Premium Essay

Human Resource Management Works Well in Theory but Not in Practice

In: Business and Management

Submitted By DelDel
Words 4062
Pages 17
Objective
The objective of this report is to focus on the concept Training and Development in HRM” and examines in more detail some of the theoretical advantages and disadvantages of Training and Development strategies in HRM followed by a critical review on the evidence based around what impact it has had in practice in terms of promoting and enhancing business performance. While we cannot ignore the importance of HRM theories in today’s management context, this paper explores whether these theories work well in practice.

Introduction
The key purpose of HRM is to enable management to enhance the individual and collective contributions of people to the short and long term success of the enterprise. (Personnel Management Lead Body, 1993)
The workplace is in a constant state of change resulting from ongoing developments in technology and innovation and increasing economic, social and political pressures. This poses new and complex challenges for the human resources function within organisations. (Hathorn, 2012: 3).
In today’s competitive global business climate, companies looking to improve their gross margins and increase productivity are increasingly looking for ways to boost employee performance and effectiveness. People in an organization are considered to be one of the most valuable resources of today’s firms. Other resources such as brands, products, processes, technological advancement, economies of scale can still provide a competitive advantage but an organisation’s human capital are more vital for its sustainability. (David Leaser, 2008:1)
To ensure that organization's employees are on par with the organization's goals and in tune with the industry trends, organisations train and develop their staff to ensuring optimal performances.

Training and Development
Training and management development programs help to improve employee capabilities...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Basics of Human Resource Management

...John Gruet Master in Business Management Basics of Human Resource Management I. 1. Management Essentials • Management involves setting goals and allocating scarce resources to achieve them. • Management is the process of efficiently achieving the objectives of the organization with and through people. • Primary Functions of Management Planning – establishing goals Organizing – determining what activities need to be done Leading – assuring the right people are on the job and motivated Controlling – monitoring activities to be sure goals are met 2. What is Human Resource Management? Definitions: . • Human Resource Management (HRM) is a subset of the study of management that focuses on how to attract, hire, train, motivate and maintain employees. Strong employees become a source of competitive advantage in a global environment facing change in a complex ways at a rapid pace. DeCenzo et al (2010:1) • "Human resource/personnel management may be defined as the planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration and maintenance and separation of human resources to the end that individual, organizational and societal objectives are accomplished."...

Words: 2651 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Impact of Hr and Business Strategy Alignment on Job Performance and Employee Satisfaction

...From regression analysis, it is found that alignment of Human Resource practices with the business strategies of Siemens has significant impact on job environment and insignificant impact on employee satisfaction. Moreover, it is found that there is a significant impact of alignment of Human Resource practices with the business strategies on job environment and Siemens job environment is satisfactory as analysis showed the employees are satisfied with job timings, location, workload, training...

Words: 21202 - Pages: 85

Premium Essay

Human Resource Managment

...Human Resource Management Table of Contents Consultant Report 1 2 Introduction 2 Human Resource Theories and Current Market Place Trends 5 Human Resource Theories 5 Current Market Place Trends 9 Strategies To Be Implemented For The Next Ten Years 11 Recommendations 12 Conclusion 13 References 14 Consultant Report 2 17 Introduction 17 Human Resource Theories and Current Market Place Trends 19 Human Resource Theories 19 Current Market Place Trends 22 Strategies to Be Implemented For the Next Ten Years 24 Recommendations 26 Conclusion 28 References 29 Consultant Report 3 32 Introduction 32 Human Resource Theories and Current Market Place Trends 34 Human Resource Theories 34 Current Market Place Trends 38 Strategies to Be Implemented For the Next Ten Years 40 Recommendations 41 Conclusion 42 References 43 Consultant Report 1 Introduction The term ‘trade union’ is referred as an association which includes variety of members consisting of both workers and union leaders among others, integrated to defend and endorse the universal interests. Trade union acts as a weapon for the labourers or workers to fight for their own rights against the management of an organization....

Words: 10901 - Pages: 44

Premium Essay

Human Resource Management

...Global Journal of Human Resource Management Vol.3, No.3, pp.58-73, May 2015 Published by European Centre for Research Training and Development UK (www.eajournals.org) HISTORY, EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: A CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE Kipkemboi Jacob Rotich1, Moi University, School of Human Resource Development, Department of Development Studies, P.o Box 3900-30100, Eldoret, Kenya. ABSTRACT: Various attempts have been made towards tracing the historical development of the discipline of Human Resource Management (HRM). However, these initiatives have largely been concentrated on certain specific periods of time and experiences of specific countries and regions such as Australia, the USA, the UK and Asia (Nankervis et.al, 2011; Kelly, 2003; Ogier, 2003). This paper attempts to document the entire history of the discipline of Human Resource Management from a holistic perspective. The evolution and development of HRM will be traced right from the pre-historic times through to the postmodern world. Major characteristics in the evolution and development of HRM will also be examined and documented....

