Free Essay

How to Handle a Hazardous Scene

In: Other Topics

Submitted By cnjohnson
Words 373
Pages 2
The scenario is that a rain has been derailed right behind a hospital and charter house (senior residence) and the train is carrying 30,000 gallons of anhydrous ammonia. The chemical ruptures. The effects are irritation to the eyes and chemical burns to the skin, eyes, nasal passage and throat and lungs. Some of the chemical starts to burn which creates toxic gases and now we have a disaster that eventually causes mass casualties and mass fatalities. The winds are blowing to a hot zone and make the area dangerous to life and health toward downtown. The ammonia vapors start to spread into the subway and low areas where people are using the subway. The gases have now started to circulate all through the downtown area and the Clinic buildings. As the incident commander I would first make sure that the area is evacuated so that there will be less casualties and deaths. Next call in the necessary help to determine the levels of protection so I will know what type of protective clothing will be needed. Next I would access the amount of mass casualty and fatality and prepare for triage. Also notify the area hospitals and connecting hospital, law enforcement and firefighters. Now I would prepare for transport of the bodies with the corrective bagging to allow for decontamination. According to Pope (2005), the decontamination process should consist of a series of procedures performed in a specific sequence. For chemical protective ensembles, outer, more heavily contaminated items (e.g., outer boots and gloves) should be decontaminated and removed first, followed by decontamination and removal of inner, less contaminated items (e.g., jackets and pants). Each procedure should be performed at a separate station in order to prevent cross contamination.
Once all of this is done I would prepare the area for cleanup and decontamination of clothing and equipment. This is also where inspection, storage and maintenance comes into play. The key to successfully handling a hazardous scene is first responders, law officials, and firefighters need to be able to communicate smoothly with an understanding under the control of the incident commander.
Pope, M. (2005) Emergency Planning and Security Measures II, chpt 4, pp. 319

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Senior Project: Firefighting

...Rodgers Centennial High School Abstract This paper explores the different aspects in living a firefighter’s life. The topics that will be covered are the various types of technology when being a fireman, the different tactics you see on a day to day basis, the physical abilities one must be capable of, and the types of equipment used. The technology used today to help fight fires is extremely progressed and different than it was even just ten years ago. If it were not for these new inventions, communication would not be as easy and complex for any fire station. Firemen face different obstacles every day and have to be ready to jump right in with whatever the circumstance may be. Tactics such as how to use ventilation tools, the proper way to handle forest fires, and the basic prevention techniques to stay as safe and efficient as possible. Becoming a fireman is not cut out for someone who is not athletically gifted. It takes a strong person; both mentally and physically, do complete the drills that one must see every day. The equipment alone is all extremely heavy and powerful. There are many things that most people are unaware of when it comes to the basic characteristics of being a firefighter. Overview of Firefighting When the average person thinks of being a firefighter, they usually imagine cute Dalmatian dogs, loud sirens, heavy clothes, huge water hoses, poles to slide down, and giant ladders. Firefighting is a more complex job......

Words: 1648 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Special Operations for Emergency Medical Personnel

...CAPABILITY OF EMERGENCY SERVICES TO REACT TO DISATERS Devon Clemons American Military University 12 February 2015 Abstract Every day throughout United States, thousands of emergency personnel respond to various types emergencies both natural and man-made. Such disasters pose significant problems for emergency managers and emergency response personnel as well as the medical facilities that treat them. At a moment’s notice, medical facilities can become overwhelmed after a disaster from people seeking medical attention. The key to success is information sharing and management among these responding organizations during and after a disaster. The idea of sharing information does not occur overnight, the plan should be implemented before any disaster occurs. Many of the issues responders face range from a lack of preparedness and training of emergency responders to a lack of communication. Disaster readiness remains uneven across the United States especially in small cities or rural areas and without significant disaster preparedness many emergency responders or emergency facilities such as hospitals or clinics remain unprepared for natural disasters. As a result, many facilities may be unprepared to accept and care for an influx of patients as a result of a terrorist attacks, chemical spills, and natural disasters. This paper will explore problems emergency responders may face during disasters due to a lack readiness and preparedness. In addition, this......

