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Horney and Freud Differences

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Horney and Freud Differences

Horney is known for her contribution to feminine psychology. Horney stated mild anxiety disorders are created through factors that involve culture and how an individual was raised as a child (nurture). Those thoughts created a paradigm shift from the teaching and views of Sigmund Freud, who states that neuroses is created through universal instictstual factors and the lack of sex (nature).

Freud stated that women possess insecurities of being female and would rather be a male because of the difference of the anatomy. Horney believed the opposite to Freud. She believed men possessed jealous of the female anatomy and intrinsically women are smarter than men. Horney did agree with Freud regarding females envy of males, although, it was not because of the male anatomy but through the hieararical status men had within society.

Horney believed neuroses were created through functional and dis-functional interpersonal relationships, something she had experienced in her personal life. Horney believed the defense mechanism use to counter the neuroses were continually use thus creating a habit or a need to use the defense mechanism without the need to employ them. Individual would use the defense mechanism prematurally in order not to experience the neuroses that occur in certain situations.

Freud believed inate behavior and the lack of sex created anxiety; therefore, indiviual’s would utilize defense mechanism to compensate. However, according to Horney basic anxiety could result from a variety of things including, " direct or indirect control, indifference, erratic behavior, lack of respect for the child's individual needs, lack of proper guidance, disparaging attitudes, too much admiration or the lack of it, lack of reliable warmth, having to take sides in parental disagreements, too much or too little responsibility,...

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