Free Essay

Human Resources Management at Tertiary Education Level in Nigeria: Implication for Business Education

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rangerover
Words 2739
Pages 11
HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AT TERTIARY EDUCATION LEVEL IN NIGERIA: IMPLICATION FOR BUSINESS EDUCATION

ABSTRACT
The paper observes that Nigeria higher education Institution have fallen short on expectations, their product (Tertiary Education level) lack the skills required by the labour market and this trend results in mass graduate unemployment since they would have assisted them to be self reliant. The study investigated the relevance of higher level business education, human recourses management and how it’s being handled at tertiary Education level in Nigeria.

The ever increasing pace of technological charges in the fields of business and economy generally has rendered the teaching of business skills and the training of skilled manpower ever more challenging. The problem posed by this development is the search for graduates and competent business educators with the knowledge and skills needed by employers of labour in business offices, industry and public sector.
The task of producing skilled human resource management at tertiary level, productivity and efficiency in society lies with skilled trainers and the quality of training institution. The implication of business education of a virile higher level skilled worked force for the economy is critically analyzed and recommendations are made to relevant public especially the university and its tutors.

INTRODUCTION
The rapid development of any nation depends largely on the caliber of its youths, most sector of a nation’s economy is managed by competent personal who are mostly young people.
The introduction of micro electronics, telecommunication equipment, internet and computers into modern offices calls for training development at tertiary level for compact youths who are equipped with the various skills needed by the labour market.
One of the goals of Nigerians tertiary education is the acquisition of both physical and intellectual skills which will enable individual to be self reliant and useful member of the society. It is the statutory duty of the Nigerian higher education to groom the required human capital through relevant man power, abilities, attitude, skills and knowledge. An outstanding capital assumption is that after finishing form tertiary education, graduates should be able to make a successful transition from these institutions of higher learning to become productive worker, self relevant entrepreneurs, responsible parent, good citizens, selfless leaders and live healthy life.
HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Human resource management is a function in organization designed to maximize employee performance in service of the employer’s strategic objective. Human resource is primary concern with low people are managed within organization focusing on policies and system. Human Resource management are typically responsible for a number of activities , including employee, recurrent now focus on strategic activities like merger and acquisition, talented management succession, planning industrial and labour relations and diversely and inclusion

Tertiary Education Human Resources management, the resources employed in the management process are both materials and human. In Usoro (2000) saw human resources as the people with different specialization roles and capabilities who are an integral part of the organization. Human resources constitute all people resident in the nation organization who are capacitated beyond the possibility of contributing to the social and economic well being of that nation or organization. They may be direct employees clients or customers, temporary employees or consultant part time persons or any person with different type of other relationship to the organization.

Functions of Human Resources Management
In this case an effort has made how the individual management skill & knowledge will be use in the organization in order to get things done effectively 1. Planning: Planning is a basic managerial function in management. Planning helps in determining the course of action to be followed for achieving various organizational objectives. It is a decision in advance, what to do, when to do, how to do and who will do a particular task. Planning is a process which involves thinking before doing. Planning is concerned with mental state of an intellectual. He thinks before undertaking a work. Other functions of management such as organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling are undertaken after planning. Planning as determination in advance of a line of action by which certain results are to be achieved in the organization as well. 2. Organizing: Management sets up the objectives or goal to be achieved by its personnel is energy of every individual which is channelized to achieve the enterprise objectives. The function of organization is to arrange the management with a view to control the activities of other factors of production. 3. Co-ordination: Co-ordination of intellectual resources is essential to channelize the activities of various individuals in the organization for the achievement of common goals. Co-ordination helps for orderly arrangement of knowledge management in the pursuit of common objectives. Co-ordination of management is a process of synchronizing knowledge from different sections or angles in order to achieve goals 4. Direction: When research supervisor, involved in directing his researcher and sharing the knowledge among his research students .similarly supervisors directs the student to refer so and so periodicals, books, magazines, etc. Management is an action or to utilize available resources by involving leadership, communication, motivation and supervision. 5. Controlling: Controlling in the management is a process of determining what is being accomplished to assess the performance of an intellectual whether the gather as per plan or not and establishment standard by finding out corrective action.

