Free Essay

Hybrid Music

In: Film and Music

Submitted By anzaijaz
Words 776
Pages 4
13th Oct, 2014
Music 156

World Music

The type of music that I initially chose to write about for this assignment was Qawwali, which is a devotional music of Sufis; however, during my hunt to buy a CD, I came across a new genre called fusion where qawwali is blended with western music. This was totally new to me. I was instantly drawn to the music it had to offer and as a result I bought it right away. The name of the CD is Night Song and it came out in 1996. It is a collaboration of two artists: Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan from Pakistan and Michael Brook from Canada. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan is famous for his intense and powerful voice in qawwali while Michael brook is famous for his talent in guitar and composing music scores. The CD contains 8 tracks which are composed together by both the artists except track 7 which is the sole effort of Khan. Most of the songs contain the voice of Khan, as these are all his original qawwalis just presented through a western music prism. What struck me the most is how they totally changed the music of the original tracks, yet the authenticity remains. My family members are a huge fan of Khan and listen to his Sufi music. I was never attracted to it personally because it sounded pretty dull due to the fact that it usually contains a tabla, harmonium and manipulation of high and low pitched voices. With the fusion of so many electronic instruments, the music has become so much more lively and ambient for me to listen to. I think one feature that has helped both the artist make the album so cohere is the use of keyboard and guitar according to the sound of harmonium and voice of khan himself. Every time I listen to the tracks, it’s so pleasing to listen to Khan’s voice being synchronized with the guitar riffs and keyboard sounds. The two tracks that I have heard to be polar opposite to each other are track 7 and track 5. The original version of track 5 is in fact one of my favorites by Khan and like our guest speaker Mr.Riad Ismat said, that the spirituality of a song cannot be interpreted the same by everyone, this song has a similar nature as it talks about the relation with God, yet one may confuse it with a love for a lover. On the other hand, track 7 is the only track in the entire CD that been written and composed by Khan only. This track reminds of classical Indian music. As one listens to it, you may realize that it has no lyrics and in fact barely uses any other instruments besides keyboard (minimum use of keyboard) and drone. Drone is basically a musical piece which is characterized by harmonic variations that keep going on in the background. This can be heard in track 7. It’s purely classical and can give you a hard time in articulating the strong and weak counts in the “meter”. As suggested in Wade textbook, it might be helpful using a “colotomic meter” in a situation like this because the notes provide a structure for the song to be built upon. Track 5 is totally opposite to this. It uses a variety of instruments to blend the qawwali with western music. At the very start of the song, one hears guitar riffs and this sort of gives you an ambient feeling and then all of a sudden Khan starts by “tere bin nai lagda dil mera dholna” which means I can’t live without you my loved one. As the song goes on, drums can be heard with bass, and guitar still in the background. In the halfway of the song, tablas and harmonium are introduced into the song and from there on there is literally a blend of every musical instrument which sounds so beautiful. Khan tries to fuse his high pitched voice with the electronic riffs of the guitar and drums and tries to capture the interest of western audience in my opinion. His voices make me feel shallow, yet energetic. In a nutshell, this is an amazing collaboration of two artists who are very different in their work, they play different instruments, think different and here they are trying to fuse the cultural elements of south East Asia; Pakistan in specific with western music. I think they did a fairly decent job in mixing the cultural components and as a reason this album was nominated for a Grammy award for best world music album in 1997.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Hybrids

...revenue, reduce cost, and increases market share of the firm. Objective I propose to review the following objectives in order to invest on hybrid vehicles component/services. * Explain the importance of Hybrid Vehicle Components/Services to reduce U.S. dependency on foreign oil. * Illustrate the importance of Hybrid vehicles in order to get rid of high prices/cost of gasoline. * Demonstrate the benefits that hybrid vehicles bring to the firm i.e. high revenue, increased market share and greater profits. Scope Hybrid vehicles have a wide scope in upcoming future due to following reasons: * Increase companies revenues and profits because of reduction of gasoline usage. * Hybrids can operate on alternative fuels that have flex fuel possibilities. * Dependency on fossils fuels will be decreased. * Fuel efficiency is greatly increased (twice). * Emissions are greatly decreased. * Regenerative braking actually makes city driving more economical than on the highway. As Gasoline becomes more and more expensive, the hybrids will become more common and even plug in type electric vehicles will also be more popular all over the world. Terminology Hybrid vehicle: A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more than two distinct power sources to move the vehicle. The term most commonly refers to hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), which combine internal combustion engine and one or more electric motors. Regenerative braking: A method of......

