Premium Essay

Human Trafficking in Russia

In: Business and Management

Submitted By cowman123
Words 300
Pages 2
Human trafficking and exploitation have been in existence since the beginning of time. This paper focuses on the underground economy of human trafficking and its relation to the transitioning economies of Russia and Ukraine. To understand the scope of the issue of human trafficking on transitioning economies, the history and origination of the issue must be clearly understood. The emergence of human trafficking, also commonly referred to as modern day slavery, can be dated back to the beginning of the 20th century; the start of slavery when humans were trafficked for mainly for labor. Records of human slavery within Europe date back to ancient Greece and Rome, but the practice did not end in ancient history. There are long-standing historical precedents for the exploitation of Slavs within Western Europe. It is commonly perceived that slavery disappeared from Europe many centuries ago. There was little knowledge of the active slave market in Palermo Sicily, with slaves being brought from Africa until the middle of the nineteenth century. Much of the slave trade was ran by legitimate actors and companies sanctioned by the state. An active slave trade with Africa flourished in the large colonial powers of Europe such as England and some of the smaller colonial powers such as Portugal. In addition to Africans, indigenous American populations were also enslaved in the colonies of Central and South America and the Caribbean. When the importation of slaves was outlawed in the colonies, bonded labor or indentured servitude, often with individuals from Asia, helped to meet the labor shortage in agriculture. At the end of the nineteenth century, a new form of slavery, the “white slavery” began. The white slave trade bought women, often by means of deception, from Western and Eastern Europe into the brothels of North and South America....

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Human Trafficking in Russia and Ukraine

...Human trafficking and exploitation have been in existence since the beginning of time. This paper focuses on the underground economy of human trafficking and its relation to the transitioning economies of Russia and Ukraine. To understand the scope of the issue of human trafficking on transitioning economies, the history and origination of the issue must be clearly understood. The emergence of human trafficking, also commonly referred to as modern day slavery, can be dated back to the beginning of the 20th century; the start of slavery when humans were trafficked for mainly for labor. Records of human slavery within Europe date back to ancient Greece and Rome, but the practice did not end in ancient history. There are long-standing historical precedents for the exploitation of Slavs within Western Europe. It is commonly perceived that slavery disappeared from Europe many centuries ago. There was little knowledge of the active slave market in Palermo Sicily, with slaves being brought from Africa until the middle of the nineteenth century. Much of the slave trade was ran by legitimate actors and companies sanctioned by the state. An active slave trade with Africa flourished in the large colonial powers of Europe such as England and some of the smaller colonial powers such as Portugal. In addition to Africans, indigenous American populations were also enslaved in the colonies of Central and South America and the Caribbean. When the importation of slaves was outlawed in the......

Words: 1593 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

A Glimpse Into Iran

...reports that, ‘Iran is one of the worst human trafficking violators in the world’ (Maher, 2013) and ‘is considered an origin, transit, and destination country for human trafficking’ (“Field listing:,” 2013, para. 52). “Iran is a “tier 3″ country in regards to trafficking, a status given to countries “whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so” (Panah, 2013). “The government did not share information on its anti-trafficking efforts with the international community during the reporting period; this impedes the collection of information on the country’s human trafficking problem and the government’s efforts to curb it” (“US report:,” 2013, para. 4). Victims of Trafficking ‘Men, women, and children are all victims of the human trafficking trade’ (“Field listing:,” 2013, para. 52). There are many reasons one may fall prey to human traffickers, but the global influences seem to be “poverty, unemployment, discrimination, a lack of social and economic opportunities, and global financial crises…” (“Iran calls on,” 2013, para. 3). According to Panah (2013) ‘children in Iran are the most exploited source of forced labor in the world.’ Because children are the most vulnerable human beings, they are easy prey for pedophiles as well. Many children who are trafficked will be used for sexual purposes at some point. ‘Prostitution of children is also on the rise’ (“Iran's trafficking of,” 2002, para. 2). “Every......

Words: 847 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Rise of Child Maltreatment

...has been historic awareness created in regards to child abuse since the 1970’s; nonetheless, there has been an increase in neglect, murder, rape, and the trafficking of children. Child maltreatment is not exclusive to any one socioeconomic level; however, “African American, Native American, and multi-racial children have higher incidents of reported abuse than that of other children” (Child Trends, 2014, para 8.). 45% of children age 5 and under are the most vulnerable to maltreatment with fatalities being the highest among these age groups (Safe Horizon, 2014, para.2.). According to statistics from the Department of Health and Human Services, “Nationally four fifths (78.3%) of victims were neglected, 18.3% were physically abused, 9.3% were sexually abused, and 8.5% were psychologically maltreated. For 2012, a nationally estimated 1,640 children died of abuse and neglect at a rate of 2.20 children per 100,000 children in the national population” (DHHS, 2012, p.4., para. 4,5.). Human trafficking is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world, despite the 134 laws to encourage prevention throughout various countries (McDonald, 2014, para. 8.). These children are unparalleled commodities of human flesh for sale primarily by intricate, organized criminal networks with Russia being a major hub for human trafficking (Buckley, 2013). The National Center for Missing...

