cross culturally people find hip hop as the excuse. Hip hop seems to be seen as the most impactful and widely endorsed. While the other forms of media seem to be overlooked or not as important. There are “action movies” that always seem to include some amazingly cool shootout where a hero emerges from the smokes. There are the constant military commercials encouraging youth to “fight” for their country. The also popular blame is video games. A couple of the most popular video games include Grand Theft Auto (GTA) and Call of Duty (COD). In order to beat GTA you must successfully commit crimes and get away with them while COD wants you to get the most kills (especially when playing live). During a hip hop debate that aired on BET in 2012 Michael Eric Dyson opens up with a statement on hip hop......

Words: 1161 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Hip Hop

...ip hop (stylized as Hip-Hop) is a broad conglomerate of artistic forms that originated within a marginalized subculture in the South Bronx and quickly spread through other parts of New York City such as Harlem among African American and Latino American youth during the late 1970s.[2][3][4][5] It is characterized by four distinct elements, all of which represent the different manifestations of the culture: rap music (oral), turntablism or "DJing" (aural), breaking (physical) and graffiti art (visual). Even while it continues in contemporary history to develop globally in a flourishing myriad of diverse styles, these foundational elements provide stability and coherence to the culture.[2] The term is frequently used mistakenly to refer in a confining fashion to the mere practice of rap music.[citation needed] The origin of the hip hop subculture stems from the block parties of the Ghetto Brothers, when they plugged the amps for their instruments and speakers into the lampposts on 163rd Street and Prospect Avenue and used music to breakdown racial barriers, and from DJ Kool Herc at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, where Herc mixed samples of existing records with his own shouts to the crowd and dancers. Kool Herc is credited as the "father" of hip hop. DJ Afrika Bambaataa of the hip hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of hip hop culture, to which he coined the terms: MCing or "Emceein", DJing or "Deejayin", B-boying and graffiti writing or "Aerosol......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hip Hop

...Abdul Bagrahiay English 1A Professor Ferns July, 7th 2016 Concept Essay Drafting Assignment 3 I have chosen a topic instead of doing conducting field research I will do Hip hop, where it was originated and where it was from? And how it has evolved over the years? How it is nowadays? The term hip hop is a big thing nowadays and it was found in New York, among black and latino ghetto. The main components of Hip Hop are Rap, Break Dancing, Graffiti, In south Bronx 1967 came Clive Campbell. He is a well known hip hop founder and his name was a big thing in those years. The hip hop originated in 60th and 20th century and it still exists today. https://prezi.com/m/uwz8x4klgu2w/where-did-hip-hop-originate-and-who-were-its-founders/ The hip-hop culture began in the streets of New York City over twenty-five years ago and it has gone through very big changes through the years of the past. Hip-Hop consists of four element, rap, graffiti, break-dancing, and the disc jockey. In this paper, I intend to fully explain the evolution of rap music, from its fame to the giant industry it is today. I will complete a big paper of how hip hop has evolved and is eve loving in the modern day. http://employees.oneonta.edu/bealt/alexander.htm "Hip hop and rap have many important influences—R&B, funk, soul, jazz, rock and roll performers; poets, and writers like Iceberg Slim; and stylistic forebears like Muhammad Ali and Richard Pryor. Few of these can match the importance of the spoken-word......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hip Hop

...Anaya Ragland April 30, 2012 English Composition II Dr. Janardanan Research Analysis Essay The Influence of Hip Hop on Today’s Youth “After silence, that which comes nearest to expressing the inexpressible is music.” This profound statement from English writer, Aldous Huxley, demonstrates the importance that music obtains in today’s society. Simply, music is a form of expression, not limited to any specific genre. Although this expression is not limited to one genre, there is one that seemingly obtains the title of most controversial. The Rap/Hip-Hop genre has been harshly criticized for the topics of discussion in which many songs entail, and the various projected images. Everything has its pros and cons; many people have lost sight of its purpose. Student of Dartmouth College, Rebecca Heller states, "Many people don't realize that hip-hop began by bringing communities and neighborhoods together on the streets of the South Bronx." Hip-Hop is not only a tool of personal expression, but it is also a tool of communal empowerment. Tricia Rose, author of Black Noise, writes that “it is a black cultural expression that prioritizes black voices from the margins of urban America” (2). Hip-Hop is a social movement. It is a way for the African-American community to identify, as the search for identification is a struggle. “Hip hop emerges from a complex cultural exchanges and larger social and political conditions of disillusionment and alienation” (59). In today’s......