WHAT IS TERTIARY EDUCATION AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?
Tertiary education broadly refers to all post – secondary education, including but not limited to universities. Universities are clearly a key part of all tertiary systems, but the divers and growing set of public and private tertiary institution in every country – colleges, technical training institute, community colleges, nursing schools, research laboratories, centers of excellence, distance learning centers, and many more – forms a network of institution that support the production of the higher – order capacity necessary for development. What has the World Bank been doing to support tertiary education?
The World Bank has been active since 1963 in supporting the growth and diversification of tertiary education system in developing countries and in promoting essential policy reforms to make the sector more efficient, relevant, equitable, transparent, and responsive. In the 1970s much of the support provided by World Bank tertiary education projects was piecemeal, with a narrow focus on the establishment of new programs or on discrete quality improvement measures for existing teaching and research activities. An internal review of implementation experience with tertiary education project undertaken in 1992 and an assessment of recent and ongoing interventions in this sub-sector have offered critical insights into more productive ways of supporting tertiary education reforms and innovations.

Strategies Available for human resources management development at as tertiary level:
Technology changes and advances rapidly, it necessitates corresponding rapid changes in human resources needed. The prevailing business condition at any time determines the number and type of workers needed. In recognition of these above facts, there is need for training and retraining of business youths to meet the challenges of newer technologies to man Nigeria’s vehicle of industrialization. The teacher single handedly cannot carry out the transformation process of achieving quality output (graduates) delivery without enabling environment the need for universities to be well-equipped with modern up-to date machines, gadgets and related information technology initiatives. These equipments should be on a one-on-one basis to afford learners opportunity for prolonged and sufficient practice-training sessions. There is need for practical skills that would reduce unemployment among youths and raise the tone of social and economic structure in Higher Education. Human resources managers should strive to employment programmes have a high stability. The effective and intensive development of human resources among youths will solve the menacing unemployment problems. Intensive skills development is needed. There is need for early introduction of technological knowledge discovery and tertiary institutions, providing and maintaining technology too in these institutions. Developing educational programmes to emphasize critical thinking and knowledge discovery and link them to technical/vocational development and youth’s empowerment. Mentorization is another strategy available for human resources development. Mentoring is a practice in which a more experienced youth takes on a less experienced one for the purpose of guiding, supporting, advising and assisting him/her towards professional development or efficiency. The innovation of mentoring is very useful human resources development strategy because the youth learns from his/her mentor all that he/she could have gone elsewhere to learn. Another strategy is the need to set up a department of training and development in every youth institution. This department will be responsible for identifying training needs of staffs, designing and implementing training and development programs which will raise the performance level of youths in general and of business youth in particular. There is need for consultancy units to organize short-term course to improve the skills and competencies of business youths in the area of computer studies, use of modern audio-visual equipment and general maintenance of the computer and other office equipment. Finally, there is need to mount regular workshops, symposia, conferences, short courses and seminars, and attendance at these seminars conference workshop, etc., be made compulsory for business youths in order to update their knowledge and keep abreast with new devices, technological changes and innovations coming up in their area of specialization .

CONCEPT OF BUSINESS EDUCATION
Many educators and authors have different views about business education. Aina O (1986) conceived business education to include the sum total of knowledge, skills and aptitudes that required for successfully promotion and administering on business education enterprise. He gave the goal of business education as the production of man power who possess the requisite knowledge skills and aptitude for harnessing other resources and bringing them into a cooperative relationship that yields the goods and service demanded by society for the satisfaction of their part conceptualize business education as that education that prepares student for entry into advancement in jobs within business and prepares them to handle their own business affairs and function intelligently as consumers and citizen in a business economy. They opened that in education for business it is general education for all student.