Words: 6796 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Linkages Between Human Resource Management, Organisational Strategy and Organisational Culture

...Introduction This study examines the linkages between Human Resource Management, Organisational Strategy and Organisational culture. With every single link exists between them we studied the relations and how that effects management and ultimately helps the Human resource managers through several of theorists and management theories to achieve their goal and benefit the organisation in order to bring profitability. Human Resource Management (HRM) In simple and short form Human resource management is the process of hiring and developing employees so that they can become more valuable to the organisation. HRM is also strategic and comprehensive approach to managing people and the workplace culture and environment. Effective HRM enables employees to contribute effectively and productively to the overall company direction and the accomplishment of the organisation’s goals and objectives. HRM is moving away from traditional personnel, administration, and transactional roles. Now HRM is expected to add value to the strategic utilization of employees and that employee programs impact the business in measurable ways. The new role of HRM involves strategic direction and culture. Developments in the field of HRM are well documented (see Sisson and Storey, 2000). The history of HRM goes back as far as the 1950s. This was succeeded by the ‘Behavioural science movement’ in the 1960s headed by Maslow, Argyris and Herzberg....

Words: 5328 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Human Resource Development, Performance and Reward Management

...This will consist of the organisations best practice and which features will actively engage in the employees’ performance management. Applying the organization's human resource development (HRD) functions and how they will integrate with the organization's performance management function will provide a stronger management connection with our regional manager....

Words: 2171 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Impact of Hrm on Organisational Performance

...So, this essay will mainly analyze theories concerning on HRM and firm performance relationships and methodological problems in empirical studies. As there are flaws in both theories and the process of studying the relationships, this essay concludes that the evidence in favor of HRM’s impact on organisatioanl performance is weak. It seems that it is better to pay more attention to the HRM’s theories and methodologies in order to further the understanding the correlation between HRM and firm performance. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 4 2. Evidence of previous studies 5 3. Theoretical evidence 8 3.1 Categorizing theories 9 3.1.1 Strategic theories 9 3.1.2 Descriptive theories 11 3.1.3 Normative theories 11 3.2 Conceptual theories 13 4. Methodological issue 15 4.1 Measurement of HRM 16 4.2 Measurement of performance 17 5. Conclusion 18 1. Introduction Human resource managers have been worrying about the inability to prove their contribution to the organisations for a long time (Drucker, 1954, and Stewart, 1996, cited in Wright, Gardner, Moynihan and Allen, 2005). As responses to the uncertainty of whether human resource management (HRM) has an impact on organisational performance, there have been a lot of studies emerging and attempting to prove HRM does add values to firms. Until now, a developing body of research has...

Words: 3635 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Hrm and Organizational Performance

...For this purpose, organizations aim to constantly improve upon their HRM function since competitors can replicate every tangible resource to catch up to a successful organization, but they cannot replicate human resources. Human resource is described as a business function responsible for the execution of all policies and strategies pertaining to the workforce of an organization (Garg, Sharma and Pandey, 2010). This goal is achieved by the HRM function by synchronizing the organizations’...

Words: 1926 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Khanh

...The ethical dimension of human resource management Human Resource Management Journal London 2000 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Authors: Diana Winstanley Authors: Jean Woodall Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pagination: 5-20 ISSN: 09545395 Subject Terms: Studies Human resource management Business ethics Classification Codes: 9175: Western Europe 9140: Statistical data 6100: Human resource planning 2400: Public relations Geographic Names: United Kingdom UK Abstract: The relative absence of debate about ethical issues within the area of human resource management is addressed. IT is argued that ethics is not about taking statements of morality at face value; it is a critical and challenging tool. The discussion starts with what should be familiar terrain: ethical arguments that uphold a managerialist position, such as ethical individualism, utilitarianism, and "Rawlsian" justice. Other theories are then introduced that broaden the field of ethical concern in an endeavor to be more socially inclusive: stakeholding and discourse theory....

