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Human Resource Summary

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Stephaskieth
Words 335
Pages 2
Understanding and complying with human resource law is important because it is the right thing to do, it helps you realize the limitations of your firm’s HR and legal departments, and it helps to minimize the potential liability. The laws of human resource are challenging because of the dynamic legal landscape which include laws, regulations, and court decisions. The laws and regulations are complex. The strategies for fair employment required by the laws and regulations sometime compete with one another rather than reinforce. Also laws often have unanticipated or unintended consequences.
Human resource personnel must be cognizant of equal employment opportunity laws. These are equal pay act of 1963 which prohibits discrimination in pay between men and women performing the same job in the same organization. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employers from basing employment decisions on a person’s race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It has amended or interpreted to prohibit discrimination based on pregnancy and sexual harassment. Most recently, it has been amended by the Civil Rights Act of 1991, which places the burden of proof in a discrimination case squarely on the defendant, prohibits the use of quotas, and allows for punitive and compensatory damages as well as jury trials. Executive order 11246 prohibits discrimination against the same categories of people that Title VII protects, but also requires that government agencies and contractors take affirmative action to promote the employment of persons in protected cases. Age discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits discrimination against employees who are 40 years old or older. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities who can perform the essential functions of a job with or without reasonable accommodation. The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the precursor to ADA, applied only to government agencies and contractors, Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Act of 1974 prohibits discrimination against Vietnam – era veterans by federal contractors and requires federal contractors to take affirmative action to hire Vietnam – era veterans.

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