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ford Hybrid

...Paper #2: Ford Hybrid Jennifer Bevins 3/25/12 The Ford Hybrid was a great addition to the Ford Motorcars family of vehicles. It kept the company competitive in the automotive market and is helping the environment. Building an SUV of this caliber was not an easy task for the team assigned to the project, but their hard work paid off when the new vehicle was unveiled. There were many stages in the development of the new vehicle including: conceptualization, planning, execution, and termination. The SUV hybrid was first conceptualized when a manager test drove the Toyota Prius, a small hybrid car. The person liked the idea of the hybrid motor but wanted something larger with more horsepower and towing capabilities. With the idea for the new SUV the project moved into the planning stage where it stayed for several years. When the company came to a time crunch on the project it was forced to move to the execution stage where the SUV was actually built to scale and trouble shooting and problem solving took place. When the vehicle made it to the termination phase it was turned over to the consumer. Since going to the consumer Ford has had great success with its hybrid vehicle (Department of Energy). With the complexity of the Ford Hybrid project, it was a good idea for Phil Martens to have two project managers. In the beginning, Prabhaker Patil was a great fit because of his previous history working in product development. He was a PhD scientist with over 15 years of......

Words: 634 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Hybrid or

...A Hybrid Operating Suite at Community Medical Center Russell F Stahl, M.D., Carmen Sciandria, CCP, Cassandra Cuesta, BA The Evolution of Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease Surgery for coronary artery disease (CABG), valve repair and replacement, and the treatment of aortic disease, all have a remarkable history of success and evolution. Just as with computer technology, the trend in surgery has been to become smaller, faster and better. The treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is moving towards less invasive and, in many cases, catheter based technologies. First interventional radiologists, then cardiologists, and now cardiac and vascular surgeons have embraced this trend. Clinicians are encouraged by outcomes that appear to be at least as good, albeit with trade-offs, and a high level of patient acceptance. Hybrid operating rooms - rooms combining operating room sterility and functionality with fixed angiography and echocardiographic imaging- are rapidly growing in prevalence and gaining increased interest from hospital administrators. These rooms are used by cardiac surgeons, vascular surgeons, interventional cardiologists, and neuro-interventionalists, and are suited for both open and closed procedures, as well as collaborative “hybrid” procedures. Given the dynamic nature of this room, these investments require thoughtful preparation operationally and logistically, especially when planning for physician and support staff that will work and cover call in this...

Words: 2690 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

No to Hybrid Cars

...now is a hybrid vehicle. The question that comes to mind is, are hybrid vehicles worth it? With record high gas prices due to the price of oil, most car owners out there have major concerns over their gas usage. Over the past ten years, the cost of gasoline has grown 250%! The price of oil has doubled since January of this year. The high prices of oil and gas is the driving factor for most of the people to trade their gas powered vehicles for hybrid vehicles. These vehicles promise to give consumers more mileage per gallon, the truth is that only a few vehicles currently in the market actually make any sort of financial sense. There are quite a few issues with buying hybrid vehicles, even with gas prices at more than $4 a gallon. First, these vehicles are much higher in price than their gas powered counter part so, the premiums attached to their price tags do not justify extra mileage that you get. In some cases car dealers are selling popular vehicles at much higher prices than MSRP. Second, there are no laws and regulations controlling the technology, price, and the mileage per gallon required out of these vehicles. Currently, there are hybrid vehicles in the market that offer an improvement of 3MPG to 18 MPG over their gas powered counterpart. This is a huge range that needs to be controlled. Third, the demand of these vehicles is driving the prices of the vehicles even higher, if people knew that it would take many years for fuel savings to pay back the hybrid......

