Free Essay

Human Trafficking

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Patmatparis
Words 1309
Pages 6
Name: Patrick Amara
Essay #4: Research Paper
Pro. Murray
March 28, 2013

Human Trafficking

INTRODUCTION The social issue of human trafficking has garnered the attention of the United Nations, as a report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. A global problem exists reaching every developed, developing, and undeveloped country on the planet. The first ever global forum to fight human trafficking was held February 13-15, 2008 in Vienna. One of the major issues addressed was the lack of information and varied responses from countries and their agencies formed to combat the growing crime. In attendance were delegates from more than 100 countries, law enforcement teams, business leaders, legislators, and recognized experts on human trafficking (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, UNODC, n.d). The Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Antonio Maria Costa, described the problem as "a monster whose shape, size and ferocity we can only guess" (UNODC, n.d). Throughout this paper the researchers will examine the nature of the population and social issues confronting them and explore the macro practice interventions. First, look at human trafficking and what defines it.
DEFINITION
Human Trafficking is the modern day practice of slavery, according to the Polaris Project (Polaris Project, n.d.). Human trafficking has a basis of the recruitment, harboring, and transportation of people solely for the purpose of exploitation, forcing and coercing individuals into labor or sexual operations. Transferring or transporting across the borders of one’s country does not define human trafficking. Many times human trafficking is occurring within the confinements of the city, state, and native country. What makes modern day slavery so different from the past is the fact in which traffickers no longer require ownership documentation. Slavery today and the past have the same characteristics such as: control through violence, exploitation for profit, and loss of free will. “People caught up in slavery or human trafficking today can be purchased and sold for as little as $100 (compared to 10 times that much in the 1850’s). As a result, people become “disposable;” for example, easily replaceable” (United States Department of Education, 2010).
TYPES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING Human trafficking is the second largest criminal industry in the world. “Sex trafficking is one of the most lucrative sectors regarding the illegal trade of people” (Polaris Project, n.d.). Combining sects of human trafficking the combined profits are over one billion dollars annually. One myth is that human trafficking is only when an individual is bought, sold, and removed from his or her native land or from foreign soil. The truth is the numbers are higher for American citizens trafficked within the United States of America. “An estimated 17,500 foreign nationals are trafficked annually in the United States” (Polaris Project, n.d.). According to the Polaris Project, n. d., an estimated 200, 000 American children are at high risk for trafficking in the industry each year. Labor trafficking includes domestic servitude in small-scale labor operations, such as restaurants, family-owned businesses, brothels, to large-scale operations such as farms, major multinational corporations, and sweatshops. “Sex trafficking includes any part of sexual exploitation in prostitution, pornography, bride trafficking, and the commercial sexual abuse of children” (Polaris Project, n.d.). Human trafficking is not specific to one gender, age group, financial status, or ethnicity. Human trafficking is not based on poverty levels and is not specific to the type of neighborhood a person lives in.
SOCIAL ISSUES In today’s society, human trafficking is an existent and horrible reality. Many people fall subject to human trafficking because they become desperate. Most of the victims of human trafficking are sold so that they can cross a border to arrive back to their homelands. Human trafficking is rarely, and most of the time, unspoken of in America. Many women and children are sold into this form of slavery. Girls as young as 13 are sold to become brides and result in being abused, isolated, raped, and endure other forms of torture. Findings suggest that human trafficking is covered infrequently in the American news and that the nature of the issue limits story coverage. Unfortunately, without public recognition and support for resources to find solutions, the problem of human trafficking will likely continue. How to best communicate ongoing social problems within institutional constraints remains an important question, requiring further analysis (McCoy Roth, 2004). People are socially unaware of the human trafficking and it will be extremely hard to help rid the world of this terrible issue. The issue needs to be spread throughout the news and through other social networking so that there will be a stop to it.

