Human Behavior in Organization

In: English and Literature

Submitted By vanpanz
Words 861
Pages 4

1. How would you distinguish the diff. between leaders an authority figure? Give example.

- A leader is a person who has a vision, a drive and a commitment to achieve that vision, and the skills to make it happen. Every leader has its own vision. A leader is a person who has a vision, a drive and a commitment to achieve that vision, and the skills to make it happen. Whether the goal is to double the company's annual sales, develop a product that will solve a certain problem, or start a company that can achieve the leader's dream, the leader always has a clear target in mind. While the Authority Figure is a person a person whose real or apparent authority over others inspires or demands obedience and emulation, like Parents and teachers are traditional authority figure for the children.

2. In what ways do leaders reflects the group value?

- If a leader didn’t show a good attitude to its member automatically they will lose respect to this person, for example, what do you think of a store or restaurant when they have a horrible manager? Same with a bad coach on a sports team. You lose faith in them.

3. Explain this statement "a man who commands efficiently must have obeyed other in the past".

- This statement tells us that if the person who acts good and respectful they must be obeyed by someone. Like for example in a sports team if the coach shows a good moral to his or her players of course the payers should always follow whatever instructions she or he has given.

4. What type of leadership affects low output, high labor turn over, absenticism and accident in industries?

- This type of leadership is incompetent the leader and at least some followers lack the will or skill (or both) to sustain effective action. With regard to at least one important leadership challenge, they do…...

Similar Documents

Organization Behavior

... of job satisfaction. Moods tend to be longer lasting but often weaker states of uncertain origin, while emotions are often more intense, short-lived and have a clear object or cause. Positive and negative emotions were also found to be significantly related to overall job satisfaction. Frequency of experiencing net positive emotion will be a better predictor of overall job satisfaction than will intensity of positive emotion when it is experienced. I agree that job satisfaction is not strongly related to job performance in many recent searches suggested that the failure to find a strong relationship between job satisfaction and performance is due to the narrow means often used to define job performance. In addition, the relationship between job satisfaction and performance was found to be even higher for professional jobs than for less complex jobs, some research indicates that satisfaction does not lead to productivity, but instead that high performance leads to satisfaction, people who perform well have feelings of achievement and accomplishment .Good workers should be therefore rewards with recognition and feedback by their organization. 2 Selective Perception is the process by which individuals perceive what they want to in media messages and disregard the rest. Selective perception may refer to any number of cognitive biases in psychology related to the way expectations affect perception. Human judgment and decision making is distorted by an...

Words: 843 - Pages: 4

Human Behavior in Organization

.... Investors benefit from liquid securities because they can sell their assets whenever they want; an illiquid security may force the seller to get rid of their asset at a large discount. The financial market is broadly divided into 2 types: 1) Capital Market and 2) Money market. The Capital market is subdivided into 1) primary market and 2) Secondary market. What is Government Agency? A government or state agency is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions, such as an intelligence agency. There is a notable variety of agency types. Although usage differs, a government agency is normally distinct both from a department or ministry, and other types of public body established by government. The functions of an agency are normally executive in character, since different types of organization (such as commissions) are normally used for advisory functions, but this distinction is often blurred in practice. A government agency may be established by either a national government or a state government within a federal system. (The term is not normally used for an organization created by the powers of a local government body). Agencies can be established by legislation or by executive powers. The autonomy, independence and accountability of government agencies also vary widely. A government or state agency is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery......