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hybrid

...ABSTRACT The idea is to achieve the goals of reduced fuel consumption and emissions by improving efficiency using hybrid architecture (Engine + Motor/s) compared to presently used engine based architecture. The flow chart can be found on the next page. WHAT a) Increase the efficiency by reducing losses when engine is idling and/or engine is operating at low rpm - Common indian metro city scenario due to large traffics b) There by reduce the emission WHY a) Let us assume the an average car engine operating on a road with traffic problems like Bangalore operates in total “m” minutes in idling and “n” minutes at low rpm (threshold rpm is one of the variable) b) Now convert these “m” and “n” minutes of fuel losses and increased emission due to incomplete combustion of fuel into monetary value say INR “X” c) Come up with hybrid architecture with monetary value say INR “Y” which will have capability to provide enough power during these “m” and “n” minutes d) Design for the case where “Y” < “X” (parameters like initial cost, maintenance cost, break even point in terms of no of years, etc will be part of this analysis) HOW 1. Hybrid architecture design will be based on parameters from a) Average car usage, b) Road conditions, c) Cost of car, d) Battery charging - Stations/Alternative methods. 2. During idling and low speed operation, most of the power will come from battery, engine if is operating will be used to recharge battery, once car picks up a particular speed......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hybrids

...1. Are hybrid electrical vehicles a radical innovation or an incremental innovation? Are they competence enhancing or competence destroying, and from whose perspective? How would you answer these questions for fuel cell vehicles? Hybrid electrical cars/vehicles could be considered an incremental innovation because they build on existing engine technology, and do not require big changes in the fueling infrastructure or in consumer behavior. It is still a bridging technology from current fossil energy and just supplemented by battery-powered emission that basically charged by fuel engine. When we looing at it from major stakeholders (customers, automakers, petroleum companies)’s point of view, the technology will likely be seen as competence enhancing, though it might be seen as competence destroying to an automaker that is unwilling to develop a hybrid electric vehicle. I would consider fuel-cell vehicles are a more radical innovation that requires more significant changes to be made to the body of a vehicle, to its engine, to the fueling infrastructure, and to consumer behavior. Fuel cell vehicles are competence destroying for the petroleum companies, gas stations and perhaps even for many automakers. They might be competence enhancing for battery makers (since the vehicles will require much larger and advanced batteries). Until we know more about the changes consumers will have to make to use fuel-cell vehicles, it is difficult to assess whether the technology will be...

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hybrid Cars

...Tecnologia/Technology THE USE OF HYBRID VEHICLES AS A PROPOSAL FOR REDUCING CO2 EMISSIONS AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS C. A. R. de Carvalho, and W. Q. Lamas University of Taubate Postgraduate Programme in Mechanical Engineering Rua Daniel Danelli, s/n – Jd. Morumbi 12060-440, Taubate, SP, Brazil carlosalfredo.carvalho@hotmail.com, wendell@unitau.br ABSTRACT The problems related to energy consumption and pollutant emissions for the transport sector represent a major global concern regarding climate changes caused by greenhouse gases, directly related to the increased level of gas emissions from fossil fuels , the main one being carbon dioxide. One way to minimize this problem is through the introduction of new technologies. Hybrid cars are one of the new technology options that has the main advantage of reducing fuel consumption and therefore reducing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. This paper gives an introduction to hybrid vehicles, with the aim of presenting their main advantages and evaluate their impact on emissions of CO2 in the Brazilian fleet, compared to conventional vehicles. Keywords: CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, hybrid vehicles. NOMENCLATURE AR ER PEF N average round by a vehicle, km/year emission rate of CO2 per vehicle, t/year pollutant emission factor, g/km number of vehicles in the year INTRODUCTION Climate change and the increase in greenhouse gases are the main topics of discussion today in global......

