Free Essay

Human Geography Dictionary

In: Social Issues

Submitted By tamaar2121
Words 1135
Pages 5
Essay on impact of Globalisation:

Has Globalisation brought about more benefits or ills to countries around the world? Explain your answer.

I think Globalisation has brought about more ills than benefits, even through it has brought about many benefits to countries around the world. However, there are countries that have benefitted from Globalisation and we will examine this from the economic, social and environmental aspects.

Firstly, the economic aspect of globalization has brought about an improved standard of living for many people. As countries participate in trade and open their doors to investments, more money is earned and thus this revenue is channeled to the development of facilities such as healthcare, education and infrastructure that benefit the people and thus increase their standard of living. Moreover, Singapore’s pro-Globalisation policy has lead to an increase in the average household income from $4940 in 2000 to $5400 in 2005, and this has allowed the people to improve their lifestyles. Furthermore, with free trade, there is a greater variety of goods available to the people and they benefit from the wide range of choices available. (+ ve)

Globalisation also creates competition among countries in terms of investments and markets as they compete for Transnational Corporations (TNCs) to invest in their countries. This leads to countries developing themselves to be more attractive towards the investors and thus boost infrastructure and economic development of the country. Dalian is an example of a city that has transformed itself from a developing area to a thriving sea and air port. It also has a sound financial infrastructure and industrial parks which provides jobs for its people, and therefore has benefitted China as a whole, as TNCs are increasingly attracted to it and help to develop the country further. (+ ve)

However its is mostly developed countries that benefit more from Globalisation as they have the capabilities to develop themselves and attract investors as compare to the developing countries, which as a result of their poor infrastructure and lowly-skilled labour, are trapped in a poverty cycle. This thus widens the income gap between people as the TNCs are largely owned by developed countries and thus gain more revenue instead of the developing countries which get the shorter end of the stick, as they supply cheap labour and raw materials to these TNCs. Thus the developing countries do not improve very much and cannot produce quality products as they lack the expertise and technology to do so, and thus cannot compete with higher quality, and high value added goods manufactured by developed countries. Moreover, the situation is made worse by the mobility of talent from developing to developed countries, and developing countries, such as India in the 1970s, experience a brain drain which aggravates their already dire situation. This may lead to increasing tensions between rich and poor within and between countries, that may destabilize international relations, as seen from the tensions between the G8 (group of 8 richest country) and the G20 (group of developing countries). (-ve)

In the social aspect of globalization, people have a better understanding of foreign culture and it is easy to watch movies or surf the net to find out about foreign lands. With improved transportation, it is also possible to visit these foreign countries and experience life there. This is very beneficial as it allows people to better understand other cultures or people, and this mutual understanding and respect for another culture would greatly enhance business deals and reduce misunderstandings due to cultural differences. (+ve)

However, this also means that global brands such as MacDonalds dominate the consumer market, making it difficult for local brands to penetrate the market and thus leading to a rather homogenous culture being created. Futhermore, Globalisation has negative impact on young people who have been greatly influenced by westernization and are losing interesting their local culture. Their loss of identity leads to rootlessness and a lack of unity within countries as they are unable to appreciate their own culture. This may also contribute to the brain drain as young professionals do not feel rooted to their cultures and therefore are more willing to leave their home country for greener pastures. (-ve)

Globalization has led to an increase in environmental awareness, and more people around the world realize that sustainable growth is the key to future developments. Globalisation has led to the formation of strong lobby groups such as Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth who lobby key politicians and try to influence policy making. Moreover, globalization has also allowed for the transfer of green technology from developed to developing countries, as seen from the introduction of hydro-electric power from developed countries like America to developing countries like China. With greater mobility of people and goods, green technology such as solar panels, geothermal and even nuclear power can be transferred, which allows developing countries to bypass the heavily pollutive stage of industrialization, thus helping to minimize environmental pollution. (+ve)