MACRO PRACTICE INTERVENTION The macro practice interventions of human trafficking include the efforts to elevate understanding of trafficking in addition to creating the political motivation essential to prevent it. As a result, human trafficking along with the procedures used to fight it is repeatedly intertwined with people smuggling, immigration, prostitution, drugs, and other forms of felonies (Dearnley & Chalke, 2009, p. 1). Whereas moving people is a basic component of trafficking, this can happen in the interior and across countries, and it can acquire an assortment of styles. “In 2000, the United Nations began the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, with the aim of starting a victim centered approach to trafficking” (Dearnley & Chalke, 2009, para. 5). The Pressure to Prevent agreement has been signed by 177 countries. Committing to help stop human trafficking has become a global project (Dearnley & Chalke, 2009). Among other projects to help eliminate human trafficking, Start Freedom is a new international venture managed in combination with the company of the United Nations. This program aspires to connect and elevate understanding amid adolescent group, teaching them about the concerns adjoining human trafficking. Another venture is Active Communities against Trafficking (ACT), which seeks to put collectively, elements of an area inside the cover of an ACT faction. Equipping the section with a wealth of ability to help communities to recognize trafficking, know how it changes neighboring areas, and be trained how to assist in putting a stop to human trafficking international. These programs have advanced into a self-regulating aid organization within excess of 1,500 affiliate groups and an unspecified number of people internationally who decline to put up with the reality of enslavement in this century.
Conclusion
In conclusion, we see continued efforts to bring this horrific crisis to the minds and attention of people across the world. On February 4, 2010, the United Nations Postal Administration issued new stamps addressing the human trafficking theme. Stamps are available online as well as in Vienna, New York, and Geneva. The answer can be found, when nations come together and admit there is a problem and unite their resources and establish a global system of detection, deterrence, and defense for this gruesome outrage.

Works Cited
Dearnley, R., and Chalke, S. (2009). Prevention, Prosecution and Protection - Human Trafficking. Human Trafficking. UN Chronicle,
McCoy Roth, M. (2004 May 27) "Communicating ongoing social problems: A case study of human trafficking" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, New Orleans Sheraton, New Orleans, LA Online . 2009, May 26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p112808_index.html
The National Labor Committee. (n.d.). About Us. Retrieved May 13, 2010, from http://www.nlcnet.org/about Polaris project. (n.d.). Polaris project combating human trafficking and modern-day slavery. Retrieved from http://www.polarisproject.org/c
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, UNODC. (n.d). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Retrieved from http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/press/releases/2008-02-12.html United States Department of Education: Underground Railroad Educational and Cultural (URR) Program. (2010). National underground railroad freedom center. Retrieved from http://www.freedomcenter.org/slavery-today/?gclid=CNrVz-yH1qECFRZ5gwodQzNyIQ

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...Human  Trafficking       Human Trafficking: The Five “W”s       1   Human  Trafficking         2   The Five “W”s of Human Trafficking Executive Summary What is Human Trafficking? Page 5 Where does it happen? Page 6 Who are the victims? Page 9 Why does it happen? Page 12 What are we doing to stop it? Page 13 Conclusion Page 16 Works Cited   Page 3 Page 18   Human  Trafficking         3   Executive  Summary:     This   paper   was   written   to   help   educate   people   on   the   horrors   of   this   extremely   profitable   organized   crime.   Human   trafficking   is   defined   as   the   recruitment,  transporting,  or  harboring  of  people  for  the  purposes  of  slavery,  forced   labor,   or   sexual   exploitation.   There   are   two   different   types   of   human   trafficking:   labor  trafficking  and  sex  trafficking.  Sex  trafficking  is  the  sale  of  women  and  children   for  prostitution  and  other  forms  of  sexual  exploitation.  Sex  trafficking  is  a  lot  more   common   than   labor   trafficking;   labor  ......