Words: 2563 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Nims Compliance

...Name Instructor’s Name HS 310/01 – Spring 2012 Date Emergency Management Plan for Daytona State College Incident Command System (ICS) ICS provides a standardized incident response preplanning that is on-scene and caters for all hazards. ICS is based on a flexible and scalable response to hazards that can expand or contract as the need arises. At the scene of the incident, responders may come from multiple agencies that do not normally work together but can work efficiently due to the standardization of ICS (Porter 21). There are two classifications of ICS activities. These are incident and events. Incidents are the unplanned situations that necessitate response from various parties. Incidences include terrorism, natural disasters, and hazardous material spills. On the other hand, events are planned situations. Events require the emergency responders to preplan how to respond to emergencies. Some examples of events include parades, inaugurations, parties, concerts, and other state fairs. In ICS, all individuals participating in the operations report to only one supervisor. This helps in eliminating conflicting orders to the individuals (Porter 21). This greatly aids in improving the efficiency of the activities especially if the emergency responders have to expand them. Main Components of NIMS Preparedness Effective emergency management activities should have preparedness activities that are continuously undertaken prior to any......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

How to Get Out of Jail

...Chromatography Aim: To test the purity of aspirin using chromatography. Vocational context The results which we have collected while doing this chromatography will be helpful to many different types of people. One group of people who will be interested in the results is doctors when a patient comes to visit the doctor with a virus or something the doctor can look at these results and they will be able to make a decision on how powerful the aspirin to give the patient. Another group of people who might take an interest to these results are drug testers Background science Aspirin also known as acetylsalicylic acid, is a salicylate drug, often used as an analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains, as an antipyretic to reduce fever, and as an anti-inflammatory medication. Aspirin separates and decomposes very quickly in hydroxide and alkali metals. Aspirin is stable in dry air but gradually hydrolyses when it comes into contact with moisture Chromatography can be used to separate mixtures of coloured compounds. Mixtures that are suitable for separation by chromatography include inks, dyes and colouring agents in food. There is two phases the mobile phase which flows through column, carries analyte and the stationary phase which stays in a place, does not move. The separation of the molecules is based on the partitioning between the mobile and stationary phase. Chromatography is used in labs often to separate different compounds A TLC plate is a sheet of glass...

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...All of the following are key sources of Army transportation hazards EXCEPT: * Air operations * Port operations * Rail operations * POV operations What document mandates the integration of composite risk management into the unit safety and occupational health program? * AR 385-10 * FM 5-19 * DA Pam 385-40 * DA Pam 385-90 What key resource(s) are available to commanders for assistance with loss prevention? * Sexual Assault/Prevention Response Program * Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine * Army Substance Abuse Program * All of the above Which of the following best describes how the composite risk management process should be reflected in your safety briefing? * It is important to teach the composite risk management process in your briefing * It is important to review the composite risk management worksheet * It is useful to use the steps of the composite risk management process to organize your safety briefing * You should review the methods for assessing the probability and severity of hazards for your unit All of the following are effective controls to mitigate the risk of a privately owned vehicle accident EXCEPT: * Leave/Pass Form * Safety survey/inspection * Designated driver program * Travel Risk Planning System What document provides the requirement for establishing a unit safety program? * AR 385-10 * AR 385-90 * AR 11-9 * AR 385-1 What model are you required to use when creating a......

Words: 2669 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Disaser Management

...Trident University International Marvell R. Dean MHES 509 Module 1 1. How is a response to destruction from a terrorist incident different from a response to a natural disaster? Be specific, give examples, and quote from the readings. 2. You are a volunteer for the American Red Cross. You are to enter a scene of destruction in order to assist wounded victims. What are some precautions that you must take? What are some restrictions placed on you? From whom do you receive clearance? 3. First responders should isolate hazards by establishing control zones. There are three types of control zones. List them and give examples. Cite your sources. Difference Between Response to Destruction By Terrorist and Natural Disaster Previous to the National Response network there were various differences on how and when agencies responded to incidents by terrorist groups or natural disasters. Prior to the 11 September 2001 attack on the Pentagon, the plane crash in Pennsylvania, the World Trade Center, and the 2005 Hurricanes Rita and Katrina the Federal Response Plan existed which primarily focused on the Federal roles and responsibilities during an emergency or disaster incident. By using the lessons learned and the response to the hurricane season in 2005 the National Response Plan was replaced by the Federal Response Plan. The United States has dealt with a number of unprecedented disasters and emergencies from......

Words: 1775 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Mrpopp workers play a vital role in caring for our people and helping to maintain a quality of life expected in Australian society, often in challenging and confronting circumstances. The Victorian community services sector employs more than 60,000 people and many volunteers who are committed to providing services that enhance the physical, mental and social wellbeing of individuals. Community services work can be very rewarding, but it can also present challenges in delivering outcomes in a way that balances the rights of clients with the safety and wellbeing of employees. Nobody wants to be injured or otherwise harmed at work, but community services workers are often required to provide care or make decisions in an environment that can be hazardous. In Victoria in the past year there were more than 1,200 claims in the community services sector. Work related injury or illness sustained by employees were mostly due to manual handling, slips, trips and falls and...