However, in the aspect of environmental degradation, globalization has led to massive deforestation and other related issues. As governments are keen to attract TNCs to their countries, they allow forests to be cut down for industrialization purposes and for plantations which contribute to the development of the economy and bring in a greater amount of revenue. However, this is at the expense of the environment. An example would be the Three Gorges Dam project which is meant to provide electricity to main cities through the use of hydro-electric green technology. However, this has been at the severe cost of the loss of flora and fauna, as well as ancient ruins which may compromise on China’s natural beauty and therefore lead to a fall in tourism. Moreover, the slash and burn tactics of Indonesian farmers who clear land to grow more cash crops for the international market also contributes to deforestation, which can lead to soil erosion, and therefore more floods in the area, and create haze in the region, as the particles from burning trees are carried by winds to various parts of Southeast Asia, which in turn not only creates respiratory problems, but also discourages tourism in the region. (-ve)

In conclusion, I would say that Globalisation is overall an ill as it only brings short term economic gains, but such benefits are also subjected to the cyclical fluctuations of the global economy (as seen from the recent economic crisis). Furthermore, the resulting environmental costs are long term, and the situation is still looking quite bleak, as environmental awareness and international cooperation does not necessarily lead to concrete actions being taken, as seen from the hollowness of the Kyoto Protocol and the failure of the recent Copenhagen Summit, where countries are not yet ready to sacrifice their national economic interests towards safeguarding our environment.

Elizabeth Chan 4GY
Edited by Miss Wong

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ipr and Diplomacy

...Name: Iga Puspita Sari ID: 016201100096 Subject: Diplomacy and Intellectual Property Rights Lecturer: Mr. A.S Hikam Answer: 1). Intellectual property right is the rights to protect the inventors/individuals’ ideas, works, writings, designs, or in any intangible forms so it will not be copied or imitated by others for a period of time. It become one of the most important issues in international relations today and the future because, we are now in a globalized world with borderless information and trends. We will definitely be affected whether we want it or not, in terms of using information from the internet, designs, pictures, books and etc. We should know that people’s works can’t be taken whatsoever; there are limitations and regulations on how we use their works. For example, if we take phrases or data from a book or article, we need to insert their name, their book/article title, so-called as bibliography and footnotes. It’s one of the acts not to be a plagiary or violate their IPR or copyright their owned. Today’s actions and issues will determine the future. Nevertheless, IPR in the globalized world now is at risk, if today we can’t event protect our own works, the future will follow that our works will definitely will be followed and there will be no innovation made. How can we develop when there’s no innovation at all? How can a developing country become one step ahead than others when he has no protection on his own jobs that is needed in order to be the one...

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Products and Services for Consumers

...1. Debate the issue of global versus adapted products for the international market. A recurring debate exists relative to product planning and focuses on the question of standardized products marketed worldwide versus differentiated products adapted or even redesigned for each culturally unique market. Those with a strong production and unit cost orientation advocate standardization and others, perhaps more culturally sensitive, propose the policy of a different product for each market. The issue cannot be resolved with a simple either/or decision. Cost revenue analyses need to be done and decisions made in the hard, cold lights of profitability. There is no question that significant cost savings can be realized from having standardized products, packages, brand names, and promotional messages but this makes sense only if there is adequate demand for the standardized products: costs must be balanced with demand. On the other hand, if the cost of an individualized product when evaluated against price/demand characteristics within a market exceeds potential profit, then it is ridiculous not to consider other alternatives including not marketing the product at all. To differentiate for the sake of differentiation is no solution, and realistic business practice requires a company to strive for uniformity in its marketing mix whenever and wherever possible. Economies of production, better planning, more effective control, and better use of creative managerial personnel are all...

Words: 1433 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Refugees

...Zhansaya Toktarova Group 308 Refugees: To Help or Not To Help? The growing number of refugees is one of the major problems the world is facing today. A refugee is a person who is unable to return to their country because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on their race, religion, nationality or political group. There is little doubt that the issue of refugees is a global problem. While it most immediately affects developing nations, there is a strong argument that industrialised countries should help by allowing higher levels of immigration. The principal reason why developed nations should help is that we now live in a global village and it is no longer possible to ignore what happens on the other side of the world. This is partly a moral issue and partly because it is in the economic self-interest of industrialised nations to ensure that developing nations continue to progress. Every person has the right to study, to work, to have a family and raise children, to participate in political issues, at last but not the least to live! Often it happens that refugees do not want to leave their country, but they have to as staying there would be equal to death. All they need is a shelter and work to do to feed their families. My personal conclusion is that developed countries should agree to take in more refugees. I also believe that there needs to be a global effort to provide aid to solve the problems that cause emigration. Prevention is as they say better than...