Business education can be define as a composite of skills, which aim at training people who will have the competencies of being employed or be self-realizing in market, management accounting, office and secretarial skills.
It is careen oriented that aims at preparing people for gainful employment,

BUSINESS EDUCATION AT THE TERTIARY LEVEL
These is much more specialized for instance where business graduate from a college of education or faculty of education in university are prepared as educators and /or trainers, business graduate from polytechnics and business / social science faculties of universities are groomed for position in the public and private sectors. The objectives of business education generally are born out of the needs of industry, commerce and society these object lives are highlighted in the national policy on education (FRN, 2004) the inculcation of the right types of value and attitudes for the survival of the individual and the Nigerian society and the acquisition of appropriate skills, abilities, both mental and physical as requirements for the individual to live in and contribute to the development of his society.
Business education is one of such subject areas. Very few federal and state universities offer business education in Nigeria in its full program. Also, the qualities of equipment and faculty in the universities have both deteriorated and the existing ones and grossly inadequate for the large number of student admitted per programme.

Management – its implication on business education:
Business education is a blend of combination of relevant. Disciplines rationality organized in a synthetic form. In maintaining the tenor of business education with information, technology and management, one should adopt a balance approach to its development. This may also entail linkages between education, research and society. An essential prerequisite of educational planning and development in the autonomous environment should be free from outside influences, particularly political ones.
Business Educator should re-think approaches and strategies of training, and possibly consider adopting the competency based mode of educational delivery. Qualitative improvement of business education is also to generate businessmen of tomorrow with culture. We continue to import foreign technology and attitudes we fail to develop indigenous culture based on our ethos and goals.
The initial leadership has to come from our universities. This alone will ensure national outlook of our education.

The main task before business education therefore, is to uplift the level of business education from the present depth to the dizzy heights, if we direct the content and training of teachers with material stuff and precious thoughts, while introducing the new course like e-business, e-marketing e-banking and e-accounting, e-packaging, e-commerce, international economics, world trade and foreign languages.

The emphasis on quantitative and quantitative aspects of business education should therefore be considered a top priority on the eve of Indian society becoming a knowledge society in the beginning of this new millennium.

Every university in our country must establish a knowledge center and a knowledge manager, his job is to provide the much needed information and disseminate the relevant knowledge by extensive use to interactive technologies. Then only can we be able to build a strong knowledge and talent base.

CHALLENGES
Quantification of the qualitative knowledge, information technology and management, computer awareness are in itself great challenges. We must accept the challenge and provide leadership in the areas of business education. If business education fails to achieve this, the national development will come to standstill and meet its dead end. But we live in hope and hope never dies. It is this hope of better business education, training and culture that we aspire for on the eve of the onset of the twenty first century, the future of business education depends upon the abilities to convert opportunities into real benefits. This is what is urgently required today.

RECOMMENDATION
Skill acquisition programs should be organized for business education student at tertiary level in the field of business to train and empower them. This will enable them develop positive attitude towards work and labour.

A department of training and development should be set up in every higher educational institution.

CONCLUSION Human mind is the major resource for creation of wealth far more than the land and mineral resources. The wealthiest person of recent origin have used their minds rather materials to create their assets. The universities engaged in training of the minds should advise their students that the syllabi and the degree do not constitute the finality of the management system in any discipline. Some of it will become obsolete with time. The students should be encouraged continuously to engage in further learning not only in their domain but also in associated fields for success in their occupations. They should be able to keep peace with changing demands of the management system both in the content and context. Though the industrial revolution had by passed India, we cannot afford to deal with change challenge is to comprehend the nature of the challenge and educate ourselves and acquire the necessary skills so that we ourselves can lead the revolution. When we look at today’s major economic powers the average time needed to reach economic maturity is declining steadily. While Great Britain took about 150 years for the evolution of its industry, US did it in about 100 years; Japan was able to do it in 50 years. I believe we can, if we create the management skill knowledge for business education student at tertiary level and in corporations this would pave way to exploit the economic.