Words: 3599 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Hybrid Cars

...3/17/2011 Efficiency of Hybrid cars Have you been to the gas station lately? Have you been shocked with the high fuel prices? When the price went beyond $40 or higher you must have thought for a second to trade in your SUV for a car with a better gas mileage, or you even might have thought about global warming. The car industry has found a technology that has an answer for these questions. The answer is the hybrid car. Most of the big car manufacturers have a hybrid model on the market. You might have heard about some or even seen some driving down the street already. Hybrid cars work differently than other cars, they are made differently than other cars, they perform differently than other cars and they are more efficient than other cars. How does a hybrid car work? What is it that a hybrid car is so much more efficient than a normal car, and is it really better for the environment because the gas mileage is so much better? In this essay I want to explain how this amazing technology called hybrid car works. What makes a car a hybrid car? Every vehicle is a hybrid when it uses two or more energy sources. In fact, a lot of people have owned or still own a hybrid. For example, an electronic bike is a hybrid because it combines the power of an engine with the force that comes from people using the pedals. Hybrid vehicles are everywhere around us. A lot of diesel locomotives pulling trains are diesel-electric hybrids. In cities like Seattle, they use diesel-electric busses...

Words: 1747 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hybrid Cars

...Hybrid Cars Hybrid Cars “Some hybrid cars are ahead of our current times. Others tend to turn heads because of their cut and dry appearance as they travel the streets. Either way, they are becoming increasingly popular. Many drivers have decided that hybrid cars are more adept because of their fuel efficiency and their ability to conserve our environment. Others appreciate the savings at the pump and admire the convenience of filling up less often” (Hewitt, Lyons, Suchocki, & Yeh, 2007). So which hybrid cars have the best technology, manufacturing, price, and impact on our environment? According to Kelley Blue Book, as of June 2012, the highest consumer rated hybrids are listed below along with their scores: 1. 2012 Toyota Prius C 9.7 / 10 2. 2011 BMW X6 9.5 / 10 3. 2011 Mercedes-Benz S-Class 9.4 / 10 4. 2011 Lincoln MKZ 9.2 / 10 5. 2011 Honda CR-Z 9.2 / 10 (Listing provided by Kelley Blue Book, www.kbb.com, 2012) “The 2012 Toyota Prius C is the number one choice of consumers. The biggest advantages begin with the low starting price below $20,000. It has an augmented body and great battery and powertrain position. It is great for fuel economy as it allows better than 50 miles per gallon. The size of this vehicle is also admirable because it is convenient when trying to find a place to park. The gas engine is conjoined with an electric motor and the system also holds braking energy in a nickel metal hydride......

Words: 2879 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Hybrid Vehcile

...SAE TECHNICAL PAPER SERIES 2003-01-2307 A Comparative Study of the Production Applications of Hybrid Electric Powertrains Harry L. Husted Delphi Corporation Reprinted From: Hybrid Vehicle and Energy Storage Technologies (SP-1789) Future Transportation Technology Conference Costa Mesa, California June 23-25, 2003 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096-0001 U.S.A. Tel: (724) 776-4841 Fax: (724) 776-5760 Web: www.sae.org All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of SAE. For permission and licensing requests contact: SAE Permissions 400 Commonwealth Drive Warrendale, PA 15096-0001-USA Email: permissions@sae.org Fax: 724-772-4891 Tel: 724-772-4028 For multiple print copies contact: SAE Customer Service Tel: 877-606-7323 (inside USA and Canada) Tel: 724-776-4970 (outside USA) Fax: 724-776-1615 Email: CustomerService@sae.org ISSN 0148-7191 Copyright © 2003 SAE International Positions and opinions advanced in this paper are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of SAE. The author is solely responsible for the content of the paper. A process is available by which discussions will be printed with the paper if it is published in SAE Transactions. Persons wishing to submit papers to be considered for presentation or publication by SAE should send the......