Words: 265 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Outcomes

...Jane Johnson SOC 300 August 28, 2010 Sociology 300 Outcomes Assessment Essay Case study A relates to a few of the concepts from Sociology 300, but I believe it relates mostly to Women and Development which we discussed in chapter five. The case study discusses how much of an influence the women in this country have on agriculture. For example there is even the saying that talks about the corn belonging to the women since they are the feeders within the home. This statement alone shows how the women of this country hold a somewhat respected role, whereas in the past they are not even acknowledged. Though the men are still looked upon as the income provider and head of household, it is pretty much tradition that they each hold a very important role in. In the women and development chapter we discussed the political and socioeconomic status of third world women. We learned that the status of women across the third world is very diverse. In some countries women are not recognized at all and they have to partake in extreme injustices such as female circumcision, wife beatings, and “honor killings”, where women can be murdered when they are suspected of having extramarital relations. Fortunately, this case study shows that in some of the less developed countries though gender differences do exist, there can be some respect given to women. A second concept explored in this case study is the barriers faced by the poor when they try to make a better life for themselves......

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Developed Nation - Defining

...has been used to classify countries as developed by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the United Nations. These organizations have also classified whether a country is considering developing. There are several key differences between all three that one will need to delve into much more. Major Article Summary The article I chose to focus on the most was about the oral health care systems in both developing and developed countries. Kandelman and others wrote (2012), while it is known that there are marked differences in structure and scope of health systems between countries across the world, the common purpose is improving health. The factors that account for such differences are influenced in part by the economic and human resources available (para 3). This shows that there are many economic and social issues when it comes to health care. There must be a balance between the function of the health staff and the economic overflow that comes with the services. When it comes to oral health, the main focus is on...

Words: 800 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Globalization

...that as more money is invested in developing countries, the chance for the people in those countries to profit and improve their standard of living increases. Also, developing countries are able to benefit from current technology without undergoing the growing pains associated with the development of these technologies. Governments are able to better work together towards common goals now that there is an advantage in cooperation, an improved ability to interact and coordinate, and a global awareness of issues. Global competition encourages creativity and innovation and keeps prices for products in check. There is better access to foreign culture in the form of movies, music, food, etc. Globalization promotes human rights. Nobody seems to want to purchase clothing that was made in a sweat shop somewhere by slave labor. Globalization could reduce the chances of countries going to war with one another. A country normally doesn't go to war with another country that it trades with, or at least it seems less likely that they would. Some argue that globalization is a positive development as it will give rise to new industries and more jobs in developing countries. Workers in developed countries may lose their jobs while those doing the work in poorer countries get paid much less while working...

Words: 1618 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Essay

...Economic Disparity Assignment Topic | Australia | Lesotho | Life expectancy at birth (years) | 81.9 | 45.9 | Internet users per 100 people | 70.8 | 3.6 | GDP per capita ($US) | $40,286 | $1,605 | Inequality-adjusted income index | 0.720 | 0.234 | Death of women per 100,000 live births | 4 | 960 | Protected areas (%) | 10.5 | 0.5 | Homicide Rate (per 100,000) | 1.2 | 36.7 | HDI value | 0.937 | 0.427 | By comparing Australia and Lesotho, it is easy to determine which of the two the developed country is and which is the developing. It is very noticeable that there is a significant difference in the two countries. You can see this in the GDP per capita, the life expectancy at birth, and as well the death of women while pregnant and as well the number of internet users per 100 people. Seeing the huge difference in GDP per capita ($US) indicates how rich the country is. Basically everything depends on the GDP per capita. For instance, health, technology and standard of living. Seeing that Australia has a relatively high GDP per capita, being $40,286, it shows that Australia has a high standard of living and can provide all the basic necessities to the population where as in Lesotho; the GDP per capita is $ 1,605. Lesotho has a weak GDP and therefore indicates that there is not enough money to provide the population with the basics to sustain life. The life expectancy at birth is significantly different between Australia and Lesotho. Being measured in......

Words: 1504 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Reading: Goldstone, J. A. (2010, Jan/Feb). the New Population Bomb. Foreign Affairs, 89(1), 31-43.