Words: 4397 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

... Topic : Human trafficking General Purpose : To inform Specific Purpose : To inform my audience about three main types of human trafficking. Central Idea : The three main types of human trafficking are organ trafficking, sex trafficking and also labor trafficking. INTRODUCTION I. Imagine that you are going to vacation in a new country at a place even you don’t know the name of the place. A. Suddenly you were kidnapped by some mask wearing group of attackers. B. Even though you are good at martial art, cannot do anything to protect yourself or to escape, you are forced to strip, and have your body was sold with purpose of earning money . You are now an object, not a person. II. Yes. The subject I am speaking about is none other than, human trafficking. III. Human trafficking is simply a “modern day slave trade”. It transports and sells victims across borders, but also trafficking is the crime of carrying someone into slavery by force or fraud. IV. Human trafficking can be divided into three main groups such as organ trafficking, sex trafficking and labor trafficking. V. I have done a lots of online research about human trafficking after watching a Hollywood movie called ‘Trade”. VI. Today I will explain to you about these three different human trafficking. (Transition: First of all, we’ll start by looking at the organ trafficking issue.) BODY: I. Organ trafficking is become......

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...The Affect of Human Trafficking on the Global Community Emma-introduce the issue of human trafficking as a vulnerable population that affects the global community. Paper will cover population description, social issues, and macro (world-wide) interventions. Population Description Human Trafficking is harboring people without their consent to say so. These people are threaten and taking against their will. Abduction is the main form of human trafficking because they seek out person who are vulnerable to society and does not have enough funds to make ends meet so they are taking advantage of by allowing those to abuse them by receiving payment for their freedom. Women are more vulnerable to trafficking because of the impoverished, uneducated ethnic minority, rural or refugee groups. Most women lack employment because of lack of education. Children are to most vulnerable to trafficking because of the physical, mentally and emotionally they has become by the country. Mothers sit at home wondering if they going to ever see their child again. Because society has made for them to allow their child ages 10-21 to traffic for means of food. “The U.S government estimates that there are approximately 800,000 individuals who are victims of human trafficking worldwide, the majority of whom are females under the age of 18”.(Martin, 2011). These female can be used for many thing, however the targets of large organizations that has business for human trafficking find that women can be......

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...Human trafficking is known as an illegal trade of human beings for use of sexual exploitation, forced labor, or slavery. The mystery remains regarding when human trafficking originated. Many believe the beginning took place with slave trade and others believe forced labor of children during the 1700s. In more depth human trafficking included the use of drugs and unwanted sex of girls and women. Human trafficking is known to be brutal and thanks to global awareness movements are ongoing and aggressive in setting protocols to prevent Transnational Organized Crime of Human Trafficking. The first movements began in 1807 with the British making a law against Transatlantic Slave Trade. The United States began their movement in 1820 by making slave trade illegal and punishable by death. The focus around on women and children was in 1904, which incorporated an international agreement to prohibit the “white slave trade.” The fight against human trafficking did not end there. One movement included 13 countries consented to illegalizing the form of trafficking to the International Convention for the Suppression of White Slave Trade. The League of Nations made a movement in 1921 to change the white slavery to traffic of women and children. The reason for this movement was to incorporate victims all of races including male children. Studies became an important factor in determining the nature of human trafficking and their victims and how they differ from other countries. Today......