Words: 1183 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Rise of Child Maltreatment

...has been historic awareness created in regards to child abuse since the 1970’s; nonetheless, there has been an increase in neglect, murder, rape, and the trafficking of children. Child maltreatment is not exclusive to any one socioeconomic level; however, “African American, Native American, and multi-racial children have higher incidents of reported abuse than that of other children” (Child Trends, 2014, para 8.). 45% of children age 5 and under are the most vulnerable to maltreatment with fatalities being the highest among these age groups (Safe Horizon, 2014, para.2.). According to statistics from the Department of Health and Human Services, “Nationally four fifths (78.3%) of victims were neglected, 18.3% were physically abused, 9.3% were sexually abused, and 8.5% were psychologically maltreated. For 2012, a nationally estimated 1,640 children died of abuse and neglect at a rate of 2.20 children per 100,000 children in the national population” (DHHS, 2012, p.4., para. 4,5.). Human trafficking is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world, despite the 134 laws to encourage prevention throughout various countries (McDonald, 2014, para. 8.). These children are unparalleled commodities of human flesh for sale primarily by intricate, organized criminal networks with Russia being a major hub for human trafficking (Buckley, 2013). The National Center for Missing...

Words: 1183 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Child Soldiers

...Human Trafficking/Child Soldiers Edwina Hay Dr. Rufus E. Robinson Contemporary International Problems-POL 300002043 March 18, 2011 Human Trafficking/Child Soldiers Human trafficking has attracted the attention of the international community and individual states on more than one occasion. Trafficking consists of the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal or organs (Human Trafficking, 2006). Many types of human trafficking and forms of exploitation exist and are constantly changing. The key types of human trafficking and forms of exploitation include sexual exploitation, labor exploitation of children, and exploitation for the purpose of begging. Sexual exploitation is generally considered to be the primary form of human trafficking offenses. Russia’s sex trade has spread; the sex trade industry currently employs 150,000 women (Human Trafficking, 2006). Sexual exploitation particularly affects women and children. ......

Words: 1745 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

One Word

...Hackney Ms. Rizzo American Lit. Period 9 18 March 2010 Modern Slavery Human trafficking is a worldwide war. It has affected the lives of millions of people worldwide: some positive but mostly negative. The three points that are going to be discussed are the origin, modern day problems, and effects of the trafficking of humans. Slavery has never really ended it has only become more discrete and more organized. Human trafficking is basically modern day slavery. The origin of human trafficking can not be narrowed down to one specific country or continent. Many countries have been trafficking and there is no official place of origin. “Countries high on the list of “origin countries” are Albania, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Lithuania, Nigeria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Thailand and Ukraine, according to the report” (Aita). The main reason that human trafficking began was to generate profits in a quick and easy way. A few countries are places of origin as well as major regions for destination. “Africa, Asia, Central and South Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean are significant regions for both origin and destination” (Aita). There is no set time period for when trafficking began but it seems as if slavery has never ended. Human trafficking has created a global problem that has become more and more troublesome since it first began. The modern day problem of the trafficking of humans has become a global issue that needs to be resolved. UNODC Executive......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Worlds Oldest Profession

...Prostitution/ The World’s Oldest Profession Lady of the Night Common Night Walker Lady of Pleasure Lady of easy virtue Scarlet Women Hooker/Whore Hello, I am here today to discuss Why the World’s Oldest Profession/ Prostitution should not be legalized. The 3 areas I will touch upon are there will be an increase in violence, verbal and emotional abuse and human/sexual trafficking. According to Merriam-Webster, Prostitution is the act or practice of engaging in promiscuous sex for money. The women are treated as a commodity and considered a product that can be bought and sold. Prostitution comes in a various outlets such as: strip club, escort/call girl service, brothel, window worker and bar/casino worker, street, and human trafficking. As we are aware, the life of prostituted women is very physical. Their job is to perform sexual acts to please the customer’s sexual desires. They encounter extreme violence such as being robbed, beaten, tortured, rape by one or, gang raped by 2 or more and sometimes murdered. Can you imagine being burned with a cigarette, punched in the head with a closed fist, having a black eye, hair pulled or your eardrum damaged? The sad part about it is the pimp and the customers think the prostituted women are fair game for this type of treatment. According to the Council for Prostitution Alternatives in Portland, Oregon in 1991, 78% of prostituted women were raped: Mostly by their pimps and customers. In a year’s time, they are......