Words: 2401 - Pages: 10

Organization Behavior

...1. Organization Behavior 2. OB เป็นการศึกษาเพื่ออธิบายพฤติกรรมองค์กร แบ่งได้ 3 ระดับ o ระดับบุคคล o ระดับกลุ่ม o ระดับองค์กร 3. o โดยในแต่ละระดับจะกล่าวถึงทฤษฎีต่างๆ ที่อธิบายถึงพฤติกรรมที่เกิดขึ้น เช่น  ระดับบุคคลจะใช้ทฤษฎี B2B, Personality, Motivation เป็นต้น  ระดับกลุ่มจะใช้ทฤษฎี Norm, Leadership, Conflict เป็นต้น  ระดับองค์กรจะใช้ทฤษฎี HRM เป็นต้น 4. Motivation o เป็นทฤษฎีเกี่ยวกับแรงจูงใจ โดยเน้นการจูงใจจากภายนอกและการจูงใจจากภายใน o ประเภทของการทฤษฎีการจูงใจ แบ่งได้ 3 กลุ่มใหญ่  มุ่งปัจจัยที่เน้นความต้องการของมนุษย์ มี 5 ทฤษฎี  มุ่งปัจจัยที่เน้นด้านกระบวนการ มี 2 ทฤษฎี  มุ่งปัจจัยที่เน้นให้การเสริมแรง มี 2 ทฤษฎี 5. ทฤษฎีเน้นความต้องการ o 1. ทฤษฎีลำดับความต้องการของมาสโลว์ เป็นทฤษฎีการจูงใจของมนุษย์โดยจัดลำดับความต้องการของมนุษย์เป็ น 5 ระดับ  ความต้องการทางร่างกาย (Physiological needs) เป็นความต้องการขั้นต่ำเพื่อการอยู่รอด  ความต้องการด้านความปลอดภัย (Safety Needs) เป็นความต้องการความมั่นคง ปลอดภัย  ความต้องการเป็นสมาชิกของสังคม (Social Needs) เป็นความต้องการมีปฏิสัมพันธ์ทางสังคม ความรัก ความผูกพัน  ความต้องการที่จะได้รับการยกย่องนับถือ (Esteem Needs) เป็นความต้องการความสำเร็จ เกียรติศักดิ์ศรี ชื่อเสียง  ความต้องการสำเร็จที่ได้อย่างใจปรารถนา ( Self-Actualization) เป็นความต้องการขั้นสูงสุด 6. o 2. ทฤษฎี อี . อาร์ . จี . ( เคลย์ตัน อัลเดอร์เฟอร์ ): ขยายทฤษฎีของมาสโลว์และเฮอร์สเบอร์จัดกลุ่มต่างๆของความต้องการ ซึ่งมีความ แตกต่างกันเป็นลำดับชั้นจากต่ำไปจนถึงสูง  1. ความต้องการเพื่อการดำรงชีพ Existence...

Words: 305 - Pages: 2

Human Behavior in Organization

...MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION MASTER IN MANAGEMENT HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN ORGANIZATION REQUIREMENTS: 1. Identify a case problem related to Human Behavior in Business Organization; 2. Analyze the said case problem using the standard format in case analysis. 3. Submit your output on or before October 12, 2013. FORMAT IN WRITING CASE ANALYSIS I. Case Title THE WORK ASSIGNMENT Effie Pardini supervised eleven accounting clerks in the budget and planning department of a large computer manufacturer. None of the clerks had accounting degrees, but all were skilled in handling records and figures. They primarily prepared budgetary plans and analyses for operating departments. Data input were secured from the departments and from company records. Pardini assigned projects to the clerks on the basis of their interests and skills. Some projects were more desirable than others because of prestige, challenge, the contacts required, or other factors; so there were occasional conflict over which clerk was to receive a desirable project. One clerk who seemed especially sensitive and regularly complained about this issue was Sonia Prosser. On one occasion Pardini received desirable project and assigned it to a clerk by the name of Joe Madden. Prosser was particularly distressed because she felt she should have had the assignment. She was so distressed that she retaliated by gathering up her present assignment and putting it away in her desk. Then she...

