Premium Essay

How Did Pro Football Changed Sports History?

Submitted By
Words 1125
Pages 5
On November 12, 1892, Pro football made its worldwide debut. It was the game between the Pittsburgh Athletic Club and the Allegheny Athletic Association. William Pudge Heffelfinger became the first official football player. He was paid 500 dollars illegally to play. They didn’t find out until 80 years later when they found an expense report that clearly showed the amount of money he received and the date of which he acquired the payment. The document containing the information about his payment is commonly known as “pro football’s birth certificate.” When it was time for the game, the Pittsburgh Athletic Club players noticed that Heffelfinger was in an Allegheny Athletic Association uniform. The Pittsburgh coach took his team off the field because fans of both sides had bet on the game and the Allegheny Athletic Association had obviously had the better chance of winning. It was finally agreed after a lot of arguing that the game would be played as a scrimmage and that all bets would be off. The arguing lasted so long that the game had to be shortened down to two 30 minute halves instead of the two 45 minute halves. That was the day that forever changed sports history.
When football was first introduced in the early 1860s, players weren’t required to wear helmets, or in their
…show more content…
Neither were shoulder pads. The only reason they were used was when the player was concerned for his own safety. Like helmets, shoulder pads were also made out of just leather. In the 1960s, they replaced the leather shoulder pads with hard plastic to help reduce shoulder and rib injuries. They worked for the most part but one problem did spring up. The shoulder pads made the players very hot and made them overheat. A study occurred where they tried to figure out which fabric would prevent the players from overheating as bad. They moved on to synthetic fibers to make the athletes more comfortable by making the shoulder pads

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Sports History

...History of Men’s Basketball and the influence On American Society Will have on College Sports Abstract Basketball is an organized team sport which consists of 5 players from each team competing against each other. The object of the game is to shoot a round ball into a circular basket. Basketball can be played in an organized manner or at a park or local gym for recreational purposes. Over the past 100 years the game of basketball has grown from a peach basket to highlight slam dunks. As time has passed by, the rules and the way the game is played has changed. New rules were implemented to make the game more enjoyable and create more of a competitive balance for all those who play. Players were given titles for the position they played like for example, the tallest player on the team was called the center. While the shortest player on the team or the person who dribbled the ball the best was called the point guard. The history of basketball has correlated with the history of the US during the 20th century. As the game and the country began to evolve, the game of basketball became the 2nd most played sport in the world behind soccer. Some of the major events in American history in the 20th century such as Brown vs. Board of Education impacted the growth and development of basketball in the beginning. Although, whites and blacks both played basketball, they did not play with or against each other until the 1950s on a pro level. Basketball was the......

Words: 2828 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

History of Football

...highest earning revenue sport in the United States, football is often a target of criticism and inquiry, both from the general public and from politicians. Most recently, the sport has come under pressure because of concerns that there are long-term health effects resulting from head injuries, specifically the impact of multiple concussions. In fact, a large group of retired professional players has sued the National Football League for allegedly withholding information about this long-term impact. The issue has spread to college football, and is also being discussed at the youth level. In early 2013, President Barack Obama made what many thought was an unprecedented public comment about the ongoing controversy. The President expressed concern about the issue and noted that if he had a son, he was not sure he would allow him to play football due to the uncertainty about long-term brain trauma from continuous hits to the head. As controversial as that statement may have seemed at the time, it still does not compare to a previous President’s involvement in addressing safety issues in football. In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt took very active and direct public action to address issues of safety in organized football. The sport was growing in popularity, but was highly controversial due to the uncontrolled violence and serious injuries. Many influential people were calling for football to be banned altogether. President Roosevelt’s support for football and strong influence......

Words: 2570 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

The Birth of Fantasy Football by Luke Esser

...In 1962 the founding fathers of fantasy football created a game that today inspires, infatuates and confounds millions of players. After a seemingly endless night of labor pains, the discomfort soothed by a little alcohol for medicinal purposes, the birth of fantasy football finally took place at a hotel in New York City back in the fall of 1962. History does not record the exact date of birth, but it occurred in obscurity sometime within a dozen days of Halloween that year. America can be forgiven for not noticing at the time, since a little distraction called the Cuban missile crisis had nearly thrust the world into nuclear war in the last week of October. Now approaching its 32nd birthday, fantasy football was born of three fathers -- the founding fathers of a game that slowly matured into the sports colossus that today inspires, infatuates and confounds millions of players. At first glance, 1962 may not seem such a long time ago. American Graffiti offers a snapshot of that era, nostalgically asking the question, "Where were you in '62?" But it was the dark ages in football years. We're not simply talking about a time far enough back that the Raiders still played in Oakland. We're talking about a time so distant, so remote, that the Raiders played in Oakland and were absolutely terrible. Our three founding fathers went on a road trip back East with those terrible 1-13 Raiders, a trip worth remembering only because of the bundle of joy that came bawling into......

