Premium Essay

Human Resource Management Works Well in Theory but Not in Practice

In: Business and Management

Submitted By DelDel
Words 4062
Pages 17
Objective
The objective of this report is to focus on the concept Training and Development in HRM” and examines in more detail some of the theoretical advantages and disadvantages of Training and Development strategies in HRM followed by a critical review on the evidence based around what impact it has had in practice in terms of promoting and enhancing business performance. While we cannot ignore the importance of HRM theories in today’s management context, this paper explores whether these theories work well in practice.

Introduction
The key purpose of HRM is to enable management to enhance the individual and collective contributions of people to the short and long term success of the enterprise. (Personnel Management Lead Body, 1993)
The workplace is in a constant state of change resulting from ongoing developments in technology and innovation and increasing economic, social and political pressures. This poses new and complex challenges for the human resources function within organisations. (Hathorn, 2012: 3).
In today’s competitive global business climate, companies looking to improve their gross margins and increase productivity are increasingly looking for ways to boost employee performance and effectiveness. People in an organization are considered to be one of the most valuable resources of today’s firms. Other resources such as brands, products, processes, technological advancement, economies of scale can still provide a competitive advantage but an organisation’s human capital are more vital for its sustainability. (David Leaser, 2008:1)
To ensure that organization's employees are on par with the organization's goals and in tune with the industry trends, organisations train and develop their staff to ensuring optimal performances.

Training and Development
Training and management development programs help to improve employee capabilities…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Human Resource Practices

...esource Practices Human Resources Management Practices Introduction Human Resources Management Practices Human resource management (HRM) consists of all practices or activities undertaken by a business organization to ensure that workers are fully utilized in order to attain personal, group and organizational goals. This essay evaluates a case study in which the human resource department of SK Holdings, South Korean company, has been recruiting more men than women, a practice that is common throughout the country. This essay finds that the HRM practices in this company do not align with the company’s business strategy, especially during the process of implementation of new technology. The essay further discusses how the hiring of more women would improve the competitive advantage of this company. A recruitment and retention plan for this company targeting women employees is also included. Potential obstacles that the company is likely to face during the process of recruiting more women are examined. Finally, the essay recommends some of the HRM practices that this company could adopt in order to the visibility of women employees. 1. How the HRM practices align with the company’s business strategy According to Lorber (2005), the HRM practical model represents effective solutions for issues related to gender inequality in organizations. The model values all people, irrespective of gender, in pursuit of goals within an organization. It stresses the role......

Words: 1748 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Human Resource Management (Hrm) Practices

...Human Resource Management (HRM) practices However, the greatest impact on both service quality and productivity in hotels is likely to derive from efficient and effective HRM practices. Recruitment is presently negligible in Indonesian and Malaysian hotels, but has become a crucial issue in Singapore (eg. Debrah, 1993) and Australia, in terms of both quantity and quality. Desperate situations require innovative solutions. The Singapore Grand has a comprehensive recruitment strategy, including the attraction of older employees, incentive employee referral programmes, hotel trainees from SHATEC, guest workers, and a mix of full-time, part-time, casual and “internal casual” employees. Australian hotels are in a similar situation. At least part of the solution to the staffing dilemma - ie., quantity but variable quality - may be in closer hotel management involvement in the curricula and accreditation of hotel training schools and associations. Criteria for employee quality in all hotels needs attention as well, and this has been established in most hotels studied, through job analyses, revised job descriptions and distilled selection criteria. The Jakarta International and the Penang Resort, in particular, have designed comprehensive job analysis and selection interview systems. Most hotels suggest that skills requirements are less crucial in choosing service employees than their attitudes, behaviour or values. Cultural advantages appear to exist here in Indonesia and......

Words: 526 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Knowledge & Best Practices for Human Resource Management

...KNOWLEDGE & BEST PRACTICES FOR HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT MARK L. BRIGGS Capella University Authors Note: School of Public Service Leadership, Capella University MHA -5012 Organizational Leadership & Governance FALL 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION: (Define Human Resource Management , Talent Development Employee Performance Defined Retention in an Employee Centered Organization)_ PART I “Knowledge & and Best Practices for Human Resource Management” 1.1: Evidence-Based Practices for Human Resource Management 1.2 Best Practices & Expectations for Accountability in Human Resource Management, and Talent Development in Health Care Organizations 1.3 Professionalism, Skills Sets and Abilities: Their Usage & Impact in effective talent development and employee retention 1.4 Finance & Fiscal Awareness: How Organizational Leaders use this knowledge when making Human Resource Management Decisions 1.5 Legal and Regulatory Requirements: Their Impact in Human Resource Management Decision Making in Health Care Organizations 1.6 Indirect Influence: How Organizational Leaders use this in Human Resource Management in Employee-Centered Organization PART II Recommendations: Talent Recruitment & Retention in an Employee-Centered Organization 2.1 Summary of Conditions needed for an employee-centered organization 2.2 Implementation Plan to execute conditions identified for an effective employee-centered ...

