Premium Essay

How to Write a Research Paper

In: Other Topics

Submitted By aqezyt
Words 1112
Pages 5
Section 1: abstract
Section 2: key words
Section 3: introduction
Section 4: literature review
Section 5: Methodology
Section 6: findings
Section 7: discussion
Section 8: conclusion
Section 9: references / works cited/ bibliography
Section 1: abstract
1. a short summary (150-125 word) helping readers decide whether the article is relevant to their interests and whether it needs to be read in its entirety
2. fairly impersonal in tone talks about what the paper does rather than about what the author did
“This article considers…”, “This article proposes…”, “This article examines…”
3. need for brevity more complex in syntax than the actual article mentioning all the sections of the paper drawing the ideas for one sentence or two from each of the article’s main sections
4. the content of an abstract
1) research objective
2) methodology (research subjects/research instrument / methods of statistical analysis)
3) research results and major conclusions
4) the significance of the findings
Section 2: key words
Investigate / investigation? (which one is preferred?)
Using noun instead of verb
4---6 words min: 2 words max:10 words
Chosen from the title and abstract writing & punctuation
Section 3: introduction a crucial part of the paper ,the hardest part to write
Function: to draw readers into the topic, to make them see why it is important and what you have to say about it is new and interesting three steps
Step 1: to establish the general territory in which you are working
One traditional way to begin : emphasize the importance of the general topic by briefly reviewing previous research in the area and making generalizations about what has been found
Step 2:to establish a specific research point for yourself in that general area
1) by making a counterclaim to a previous researcher’s ---Because of the interpretive…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

How to Write a Research Paper

...RUNNING HEAD: TEN SIMPLE RULES FOR WRITING RESEARCH PAPER Rules for Writing a Research Paper Gwendolyn Burnett Webster University Gern: 5690 Dr. Gray Graves December 07, 2014 Abstract Most everything that has to be done and done right follows some type of procedure, guideline or rule. This holds true in writing research papers as well. There are rules for writing research papers, Zhang focus on ten of those rules: This paper will emphasize on the process that guides writers to writing professional and successful papers. Good research is vital to writing a good paper. This process will include the attitude of the writer and the principles he/she should uphold to establish the foundation of a well written research paper (Zhang, 2014). Writing should have a” driving force where research and writing are paired; less is more, less paper but more information with more meaning, you should know your audience, the paper needs to make sense have logic, a research’s cornerstone is a complete paper, the paper should be to the point (concise) yet simple, use a thesaurus to keep the paper from being boring and present a creative paper, format paper correctly, your attitude towards your paper is important be honest with yourself, is the paper a good job, revise over and over and over again, or you ready to test your paper by the opinions of others, be ready to accept constructive criticism, confer with others on your work, don’t get personal with their opinions...

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

How to Write a Research Paper

...A Guide on How to write a research paper 1. Establish Your Topic * Genuinely interests you. * Read and think about what you'd like to do. * Narrow it down to something more manageable (e.g.: Too general: Ancient Egypt. Revised: The building of the pyramids of Ancient Egypt. * Brainstorming to get ideas. 2. Identify the goal of the paper * An argumentative research paper: argues for one point of view. The issue should be debatable with a logical counter argument. * An analytical research paper: offers a fresh look at an important issue to persuade audience that it is important. 3. Look for Sources of Information *  Books, magazine articles, and internet articles. * A research paper should use at least four sources. * The academic credibility of a source could be considered. * Make note of page numbers, URLs, and quotable passages for citation. 4. Read Your Sources and Take Notes * Use index cards to relate ideas from different sources. * Keep source information on the other side of the cards. * Use quotation marks for “copy/paste” to avoid PLAGIARISM. * Organize your note cards by subtopic to make an outline. 5. Write a First Draft * Table of contents. * Introduction (let the reader know what the topic is, inform the reader about your point of view, arouse the reader's curiosity to read more). * Body (Limit each paragraph to one main idea, prove your points continually by using......