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...Fitzpatrick Human trafficking is a threat that occurs in the blink of an eye. It mugs people of their right of inherent freedom. It is indeed, heartless. The sufferers end devastated, dejected and defeated. Those victimised may never be able to live normal lives again especially from the physical, emotional and mental trauma. They live in constant fear and may up end being psychologically conceded. It is an immoral state in which is one of the greatest ethical challenges facing the modern times It paints a picture of inequality. With this, it is every right over his or her life, and the victims are bound to sell their freedom. We as a collective should create more awareness of human trafficking because it’s one of the most occurring/progressing crimes of today. We as a whole should consider looking more into it and how it contributes/effects so many. Firstly, why it is important and what is the reality of it. –What we don’t know about it and how it should more focused on in the media It has established itself as a 25 billion dollar industry which has its principal participants as financiers, unprincipled recruiters and unethical public officials. Slavery isnt been a problem that has been abolished, and it isn’t something that happens in undeveloped of backward countries either. It continues in the most developed countries in the world such as the U.S and UK As we grew up, we have been “taught” that we don't value one human life over another, yet, human trafficking......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...Worldwide Must Place More Focus On Human Trafficking A collection of current articles regarding human trafficking has been collected throughout this semester. The news reports vary greatly in geographic location but the underlying message that these events share is unified and clear. Governments worldwide must create specialized agencies, victim relief units, and allocate more funds towards the understanding and prevention of this growing crime. Due to the complexity of human trafficking, non-traditional law enforcement must be used. As stated in several of the articles gathered, a growing need for information sharing between organizations has become necessary. With enhanced human trafficking policies and implementation; accurate crime statistics can be gathered, victims can be identified, perpetrators can be prosecuted, and organized crime patterns can be seen. This paper will be broken down into several components that cover this multi-faceted, illegal industry. First, a description and definition of human trafficking will be given. The current prevention methods will follow, including rough statistics gathered around the world. Next, I will outline the difficulties that law enforcement encounter with human trafficking. The strategies for improvement will make up the bulk of the paper. Human trafficking has been deemed the 21st century slave trade. Inadequate laws against trafficking and police negligence have allowed for this human rights violation to......

Words: 2485 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...Faith Lor CMST&101 Persuasive Speech November 12, 2013 Human Trafficking: Modern Day Slavery Thesis: By raising awareness and being involved in the movement, we can help prevent human trafficking. I. Attention A. Attention Getter: What is human trafficking? According to the Polaris Project, Human trafficking is a form of modern day slavery. It is the illegal trade of human beings, mainly for the purposes of forced labor and sex trafficking. B. Credibility: We thought that slavery was abolished in the 19th Century, but we were wrong. It is still happening till this day in 161 countries including the United States. As a matter of fact, it is happening in our own communities without us knowing or even being aware of it. II. Need (Problem) A. Problem: The problem with Human Trafficking is that every year thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. They are being exploited for manual and sexual labor against their will. B. Evidence 1. According to the A21 Campaign, there are more slaves in the world today than at any other point in human history, with an estimated 27 million in bondage. Only 1-2% of victims are ever rescued. 2. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services states, “After drug dealing, trafficking of humans is tied with arms dealing as the second-largest criminal industry in the world.” 3. According to Not for Sale Campaign, slavery is......

Words: 839 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...ENGL107-1301B-11 American Intercontinental University Abstract Victims of human trafficking are being sold and degraded for little to nothing at all. This is known as modern day slavery and something needs to be done to stop this crime. Human trafficking is a clear violation of human rights is an increasing crime that seems to be getting worse. Many laws are being put in place to stop this crime from spreading at the rate that it is going. Human trafficking is the illegal trade of another human being. There are over 27 million people all over the world that are currently being forced into this form of slavery everyday with little to no way out. The problem in the United States is continually growing at a rapid rate (Safehorizon, 2013). As a transnational crime, human trafficking requires intense international co-operation to be limited and controlled. To pinpoint the problem to one particular region or nation would be to challenge any efforts to control it. Human trafficking is the modern day equivalent of slavery and must be recognized as such by the international community if this transnational crime is to be controlled and stopped. Many believe that human trafficking began in the 1800s, as blacks were forced to do unwanted gestures but people of all races and also children started to become victims of this heinous crime. Many laws have been put into place to stop the trade of humans over the years but there is still more that needs to be done. We have to raise......