...(1)SYPNOSIS: 1(a) Thesis Statement: International security is going to face a drastic change in the coming years, it will depend less on how many people inhabit the world than on how the global population is composed and distributed. There will be more weight put on declining and growing populations, the ages of these populations, and how they are composed demographically. (1b) Outline What is the state of international security at this time? - power lays with developed countries, with maintainable populations - developing countries are drastically growing “where policing, sanitation and healthcare are often scarce” - relationships between the western “superpowers” and the emerging of Islamic youths from the middle east are rocky at best How is the state of international security going to shift? - the demographic weight of the world’s developed countries is going to drop, which will cause the economic power to shift onto developing countries - the world’s population will become urbanized with the largest urban centers in the world’s poorest countries How can we make this a smooth shift? - the world’s youth are concentrated in poorer, developing countries and developed countries should be prepared to educate and employ them - developed countries should be open to international immigration - reconsider the structure of global institutions such as the G-8, G-20 and NATO - developed countries should encourage families to have more children to keep the......

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Developing Countries vs Developed Countries

...The emergence of developed countries as major players in global business has made it more difficult for developing countries to succeed Contents The emergence of developed countries as major players in global business has made it more difficult for developing countries to succeed 1 1. Introduction 1 2. Global business of Developed Countries vs. Developing Countries 1 3. Role of International Organizations 2 4. Role of NAFTA 2 5. FDI and Global Business 3 6. Conclusion 4 References 4 1. Introduction Developing economies consist of a very diverse sort of group that includes some of large economies enjoying high economic growth rates like that of China, INDIA AND Brazil and many small economies having low rates of economic growth. The countries having high GDP growth among group of developing nations have remained able to sustain the negative impacts of financial crises very well as these were not that much affected by consequences of financial crises. There are few small or middle income economies that are quite rigid in a way that these nations depend on specific factors for development (Kose, 2013). Keeping in view the GDP growth rates of group of countries in a globe it cannot be said that developing countries do not have room for business growth but that fact is these do not have competitive advantage that can match those of developed nations and that is the reason I agree with the statement that “The emergence of developed countries as major players in......

Words: 1782 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Poverty

...Some people think that changing people’s attitudes to other countries and cultures is an important factor in reducing world poverty. Others, however, feel that the most important method is trade. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion Regarding the issue of how to reduce poverty worldwide more effectively, people hold different views. Some of them claim that the best way is to cement international relationship in term of getting better mutual understanding and their national identities,while others contend that the optimum solution is to get spur trade. This essay will examine both sides of arguments and try to reach a conclusion. On the one hand, if the nations over the world accelerate a better relationship, this step will have far-reaching influences on poverty eradication and hunger alleviation. For example, the countries can carry out cultural exchanges, namely art exhibition or football friendlies matches. In terms of education, the rich nation should enable for young generation in the poor country, such as my homeland – Viet Nam, access to an advanced education and the new technologies in developed country. As a result, this help cultivate links among nations and strengthen mutual understanding and mutual interests. Futhermore, this will provide more job creation in not only the developing coutries but also the developed nations. On the other hand, international trade occupies a crucial role in cause of poverty reduction in the whole world......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Gloablisation

...Globalization has benefited developed countries more than developing countries. To what extend do you agree with this statement? Globalization is widely discussed subject. Therefore, it is not that easy to explain such a complicated term in simple words. The advancement in technology such as mobile phones, airplanes, telephones and the internet have made the growth of transport and communication networks possible and more convenient. This means that people and countries can exchange information and goods more quickly and in a less complicated way. This is called globalization. Since, there is an active trade among countries, the products that are manufactured are affordable. The products can be purchased by more people since they are priced cheap. However, the trade of economic goods and products are not only the matter that takes place, but also services, knowledge, cultural goods and even languages. Simply, globalization can be described as the borders being removed so that countries become economically, socially and politically interdependent on one another. There are both benefits and consequences to globalisation for developed and developing nations which impact aspects of society such as employment, level of foreign investment, brain drain/gain and aid (UNESCO, 2014). Globalization has helped countries to developed greatly in all the economy and society. Researchers from different parts of the world have gone through this topic and there are some of them who......