Words: 697 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

How to Write an Mba Research Paper

...How to Write an MBA Research Paper If you got an assignment to write a research paper and you want to deliver a great one, you have to first understand what a research paper actually is – it is an argument or discussion that is founded on a certain thesis; and it includes collected evidence and quotations from authoritative sources. When you get your first research paper, it may seem like an overwhelming task, but it’s actually not that complicated if you understand the process and follow it as you should. First of all, make sure you supply yourself with some index cards, highlighters and a lot of note paper. Step 1: Organize! The first thing you need to do before starting to write the research paper is organize your time and schedule. Here is a list of your tasks: 1. Choose an interesting, captivating topic that will be useful for the reader. 2. Search for authoritative sources associated with your topic. 3. Collect your initial thoughts by taking notes (using index cards can be useful during the process). 4. Organize those notes and arrange them by topics. 5. Prepare your basic outline for the research paper. 6. Start writing the initial draft version. 7. Edit and correct the draft version. 8. Proofread the paper! The process of researching Although you may think that the Internet has made the process of library research kind of silly, you mustn’t avoid it. In fact, the library can provide you with the most authoritative resources,......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

How to Write a Research Paper on Community Organizations

...Shawn J. Burtner SW-SO-214 September 25, 2012 Chapter 4 Pg. 165-175 Social Dimension Socialization It is almost impossible to count how many times we hear a child scream or cry when left with a care giver, at school, or even when a stranger looks at them in the supermarket. And although we notice these things, we don't usually connect them with being unnatural or unnecessary. But in fact, we should. There is hardly a need to experience such things, and that goes for the child as well as the parent. It is a given that a child will cry, it is also given that the child will be reluctant to leave the parent. However, this anxiety can be eased by applying a principle that is very simple. Socialization, it's a concept that many people aren't consciously aware of, yet it is experienced every day in many different aspects of life. Ones manners, people skills, and the like are all a result of one’s socialization. Even pets are now socialized in order to better prepare them to interact with other animals when walking in the city or the park. So why then is socialization such a strange and foreign concept to parents? To put it simply, children should being socialization at a young age to prepare them to interact with other children and adults as they grow. Socialization alone can move a child from having a dramatic experience when being left with a care giver to a more pleasant one. Not only does the child benefit from this, but the parents do as well. Often parents feel......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The One

...and downs. I've been able to write papers but I've always needed a little bit of help to complete them. My mom has always been there when I am having problems writing papers. There have been times where I am amazing at them and knock them out like nothing. These are papers are usually short stories or something I can relate to. Then theres times where nothing comes to me and it seems like it takes forever to write them. When writing the papers one of the difficulties came from what I was writing about. In high school papers stressed me out because I knew I was going to have trouble with them. When I had to write my paper for chemistry, I worried about the length, how many citation, and how to cite it. I ask myself how does confidence impact my ability to write? On the one hand the papers I have the most confidence writing and I favor the most are ones where we have to tell a made up story or about a life event. I can write these very easily because I can remember the event very vividly or can make up a story with lots of detail. With event stories I usually just remember then write and occasionally go back to reread and fill some parts with more detail. In high school one of the first papers I had to write in my English class about a life event that changed your life. I thought to myself this is really easy to write about. I had an idea and there was no length on the paper so I didn't have to worry about how long it was. I was ready for this paper. I had confidence and I......

Words: 1221 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Reseach Paper

...How to Write a Research Paper For the rest of the semester, you will work on writing a three- to four-page research paper. Of course, college preparatory students are expected to write the longer length, and general the shorter. Your paper will include a title page, an outline, a body, and a works cited page in this order. I will give you the time and the resources to write this paper, and I will tell you how to write and guide you as you go. I even will try to get you research materials. The rest is up to you (History). We will spend four days in the Nute library and at least one day in room 8 or a computer lab, working on this paper in class, unless people are wasting their time, in which case, the number of days will be fewer than the above. The research paper is worth ____ grading points, and by itself constitutes about 25% of your quarter grade. Another 5-10% of your quarter grade will be made up of homework and in-class assignments of rough draft sections of the research paper. Because of the importance of this paper to your grade, rarely do students pass this course without writing a research paper. Please write your paper and pass this course (Anon, 428). The paper will be due on ___________________, in time for me to grade it, give it back the following Monday, and give you time to fix it and resubmit it for a higher grade that Friday. Any papers I receive by one of these Fridays, I will return, graded, the following Monday. This schedule means that you...

Words: 2057 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Mba Reflection

...MBA-Essay Sample:SAMPLE REFLECTION PAPER(2012-06-22 17:52:41)转载▼标签: mba-essaysamplereflectionpaper财经 分类: DIY留学PS/Essay/简历/推荐信 MBA-Essay Sample:SAMPLE REFLECTION PAPER (submitted by a student in CRIM 1006E, Fall term 2003) Mark: 4/5 Please NOTE: This paper is presented as a model based on the way the author began the inquiry, (i.e. narrowing the reflection by posing a question and focusing on it). There are areas for improvement in the piece (e.g. carrying through with the author's initially posed question; focusing more critically on Bodi's argument and/or her responses to this author's comments), however, it is offered as a formidable example of how to initially tackle a critically reflective piece by focusing on only one point, argument, (or in this case, sentence). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I found the article written by Sonia Bodi was very informative and interesting. Although many of the ideas she presented I agreed with, there were also a few points that I'd like to argue against. First I would like to answer the question that was proposed in the title of this article: How do we bridge the gap between what we ( professors) teach and what they ( students) do? To fill in that gap, both sides need to work together. Students need to push themselves to expand their knowledge and help themselves become more inquisitive, critical, and reflective. Professors, on the other hand, should push......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Project Management & Revenue Management