Words: 676 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hip Hop

...Essay Question 2 Gender has shaped Hip-hop since the very beginning by influencing Hip-hop narratives and redefining gender roles; it comes to no surprise that gender has also influenced MCs and their work. In fact gender identifications have been so impactful they help determine an artist’s success in the music industry. MCing is known to be a male dominated art form and it is very difficult for females to become successful without having to conform to the preconceived notions about women in the music industry. In the Hip-hop world many male artists have created stereotypes for both men and women and their place in the Hip-hop music (NHP 06-11-2012). For some male artists these stereotypes have made success more achievable while, on the other hand, these stereotypes have made it harder for female MCs to rise to success. There’s no denying that Hip-hop stereotypes are an important component of Hip-hop performance (NHP 06-13-2012) in fact many artists today feel the need to utilize these stereotypes in order to get ahead in the game. For example, Big Sean is one talented MC in mainstream Hip-hop that doesn’t refrain from having half naked women dancing around in his music videos. His videos emphasize the most popular stereotypes which refer to women as “hoes”, “bitches” and “gold-diggers” (NHP 06-13-2012). Although these names are degrading and disrespectful to women, it is quite unfortunate that they have become acceptable in the music industry. It is also unfortunate......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hip Hop

...In hip hop women are constantly being judged based off their looks, and what kind of body they have. They are often exploited in hip hop artists (mostly male) music videos just to shake their big butts in a tiny bikini fully exposed. Sometimes it seems that males treat these woman like objects instead of human beings. Nowadays it’s considered the norm for these girls to dance around basically naked which is unfortunate, but what’s even worse is that some of these women are completely okay with doing this just to get their names out there for possible jobs in the future. It’s not only music videos that exploit these women, it even started back in the day when hip hop was started to get into the gangsta rap phase. The movie “Boyz In The Hood” is a perfect example of women’s bodies were exploited in hip hop culture. Also Rivera’s article Butta Pecan Mamis is another great article explaining the exploitation of women’s body through hip hop. In the movie “Boyz in the Hood” women and their bodies were exploited during a lot of parts in the movie. Doughboy who was played by Ice Cube was one of the main people to exploit women and their bodies. When he just got out of jail his mother threw him a welcome back party and everyone in the neighborhood was there. All of the guys would be on one side and the girls on the other, but the men would talk about them saying what they would do to them if they had the chance. Or who gets more “bitches” than the other as if they are not people...

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hip-Hop

...My first experience of Hip-Hop music was “White America” by Eminem. At that time, I was 15, and my school senior who came back from Australia recommended to me. As soon as I listened to the song, I fell in love to the song. Before that time, my image of Hip-Hop was a music performed by African American people, so I remembered that I was very surprised to the fact that Eminem was not. In my knowledge the difference between Hip-Hop music and Pop music was that each words were linked with fast tempo in Hip-Hop musics. I felt like I listened to “the language game of black language games”(Henry Louis, pxxlll). Also, I felt Hip-Hop music had more clear message in a lyric than Pop music. As I learned about what Hip-Hop is all about from the course, I realized that the Hip-Hop music I am listening to now is not really a Hip-Hop music. From the course I found out that Hip-Hop is an art of self-assertiveness or the soul yearns for freedom from restrictions by African American people. Before Hip-Hop music appeared, everything was dominated by white people. Public had treated African American as symbol of evil for a long time even in media. For example, the movie “ Planet of the Apes”(1968) is the one well portrayed the relationship between white and African American people. In the movie, apes hated humans without reasons and lynched humans to death. In the text “THE HIP HOP WARS”, the author quoted “ I ain’t never shot nobody, I ain’t never stabbed nobody, I’m forty-five years old......

Words: 584 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hip Hop+

...History of Rap Rap Music, a genre of R&B that includes rhythmic poetry put over a musical background. The background consists of beats combined with digitally isolated sound bites from other recordings. The first recording of rap was made in 1979 and the genre began to take notice in the U.S. in the mid-1980s. Though the name rap is often used back and forth with hip hop. The name hip-hop comes from one of the earliest phrases used in rap on the song “Rapper’s Delight” by Sugarhill Gang. “I said a hip hop, hippie to the hippie, the hip, hip a hop, and you don't stop, a rock it to the bang bang boogie, say, up jump the boogie, to the rhythm of the boogie, the beat.”. In addition to rap music, the hip-hop subculture also formed other methods of expression like break dancing, graffiti art, a unique slang vocabulary, and fashion sense. Rap started in the mid-1970s in the South Bronx area of New York City. The birth of rap is, in many ways, like the birth of rock and roll. Both originated in the African American community and both were first recorded by small, independent record labels and marketed towards, mostly to a black audience. And in both cases, the new style soon attracted white musicians that began performing it. For rock and roll it was a white American from Mississippi, Elvis Presley. For rap it was a young white group from New York, the Beastie Boys. Their release “(You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!)” (1986) was one of the first two rap records to......

