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Human Cloning Prohibition Act

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The Human Cloning Prohibition Act has repeatedly failed to pass in 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2012, and 2015 which attempted to amend the Public Health Service Act. The Human Cloning Prohibition Act did not pass because of organ transplants, stem cell research, and genetic modification.
The Human Cloning Prohibition Act has tried to have been passed in 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2012, and 2015 and has failed every time. This is partially due to the vague definitions of the act of cloning in regards to scientific research. One such example of this is in the Human Cloning Prohibition Act of 1998 which stated that it is unlawful to use human somatic cell nuclear transfer technology(SCNT) (“S. 1601 – Human...”). SCNT …show more content…
A clone of a candidate for an organ transplant would, like an identical twin, be a perfect tissue match. There would be no risk of rejection because the clone would contain the same genetic material as the organ recipient; the clone would essentially be a younger version of the recipient. Cloning for this reason would obviously be extremely beneficial. As former ethicist for the NIH, John Fletcher, commented, "'[t]he reasons for opposing this are not easy to argue." Even so, several commentators have raised objections to cloning for this purpose, most having to deal with the well-being of the cloned individual. Concerns are largely based on the theory of personhood. Cloning a person for spare parts would "violate the clone's individual autonomy and liberty." Creation for this purpose would be both psychologically and physically an abuse of power. Cloning a human for use as a source of organs may also implicate the Thirteenth Amendment's prohibition on property interests in human beings. (Hilmet, …show more content…
The main issue with this is that human bodies would instantly reject the organs; however, there are genes called GATA 1 which cause the rejection which could theoretically be removed. The other option is to create induced pluripotent stem cells which are stem cells that are made of reprogramed skin cells. These two options are both legal under the HCPA as the act only tries to ban stem cells made with reproductive cells (Conger). The ethical stigma surrounding SCNT for organ transplants also is prevalent in other areas of stem cell

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