...Question I: (Discussion and Review Questions No.6) What is a work breakdown structure, and how is it useful for project planning? Work breakdown structure (WBS) – a hierarchical listing of what must be done during a project. It is useful due to the fact that large projects usually involve a very large number of activities, planners need some way to determine exactly what will need to be done so that they can realistically estimate how long it will take to complete the various elements of the project and how much it will cost. Question II: What kind of projects need project management? What are the five phases of project management? To your understanding, what is the key reason why many projects fail? Anything with a goal and/or expected outcome, regardless if it has a budget or not, can benefit from using project management principles. The five phases of project management: 1. Scoping the project 2. Developing the plan 3. Launching the plan 4. Monitoring & controlling 5. Closing out the project Poor requirements analysis causes many of these failures, meaning projects are doomed right from the start. Question III: Chris received new word processing software for her birthday. She also received a check, with which she intends to purchase a new computer. Chris’s college instructor assigned a paper due next week. Chris decided that she will prepare the paper on the new computer. She made a list of the activities she will need to do and their......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Term Paper

...Science Term Paper Writing a science term paper requires hard work and plenty of time to get through it successfully. Science is an ever-developing and advancing subject. Students normally have many other co-curricular and social activities. Out of such a hectic schedule, it becomes troublesome for students to write science term paper. Therefore students must understand each and every part of term paper structure so that they can manage to write their science term paper right on time. The following guidelines will show you how to write a science term paper. How to Write Science Term Paper? The science term paper commonly consists of 8 to 10 pages or maximum 3500 words. In order to write a good science tem paper you need to follow some essential steps. Here you will find all those essential steps which you need to be aware of about writing your science term papers. Title Page There are different procedures of making a science term paper title page just like bibliography such as MLA or APA. Here the description of MLA title page is given. MLA style needs double-spacing and it applies to the title page as well. Write the title beginning each word with capital letter and center-align it. Then write your name, your course, your instructor’s name and then submission date. Table of Contents Here you have to list all the headings/sections and sub-headings/sub-sections with page numbers. Introduction In the......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business

...am writing this as a general note to everyone. If it does not apply to you just read for your pleasure. Many of you may have never had the opportunity to write a research paper. The paper is not a speech, it is not a conversation that you have with someone, and it is not a personal letter that you are writing. Every class I seem to get one or two who write this way and write like: “First of all, we will address-------“…..You are not addressing anything. You approach a paper as a researcher—simply providing evidence without bias…You do not write the paper in first person meaning you do not use the words “I, we, me, us, you”, and so forth. Also, writing is done in present and future tense. You will not have a sentence like: “these steps would be good for any business”. This can be worded as “these steps can be good for any business or these steps may be good for any business”. Again understandably, many of you may not have had the opportunity to write a paper as this. The easiest thing to do but most people do not is to look at the grading Rubric. Liberty writes the course and deliverables; not the instructor. The paper is due Monday of week 7. No late work is accepted. This is strictly enforced for many reasons with the most basic of keeping deadlines. The deans remind us that students will have had 7 weeks to prepare a paper and procrastinating or waiting to the last minute is not favorable practice for future managers. Secondly, there will always be issues with computers,......

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hunted America

...English 205 Research Project-Spring 2014 Assignment (adapted from Ways of Reading, AW 1) One way to work on Patricia Nelson Limerick’s essay, “Haunted America”, is to take the challenge and write history—to write the kind of history, that is, that takes into account the problems she defines, the problems of myth, point of view, fixed ideas, simple narrative selective storytelling, misery. You are not a professional historian, you are probably not using this text in a history course, and you don’t have the time to produce a carefully researched history, one that covers all the bases, but you can think of this as an exercise in history writing, a mini-history, a place to start. Consider the following as a place to start: Go to your college library or, perhaps, the local historical society, and find two or three first-person accounts of a single event, ideally accounts from different perspectives. Or, if these are not available, look to the work of historians, but historians taking different positions on a single event. (This does not have to be a history of the American West.) Even if you work with published historians, try to include original documents and accounts in your essay. The more varied the accounts, the better. Then, working with these texts as your primary sources, write a history, one that you can offer as a response to “Haunted America.” Suggestions for writing: Stage the work out into several drafts, writing first from one position or......