Words: 2735 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Nfl Concussion’s

...Introduction The National Football league is America’s most popular sporting league, drawling millions of fans each year. Fans wear jerseys, hats, and other merchandise to represent their favorite player(s). However, over 70% of National Football League fans, don’t realize the battle players (and retired players) have been facing for the past 20 years. For the two last decades, players have been facing life-threating health challenges that have resulted in mental illness and even death. The National Football league failed to acknowledge these medical conditions until 2010. The argument faced is whether or not players should be allowed to file a lawsuit against the National Football League, even though players sign contracts which has a acknowledgement of the possibility of injury during gameplay and practice. In 2013, the National Football League had revenue of $9.5 billion, not including the amounts that the teams earned throughout the season. A total of 1,696 players played for 32 teams in 2014. Football is the most physical athletic sport played, in the Untied states of America. Injuries are often expected to occur to players each year. However, most players only expect to miss a few games before they return from an injury, not realizing the potential risk of long term injury. Every play on a National Football League field consists of head to head contact between some player, or with the ground. Retired National Football League players have proceeded to file a......

Words: 1810 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Richman Investments

...Tech Comp I Shelly Dwelly August 31, 2012 DALLAS COWBOYS then and now How the Dallas Cowboys Became Known as “America's Team” The Dallas Cowboys were dubbed, “ America’s Team” however as time passed from the 1960’s to present date there has been so much controversy over why they continue with that crown. The Dallas Cowboys originated in Kansas, the team was known as the “Steers.” After a few weeks, however, the name was changed to “Rangers.” At the same time, a baseball team operated in Dallas under that name, but was supposed to fold before the 1960 football season. However,” when the baseball team decided to play one more season, Clint Murchison Jr. and Bedford Wynne, owners of the new NFL (National Football League) team, selected the name of Cowboys to avoid confusion. Most games in that time were being played in Florida where the Steelers and the Cowboys met for the Cotton Bowl. “(Chris Creamer's December 5, 2011Dallas Cowboys 1960’s to present.) Now that the Dallas Cowboys were created there would be no confusion and it would now distinguish who was who. The Cowboys have been in the NFL for many years, under different ownership to different management. One thing that many fans look at today when it comes to the Dallas Cowboys is the coaching changes since new ownership transpired. Jerry Jones bought the team back in 1989 for about 140 million dollars. One of the first things he did upon the purchase was to get rid of long time Head Coach Tom Landry. This......

Words: 1621 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Glory Road

...It addresses the events that the players and coaches faced during this time period due to racism. Once a girl’s high school basketball coach, Don Haskins was recruited by UTEP to be the head coach of the men’s basketball program. At the time of taking the job, Coach Haskins had no idea what he got himself in to. He walked himself into a program with a non-existent recruiting budget. With no money to recruit Coach Haskins was not able to attract the more popular and well-known white player to UTEP. Not willing to give up on his winning tendencies he decides to change it up by recruiting African American players from New York. In America during the 1960s race was an overriding issue in sports. Black players were openly admitted to be superior to whites in basketball, and black players clearly changed the character of the game during the decade, bringing speed, jumping ability, and showmanship. This is something that Coach Haskins seen and this is ultimately why he decided to bring...

Words: 1522 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Sports

...OFWESTERN SPORTS 1 The Impact of Western Sports to Chinese Traditional Sports Lyon (Yanqing, Huang) Northeastern University THE IMPACT OFWESTERN SPORTS 2 Abstract With the advent of the globalization era, the conflict in different cultural exchange becomes prominent, especially the difference between Chinese and western sports culture. The difference is largely due to the different historical and cultural background. Each of them has made a sense to the development of its own society and influenced our understanding of sports and main sport activities in the wide world. What's more, because of the impact western sport, Chinese traditional sport has changed a lot compared with last century. THE IMPACT OFWESTERN SPORTS 3 The General With the advent of the globalization era, the conflict in different cultural exchange becomes prominent, especially the difference between Chinese and western sports culture. The difference is largely due to the different historical and cultural background. Each of them has made a sense to the development of its own society and influenced our understanding of sports and main sport activities in the wide world. What's more, because of the impact western sport, Chinese traditional sport has changed a lot compared with last century. Many sports in......

