Human Resource Management

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Введение.
В международном понимании корпоративная социальная ответственность (КСО) трактуется как добровольный вклад бизнеса в развитие общества в социальной, экономической и экологической сферах, связанный напрямую с основной деятельностью компании и выходящий за рамки определенного законом минимума.
Социально значимые вопросы давно стоят в центре внимания общественности, поэтому компании пытаются по мере сил «вести себя хорошо», не наступая на больные мозоли общественному мнению. Levi Strauss & Co в 1995 г. была вынуждена свернуть контракты с Бирмой (ныне Мьянма) по причине нарушения прав человека в этой стране. Российские компании активно выходят на мировые рынки и уже поэтому вынуждены играть по правилам цивилизованного бизнеса. Компания «ЛУКОЙЛ» объявила о введении международных стандартов экологической сертификации ISO и OHSAS, а вскоре после этого приобрела в США компанию Getty Petrolium с сетью ее заправок. «Вимм Билль Данн» получила международный сертификат соответствия British Retailer Consortium, после чего стала активно продвигать свой брэнд за рубежом.
При этом западные компании отнюдь не воспринимают КСО как благотворительную деятельность. В мировой практике деятельность в области КСО воспринимается как прагматичное направление бизнеса и является одним из инструментов, который позволяет, например, повышать деловую репутацию бизнеса, капитализацию компании, устанавливать эффективные и сбалансированные отношения с государством,…...

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