Words: 31436 - Pages: 126

Premium Essay

Samurais Garden

...Stephan and his family, he looks to Matsu for advice and wisdom. Eventually Matsu even brings him to the village of Yamaguchi to meet his old time friend Sachi who has leprosy. Then after a bad storm hits Tarumi, Sachi decides to come down from Yamaguchi to help Matsu rebuild his once beautiful garden. Unfortunately, his good friend Kenzo who is also Sachi’s childhood lover finds out which causes a large fight between the two of them and eventually Kenzo’s suicide. But despite all of the conflicts and complications that continue to arise in his life, Matsu never seems to falter in his conviction or honor. With this in mind the author suggests that when faced with life changing decisions, people who exhibit great courage are often able to handle it with integrity and poise. Sometimes we are forced to choose between the ones we love in order to protect them. This is what happens to...

Words: 1884 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Miss Gray

...What is embalming? References: References: Embalming is the preserving of a corpse from decay which was originally done with spices but now is usually done by arterial injection of preservative. How were mummies embalmed? References: References: The mummies body would be taken to the ‘ibu’ or the ‘place of purification’ this is then were the embalmers would wash the body with wine and rinse it with water. Next one of the embalmers would make a cut in the left side of the body to remove the internal organs (they are important to be removed as they are the first part of the body to decompose). The liver, lungs, stomach and intestines are washed and packed in natron to dry them out. The heart however is not taken out of the body. A long hook is used to smash the brain and then it is pulled out through the nose. The body is then covered and stuffed with natron to dry the body out. All of the fluids and rags from the embalming process will be saved and buried along with the body. Once forty days have passed the body is washed again with water and then it is covered with oils to help the skin stay elastic. The dehydrated organs are then wrapped in linen and returned to the body. The body is then filled with dry materials such as saw dust, leaves or linen so it looks...

Words: 6191 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

Fema Training

...Correct. Review the feedback below. When you are ready to proceed, click on the Next button. Review the summary below of "What NIMS is" and "What NIMS is NOT." What NIMS is: | What NIMS is NOT: | * A comprehensive, nationwide, systematic approach to incident management, including the Incident Command System, Multiagency Coordination Systems, and Public Information * A set of preparedness concepts and principles for all hazards * Essential principles for a common operating picture and interoperability of communications and information management * Standardized resource management procedures that enable coordination among different jurisdictions or organizations * Scalable so it may be used for all incidents (from day-to-day to large-scale) * A dynamic system that promotes ongoing management and maintenance | * A response plan * Only used during large-scale incidents * A communications plan * Only applicable to certain emergency management/incident response personnel * Only the Incident Command System or an organization chart * A static system | Correct. Review the feedback below. When you are ready to proceed, click on the Next button. Review the correct answers below: CONSISTENT WITH NIMS: A jurisdiction is inventorying and categorizing resources (e.g, personnel, equipment, supplies, and facilities) to establish and verify levels of capability prior to an incident. Explanation: Inventorying and categorizing of resources is a......

Words: 6379 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Emt Education Standards

...Emergency Medical Technician-Basic: National Standard Curriculum EMT-Basic: National Standard Curriculum Instructor's Course Guide ------------------------------------- EMT-BASIC: NATIONAL STANDARD CURRICULUM PROJECT DIRECTOR David J. Samuels, MBA System Director Samaritan AirEvac/Emergency Medical Services Samaritan Health System Phoenix, AZ CO-MEDICAL DIRECTORS Henry C. Bock, MD, FACEP Emergency Physician Methodist Hospital of Indiana, Inc. Indianapolis, IN Kimball I. Maull, MD, FACS Director R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center Baltimore, MD PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR Walt A. Stoy, Ph.D., EMT-P Director of Educational Programs Center for Emergency Medicine Research Assistant Professor of Medicine University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh, PA Contract Number DTNH22-90-C-05189 -------------------------------------United States Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration EMT-Basic: National Standard Curriculum i EMT-Basic: National Standard Curriculum Instructor's Course Guide ------------------------------------- CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT GROUP James Bothwell, EMT-P National Flight Paramedics Association William Brown, RN, NREMT-P National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians Ricky Davidson International Association of Fire Chiefs Karla Holmes, RN National Council of State EMS Training Coordinators Richard Judd, Ph.D., EMSI National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians Kathryn Lewis, RN, Ph...