Words: 3110 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

College

...Paper 4: The Annotated Bibliography Assignment: For paper 4, you will write an annotated bibliography. The focus of this paper will be on academic research and the evaluation of sources. Requirements: - 1000-1200 words (200-250 words per source) - Thesis statement - 5-6 sources (3 of which must be non-website sources. Examples of non-web sources: books, documentaries, magazine articles, articles from scholarly journals. It’s okay if you access those print articles online. I just don’t want five eHow articles). Additionally, NO wikipedia sources will be accepted, and be sure that any web sources you use are legitimate, scholarly sources. You will be evaluated on the legitimacy of your sources as well as your evaluation of them). - Proper MLA formatting for all aspects of the paper, including heading, formatting, and citations. Your adherence to MLA formatting will affect your grade (unlike the previous papers for our class). You may choose any topic you would like to research. The idea for this paper is that you will conduct the research for a theoretical research paper. You will not actually write the research paper, but conduct your research and write your thesis statement as if you were going to use your sources to write a research paper. If the idea of choosing any topic is not appealing, here are some ideas (which you will of course need to narrow down): • Media and self-image in consumers • Research related to a book......

Words: 454 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Week 10 Fin 410 Assignment 4

...bank you selected in Assignment 3. Use the Internet to research loan types that the bank offers, nontraditional banking products that the bank offers, and its loan policies. Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you: 1. Provide an overview of the principal types of deposits offered by this bank, indicating the competitiveness of these offerings. 2. Analyze how the bank manages its non-deposit liabilities. Focus on the options that are open for investors and what the bank does with its customers’ funds. 3. Recommend improvements needed for more effective management. Provide support for your recommendations. 4. Analyze the principal types of investment banking, insurance, and other nontraditional banking products offered by this bank, indicating the competitiveness of these offerings. WEEK 10 FIN 410 ASSIGNMENT 4 To purchase this tutorial visit here: http://mindsblow.us/question_des/WEEK10FIN410ASSIGNMENT4/1679 contact us at: help@mindblows.us WEEK 10 FIN 410 ASSIGNMENT 4 Managing a Bank’s Sources and Uses of Funds Use the same large bank you selected in Assignment 3. Use the Internet to research loan types that the bank offers, nontraditional banking products that the bank offers, and its loan policies. Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you: 1. Provide an overview of the principal types of deposits offered by this bank, indicating the competitiveness of these offerings. 2. Analyze how the bank manages its non-deposit liabilities.......

Words: 1827 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Com/156 Syllabus

...requirements for research essays, including the use of outside sources and appropriate formatting, are considered. Policies Faculty and students will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: • University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. • Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies are subject to change. Be sure to read the policies at the beginning of each class. Policies may be slightly different depending on the modality in which you attend class. If you have recently changed modalities, read the policies governing your current class modality. Course Materials Arlov, P. (2012). Wordsmith: A guide to paragraphs & short essays. (5th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Education. McLean, S. (2011). Writing for success. Irvington, NY: Flat World Knowledge. MyWritingLab® All electronic materials are available on the student website. |Week One: Identifying Components of Research Writing | | |Details |Due |Points | |Objectives |Identify the purpose and process of research writing. | | | | |Complete a research......

Words: 4385 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Writing a Paper Slide

...How to write a great research paper Simon Peyton Jones Microsoft Research, Cambridge Why bother? Fallacy we write papers and give talks mainly to impress others, gain recognition, and get promoted Good papers and talks are a fundamental part of research excellence Papers communicate ideas   Your goal: to infect the mind of your reader with your idea, like a virus Papers are far more durable than programs (think Mozart) The greatest ideas are (literally) worthless if you keep them to yourself Writing papers: model 1 Idea Do research W rite paper Writing papers: model 2 Idea Do research W rite paper Idea    W rite paper Do research Forces us to be clear, focused Crystallises what we don’t understand Opens the way to dialogue with others: reality check, critique, and collaboration Do not be intimidated Fallacy You need to have a fantastic idea before you can write a paper or give a talk. (Everyone else seems to.) Write a paper, and give a talk, about any idea, no matter how weedy and insignificant it may seem to you Do not be intimidated Write a paper, and give a talk, about any idea, no matter how insignificant it may seem to you   Writing the paper is how you develop the idea in the first place It usually turns out to be more interesting and challenging that it seemed at first The purpose of your paper The purpose of your paper is... To convey your idea ...from your head to your reader’s...

Words: 1712 - Pages: 7