REFERENCES Aina, O. (1986) Report of the study panel in technical teacher production in Nigeria. Lagos; Federal Ministry of Education
Anao, A. R. (1986). The Role of Business Education in a Developing Economy. Business education journal 1, (1) 17-29 APQC (2001), American Productivity and Quality Center, APQC: The leading edge of knowing. E. B. Usoro, PHD (2000) Developing Human Resources in Tertiary Business Education. Flemming T. (1996), coping with a revolution: will the internet changing learning? Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand. Goodyear P., Salom G., steeples C. and Tickners. S. (2001), competencies for online teaching: A special report, educational technology research and development, vol.49; No1: pp 65-72 Harris D. (1996), creating A knowledge-centric information technology environment. In knowledge environment, http://www.dbharris.com/ckc.htm Pirolli P., Wilson M. (1998), Theory of Measurement of Knowledge Content Access and Learning Psychological Review, Vol. 105, No. 1, pp 58-82

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Effects of Poverty and Government Policies in Nigeria on Students Performance

...UEM. VOL. 3.2004 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT(IJEM) VOLUME 3, 2004 ISSN: 079447684 Published by Department of Educational Management, University of llorin, llorin IJEM, VOL. 3, 2004 Table of Content Page Title Page.................................................................i Copyright page..........................................................ii Board of Editors........................................................iii Notes to contributors.................................................iv Notes on contributors...................................................v Table of contents......................................................vii Prof. (Mrs.) N.Y.S Ijaiya - Re-Engineering Educational Management for Quality Education in Kwara State, Nigeria....................................1 2. Prof. Bade A. Agboola -Current Issues in Educational management in Nigeria: The Challenges of Open and Distance Education………………………………………….........15 3. Dr. M.A. Ogunu - The Present Status of Expectancy Theory..............................................................................................31 4. Dr. (Mrs.) A,T. Alabi - Teacher Professionalism and Productivity: Management Perspective...............................................................44 5. Dr. A.A. Olaoye-- Sociological Perspective to Managing School Curriculum and Resources............................................................54 6. Yahaya,......

Words: 1630 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Rural Dwellers’ Perception of Human Trafficking and Its Implication for Agricultural Production in Edo State, Nigeria

...Perception of Human Trafficking and its Implication for Agricultural Production in Edo State, Nigeria Ofuoku, A. U. and Uzokwe, U. N. (Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Delta State University, Asaba Campus, PMB 95074, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria) Citation: Ofuoku, A. U. and Uzokwe, U. N. (2012) “Rural Dwellers’ Perception of Human Trafficking and its Implication for Agricultural Production in Edo State, Nigeria”, Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 394-404. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2(3), pp. 394-404. Rural Dwellers’ Perception of Human Trafficking and its Implication for Agricultural Production in Edo State, Nigeria Abstract This study was carried out to ascertain the perception of rural dwellers on human trafficking in relation to its effect on agricultural production in the three Senatorial Districts of Edo State, Nigeria. A sample size of 120 household heads was used for the study. Structured questionnaire and interview schedule were used to collect data for the study. The data were analyzed using frequency counts, means and percentage while ChiSquare statistical model and Tobit regression analytical model were used to test the hypotheses. It was discovered that the household members were trafficked as a result of push and pull factors. The trafficked members of household were actively involved in farming practices before being trafficked. There is significant relationship between human......