Words: 730 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Transitional Crimes

...abet human trafficking. Russia, China, and Uzbekistan have been trafficking humans and forcing labor. President Obama stated that he would impose sanctions, all while trying to maintain relations with each country on strategic issues. All three countries have a combined estimate of 27 million victims. These countries are also responsible for forced labor, child labor and prostitution and even chattel slavery. Chattel slavery is where people are treated as property and can be bought and sold and forced to work. President Obama is threatening to sanction these countries by ceasing any type of foreign aid and withholding of American support from the World Bank. “The State Department’s rankings are required by law and a recent amendment by Congress forced the administration’s hand in cases where countries were on a “watch list” for more than consecutive years.” (Myers, 2013) Human trafficking is considered a Transitional crime as these crimes “are offenses whose in caption, acts, and impact involve more than one country.” (Dammer & Albanese, 2010) Transitional crimes happen between countries. Human trafficking is considered a transitional crime because humans are “trafficked” from country to country. These are crimes that occur between international boundaries. Transitional crimes involve two countries and not one. When crimes are committed within a country they are considered international crimes. Which leads me to the next crime. A female human......

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Human Trafficking

...Human Trafficking -What impact does human trafficking have on the world? Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat. It deprives people of their human rights and freedoms, it is a global health risk, and it fuels the growth of organized crime. It is kind of modern day slavery and is the third largest criminal industry in the world after arms and drug dealing. It involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring or receiving a person through a use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them. The common denominator of trafficking scenarios is the use of force, fraud, or coercion to control people; that control is tied to inducing someone into commercial sex acts, or labour or services. Men around the world profit in pleasure and in price from the exploitation of women and children. Poverty and global disparities in the rule of law are conditions in which human trafficking, like HIV/AIDS and other killers of the poor, thrives. Trafficking of children often involves exploitation of the parents' extreme poverty. The latter may sell children to traffickers in order to pay off debts or gain income or they may be deceived concerning the prospects of training and a better life for their children. Nearly 80 percent of trafficked persons are women and girls and up to 50 percent are children. It is estimated that upwards of 17,000 people are trafficked into the United States each year; an additional 200,000 American children are......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Globalcrimeissues

...impact of transnational crime has grown to a massive level. Criminal groups have developed new technologies and adapted parallel network structures that are difficult to trace and stop that it has expanded their activities. The result has been an unparalleled of international crime (The "International Crime Threat Assessment). Here in the United States we have hundreds of individuals who enter illegally daily. These individuals bring with them drugs, firearms, contraband, and human trafficking of people, which hits the streets of the communities and businesses. These crimes are not a local problem they are an international issue also, which have become a worldwide threat. There are numerous crimes that fall under the umbrella of transnational crime, which includes some of the crimes that were mentioned earlier. These crimes have a significant impact on the Criminal Justice System and how plans are developed to combat this threat. Global Crime Issues 3 Human trafficking has been a big problem for many years; it got a lot of attention when Natalie Holloway was taken in Aruba along with...

Words: 1425 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Rowl

...There are very different people living here who make it amazingly diverse among any other place of Uzbekistan. Tashkent is full of colors, with its historical atmosphere as well as modernization. Out of all those places, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, this is very important to me personally. I walk near it every day and every time I am filled with pride and sense of happiness. Shanghai Cooperation Organization- is a regional- international organization founded in 2001. SCO includes countries namely China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Then Uzbekistan became a Commonwealth country and became the member of Shanghai Cooperation Orgnization. SCO is not a military alliance (such as NATO) or regular open meeting of safety (such as ASEAN). The main objectives of the organization are to enhance stability strength and security in a wide area. The United States of America – is the participant fighting against terrorism, separatism, extremism, drug trafficking and the development of comprehensive economic, energy, scientific and cultural cooperation. The total area of the SCO member countries is 30 million square kilometers; it is 60% of the territory of Eurasia. The total population of the SCO is about to 1 billion and 445 million people (2007); it is the fourth part of the world's population. The economy of China- is the second in the world GDP, after the United States (also inferior to the total GDP of the European Union). It was very interesting to research......