Words: 1169 - Pages: 5

Organization Behavior

..., sabotage) C Political (gossiping, blaming co-workers) C Personal aggression (sexual harassment, verbal abuse) Chapter 3 A. Definition of Values Page 84 C Concepts or beliefs that guide how we make decisions about and evaluations of behaviours and events. B. Rokeach Value Survey Page 84 Types of values C Terminal: goals that individuals would like to achieve during their lifetime C Instrumental: preferable ways of behaving Importance of values C Values generally influence attitudes and behaviour. C. Hodgson’s General Moral Principles Page 85 1. Dignity of human life 2. Autonomy 3. Honesty 4. Loyalty 5. Fairness 6. Humaneness 7. The common good D. Hofstede’s Framework for Assessing Culture Page 86 1. Power Distance 2. Individualism vs. Collectivism 3. Masculinity vs. Femininity 4. Uncertainty Avoidance 5. Long Term vs. Short Term Orientation E. Values in the Canadian Workplace Page 89 Generational Differences • Baby Boomers (born mid-1940s to mid-1960s) C Achievement and material success are very important C Sense of accomplishment and social recognition rank high with them C Pragmatists who believe ends can justify the means • Generation X (born mid-1960s to late 1970s) C Value flexibility, life options and achievement of job satisfaction C Family and relationships are very important...

Words: 2385 - Pages: 10

Organization Behavior

...Course Project Outline By Godwin Chilewa Email Leadership & Organization Behavior Course Number: MGMT 591 Prof: John Poore January 30th 2014 I. Introduction I have chosen GOSTCH as the subject of my final course project. GOSTCH created in Tanzania in 1968, under the name GSC, as an offshoot of the electronics department of Compagnie Générale de Géophysique, GOSTCH took on its current name in 1982. The company then moved from Tanzania to Houston in 1975. At the time GOSTCH had 24 employees. Today GOSTCH is a world wide leader in the seismic acquisition industry with 3200 employees in 15 countries. The company is responsible for designing, manufacturing, and selling high-tech integrated equipment for hydrocarbon exploration in land, transition zone, ocean-bottom cable, marine and downhole environments. Like most seismic acquisition GOSTCH whose headquarters in Houston Texas sell its product to oil and gas drilling companies like Shell, Chevron, Exxon-Mobile, and BP. The department I am focusing in this company is Human Resource which is responsible for recruiting, hiring, and training new employees as well as daily scheduling and employee benefits. The department consists of 15 employees. About ¾ of them have been with the company for less than 5 years. I am Change Management Consultant focusing on people side of change. My position gives me opportunity to interact with low level employees and senior leaders of the organization. My primary...

Words: 990 - Pages: 4

Organization Behavior

... in IT products and services or management measures. It is not limited with high salaries, advanced equipment and suitable working environment, but also some overseas training opportunities to enhance the quality of employees and generating overseas skills in terms of professional skills, communication skills, corporation skills and so on (Stafford 2013). This strategy attracts talents from all over the world and promotes its brand population at the same time. And put the right person at right place is critical for cultivating the talents, especially those at the top of the organization and permeating the large companies like Apple. Timely communication with HR department and adopting suitable human resource management stimulate the rapid growth of this company. Competitive Strategy Apple’s competitive strategy is actually production differentiation at the present (Francis 2010). It emphasizes on design, service and branding via dedicated advertising and high quality controlling, which is a viable strategy. To be more specific, it is connected with business reputation, features, product mix, and collaboration with external organizations (Francis 2010). Its easy-to-use products are designed for consumers of all ages and cover a widely segments. The economic value brought by product differentiation, especially when comes to monopolistic competition, is about decreasing environmental threats and the threat from new entrants. Communication Strategy Unlike other...

Words: 2178 - Pages: 9

Human Behavior and Organization

... group, and group values and norms, in influencing individual behaviour at work. It has been commented that the classical school was concerned about ‘organisations without people’ and the human relations school about ‘people without organisations’ (Mullins, 2011). 3. SYSTEMS APPROACH This implies that organization consists of many inter related and inter dependent elements affecting one another in order to achieve the overall results. Conceptually a system implies that there are a multitude of variables in organization and that each of them affects all the others in complex relationships. An event that appears to affect one individual or one department actually may have significant influences elsewhere in the organization (Importance of Organisational Behavior, n.d.). Evaluation of the systems approach Systems theorists describe the organization as “open to its external environment”, receiving certain inputs from the environment such as human resources, raw, materials etc, and engaging in various operations to transform those raw materials into a finished products and finally turning out the “outputs” in its final form to be sent to the environment. The organization, since it is open to the environment, also receives feedback from the environment and takes corrective action as necessary. This input-transformation process-output model with the feedback mechanism can be illustrated through a simple example (Importance of Organisational Behavior, n.d.). 4...