Words: 1669 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Monsieur Beebo Est La Bas

...http://www.shippingsolutions.com/blog/should-you-care-about-country-of-origin-impact http://www.futurebrand.com/images/uploads/studies/cbi/MADE_IN_Final_HR.pdf http://branduniq.com/2011/differentiation-strategy-can-a-brand-be-positioned-on-country-of-origin/ Differentiation Strategy: Can A Brand Be Positioned on Country of Origin? The purpose of this marketing research paper is to answer a very important question that consumers are most of the times curious to know about, especially when they buy a luxury good. The question raised is “Can a brand be positioned on country of origin. Country of origin is the term used to describe where the good originates from, which includes manufacturing, agriculture or production. It is referred by the term “Made in” which represents a connotation with the place of origin. In the twentieth century, people perceived many aspects differently that nowadays. Companies were responsible for the whole process of designing and manufacturing their products locally. This led consumer to trusts their brands more than any foreign products, thus the country of origin was seen as a single place of association for consumers, which summarized the brand’s origin, the design location and the place of production. Globalization has tremendously changed this perception as consumers have far more choices than they ever had decades ago. In fact, they can be confused on what product they should go for and buy due to numerous diversities that...

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nuclear Weapons

...Tom Liu Morden World History Dr. Ritchie 5/3/2016 Should we spend money on the next generation of nuclear weapons or Should we destroy all existing weapons? In my opinion, I think we should spend more money on the next generation of nuclear weapons, but I guess a lot of people will oppose me. They will like to do that, destroy all existing weapons, because they think the world is peace, why country still need to research the nuclear weapons. It is so danger and destroy environment if country use it. But the nuclear weapons really can protect the country. If the country have nuclear weapons, other country will afraid fight with you. Undeniable, nuclear weapons really have harm thing, but i still think it have more benefit. The benefit thing with spend money on the next generation will make the country become stronger. Think about that, if our country or government don’t have nuclear weapons confusion, the country will be weaker and weaker, how can our country fight with some country have nuclear weapons. The enemy country don’t even need to fight, they just need to use nuclear weapons, and we will lose our home. They don’t need to scared our country, because our country can’t do that, we don’t have nuclear weapons. So, somebody will ask that, how about we destroy all nuclear weapons in the world, so the country will not fight. I think the world will become confusion without nuclear, because government will not scared about the nuclear weapons,......

Words: 367 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Eradicating Terrorism

...THE ROOT CAUSES OF MIGRATION Migration is the movement of people from one place to another due some reasons or factors such as poverty, better employment, food and better living conditions. In the olden days our great grandfathers migrated with their livestock and families in search of food and greener pastures for their livestock. In the modern world, migration has moved to another level where people migrate to different towns in search of better employment and generally better living conditions. Migration has however had many effects both positive and negative to the economic state of a nation. According to Timothy Hatton, there has been a mass movement of people around the world. He points out that over 55 million Europeans migrated to the New world between 1850-1914. (Hatton) One of the causes of Migration over the past 100 years is the emergence of Globalization. Globalization is the main root of migration. The tightening of political and economic ties between states has enabled thousands of people move from their permanent countries to other countries in search of better health care, job opportunities and others just move for adventure. For instance, the outflow of citizens of Africa to the rest of the world or the developed countries has been very high. To some extent, this is disadvantageous to the less developed countries. First there is increased brain drain where citizens from the underdeveloped countries move to a developed county where there are better......

Words: 618 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Globalization

...What does globalization mean to me, my family, and my country? Globalization, the word that we can almost find on everyday’s newspaper, is becoming a hotter and hotter topic. Every country is going globalization. A lot of companies want to join the globalization. People are overwhelmed with information from all over the world every day. What exactly can globalization bring to us? To me, globalization means a mixture of multi-culture and multi-background. When Internet began to rise in our country in late 1990s’, I learned news from all over the world just by clicking the mouse in front of my desk. I was so immersed in the diversity of different culture and different countries’ policy. At that time, I was only 10 years old. I always dreamt of having a friend from different country. Two years ago, the first time I came to America, I attended a language school whose students were from over 60 countries. That was really a mixture of culture and background. I learned to say “hello” and “I love you” with 8 languages. But at first, I had a lot of misunderstanding with other students because of the different way of greeting, the different way to express our feelings and the different life attitude. As time went on, we can all understand and accept these kinds of difference. It made life beautiful and interesting because of this diversity. Then I come to Brandeis International Business School, which is very similar to the language school I attended. I enjoy the life here very......

Words: 688 - Pages: 3