Words: 5985 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Micro Economics, Game Theory

...PRIVATIZATION OF EDUCATION AND THE 6-3-3-4 EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN NIGERIA: A CRITICAL (RE)ASSESSMENT By: Paul-Sewa Thovoethin, Department of Political Studies, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535 Cape Town, South Africa. E-Mail:3168726@uwc.ac.za Or paulsewanu@yahoo.com Phone: +27788580086, Or +2348037258409 Being a Paper Presented at the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa Organized Conference on Globalization, Regionalization and Privatization in and of Education in Africa, Held at Crowne Plaza Hotel, Johannesburg, South Africa, from 12 th-13th October, 2012 1 Abstract With the dire need for technological development occasioned by the need to move with the trend of globalization the Nigerian government in early 1980 introduced what is now popular referred to as the 6-3-3-4 educational system. Under this system a student is expected to spend six years for primary education, three years for junior secondary education, three years for senior secondary education and four years for tertiary education. The focus of this policy is to build technical capacities of students right from their secondary school level which will prepare them for engaging more in engineering and technological related courses in higher institution. To achieve this, the government was expected to equip secondary schools with modern technological equipments, so that the first three years of students in Junior secondary is concentrated in the teachings of technological......

Words: 7871 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

The Impact of Application of Information and Communications Technology (Ict) in the Administration of Polytechnics in Ogun State, Nigeria

...POLYTECHNICS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA BY SONEYE SEMIU ADEBAYO MATRIC NO: NOU100032296 A PROJECT SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION, NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, ABEOKUTA, IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF MASTERS DEGREE IN EDUCATION DECEMBER 2012 CERTIFICATION This is to certify that this research project entitled THE IMPACT OF APPLICATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF POLYTECHNIC IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA was carried out by SONEYE, Semiu Adebayo in the School of Education, National Open University of Nigeria Abeokuta for the award of Masters Degree in Education. _____________________ _____________________ DR. FOLAJIN, S.O. SIGNATURE / DATE PROJECT SUPERVISOR ________________________ _____________________ PROGRAMME LEADER SIGNATURE / DATE _____________________________ _____________________ PROF. BADMUS ADEMOLA SIGNATURE / DATE DEAN SCHOOL OF EDUCATION ________________________ _____________________ EXTERNAL EXAMINER SIGNATURE / DATE DEDICATION This research project is dedicated to the Holy Spirit, who has been the source of my inspiration. Also to my dependable wife, Mrs. Endurance Amishetu Adesayo Soneye and to my beloved children, Adebayo Soneye (Jnr.), Adedayo Soneye and Adetayo Soneye. To number one student of National open University of Nigeria Chief Aremu Okikiola Olusegun Obasanjo (Former President Federal Republic of......

Words: 10801 - Pages: 44

Free Essay

Women Affair.Pdf

...WOMEN DEVELOPMENT AND NATIONAL POLICY ON WOMEN IN NIGERIA Olubunmi Aderemi Sokefun Abstract This paper discusses the document on women in Nigeria (National Policy on Women). Several past administrations in this country have treated women issues and affairs with calculated levity: Carefully side - tracking or blatantly refusing to accord it the necessary attention. It is now a thing to gladden the hearts of all women of Nigeria that, "after four attempts by four former heads of Nigeria's Government," Chief Obasanjo's administration finally granted government recognition to women's issues in this country. The official document .on Human Rights' issues as it relates to Nigerian women; this document is known as the NATIONAL POLICY ON WOMEN. This paper therefore focuses on the document which promises to bring delight to the heart of every woman in this country. Introduction When late Mrs. Olufunmilayo Ransome Kuti joined the vanguard team as the only nationalist and activist during the early struggle for Nigerian independence, hardly did .anybody realize then that she had a dream, a clear vision of a future Nigerian woman, that vision was crystal clear in her heart, and like a pivot, it stood firmly on three stand posts-known today as women's rights, women emancipation and women empowerment.. . Mrs. Olufunmilayo Ransome-Kuti later joined by some educated women of like minds, fought daringly and relentlessly for these three .pivotal goals of women emergency and relevance in the......