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...Human Trafficking In the United States and around the world there is a growing problem that people do not know about, but that is a growing concern it is Human Trafficking. In the last few years more is becoming known about the seriousness of the problem in society with human trafficking. It is a growing problem because children, young women, and men are taken every day, and they are physically, emotionally, and sexually abused, sold for sex, and then used for profit. Society believes human trafficking only exists in foreign countries, but that is not true, it is happening in United State Cities every day. Human trafficking defined as transporting a person with the use of force or threat. Human trafficking entails recruiting, abduction and deception by a person for purchase. The purpose of human trafficking is subjecting a person to involuntary slave-like practices, or forced labor. Power and abuse is the primary foundation with this issue. The victim is brainwashed by the perpetrator in believing they will be killed, or their with the direction of the capturer. Eventually the victims begin to do what they are taught to do, and never want to return home. The victims will become accustom to the lifestyle, and believe that that is all will ever become of them. People hear stories about human trafficking in faraway places out of the United States. Human trafficking is happening in our neighborhoods. Even our farm workers who are picking strawberries here in California are......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...By: Crystal Busscher 5th hour Sex Slaves The Burmese government has committed serious abuses and blocked humanitarian aid to tens of thousands of displaced civilians since June 2011, in fighting in Burma's northern Kachin State, Human Rights Watch said. Some 75,000 ethnic Kachin displaced persons and refugees are in desperate need of food, medicine, and shelter, Human Rights Watch said. In Burma, the Burmese army have been attacking villages, razed homes, pillaged properties, and forcing the displacement of tens of thousands of people. The soldiers have threatened and also tortured civilians during interrogations and raped women. They also are forcing people even children as young as 14 years old to work in the mines. The Kachin civilians say that they are also forcing them to work on the front lines for the Burmese army, enduring torture, and being fired upon by the soldier. Human Rights Watch traces the women and girls' cross-border transport and their confinement in illegal brothels throughout Thailand where they are forced to work off their debt, often with 100 percent interest, through what amounts to sexual servitude. In addition to debt bondage, the women and girls face a wide range of abuses, including illegal confinement; forced labor; rape; physical abuse; exposure to HIV/AIDS; and, in some cases, murder. The Burmese women and girls work ten to eighteen hours a day, twenty-five days a month with anywhere from 5-15 clients a day. Health care and birth......

Words: 983 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Human Trafficking

...Human trafficking starts off with the promise of an opportunity for a better life for the individual being trafficked and their family that they are trying to provide for. Most victims that are trafficked include women and children, mostly from poverty stricken areas. Trafficking can begin with an online or newspaper ad for a business opportunity. Another way is through an acquaintance of a friend or family member who offers a job opportunity. People who fall victim to trafficking are promised a job opportunity that is false and then the individuals who have committed the trafficking scam, coercion, or threaten the individuals into an illegal game of trade. Sometimes those traffickers make up a bogus debt that must be re-paid and then coerce the victims into working for free in order to pay off the phony debt (Salett, 2011). It has increasingly shown that the traffickers are part of a worldwide ring of corruption and that there are members of law enforcement and corrupt government officials and agencies who are involved with the transportation of individuals. These same officials also assist with the process of keeping the prisoners enslaved from the initial contact to the point of sale (Salett, 2011). Once individuals are a part of a human trafficking ring, all identification and personal items are confiscated from them making these individuals harder to identify. There are more than 12,000 victims of human trafficking who are smuggled into the United States and sold into......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...Abstract Every human being is born with the rights of their own life and the pursuit of happiness. Through this crucial practice these people are deprived of these rights, they can no longer exercise what is granted to them as human rights. Human trafficking is the control and exploitation of others against their own free will. After illegal drugs and arms trafficking human trafficking is the next most profitable criminal activity. This paper will give the insight of human trafficking and how it effects human’s life as a whole. This paper will also discuss the moral and legal considerations of human trafficking, the Impact of human trafficking on the global communities, the Impact of human trafficking on US foreign policy and laws, and the Impact of human trafficking on me as an individual, as well as the pro and cons. Human trafficking Introduction Amongst the multiple crimes against humanity, human trafficking is one of the most common (UNODC, 2011). From Human trafficker leader, (2011), human trafficking is a form of modern day slavery. This is characteristic from the fact that humans are bought, sold and smuggled in the form of slaves into foreign countries. Mostly, the humans from poor nations fall victims in deceit that they will be granted new and good jobs in the foreign lands and the only thing is for them to pay a little fee and get ready to get to the greener pastures in their lives. This is in accordance to the UNODC (2011) which clearly states that humans......