Words: 972 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Human Trafficking Trade Route

...Dying to Leave Business of Human Trafficking: Trafficking Routes Portraying the world’s countless human smuggling routes would require a map lost in a web of arrows. While the maps below are far from a complete catalog of trafficking routes, they denote some of the major regional trends in human trafficking. Source: CIA, The Protection Project, and UNICEF Europe Though most of the movement is from east to west, many migrants from Eastern Europe are also trafficked east, to the Middle East. Important gateways into Western Europe are the Strait of Gibraltar, where North Africans cross into Spain especially during the summertime, and the Adriatic Sea, where migrants, often women and girls, are trafficked from Albania to Italy. By land, migrants from Eastern Europe and Asia follow the Balkan route from former Soviet republics and satellite states through Greece. Illegal immigrants from North Africa also travel across the Mediterranean to Sicily. Many arrive in Britain by smuggling themselves from northern France across the English Channel to the port of Dover. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, young women from Russia, Estonia, and Latvia are trafficked to Finland, where prostitution is legal, to work in the sex trade. Russian women are also trafficked to Norway and Sweden, where prostitution is also legal. The Americas Most of the movement on this map is directed toward the United States, but a number of South America migrants are trafficked to work in the......

Words: 480 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Asdsadasd

...protection of society, deterrent effect, economic injustice of life imprisonment, and act of humanism. However, a large number of countries in the world have refused this type of punishment, in particular, Algeria, Tajikistan, Sri Lanka, Laos, Russia and others. They cite the following reasons: possibility of a miscarriage of justice, absence of addressing the causes of crime, contradiction to the international law standards. In the modern globalized world the international community faced faces with the active development of global problems such as terrorism, drug trafficking, corruption, etc. These problems stimulate the constant debate about the necessity to toughen penalties for dangerous criminals, in particular, people discuss the need for of the death penalty in states, where the law does not provide it as capital punishment. The Russian Federation is one of these states. It is the largest country in the world, and many criminal elements from neighboring less prosperous countries penetrate on its territory, they commit serious crimes in Russia and its citizens also organize or take part in crimes, the most dangerous crimes concern the high level of corruption . In this regard, the discussion on the introduction of the death penalty in Russia is very important. In my opinion, the study of the national peculiarities of this question is very interesting, so let us consider this issue in detail. On the one...

Words: 1679 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Women

...In India, today, women appear to rule the roost. India as a nation is revered in a feminine form i.e. ‘the Bharat Mata’, the first citizen of our country presently is a woman, many important government posts are occupied by women and educated women are pouring into the professional workforce with profound implications for national and multinational corporations. However, ironically, these are accompanied by news about dowry killings, female infanticide, domestic violence against women, sexual harassment, rape, illegal trafficking and prostitution and myriad others of the same ilk. Gender discrimination prevails in almost all areas, be it social, cultural, economic or educational. An effective remedy for these evils needs to be sought in order to ensure the Right to Equality guaranteed by the Constitution of India, to the fairer sex. Gender equality facilitates the empowerment of women. Since education begins at home, the upliftment of women would be accompanied by the development of the family, the society and in turn, would lead towards a holistic development of the nation.Among these problems the foremost that needs to be addressed is the atrocity committed against females at birth and during childhood. Female infanticide i.e. killing of the female child is still a common practice in many of the rural areas. Further female foeticide is common in some parts of India, despite the passage of ‘Prenatal Diagnostic techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act in 1994. In case......

Words: 833 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Kazakhstan Report

...rather enhanced by them. By creating a more unified nation. Migration, immigration and emigration have played major roles in every country. Kazakhstan is no stranger to this. Kazakhstan is a country that evolved from all three of these. As a former nation of the Soviet Union, and being a neighbor to Russia, there is a large makeup of Russian people within Kazakhstan. In fact over two million people living in Kazakhstan are originally from Russia. This, of course, makes sense. As the collapse of the Soviet Union left people without jobs and income, they had to go elsewhere in order to try to make a living and with Kazakhstan, a nation that would now be developing, being so close it made sense for them to emigrate from Russia into Kazakhstan. Even though Russian is the largest demographic of immigrants in Kazakhstan, the country has a wide variety immigrants from other countries as well. Countries such as Germany, Ukraine and Uzbekistan make up three of the largest demographics in Kazakhstan (World Migration, 2015). Kazakhstan, even with its vast demographic is still well unpopulated. As seen in a 2009 census, the population was only at 16.4 million (Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 2010). Considering that Kazakhstan is roughly over one million square feet, this does prove to be a slight issue. Could there, however, be a reason for this? Could the Kazakh government be to blame? According to minority rights, people...

Words: 1354 - Pages: 6