Words: 9080 - Pages: 37

Human Behavior in Organization

...REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES BULACAN STATE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL MALOLOS CITY, BULACAN A Concept Paper Submitted To DANILO D. FAUSTINO, Ed.D. Professor In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement in the Course/Subject HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN ORGANIZATION Submitted by: SHEILLA P. DIEZ MAE – Educational Management There are several ways to define leadership. Experts have tried to define leadership using several aspects. A process that influences other people to achieve an objective and guides the organization in a way to make it more coherent and cohesive is called leadership. We can also define leadership as a process of leading people in the right direction in order to achieve goals. This gives me an idea on how will I describe my principal on how she leads us in achieving our goal in school setting. Our principal, Mrs. Maria Divina Amor C. Medina is a newly promoted principal from Obando, Bulacan with outstanding record of achievements as a grade VI teacher from Obando District. Being new to our school, Ma’am Divine (as what we call her) is a very jolly person. She always wears a smile to everyone in the school. Being a leader, she applies leadership attributes such as values, knowledge and skills to implement this process in our organization. Leadership ensures that that the organization works successfully and accomplishes the desired goals. Leadership is also defined as a process that can have a positive impact on others. It motivates...

Words: 2976 - Pages: 12

Organization Behavior

...Management Organization Behavior Name Course Title Date Management organizational behavior is the assessment of human behavior, mind-set, performance and individual values within an organizational setting. This paper will discuss and practice the theory, methods and morality of the diverse disciplines that bring it out to learn about personality perceptions, principles, group formation and dynamics; and executive processes that come about on a daily basis within any social setting. These processes may consist of forms of communications, decision making, management, authority and politics, disagreement, stress management, and adjustment. Considering the controversial killing on Aug 9th in Ferguson, Missouri of Michael Brown, soon after details from an authorized autopsy on him were released to reporters, legal advocate for Darren Wilson, the police officer who openly shot and killed the teen, address the media for the first time from the time when the investigations began, and he said they were not answerable for any information release to the media whatsoever. He further went on to confirm that they were not in custody of any of the disclosed information or the undercover report. In conclusion, he said that as long as the Grand Jury carries on with meetings and the Department of Justice also carries on with investigations, any remarks on this matter is only supposed to be done in the proper legal setting and not through the media (Zeidman, 2012). Shortly after...

Words: 1192 - Pages: 5

Organization Behavior

... | Qualification | Pearson BTEC Level 5 HND Diploma in Business | Hand out | 7th February 2014 | Hand in | 17th April 2014 | Assessor | Ms. Sonam Mehta | Assignment title | Comparative study of Organisational Behaviour of two chosen organisations | Purpose of this assignment: The structure and culture of an organisation are key factors which contribute to motivating the workforce at all levels of the organisation. Organizations use groups or teams because they can sometimes accomplish things that no one individual could accomplish working alone, such as developing Cisco’s Stadium Vision. For example, in a group, individuals can focus on particular tasks and become better at performing them. This unit will develop learner understanding of the behaviour of people within organisations and of the significance that organisational design has on shaping that behaviour and also gives an understanding of individual and group behaviour in organisations and to examine current theories and their application in managing behaviour in the workplace. | ScenarioThe number and complexity of the organizational and human resource challenges facing managers and employees at all levels has continued to increase over time, especially because of today’s hard economic times. In most companies, managers and employees are playing “catch-up” as organizations work to meet these challenges by employing fewer employees and implementing new and improved organizational behaviour techniques and......

