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How Stable Were the Stresemann Years

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How stable were the ‘Stresemann Years’ of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?

May: Nationalist vote increases in Reichstag elections
August: Reichstag accepts the Dawes Plan

February: Death of President Ebert
April: Hindenburg elected President
October: Locarno Treaties signed

September: Germany admitted the League of Nations

August: Commercial Treaty signed – between France and Germany

May: Number of socialist votes in Reichstag election increase

September: Allies begin military evacuation of the Rhineland
October: Stresemann dies
December: Referendum upholds decision to adopt Young Plan.

Relative Political Stability * This period of the Weimar = absence of attempts to threaten republic * However – no political stability = parliamentary system failed to develop * Main reason for no development: Coalition government = not enough support to tackle issues that faced democracy (blame with political parties) * Some parties still acted as interest groups representing own sectional group rather than national parties government (due to their inexperience in forming govt) * Due to PR – parties need to be cooperative [eg. DVP’s association with business interest made them refuse coalition with SPD in 1926] – therefore frequent political paralysis * Inability to cooperate = inability to tackle social/economic problems * Therefore not really politically stable

Chancellor’s of the Weimar Republic, 1923-30: -
Gustav Streseman (DVP) – August 1923 – November 1923
Wilhelm Marx (Z) – November 1923 – January 1925
Hans Luther (n/a) – January 1925 – May 1926
Wilhelm Marx (Z) – May 1926 – June 1928
Hermann Muller (SPD) – June 1928 – March 1930

Election May 1924 * November 1923 - Stresemann’s government lacked majority support in the Reichstag –Collapsed * Replaced by...

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