Words: 36133 - Pages: 145

Free Essay


...HISTORY OF BAKING On today’s market there is a never ending variety of the most delicious sweets and pastries to please both the palate and the eyes. We have become so used to this diverse range of bread, mouth watering pastries and cakes that seldom we ask just how they come into existence. I guess my initial interest in the origin of the baking industry was not aroused by accident; rather I suspect it was kindled by a chain of events occurring earlier in my life... My Grandfather owned a small hotel and bakery in Switzerland and when he retired my father who was an excellent pastry cook continued the business. As a small child I spent many hours watching my dad at work and later followed in his footsteps almost as a matter of course. Then again, I have a suspicion that it may have been “fate-by-design” that made me take up pastry-cooking. The question still remains, was my career pre-determined by the fact that my grandfather had thousands of letterheads printed for his bakery which included his name? The prospect of a hefty quantity discount would no doubt have made perfect sense to my frugal fore bearer; it must have been so much cheaper getting all this printing done in a big way. Grandfather should have realised (and I suspect that he might have) that there was not the slightest chance that any one generation could ever use up this huge mountain of stationery. Granddad’s first name “Fritz” was also my father’s first name and when I was born there was never any question...

Words: 19791 - Pages: 80

Free Essay

Community Policing

...Community Policing: Past, Present, and Future By: Travis B. Anthony JADM 260-Community Policing Professor McIntyre DeVry University Abstract Community policing has surged forth since the 1970s as an increasingly important strategy for investigating and preventing crime activity, and enhancing community involvement and safety. It is a philosophy and an organizational strategy that helps the police and the community to work closely together in many different and inventive ways to solve the problems of crimes, illegal drugs, fear of criminal activity, physical or social disorder, neighborhood decay, and the quality of life in the community. Community policing is rather difficult to define. Although community policing does not have a singular definition, there are several various elements of community policing. A major definition used to define community policing is: Community policing is more of a philosophy than a specific tactic; a proactive, decentralized approach designed to reduce crime, disorder and fear of crime by intensely involving the same officer in a community for a long term so that personal links are formed with residents (Champion, 1997). This definition helps to explain the key elements of community policing. The most common features involve cooperation between police and community residents, willingness to work toward mutual goals, and a general desire to improve community safety through more effective crime control. Introduction The overall......

Words: 2491 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Nafta and Environmental Protection

...| NAFTA and Environmental Protection: Falling Short of the Mark | | | 4/11/2011 | A Look at Some of the Lasting Consequences of Investor Protection Measures | | After the negotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1992, there has been an increase in the use of Chapter 11 to defend foreign investor rights. The poignant question remains whether these rights do and should take precedence over environmental considerations. This Paper looks at the treatment of investor protection measures and environmental protections contained within NAFTA with a view to their application within international arbitration cases. | NAFTA and Environmental Protection: Falling Short of the Mark A Look at some of the lasting consequences of investor protection Measures Contents Introduction 2 NAFTA Investor Protection Measures 3 Article 1102: National Treatment 3 Article 1103: Most-Favored-Nation Treatment 6 Article 1104 & 1105: Domestic & International Minimum Standards 7 Article 1110: Expropriation and Compensation 8 The Basis for Legal Challenges 11 NAFTA Environmental Protections 13 Article 104: Environmental and Conservative Agreements 14 Article 1114: Environmental Measures 16 Language across all Environmental Provisions 17 Enforcement of Environmental Protections 18 Cases of NAFTA Chapter 11 Arbitration 19 Ethyl Corporation v. Canada 20 S.D. Myers v. Canada 21 Concluding Remarks 22 Bibliography 26 Introduction In Canada, we are proud of......

Words: 7424 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Emergency Plan

...Emergency Plan For Food Defense South-Western City School District TABLE OF CONTENTS I | Overview | | A | Purpose of the Plan | 4 | B | Planning Assumptions | 5 | II | Mitigation and Prevention | | A | Vulnerability Assessment | 6 | B | Prevention Strategies | 6 | III | Preparedness | | A | Security | 9 | B | Supervision | 11 | C | Safety | 14 | D | Maintenance | 15 | E | Record Keeping | 15 | F | Training | 16 | G | Emergency Contacts | 16 | IV | Response | | A | Detection | 18 | B | Contamination | 18 | V | Recovery | | A | After Action Review | 20 | B | Document Archive | 20 | VI | Appendices | | A | School Food Defense Assessment Checklist | 21 | B | Online Resources | 24 | C | Acronyms | 26 | South-Western City Schools Emergency Plan for Food Defense The Emergency Plan for Food Defense is an incident management strategy that serves to augment the South-Western City School District’s Schools Emergency Response Plan. In order to ensure efficient and effective emergency management, the Food Defense Plan must be implemented in its entirety. I. Overview Children are a high risk population for food-borne illness. Both natural disasters and human-caused mistakes have the potential to contaminate the food supply, debilitate food service facilities and cause disease. These incidents include weather-related emergencies (e.g., flood, earthquakes, drought, heat wave, extended power outages), processing......

Words: 5807 - Pages: 24