Words: 4662 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...| Human Trafficking | Business Law II | Dr. Annette Whitby | | | | Amanda Ransdell 4/25/2013 Outline Introduction: Human trafficking is the fastest increasing criminal industry in today’s world, coming in second after illegal drug-trade. This type of slavery has been traced back to the ancient Mesopotamian and Mediterranean civilization and has continued to grow. What is human trafficking? Commonly referred to as "modern-day slavery" is the illegal trade of human beings in return for labor or for exploitation (Sex Trafficking in the U.S., 2013). “Trafficking in persons” means the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of other or other forms of sexual exploitation, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.” [ (Human Trafficking Full Definition, 2012) ]. A. Definition “trafficking in persons” B. Women and children succeptible C. Health related problems D. Statistics/Government I. Government Acts A. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA)  B. Mann Act...

Words: 2434 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

... On Human trafficking Course: Composition & Communication English (102) Submitted to: Muhammad zakaria Submitted by: # Kh.Hasan Al Mehedy Id: 2012-1-10-219 # Imtiaz Ahmed Id: 2012-1-10-201 # Syed Ahmed Sohom Id: 2012-1-10-193 Letter of Authorization Letter of Authorization 12 November 12 Student of Composition & Communication Skill Fall 2012 East West University Plot: A/2, Jahurul Islam City, Aftabnagar Dhaka-1212 Dear Student, As a part of your Composition & Communication Skill course, you are hereby assigned a group report based on human trafficking in your eng-102 course. Assigned report must follow the standard system and methodology and should contain accurate data. This is a group task. You should form a group consisting of at least 3 but no more than 5 people. The university will appreciate any additional benefit that can be obtained from your report. You are required to submit the report on or before December 18, 2012. I wish you best of luck. Sincerely ………………….. Muhammad Zakaria (Lecturer) Department of English East West University Letter of Transmittal 20 November 2012 Muhammad Zakaria Lecturer Department of English East West University Plot: A/2, Jahurul Islam City, Aftabnagar Dhaka-1212 Subject: Submission of term paper on Human Trafficking. Dear Sir, We are the students of ENG-102 of your section 16. You permitted us to conduct a group report based on Human Trafficking in your...

Words: 4692 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Human Trafficking

...The Human Toy In our world today, we see and hear about an abundance of crime and human dysfunction. We see cases of illegal trade of weapons and drugs. Yes, this causes distress throughout the county and our world, but these are just “things.” Beyond the drugs and weapons, there is an even worse kind of illegal trade. Humans. Besides the illegal trade of weapons and drugs, human trafficking is the third largest illegal money-maker (Farr 2). Human trafficking is the purchase, sale, recruitment, harboring, transportation, transfer, or receipt of a person for the purpose of commercial sex (Gerdes 19). This being the world’s third largest illegal industry, it is rarely heard of and expressed. Human Trafficking is an enormous global problem. Of the estimated four million people who are trafficked around the world each year, over one million are trafficked into the sex industry. The volume keeps increasing. Researchers believe that the “actual” numbers are much higher than these estimates because many instances of trafficking go undetected (Farr 3). Researchers have concluded that sex trafficking is one of the most, if not the most, rapidly growing form of human trafficking (Farr 5). This industry is expanding at an ever accelerating rate, operating in marketplaces where supply and demand are high and risks to the traffickers are low, making it a highly profitable and enduring business (Farr 3). , The fastest-growing source region is the former......

Words: 2047 - Pages: 9