Words: 1338 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Hi Hop

...movement. For the music genre, see Hip hop music. For other uses, see Hip hop (disambiguation). Graffiti of "hip hop" in Eugene, Oregon Hip hop is a form of musical expression and artistic subculture that originated in African-American and Hispanic-American communities during the 1970s in New York City, specifically the Bronx.[1][2][3] DJ Afrika Bambaataa outlined the four pillars of hip hop culture: MCing, DJing, B-boying and graffiti writing.[4][5][6][7] [8] Since its emergence in the South Bronx, hip hop culture has spread to both urban and suburban communities throughout the world.[9] Hip hop music first emerged with disc jockeys creating rhythmic beats by looping breaks (small portions of songs emphasizing a percussive pattern) on two turntables, more commonly referred to as sampling. This was later accompanied by "rap", a rhythmic style of chanting or poetry presented in 16 bar measures or time frames, and beatboxing, a vocal technique mainly used to imitate percussive elements of the music and various technical effects of hip hop DJ's. An original form of dancing and particular styles of dress arose among fans of this new music. These elements experienced considerable refinement and development over the course of the history of the culture. The relationship between graffiti and hip hop culture arises from the appearance of new and increasingly elaborate and pervasive forms of the practice in areas where other elements of hip hop were evolving as art forms, with a......

Words: 8353 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Hip Hop

...Hip Hop plays a big role in the young generation today as it did back in the day. Hip Hop started in The Bronx, New York a war torn country at the time. It kept children from hanging out in the streets and getting into trouble. The first documented hip-hop party was on August 11, 1973 and was hosted by Dj Kool Herc. There are four elements in hip-hop, they are dancing, rap, Dj and graffiti. Dance is a series of movements that match the speed and the rhythm of a certain piece of music. Rap is a form of music which a person swiftly rhymes poetry over a beat. A DJ is a disc jockey or the person who plays recorded music for the audience and sometimes talks over the track as it plays; they speak to the audience to keep the party hyped. The last element of hip hop is graffiti, and that is the writings or drawings scribbled, scratched, or sprayed on a wall or any surface in a public place. This was the element of hip-hop that was misinterpreted by the mainstream media and most hated by the whites. In 1989 the Berlin Wall fell, some thought that would bring everyone closer, like unite the people, but it didn’t. The 90’s were the birth of gangster rap, which the main focus was on the West Coast. After viewing this video I now know that hip hop is all colors and races, and was the voice of the young generation in the early 70’s just as it is today 40 years later, the rap game has evolved a lot since then, but its still the same...

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hip Hop Essay

...Arjun Vyas Professor Ron Westray MUSI 2520B January 10th 2012 Hip-Hop has been and will continue to be one of the most powerful cultural movements of the modern world. It is best acknowledged for its influence on the music industry. Before hip-hop developed publicly, it was a local marvel that had blown out generally in underprivileged areas all over New York City. Ever since then Hip-Hop has been able to influence people to act differently. The popularity of Hip-Hop has been subjugated by business individuals to create profit. Of all the performers on MTV, rappers receive the most attention for their ability to extend their ability to express their views in bold manners. Hip-hop has developed significantly since the end of the 1980’s when it was considered to be the CNN for black youth by Chuck D. It was inevitable for Hip-Hop to arise from the underground sound and become more commercialized at one point or another. However, whether this movement was a negative or positive phenomenon is argued about by many. Commercialization is usually the application of business in order to profit or to exploit. This method has remained one of the objectives of people in the hip-hop culture. Hip-hop gives people the opportunity to show their talent of rapping, break-dancing, DJing and graffiti to earn money and live what was considered an ideal lifestyle. The culture of Hip-Hop is entering the mainstream via the use of music and proper publicizing. A few people make it and......

