Human Anatomy and Physiology

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HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY



CONTENT Page Number

1.0 Introduction – Integumentary System 3

2.1 The Importance and Mechanism of Integumentary System 4
2.2 Impacts of dysfunction 5-6

2.0 Introduction – Anatomy Of Skin 7
2.1 Epidermis 7
2.1.1 Layer of The Epidermis 8
2.1.2 Specialized Epidermal Cells 9
2.2 Dermis 9
2.2.1 Layer of The Dermis 10
2.2.2 Specialized Dermal Cells 10
2.3 Subcutaneous Tissues 10

3.0 Tattoo 11
3.1 Types of Tattoo 11
3.2 The Procedure of Tattooing 12
3.3 The Risk Involved in Getting Tattooed. 13
3.4 Tattoo Removal 14

4.0 Conclusion 14 - 15
5.0 References 15



1. INTRODUCTION – Integumentary System
The Integumentary system consists of the skin and its associated structures such as hair, nails,nerve endings and the sebaceous (oil) and sudoriferous (sweat) glands (Lindh, Pooler, Tamparo and Dahl, 2010,p.790). It is the largest of the body’s anatomy system and count for 12 to 15 percent of body weight covering 1.5-2m2 of surface area.
The skin is the most external and visually apparent and the largest organ of the human body and the medical branch which studies it is known as "dermatology" (Keir, Wise, Krebs and Kelley-Arney, 2010,p.97) .The skin can be divided into three layers-the epidermis on the surface, the dermis beneath it and lastly, the adipose (fat) tissue under the dermis (MacKenzie, Arwine and…...

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