Words: 9380 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Business

...MODERN MANAGEMENT THEORIES AND PRACTICES By Dr. Yasin Olum Lecturer Department of Political Science and Public Administration Makerere University Contact Address: Makerere University Faculty of Social Sciences Department of Political Science and Public Administration P. O. Box 7062 KAMPALA-Uganda Tel.(Off.): 041-531499 Tel.(Mobile): 077454019 Fax: 041-534181 E-Mail: yolum@ss.mak.ac.ug Being a paper presented at the 15th East African Central Banking Course, held on 12th July 2004, at Kenya School of Monetary Studies. 0 MODERN MANAGEMENT THEORIES AND PRACTICES: A CRITICAL OVERVIEW Introduction Managing is one of the most important human activities. From the time human beings began forming social organizations to accomplish aims and objectives they could not accomplish as individuals, managing has been essential to ensure the coordination of individual efforts. As society continuously relied on group effort, and as many organized groups have become large, the task of managers has been increasing in importance and complexity. Henceforth, managerial theory has become crucial in the way managers manage complex organizations....

Words: 6258 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

E-Business

...Journal of Management 1999, Vol. 25, No. 3, 385– 415 Human Resources Management: Some New Directions Gerald R. Ferris University of Mississippi Wayne A. Hochwarter University of Alabama M. Ronald Buckley University of Oklahoma Gloria Harrell-Cook Mississippi State University Dwight D. Frink University of Mississippi The theory, research, and practice of Human Resource Management (HRM) has evolved considerably over the past century, and experienced a major transformation in form and function primarily within the past two decades. Driven by a number of significant internal and external environmental forces, HRM has progressed from a largely maintenance function, with little if any bottom line impact, to what many scholars and practitioners today regard as the source of sustained competitive advantage for organizations operating in a global economy. In this 25th anniversary Yearly Review issue, we conduct a less comprehensive and more focused review of the field of HRM. In doing so, we attempt to articulate some key concepts and issues that can be productively integrated with HRM to provide some interesting and important directions for future work, and consider ways to bridge the gap between the science and practice of HRM. © 1999 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved....

Words: 17465 - Pages: 70

Premium Essay

Modern Business Methods

...Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Vision, Mission and objectives of this corporation 2 2 Theoretical understanding of Human resource function 3 2.1 What is Human Resource Management? 3 2.2 What is Human resource Department? 4 2.3 Human Resource specialist Vs....

Words: 4900 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Motivation

...The study have the objectives of assessing various motivational packages for the staff of Coca cola Company Limited, to determine which of these motivational packages influence staff performance at Coca Cola Kwanza Company Limited, to assess the effect of motivational packages on corporate performance at Coca Cola kwanza Company limited, and to examine the motivation strategies of motivating employees The study is expected to help employers to determine whether motivation packages enhance staff performance as well as the management to strategically maximize the human resource potentials of the organization in order to increase performance or productivity so as provide important information to policy makers and human resource managers of the public and private sector to either consolidate or re-think ways of motivating their staff More over...

Words: 4742 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Unit 16 Human Resource Management Issue 2

...Unit 16: Human Resource Management in Business Unit code: K/502/5445 QCF Level 3: BTEC National Credit value: 10 Guided learning hours: 60 Aim and purpose The aim of this unit is to introduce learners to methods of managing human resources in the workplace. Learners will use their knowledge of relevant human resources management theory and link it with current human resource management practices in organisations. Unit introduction Human resource management is a dynamic activity in any organisation as it takes place against a changing economic, technical, legal and social background. It is important for learners to appreciate that effective human resource management means getting the best out of the people who work for an organisation in order to ensure the organisation fulfils its purposes, whether it is a football club winning the premiership, or a hospital increasing the success rates for medical operations. Many organisations say that their employees are their most valuable resource because of their skills, knowledge and attitudes. As labour is both an expensive and valuable resource, it is important to ensure it is planned and that the best value is obtained from employees contributions. Human resource managers have to plan their human resource requirements against a background of internal and external factors which are dynamic and constantly changing....

Words: 3747 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Shrm

...Strategic Human Resources Management: Where Do We Go From Here?† Brian E. Becker* School of Management, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260 Mark A. Huselid School of Management and Labor Relations, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 The authors identify the key challenges facing strategic human resource management (SHRM) going forward and discuss several new directions in both the scholarship and practice of SHRM. They focus on a clearer articulation of the “black box” between HR and firm performance, emphasizing the integration of strategy implementation as the central mediating variable in this relationship. There are direct implications for the nature of fit and contingencies in SHRM. They also highlight the significance of a differentiated HR architecture not just across firms but also within firms. Keywords: strategy; human resources; black box; implementation; differentiation The field of strategic human resources management (SHRM) has enjoyed a remarkable ascendancy during the past two decades, as both an academic literature and focus of management practice. The parallel growth in both the research literature and interest among practicing managers is a notable departure from the more common experience, where managers are either unaware or simply uninterested in scholarly developments in our field....

Words: 14981 - Pages: 60