Words: 1292 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Hip Hop

...What exactly is hip hop? When reading an article about hip hop written by James McBride, he informs us how hip hop has the purpose of sending us a message. He expresses his feelings towards hip hop, and explains the influence it has worldwide, Agreeing with James’ claim, hip hop sends a message through the generations, outbreak, and history. Throughout the generations hip hop keeps sending a message to teens. Hip hop started in people’s teen years and teens were most influenced by this outrage. Their style, and actions are all influenced by hip hop. Even though people nowadays have a different mindset of what hip hop actually is, it still has and stays having a huge affect on teens now. Hip hop sends a message through its outrage it had back in the day. The way it caused people to be out in the streets, making beats. Also it had an influence on DJ’s , as said in the article a DJ at a club used turntable and mixed two beats together causing the crowd to go mad wild. During the 1980’s it started to become a more of an impact and had a huge outbreak. The influence of hip hop has some history to its beginning. It started in the Bronx and people like Biggie Smalls became a huge inspiration to the people. It was an “overwhelming force” said McBride in his article. There had not been such a huge outbreak since swing jazz in 1930’s. The history was whta started this huge influence. Through the generations, outbreak, and history hip hop has had it does have an influence on...

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Jazz and Hip Hop

...Comparing Jazz Dance and Hip-Hop Dance The purpose of this paper is to compare Jazz dance styles and Hip-Hop dance styles. The author will discuss the forms of the two dances styles as well as the past and present interpretations of the dances. There are many forms of Jazz dance including Swing, Cakewalk, Black Bottom, Charleston, and Lindy Hop. Although many of these forms of dance are commonly danced to jazz music, many performers also use Hip-Hop music for this type of dance. Jazz dance technique focuses on stylistic leaps and executing sharp moves. Common jazz moves include the catwalk, the ball change, the straddle split leap and the moonwalk. Maintaining good posture is an important element in jazz dance in order to maintain balance and poise while dancing. In order to complete jazz dance steps, a jazz dancer must be flexible, have a strong core and defined muscle tone in the legs. Both Jazz dance and modern dance techniques are based on the basics of the old ballet tradition. To excel in jazz dance, the dancer must master ballet techniques (Personal Communication, T. Weber, July 11, 2012). The dance steps in Jazz dance are not perfectly set to the music and usually do not coordinate with the beat of the music. The steps are more flowing and sometimes elegant. During a Jazz dance the dancer portrays an attitude. The attitude would depend on the dance. For example, the dance tells a story. If the dancers are dancing to tell a story of love, then they may......

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hip Hop History

...MUS360 TR 4PM Research Paper The genre of music called “Hip Hop,” originated back in the 1960’s with the help of a Jamaican native and Dj, named Kool Hurc aka, Clive Cambell. Since the evolution of hip hop, the style of music has become one of the main branches of an artistic culture that consists of b-boying (break dancing), graffiti, and MC-ing. All of which have tremendously influenced many aspiring artists, their physical images, the ever-changing sound of hip hop, and other elements that relate to the hip hop culture. A lot of people claim that hip hop and rap can only be about violence, aggression, sex, and money in order to sell or be popular. Another view on hip hop and rap is that it’s too violent, and inappropriate to audiences. That it’s not even music but just a bunch of crap, when in reality, it’s like poetry. The lyrics that artists write come from personal experiences, and perceptions of what they see in the world they live in. Hip hop and rap is more than just music. One of the primary sources I found is a review/article published in “The New York Times” called “The Uncluttered Hip-hop of De La Soul”, written by Peter Watrous, in which Watrous critiques the performance and the group De La Soul at a show. This review of Del La Soul is relevant to the history of hip hop course because it makes a point in which gives an argument for positive recognition of not only De La Soul, but other hip hop groups with similar style of music. These groups don’t......

Words: 1738 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

History of Hip Hop

...The hip-hop culture began in the streets of the Bronx in New York City over forty-three years ago and has gone through a lot of changes up until now. Hip-hop is made up of four elements: hip-hop/rap music, graffiti, break-dancing, and d-jaying. In this paper, I’m going to explain the evolution of rap music as well is the evolution of break dancing or what its know today as hip hop dancing. Hip-hop was introduced in the 1970’s when Kool DJ Hecr migrated to the United States from Kingston, Jamaica and settled in the West Bronx of New York City. Kool DJ Herc was a deejay that attempted to incorporate his Jamaica style of d-jaying, which involved into improvised rhymes over reggae records. Unfortuately for Kool DJ Nerc New York seemed uninterested in reggae at that time. Kool DJ Herc was forced to find another appealing sound in order to please his audiences, which he did. Kool DJ Herc adapted a new style, which involved him by chanting over the instrumental or the sections of the popular music of the day.  He learned that by taking two of the same records using an audio mixer, that he could play any segment over and over, so there for he could extend one segment for entire song.      In the early 1970’s and with d-jaying’s emerging such as Kool DJ Herc, hip-hop began to spread through urban areas of New York like wild fire.  Kool DJ Herc, who actually came up with the term “hip hop,” began to realize that this was the beginning of a new genre. As this craze of hip-hop evolved......

Words: 1024 - Pages: 5