Words: 71889 - Pages: 288

Free Essay

Social Vices

...Vol. 7(31), pp. 3078-3089, 21 August, 2013 DOI: 10.5897/AJBM12.1193 ISSN 1993-8233 © 2013 Academic Journals http://www.academicjournals.org/AJBM African Journal of Business Management Full Length Research Paper Social vices associated with the use of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) in a Private Christian Mission University, Southern Nigeria. Omonijo, Dare Ojo1*, Nnedum, Obiajulu Anthony Ugochukwu2, Fadugba, Akinrole Olumuyiwa3, Uche, Onyekwere Chizaram Oliver4 and Biereenu-Nnabugwu, Makodi5 Department of Student Affairs, Covenant University, P. M. B. 1023 Ota, Nigeria. Department of Psychology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P. M. B. 5025 Awka, Nigeria. 3 Department of Business Management, Covenant University, P. M. B. 1023 Ota, Nigeria. 4 Department of Religion and Human Relations, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P. M. B. 5025, Awka, Nigeria. 5 Department of Political Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P. M. B. 5025, Awka, Nigeria. 2 1 Accepted 6 August, 2013 This study is designed to address social problems associated with Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) and implications they portend on studentship in a Private Christian Mission University, Southern Nigeria. It tries to find out how the engagement of ICT devices results in social vices on campus. Drawing from recorded data between 2006 and 2012 academic year, the study reported six ICT tools associated with eight social- ills. Relying on raw data of 900 students disciplined within this period, the......

Words: 9381 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Bus101

...Continental J. Education Research 4 (3): 70 - 80, 2011 © Wilolud Journals, 2011 Printed in Nigeria ISSN: 2141 - 4265 http://www.wiloludjournal.com ADMISSION AS A FACTOR IN THE NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES’ MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS Babatunde Oyedeji Dept of Politics and International Relations, Lead City University, Ibadan ABSTRACT Admission is a necessary foundation building for joining a university institution for study or for scholarship. It is the climax to a string of academic activity starting from the cradle (of applicants) onto the matriculation watershed. Universities therefore take the task of admission of Students into their portals seriously insisting that as part of its basic academic freedom, the University Senate should provide and protect policies and processes for admission. Phillip G Altback described the central elements of academic life as ‘….. the admission of students, the curriculum, the criteria for the award of degrees, the selection of new members of the professoriate, and the basic direction of the academic work of the institution’1. This paper seeks to dissect the background and circumstances affecting and afflicting the admission process and its pivotal role in the business of tertiary education in Nigeria. It will attempt to draw connections as between admissions and variables such as the quality, quantity, stakeholder involvement, institutional effectiveness of the process and how it features as an instrument for higher quality higher education. KEYWORDS:......

Words: 6362 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Uses of Ict in Nigeria

...The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Language Teaching and Learning In University Education Introduction: In 2000, Nigeria developed a policy on Information Technology (IT), with the aim of making Nigeria an IT adapted country in Africa and also a leading player in the use of ICT as an implement for sustainable development and global competitiveness. Since then Information and Communication Technology has been on the lips of every academic. The world is about to leave behind anyone that is not ICT compliant. ICT has various forms and roles which it performs in learning, especially in the teaching and learning of language. It is a powerful tool which can take the form of texts, pictures, tables, graphs, emails, fax, chat groups, discussion groups, SMSs, socializing portals, dictionaries, e-encyclopaedia, Power Point presentations, websites and audio-videos, etc. It can play instructional roles which include making learners feel more relaxed to learn various topics and tasks and making them active as learning is technologically based. The problem which we have identified in the use of ICT in tertiary education is lack of infrastructure and trained manpower (personnel) to use the ICT tools in teaching and learning. Most lecturers, technologists and students who are supposed to use the ICT tools are ignorant of what they are and their uses. Previous researches on ICT have focused on the hardware, software, professional development and support services....