Words: 1563 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Firms Success

...2, Issue 3, May-June 2013, pp. 407-414, ISSN: 2278-7070 (Online) Impact of Human Resource Practices on Organization Outcome Ruchi Sharma ABSTRACT Human Resource is the most important asset for any organization and it is the source of achieving competitive advantage. Managing human resources is very challenging as compared to managing technology or capital and for its effective management, organization requires effective HRM system. HRM system should be backed up by sound HRM practices. HRM practices refer to organizational activities directed at managing the pool of human resources and ensuring that the resources are employed towards the fulfillment of organizational goals. This paper has been designed to review the existing literature available on HRM Practices. The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding of impact of human resource practices on hr outcomes. After reviewing the existing literature on HRM practices, the researchers have found that HR outcomes have great impact by human resource practices. HISTORY HRM in India is centuries old. The first reference of HRM was provided by Kautilya as early as 4th century B.C. in his book Arthashastra‘. The work environment had logical procedures and principles in respect of labour organization such as Shreni‘Wages were paid in terms of quantity and quality of work. Workers were punished for unnecessary delay or spoiling of work. Kautilyas contribution was based on Shamrastra Concepts like job description...

Words: 5082 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Management Theory and Practice

...Licensed to: iChapters User Licensed to: iChapters User Management theory and practice, sixth edition Copyright © Gerald Cole 2004 The Thomson logo is a registered trademark used herein under licence. For more information, contact Thomson Learning, High Holborn House; 50-51 Bedford Row, London WC1R 4LR or visit us on the World Wide Web at: http://www.thomsonlearning.co.uk ___________________________________________________________________ All rights reserved by Thomson Learning 2004. The text of this publication, or any part thereof, may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, storage in an information retrieval system, or otherwise, without prior permission of the publisher. While the publisher has taken all reasonable care in the preparation of this book the publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions from the book or the consequences thereof. Products and services that are referred to in this book may be either trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The publisher and author/s make no claim to these trademarks. British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ___________________________________________________________________......

Words: 1987 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Moderating Effects of Human Resources Management Practices

...MODERATING EFFECTS OF HUMAN RESOURCES PRACTISES AND ENTREPRENEUR TRAINING OF INNOVATIONS AND SMALL MEDIUM FIRM PERFORMANCE By : M. Mohd Rosli & Rosman Mahmood (Univesity of Malaysia Kelantan & University of Technology Mara) This study aims to address the questions of how HRM practices and entrepreneur training interact with innovation, which then affect SMF performance. To study was conducted to examine and investigate the direct relationship of ; (1) HRM practices (training & recognition), entrepreneur training, innovations and control variables (Firm Age and Firm Size) with the performance of SMF’s, and the (2) Interacting effects of HRM Practices (training & recognition) and entrepreneur training on the relationship between innovation and SMF performance. Two hundred eighty-four (284) organizations throughout Malaysia participated in the study. The major activity of the firm must be in the three industries that is food and beverage, textiles and clothing and wood-based products. The unit of analysis for this study is the owner or manager of the firm. The respondents were requested to fill up a self-administered questionnaire containing variable on company background, HRM practices and entrepreneur training, innovation and firm performance indicators. Seven hypotheses has been developed to study the direct relationship of HRM practices, entrepreneur training, innovation and control variables with the performance of SMF’s and the......

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Human Resource Practices

...Abstract This project was conducted to study the human resource practices that can facilitate the social service organisation to effectively align its employees for efficiently service delivery. For this purpose the HRM theories and concepts as well as the best practices applicable to social service organisations were studied. This facilitated the author to find the strategic role that the HRM can play in engaging the employees and assess how the HR can motivate them and align them towards attaining organisation goals and objectives. The ultimate aim was to evaluate how Leyton health care an elderly home care service provider in London can align its HR and attain its objectives. Interview was held for the managerial level staff and questionnaire was given to the service delivery staff of Leyton Health Care. The total samples used for the study were 12. Out of these 2 were managerial level staff and 10 were service delivery staff. Open ended questions were used for the managerial level participants of the organisation while in case of the service delivery employees, a survey questionnaire which had statements with multiple choice questions i.e., close ended questions were used. The statements that were derived were regarded as themes and the evaluation of results was made by using the method of thematic analysis. Here pie charts were used to indicate neutrality, agreement and disagreement to the statements given. The results of this project indicate that there......