Words: 2852 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Muscles

...`WHAT MAKES A GREAT SPORT LEADER? Page 1 GENUINE EFFECTIVE SPORT LEADERS OR JUST LAZY, INEXPERIENCE SCUMS! The good Sports leaders must have four essential Qualities in order to be effective in what they do, if a Sport Leader does not have these skills, this automatically means they are FAKE shams of an effective sports leader. Having only some of these skill qualities result in ineffective Sport Leaders, who are too lazy to acknowledge these advance skills to succeed. Sports leaders who don’t have these skills should not have honour to have LEADER in their profession. The First quality that is vital in being effective in sports leadership is the Knowledge of Sports Skills, so in this case meaning the Sports Leader must have a good knowledge of the participant’s skill development, technical ability and technical demands in order to carry out the session correctly and successful. This will thus help the sports leader make a decision on what specific, simple skill is require to help the participant succeed in the activity and enjoy it at the same time. This will then make the sessions fun and not too difficult. Moreover, these factors are very important to know. For example, one of my close friends was a former sports leader, and I came along to one of his session to watch him performs in his sports leadership sessions; he did a football session with the kids. I watched the session and he turned a difficult football session into a fun one for the children...

Words: 18651 - Pages: 75

Premium Essay

Bo Jackson: An Epic Hero

...ever play professional sports ever. He was more myth than man and everyone was awed by his supreme natural talent. He would accomplish feats before his teenage years that most professional athletes at the time could only dream of. Even so, none of this went to his head and he remained humble and stoic as always. Through the events of Bo Jackson’s life he repeatedly possessed several characteristics of an epic hero such as great deeds of strength, national heroism, and Humility beyond compare. Bo Jackson was an incredible athlete who was capable of otherworldly feats. As a young boy, Bo Jackson grew up in a troubled house in a family with little income, without a father. He was angry because of his circumstances and channeled his rage into sports. There are stories of him getting into fights with other kids and throwing crabapples at them. When the other kids had enough, they would run inside; but that would not stop Bo. He would simply throw them through the screen door. His abilities were not only used for...

Words: 689 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Can We Tackle the Concussion Battle?

...the Concussion Battle? Can We Tackle the Concussion Battle Within Football? Introduction The National Football League (NFL) or as some people may say, “Not for long” is responsible for some of the greatest athletes. Excellence appears to be their one goal, which is to win Super Bowl championships. Some players perform at a high level for a while, whereas others don’t have a chance at experiencing actual playing time on the field at all. NFL players are less and less likely to have a definitive long-term career in the NFL. On average their career may span for about 3 ½ years (Stradley, 2011). (Workman Pub Co, 2002) The NFL has added several new teams, provided innovative equipment, additional rules, distinctive playing styles, but most importantly there has been a revolutionary change of the NFL culture. The game of football is being played at a faster pace and players are becoming larger, and intelligent (Wharton, 2011). While the sport of football can be stressful, competitive, entertaining and enjoyable, it also poses a dangerous threat of injury. One of the more common injuries within playing or watching football are concussions. Over the past few years concussions have become a more serious endangerment to those who play, from new evidence we have seen on the effects on the brain and how it can affect a player’s future. The purpose of this project is to investigate the current status of football and concussions in finding a solution to reducing head trauma in......

Words: 3204 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Brand Research - Gatorade

...Grade Received - "A" PART 1: Research Background Research the selected brand using both its Web site and articles in the library’s full-text databases, and address the following: What does the brand mean in today’s market? How has it evolved over time? What is the target market(s) for the brand? Has that changed from the past? How is the competition positioned? This section of the assignment requires the use of articles from the library’s full-text databases. Articles are found in periodicals. These are not to be confused with eBooks or reference books. PART 2: Application Marketing is not all serious research involving scholarly, statistical, and practitioner resources; it is also about trends, buzz, and pop culture of the day. Actors, models, musicians, athletes, and reality stars of the moment are hounded by the press. Their lives unfold in the media, and many are seen wearing, carrying, eating, or driving a particular brand. For this section, you may research the following in any media outlet: What celebrities endorse your brand? Why are they a good fit? To what target market do they connect? What other famous characters could be connected to your brand? Explain why. What about the competition? What kind of endorsers do they use? Branding Introduction The brand-name of products has become an important factor over time. It can be the deciding factor on whether or not an individual will purchase their product or services based off of the......

