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Human Rights Violation by Police in India

In: English and Literature

Submitted By 9335086416
Words 6347
Pages 26
INTRODUCTION
A very simple understanding of Human Rights is that the rights which are inherent to all human beings, whatever be the nationality, Place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion or any other status and discrimination should not be there among the people.
“The concept of human rights, though the British claim that they knew from the time of their Magna Carta(1215),were to incorporated in the Indian Police Act,1861 and as such the accountability of the police for human rights violation as not at all a concern for the English at a time when they drafted the Indian Police Act in 1861.When India became independent, most of the Indian states drafted their State Police Acts and even there, the experts who drafted the Acts was concerned with the drafting of the Acts in tune with the Colonial Indian Police Act rather than doing the same keeping in mind the principles of the Human Rights as guaranteed by Indian Constitution and Police Accountability”.
“Under the Police Act 1861,which is still in force, Police in India is nothing more than a government department lacking the autonomy under rule of law that exists for the police in other leading democracies. No doubt the Constitution of India is the supreme law of the land but the police are governed by the repressive 1861 Police Act and the regressive Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC)”.
Police are the important mass of the justice system so it is their responsibility to protect the rights of the people and work according to the procedure established by law. As the credibility of system depends on the procedures so they should be justified in interest of the society. Human rights are given by the state or government and there is obligation on their side to protect the rights of the people.Human rights is basically a contract between State and citizens and so it...

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