Words: 17919 - Pages: 72

Premium Essay

Knowledge and Best Practices for Human Resource Management

...clients in maintaining their health, safety, as well as their well-being, which allows them to remain at home, through the professional and quality care provided by our agency. Our vision is to transform home health through innovative ideas and missions that embody a holistic environment for our clients. Omega Home Health Agency partners with Carolina’s Medical Center. Omega Home Health Agency’s employees are Physicians, clinicians, licensed Registered Nurses, Certified Nursing Assistants, Medical Technicians, Dieticians, Registered Health Information Administrators, Registered Health Information technicians, licensed Counselors, Qualified Professionals, and Behavioral Technicians. Omega Home Health operates seven facilities throughout North Carolina, with facilities in Statesville, Hickory, Charlotte, Huntersville, Mooresville, Lincolnton, and Concord. The organization’s headquarters is located in Statesville, North Carolina, and it the county’s fifth largest employers. Omega Home Health is recognized as a philanthropic leader in the region. The organization sponsors the annual Special Olympics program. Staff and functions Omega Home Health Agency employs Health Information Consultants, whom are employed at the corporate level, to provide expertise on manual and automated health information, medical records systems issues, auditing and monitoring, documentation requirements, staff training, serve as an additional resource to the HIM corporate consultant to assist......

Words: 1419 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Human Resource Best Practices

...Organizations these days strive for success. This age is hypercompetitive in nature and only those organizations survive in this era those have some form of competitive advantage. People or human resource is considered to be one of the main sources of achieving competitive advantage in this age. Considering the importance of human resource in organizations, many organizations these days are promoting and practicing best HR practices. In the study, CIMB and Microsoft have been found to promote and practice many notable HR practices. Since our company “CARA SKY” has been trying to perform well but somewhere along the line of performance there is something misplaced or broken. CARA SKY Company has been suffering from employees’ absenteeism, which is being caused the morale of the employees. Having consulted the best HR practices in CIMB and Microsoft, the objective is to accommodate or apply some newer hr practices to reduce the problem of employee absenteeism in CARA SKY Company. CIMB CIMB Bank is one of the reputed banks operating in Malaysia. CIMB has started its operation back in 1920s by starting a bank in Sarawak. For the last 95 years, CIMB has been operating successfully and also expanding their business to some Asian countries namely Singapore, Indonesian, Cambodia, and Thailand. CIMB has two mainstream banking products namely – CIMB banking solutions for conventional customers and CIMB Islamic window for Muslim customers (Cimb.com, 2015).The company vision......

Words: 875 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Human Resource Policies and Practices

...HR Policies & Practices: Gender Diversity, Equality, & Leadership Abstract The number of women obtaining higher levels of education and positions in their careers has increased, but the number of women obtaining management and executive positions has remained stagnant. Human resource policies and practices’ follow ethical guidelines, but in practicality are more difficult to apply in the workforce. Human resource practices and policies may be influenced by the overall mindset of a company. The barriers that prevent women from achieving management and executive positions are the same barriers that prevent human resource policies and practices’ from being applied. The gaps in gender equality and wages, created by the barriers, can be discouraging to women from achieving high-level positions. Overcoming the barriers is a task in undoing the mindset that has been instilled deeply within society. Introduction Studies have shown that companies who promote female gender equality surpass their competitors on every measure of profitability, yet women are failing to attain high-level positions. Possible reasons for the persistent wage and gender gap between men and women in senior leadership positions can be found by reviewing current data on women in the workplace, studies on the correlation between gender diversity in senior management and company performance, and literature on gender behavioral differences in the workplace. Women play an increasingly significant......

Words: 2524 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Case Analysis   1. Would Enterprise’s Approach to Human Resource Management Work in Other Industries?       A. I Think That Enterprise’s Approach to Human Resource Management Would Very Well Work in a Lot of Industries.

...Would Enterprise’s approach to human resource management work in other industries?       a. I think that Enterprise’s approach to human resource management would very well work in a lot of industries. One example of an industry that would benefit from this type of human resource management would be fast food industries. It allows people who may not have graduated in the top of their class and who may not have had the best GPA in school to still qualify to enter the company with a degree. They can show off their good work ethic and dedication by starting off at the bottom and working their way to the top. Having said that, job loyalty is greatly promoted in industries that perform in this way.   2. Does Enterprise face any risks from its HR strategy?       b. Of course Enterprise faces risks from its HR strategy, as well as any other industry hiring brand new employees. There is always the struggle of teaching new employees the rules and strategies of the industry they are working for. They have to go through a training session to tell them what is expected of them and how they should go about doing their job. One good thing to note about Enterprise’s HR strategy is that they like to hire former athletes and former people who have been in a club of some sort so that they at least know they are hiring someone who has been dedicated to something at some point, and hopefully they can be just as dedicated to their job.   3. Would you want to work for Enterprise? Why or why not...