Words: 1613 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Tata

...511-060 Nike Football: World Cup 2010 South Africa Nike Football revenue had grown from $40 million in 1994 to more than $1 billion in 2008. In just under 15 years, it had reached a sales level that took some of its competitors over 50 years to achieve. Although not the end goal, the 2010 World Cup was another unique moment in time for Nike to create separation between the company and its competitors. Edwards knew he had to seize this opportunity and pull his team together to deliver a campaign focused on delivering innovative products and compelling consumer experiences. Creating deep consumer connections during the World Cup would be vital for fueling continued growth for Nike football in the years ahead. Football and the FIFA World Cup Some people believe football is a matter of life and death . . . I assure you, it is much more serious than that. — Bill Shankly, Scottish footballer and legendary Liverpool Manager1 Football was a game played between two teams of 11 players each, 10 field players and a goalkeeper per team. The game lasted 90 minutes, consisting of two 45-minute halves of running time. It was played with a round ball, on a rectangular grass field (often referred to as the “pitch”) with a goal on either end. Excluding the goalkeeper, the ball was controlled only with the feet, legs, torso and head (the use of hands or arms was prohibited) and the team scoring the most goals by the end of the game was the winner. Football was the most......

Words: 12785 - Pages: 52

Premium Essay

American Sport Movies Dealing with Racism

...1. American Sport Movies There are few countries in the world in which sports permeate national life to the degree that it does in the United States. Sports are a big part of the fabric of American life. The centrality of sports in American life is amply reflected in the American cinema. For decades movie makers have successfully mined sports to produce some of the most inspiring, poignant, exciting and memorable American movies ever made. The genre of ‘Sport Movies’ established in the Fifties and the Sixties. At the very beginning it was hard to see it as an independent genre because there was a lot of mixture. There have been propaganda movies as well as comedies, dramas, gangster movies or even westerns combined with some sport scenes. So the movie industry defined three categories of sport movies. Category 1: movies in which the main part of the narration is about sport or an athlete Category 2: movies which tell the life story of an athlete Category 3: movies which use sport scenes to describe a special milieu In addition to that there are a lot of movies of another genre which use sport scenes to dramatise the story or to create a good suspense. The first sport movies were all about the so called American Myth of victory and glory. Fair competitions and the better athletes defeating the weaken. The fascination of sport inspiring the people was used to lure the public. Then in the eighties and nineties there have been made a lot of biographical movies...

Words: 6996 - Pages: 28

Free Essay

Concussions: an Analytical Discussion

...Chris Berryman Sport in Modern Society Concussions in Sport: An Analytical Discussion “I had no idea what a nickel was (Kevin Kolb, The Concussion Blog).” NFL quarterback Kevin Kolb has suffered three major concussions since 2010 (Galliford, Buffalorumblings). His most recent one just this past August effectively ended his football career. This is just one example of the many in which multiple or severe concussions have cut short careers in sports. The issue of player safety in sport has become a topic of controversy and debate in recent years. Many professional leagues such as the NFL and the NHL have adopted strict concussion test protocols and procedures for its players. Player safety has no doubt become a major concern in contact sports. The problem is, many of these regulations have yet to address what happens after playing careers are over. What happens to former players’ mental and physical health after they retire? How do players whom have suffered multiple concussions playing contact sports live their lives as opposed to players whom have played non-contact sports such as golf or baseball? What will be questioned in this analysis is do known players that have suffered multiple and/or severe concussions throughout their playing careers due to playing a contact sport develop abnormally high levels of mental and physical health problems at an early age? Previous history on the attempts to lower the frequency of severe......

Words: 3098 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Ray Lewis Leadership Analysis

...a person can possess. No matter the environment, leaders are needed in every aspect of life. Children need leaders to help them develop, students need leaders to help them learn, and teams need leaders to help the group achieve a common goal. But the real question emerges, how does one become a leader? Are leaders born, or do they rise to the occasion? How do leaders get their peers to rally around their actions? Former National Football League linebacker Ray Lewis of the Baltimore Ravens epitomizes what a leader should be on the field. Lewis was a linebacker for 17 seasons (1996-2012) for the Baltimore Ravens, and the early 2000’s Ravens defense is considered one of the greatest units in sports history. However, while Ray Lewis was viewed as one of the best on the field leaders in NFL history, however his legacy, reputation, and image were tainted by actions away from the playing field.. How is it that a figure like Ray Lewis could be so revered on the field, but off the field he was heavily criticized for his actions and behavior? Throughout this essay I will analyze Ray Lewis’ upbringing and discuss how he developed his leadership qualities that caused former teammate Jamal Lewis to say, “In recent history, I can’t really think of a player who has been as valuable to a team as Ray Lewis has been. He’s a different player, as far as his physicality, his passion off the field, his work ethic, and at the same time he can lead vocally. You don’t have all of that in one player,......

Words: 5277 - Pages: 22