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How Did The Civil War Affect The Economy During The Gilded Age

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The period in America from 1865 to 1900 was known as the Gilded Age. This was a time for big business, industry, new inventions, and urban growth. With these new ideas and concepts came many problems. A few of these issues were political scandals, overpopulation in cities, monopolies, and bad working conditions. In summary, there were good and bad parts to the Gilded Age; however, it led to a new, modern era in America.
During the Civil War, factories were working overtime to churn out supplies for the soldiers. Since the South was mainly a farming community, the North had a huge advantage, and eventually won the war. Troops were put in the South to enforce the new amendments added to to the Constitution. This included the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments that freed slaves, gave them the rights granted with citizenship, and the right to vote. The backlash of the Civil War led to industrialism.
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With the help of the Homestead Act in 1862, people started moving out west. Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller were two of the main people to profit off of this industrialization and movement out west. Rockefeller found oil and Carnegie began making steel. These two built massive empires by creating monopolies. They bought up all the other businesses so everyone was forced to buy from them. People like Carnegie and Rockefeller were known as “robber barons” (people who made monopolies and controlled so much of the economy that they were basically stealing from people). Of course, building railroads, mining coal, building lumber mills, and digging up oil took a toll on the environment. To combat this problem, the government built Yellowstone National Park. All of this brought America from rural agrarian society, or farming, to urban industrial

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