Premium Essay

Horatian and Juvenalian Satire

In: English and Literature

Submitted By kmeador
Words 1893
Pages 8
Horatian and Juvenalian Satire Satire has many definitions, but according to Merriam Webster satire can be defined as “A literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn” (Webster). This definition is likely used by many authors who exercise the application of satire. Satire has been in literature since ancient times; it is derived from the Latin satura, meaning "dish of mixed fruits," (Weisgerber). Many satirists have shared a common aim: to expose foolishness in all its guises — vanity, hypocrisy, formalism, reverence, and the intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself (Moyers). As previously mentioned, the term satire was originally derived from satura, defined by Quintilian, a roman rhetorician (Clarke). It was later discovered that two Roman poets, Juvenal and Horace, were responsible for further defining satirical works by their literary tone (Moyers). Thus, creating a systematic way to categorize satire into two different types, Horatian satire which approaches satirical observations, literature and performance in a humorous and lighthearted manner, and Juvenalian satire, which focuses on specific verbal or literary attacks on corrupt ideals or individuals (Weisgerber). I view Horatian satire as clever and humorous and find that it generally mocks others. Horatian is not negative; it aims to make fun of human behavior in a comic way. In a work using Horatian satire, readers often laugh at the characters in the story who are the subject of mockery as well as themselves and society for behaving in those ways (Thomas). One example of Horatian satire in literature is The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde (Weisgerber). This play criticized characteristics of England at the time in areas such as class, countryside, marriage, love, women, and education (RachiRa). In The Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde mocks...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Literary Handouts

...o Symbolism Fiction is any form of narrative which deals, in part or in whole, with events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary and invented by its author(s). In contrast to this isnon-fiction, which deals exclusively in factual events. Elements of Fiction • Plot o Exposition o Rising action o Conflict  Man vs Man  Man vs Society  Man vs Himself  Man vs Nature  Man vs Fate, Supernatural, Technology o Climax o Falling Action o Resolution • Setting o Social context o Mood • Characterization o Direct o Indirect • Point of View o First person o Objective o Omniscient o Limited Omniscient • Theme • Literary Techniques o Irony  Verbal  Dramatic  Situational o Mood o Satire  Horatian • Named for the Roman satirist, Horace, this playfully criticizes some social vice through gentle, mild, and light-hearted humour. It directs...

Words: 444 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

A Modest Proposal

...illogical, which provokes attention. He appealed to ethics by creating something unethical, which is eating children. He appealed to emotions by making certain people angry with his crazy proposal. All of these appeals cause readers to take interest in his essay and helped them realize the issues in society. 4 Explain the irony in Swift’s title, "A Modest Proposal." This proposal was very extreme, by suggesting the eating of children to solve the problem; so calling it modest is very ironic. 5 Where does this essay fit on the continuum (Horatian to Juvenalian)? Explain/support your position. The essay is Juvenalian, because it was bitter, ironic, and humorous, which are all aspect of Juvenalian satire. 6 Why is "A Modest Proposal" an effective satire? What techniques does Swift use effectively? Support your answers with examples from the text. “A Modest Proposal” is an effective satire because Swift constantly ridicules the ideas that he is proposing through humor and irony. For example, when...

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Jonathan Swift

...also appeals to logic by asking why it is the public’s responsibility to take care of these needy families. Swift appeals to pathos and ethos through the diction he uses when describing the problem. He wants the situation to change but he wants it to change for every party. 4. Explain the irony in Swift’s title, "A Modest Proposal." The title is ironic because the proposal is anything but modest. Swift presets an outrageous solution to an ongoing problem. His proposal calls attention to this problem in an extremely eye-catching way. He seems very sincere, but at some point it is clear that he is being satirical. 5. Where does this essay fit on the continuum (Horatian to Juvenalian)? Explain/support your position. I believe that this essay is more Juvenalian (bitter). Swift sees the targets of his satire as harmful to society. He criticizes the Irish masses for not taking care of themselves. He also sheds some light on the...

Words: 932 - Pages: 4