Words: 3403 - Pages: 14

Human Behavior in Organization

...Social Perception Social perception, or the way one individual views others, affects behavior within an organization. Management expert Joseph Champoux writes in his book "Organizational Behavior" that an individual's social perception can be described in terms of a "target," or what is being perceived, and a "stimulus threshold," a certain level of information that must be received in order to make a perceptive assumption on an individual, work process or any other target. Wrongful social perceptions, such as fundamental attribution error that arises when one person mistakes another person's characteristics as the cause of a negative event, can lead to problems in organizational behavior. Perceptions Affecting Motivation A worker's social perception of others within the organization can affect his motivation to complete work effectively to a large degree. Motivation within an organization remains high if a worker perceives that there are opportunities for personal development or professional advancement, if he feels capable of completing tasks correctly and is involved with various organizational decision-making and goal-setting processes. Motivation can be reduced if the worker perceives a lack of opportunity for growth, a lack of involvement or a lack of opportunities to demonstrate any creativity. This holds true in volunteer organizations as well, as described in Miami University's student leadership material, "Why Volunteers/Group Members Lose Interest...

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Human Behavior in Organization

...ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR ACROSS CULTURES Conditions affecting multinational operations The people of the world are organized into communities and nations, each in its own way according to its resources and cultural heritage. Some nations are economically developed others are just now developing their natural and human resources. The conditions of work are different because of different attitudes, values, and expectations from participants. Understanding these differences and how they influence international organizational behavior is aided by examination of key social, legal, ethical, political, and economic conditions. • Social Conditions In many countries the social condition is poorly developed, there are major shortages of managerial personnel, scientists and technicians and these deficiencies limit the ability to employ local labor. Needed skills must be imported from other countries while the local workers will be prepared. • Legal and ethical conditions In judicial system, some countries practice rapid disposition of cases, in other countries cases may drag on for years. Some countries condone the practice of bribery as way of obtaining and retaining businesses others strictly prohibit it. Managers need to be aware of the possible differences in both laws and ethical values that define acceptable and unacceptable behaviors in foreign countries. The managers in foreign countries need to become familiar with local customs and practices...

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Organization Behavior

...Now let’s talk about ability. Employees need to have certain abilities that will make them a valuable addition to an organization. But when talking about ability, we know that we weren’t all created equal in our abilities. No matter how talented you are, it’s unlikely for you to act as well as Scarlett Johansson (the black widow in the Avengers), play basketball as well as LeBron James (the famous NBA basketball player), or write as well as the author of Harry Potter, J.K. Rowling, etc. Hence, from management’s standpoint, it’s very important to use the knowledge that people differ to increase the likelihood an employee can or will perform his or her job well. Organizations need to identify key abilities of employees that will lead to success, and managers need to understand what abilities will lead to a good job fit with certain employees. So, what does Ability mean? Ability is an individual's capacity to master numerous tasks in a job. Intellectual and physical abilities are two key types of traits that organizations look for employees to have depending on the job requirements. (p5) First of all, let’s talk about Intellectual Ability. Companies view intellectual ability as one of the most valuable attributes in employees. This ability deals with mental capabilities such as thinking, reasoning, problem solving, etc. which are all important elements of worker skill in companies. Certain jobs require more intellectual ability than other types of jobs. For example, a...

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Human Behavior in Organization

... Positive characteristics of Human Behavior in Organization Interdisciplinary field of study Although it draws most heavily from the psychological and sociological sciences, it also looks to other scientific fields of study for insights. One of the main reasons for this interdisciplinary approach is because the field of organizational behavior involves multiple levels of analysis, which are necessary to understand behavior within organizations because people do not act in isolation. That is, workers influence their environment and are also influenced by their environment. Table 1.1. Toward on OB discipline |Behavioral Science |Contribution |Unit of analysis |Output | |Psychology |Learning, |Individual |Study of the Organizational | | |Attention, | |Behavior | | |Aptitude, | | | | |Motivation, | | | | |Personality, Perception...

Words: 719 - Pages: 3