Words: 4988 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Parent Social Status

...premarital sex in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria. This study adopted a survey research design. Three hundred and sixty-eight students from four secondary schools were randomly selected, 128 or 47.8% were males and 148 or 53% were females. Their ages range from 16-19years with the mean of 18.24years. Only 186 or 69% have had sexual intercourse and 94 of them had only one sex partner while 92 had more than one sex partner. Two research instruments were developed for this study-Attitude towards Pre marital Sex Scale (ATPSS) and Parent Involvement Questionnaire (PIQ). The findings revealed a significant effect of home type in prediction of adolescents’ involvement in premarital sex at r=.569, r2 =.347, f (1,218) = 56.47 and <.05 significant level. There was a significant difference significant difference in involvement in premarital sex between adolescents from single parent and intact homes at X2-observed=22.46, 1degree of freedom and p <0.05. It was concluded that parental involvement is paramount in adolescents’ premarital sexual behaviour. It was recommended that government, religious bodies and individuals should uphold the sacred institution of marriage for wellbeing of our children. Adejumo, G. O (2011) Family Structure and Social Support as Determinants of Family Homelessness in Lagos Metropolis Journal of Functional Management, Leads University, Volume 3 No.1. Abstract Homelessness among families is tremendously destructive and exacts enormous human, social and economic......

Words: 3918 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Dynamism of Physical Planning on Health in Dutse Alhaji, Bwari Area Council, Federal Capital Territory, Abuja .

...CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Background to the Study Health is central to the development of any human society, thus an adequate healthy society can improve the social status of the people (Akanbi, 2014). Though healthcare is a vital service, however, it is often treated from symptoms rather than the causes of the poor health. WHO (1948) affirms that, health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not mere absence of disease and infirmity. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. In recent years, much evidence has been accumulated which shows just how important the planning of physical, social, and economic environment in which we live and work is to our health. Conversely, physical planning systems are the methods used by the public sector to influence the distribution of activities in spaces of various scales (Andreas and Bas, 2002). Also, it is a process intended to promote sustainable development and is defined as goingbeyond traditional land use planning to bring together and integrate policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes which influence the nature of places and how they function.In the developing countries, a substantial and growing population lives in or around metropolitan areas and megacities (Adesina,2007). The urban sector of any country is never static. It changes with time, in fact as the days and years go by, the urban landscape is......

Words: 5715 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Poverty and Ngo

...reduction in Nigeria An assessment of the Lift Above Poverty Organisation (LAPO) Chapter 1 1.0 Introduction Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are powerful agents of change and development (Ukpong, 1993 p 52). While there are no clear definitions of NGOs, the commonly held view is that they are non-governmental, non-profit making and self-governing with a purpose to ameliorate the plight of people in dire needs of life sustaining facilities in the society. NGOs are private organisations characterized primarily by humanitarian or corporative rather than commercial objectives that pursue activities to relieve the suffering of the poor; they promote the interest of the poor in developing countries (Werker & Ahmed, 2007 p3). In other word, NGOs have emerged for the purpose of providing social services or giving assistance to the marginalized, deprived and disadvantageous people in society that could hardly provide for themselves (Inhabekhai, 2002 p 150). NGOs on a global level engage in the provision of education, wealth, social welfare and other support to a large number of people. They have helped in the assistance millions of people in abject poverty and in dire condition. One of such grand projects embark upon by a conglomerate of popular NGOs in the world is the millennium development goals. The aim of the millennium development goals includes halving extreme poverty to stopping the spread of HIV/AIDs virus and providing general primary education, all by......

Words: 13582 - Pages: 55

Premium Essay

Maths and Statistics

...NIGERIA MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS REPORT 2010 © 2010, Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Acronyms and abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Executive summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 MDGs status at a glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Goal 1 – Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Goal 2 – Achieve universal primary education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Goal 3 – Promote gender equality and empower women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Goal 4 – Reduce child mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Goal 5 – Improve maternal health . . . . . . . . . . ....