Words: 4563 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice

...executive hired by the restaurant owner Pablo has to conduct a research with the customers to find out reaction about the dish. James has proposed a face to face interview technique to Pablo for this research work. Face to face interview is a one on one interview, where both interviewer and interviewee sits together to get some useful information. There are many types of interviews like telephonic interview, using internet chat etc. but according to me best suitable type of interview that can help Pablo to get his needed information is Face to Face interview. Below are some key attributes of a Face to Face interview those are best suitable to get information that Pablo is looking for. 1) Time and Place – Time and place of the interview is very important. To conduct an effective interview it is very important that you should aware about, what time and date is the best to conduct an interview. For example in this case, by conducting interview on weekends you might get better results as compared to weekdays like Monday where there are less people visiting the restaurant or they can be busy in their work. On the other side the place you are going to choose for the interview is also very important. For example in this case, it will be very convenient for the customers as well as for James to conduct interview in the restaurant itself, because by doing this he don’t have to organise another place and he can get more people to be interview. This will help to reduce the cost of......

Words: 3141 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Ritz-Carlton’s Human Resource Management Practices and Work Culture

...University Centre “César Ritz“ Ritz-Carlton’s Human Resource Management Practices and Work Culture Submitted on Wednesday, 10th December 2008 by: 182538 182520 182515 Word Count: 1.575 Submitted to: Mr G. Cocker MGT 351 Organizational Behaviour Executive Summary: • The first Ritz-Carlton opened in 1898 in Paris and since then a lot of changes took place which led the company to the nowadays success. • Training methods and the introduction of globally accepted standards are important to ensure quality • Advantages are high customer and employee satisfaction • Disadvantages are the lack of individuality and high costs • Training reduction would support employees individuality Table of Content: Introduction - 4 - Short Historical Overview - 4 - Ritz-Carlton’s Training Methods - 5 - Advantages and Disadvantages of Ritz-Carltons’ Training Methods - 7 - Conclusion - 9 - Reference-List - 10 - Introduction: Ritz-Carlton, belonging today to Marriott, implemented a lot of different training strategies during the last 30 years which led the company to success with increasing customer satisfaction, lower employee turnover and even winning prices for their training. The Case-Study “Ritz-Carlton’s Human Resource Management Practices and Work Culture” introduces exactly these training methods and focuses on the advantages, but disregards the......

Words: 1777 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Human Resources Practices in Walmart

...looks at the human resources practices of Wal-Mart with a special focus on group and team behavior, leadership, conflict and negotiation, human resource practices and organizational culture and diversity within the company to understand them and also provide some recommendations to make them better in the future. Analysis of various HR related areas of Wal-Mart – One of the reasons why Wal-Mart has been so successful and scale up its model across so many locations is the values and beliefs established by its founder and the customer centric culture that is replicated across locations. The company right from the time of its inception has a clear mission which is to save its customers money and enable them to live better. Below is an analysis of current Wal-Mart practices across various areas and how Wal-Mart has align then to perfectly with its mission statement Group and team behavior – There has been a focus on achieving things together as a team right from the days of Sam Walton. Sam Walton firmly believed that all the people working in Wal-Mart are ordinary people and as a team they are able to do extraordinary things, growing together and accomplishing much more than each of them could individually (Teamwork, n.d.). This same spirit is ingrained even today into the day to day operations of Wal-Mart all over the world, where they leverage team work to overcome obstacles as they all work together to serve their customers the best. The manner in which they work as......

Words: 2752 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

The Challenge of International Human Resource Management: Balancing the Duality of Strategy and Practice

...Int. J. of Human Resource Management 16:4 April 2005 584– 598 The challenge of international human resource management: balancing the duality of strategy and practice Helen De Cieri, Marilyn Fenwick and Kate Hutchings Abstract Over the last two decades there has been an unprecedented increase in the number of organizations that have internationalized their operations. The international movement of labour that has been concomitant with such expansion of international business has meant that issues associated with the management of human resources across international borders are increasingly important to international human resource managers and academics. The research presented in this paper examines international human resource management (IHRM) pedagogy and practice in Australia. It reports IHRM academicians’ and practitioners’ understanding of the major issues for teaching and practice in IHRM and elucidates current developments and directions for this field. Keywords International human resource management; pedagogy; Australia. Introduction During the last two decades academicians and practitioners of international management have paid increasing attention to the impact of globalization on the management of human resources across national boundaries. International businesses have increasingly turned their attention to issues such as expatriate management (employees being transferred by organizations to work outside their country of origin/permanent residence),......

Words: 8488 - Pages: 34