Words: 21527 - Pages: 87

Premium Essay

Youth Unemployment and Economic Growth

...percent employment exist in no nation of the world. All nations experience at least a minute proportion if not large rate of unemployment and a major macroeconomic goal of most if not all nations is to combat unemployment problems in their economies. Unemployment has been categorized as one of the serious impediments to social welfare. Apart from representing a colossal waste of a country’s manpower resources, it generates welfare loss in terms of lower output, thereby leading to lower income and wellbeing. The need to avert the negative effects of unemployment has made the tackling of unemployment problem to feature very prominently in the development objectives of many developing countries. One of the steps taken by the Nigerian government to reduce the problem of unemployment in Nigeria was the establishment of National Directorate of Employment (NDE). Unemployment has been defined as the absence of a job by an able bodied person. It is a term often denoting the percentage of people in the labour force who are not working. The concept of unemployment is not an entirely new one in Nigeria. Patrick Koshoni, (2005), a former Labour Minister has this to say “The problem of mass unemployment is not new, it has been with us with various degree for the past decades. Increasing population explosion of the last few years raised the situation to a critical dimension which cannot be ignored without disastrous consequences. The number of unemployed persons keeps increasing with......

Words: 9897 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Effect

...Journal of Social and Management Sciences Volume 2 Number 2 April 2009 ISSN 1504-8446 International Journal of Social and Management Sciences is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal devoted to publishing research papers in all related fields of social and management sciences. Contents THE EFFECTS OF INQUIRY-BASED AND COMPETITIVE LEARNING STRATEGIES ON ACADEMIC PERFOMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN PHYSICS ................................................................................................ 4 PATIENTS’ PERCEPTIONS OF DEPRESSION ETIOLOGY AND TREATMENT EXPECTATIONS IN A NIGERIAN TERTIARY HOSPITAL .............. 12 PARENTAL CHILD-REARING STYLES, HOME STABILITY AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS IN CROSS RIVER STATE OF NIGERIA ........................................................................35 MODEL JOB ANALYSIS AND DESCRIPTION FOR PUBLIC RELATIONS PRACTITIONERS IN KENYA..............................46 NOLLYWOOD, NEW COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND INDIGENOUS CULTURES IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD: THE NIGERIAN DILEMMA ......................................................................................................................................... 62 2 This Page is deliberately left blank 3 THE EFFECTS OF INQUIRY-BASED AND COMPETITIVE LEARNING STRATEGIES ON ACADEMIC PERFOMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN PHYSICS AFOLABI, FOLASHADE DEPARTMENT OF TEACHER EDUCATION FACULTY OF EDUCATION......

Words: 31554 - Pages: 127

Premium Essay

History of Education

...EDU 604 HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA COURSE GUIDE Course Code Course Title Course Developer History of Education in Nigeria EDU 604 Dr Samuel Amaele Guidance and Counselling University of Ilorin Kwara State Dr Samuel Amaele Guidance and Counselling University of Ilorin Kwara State Mr Akanbi G. O. Department of Educational Foundation College of Education Oyo state Dr. O. I. Salawu School of Education National Open University of Nigeria Lagos Course Writers Course Editor Programme Leader NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA ii EDU 604 HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA National Open University of Nigeria Headquarters 14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way Victoria Island Lagos Abuja Annex 245 Samuel Adesujo Ademulegun Street Central Business District Opposite Arewa Suites Abuja e-mail: centralinfo@nou.edu.ng URL: www.nou.edu.ng National Open University of Nigeria 2006 First Printed 2006 ISBN: 978-058-134-0 All Rights Reserved Printed by …………….. For National Open University of Nigeria iii EDU 604 HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Contents Page Introduction ……………………………………………. 1 Course Aims ………………………………………………... 2 Course Objectives ………………………………………….. 2 Working through this Course ………………………………. 2 Course Materials …………………………………………… 3 Study Unit …………………………………………………. 3 Assessment …………………………………………………. 4 End of Course Examination ………………………………... 4 Summary ………………………………………………….. 4-5 Introduction To appreciate the current educational development and plan......

Words: 33103 - Pages: 133