Words: 7015 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

The Hybrid Church

...Hybrid Church Dave Browning’s Hybrid Church, claims that those churches that emphasize community, togetherness, fellowship, and belonging are considered to belong to intimacy. The churches focusing on outreach and mission are related to impact. According to Browning, the discourse of the church is exclusive of the other where a new church should engage in activities of learning new things and later behave in a manner that cooperate with others. The hybrid church provides a new aspect for making discussions regarding the advantages of both big and small ministries (Browning 2010). This book also provides a better background on how people can understand the concept regarding intrinsic value of blends about the hybrid church. When focusing on the three chapters of the book, the author focuses on balancing by extreme. This is a means of achieving intimacy and impact. Becoming a hybrid church has taken a different dimension as compared to the past church model. There is a spectrum of church ministry that has an intimacy on one side and the other side has an impact. Evidence shows that most modern churches are drawn almost magnetically in respect to either of one of the above concepts. Those churches that focus on togetherness, belonging, fellowship, and community aspect is said to belong to the intimacy spectrum. The group of churches that aim at mission and outreach are related to an aspect of the impact spectrum. In this case, it is essential in the first place to......

Words: 1266 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Hybrid Cars

...following as the 5 top rated Hybrid cars. 1. 2016 Ford Fusion Hybrid 2. 2016 Toyota Avalon Hybrid 3. 2016 Toyota Camry Hybrid 4. 2016 Chevrolet Volt 5. 2016 Toyota Prius US News & World report ranking and reviews, new car rankings are based on a consensus of America's top automotive experts, as well as safety and reliability data. The reliability score contributing to the U.S. News rankings is the Predicted Reliability rating provided by J.D. Power and Associates. This score is based on the past three years of historical initial quality and dependability data from J.D. Power's automotive studies, specifically the Vehicle Dependability Study (VDS) and the Initial Quality Study (IQS).The rankings do not rely on our own tests or U.S. News editors' preferences. They combine two types of information: published reviews from respected automotive critics and safety and reliability data from third-party sources. Source: US News & World report. In analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of each cars technology, price, manufacturing, and the impact on the Environment, I find that the comparisons of the 5 different models may vary slightly, but the end goal of the manufacturer is to produce a vehicle that is high on Safety and the impact on the Environment. Hybrid cars, the combination of an electric and gasoline powered car, function based upon certain principles that govern their operation. All gasoline vehicles utilize a battery, and the hybrid is no different except for......

Words: 290 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hybrid Vehicles

...the money that it generates for oil companies. During the last decade hybrid automobiles have begun to take a more prominent role in the automobile industry. “Historically, many in the automobile and oil industries have fought progress on electric cars. It's the same story we've seen before with seat belts and catalytic converters: The automakers leave the technology on the shelf until policymakers require them to do what is in the best interests of the American people.” (Anair & Shahan, 20011). Policy will dictate how the industry will be impacted over the next five years. Lawmakers are constantly changing the rules and regulations that automakers have to produce cars by. In the following essay we will use a macro trend analysis to determine the path of the hybrid vehicle. Issues Legislation has evolved over recent years requiring automakers to adhere to a minimum fuel economy standard. As gas prices continue to rise, people have started to trend toward more energy efficient means of transportation. Hybrid vehicles have an electric motor along with rechargeable batteries and have an increased efficiency of up to 50 percent. There is an onboard computer that switches between gas and electric power. The hybrid car runs on the energy of the battery when it is cruising, using less energy. When it needs additional power, the fuel engine is used for energy purposes. The market for hybrids can be analyzed by looking at the macro-environmental trends......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Hybrid Proposal

...outlines the research I would like to continue regarding the feasibility of alternative energy sources in vehicles, particularly in hybrid vehicles. I have included a summary of the topic, a description of the graphics I plan to use, deadlines that will be met, costs involved, and an outline for the report. I am quite eager to research this topic more and appreciate you taking the time to read through this proposal. If you need to get a hold of me, you can reach me at bpryan@ualberta.ca. Attached: “Proposal: Are Hybrids Really That Good?” Proposal: Are Hybrids Really That Good? Introduction The following is a proposal to write a research report analysing the efficiency and environmental sustainability of switching from a traditional fuel burning vehicle to a hybrid. This proposal will contain some information on the contents of the research paper, a presumed audience level, a schedule and outline for the areas I will address in the paper, as well as my qualifications for researching this topic. A budget as well as a list of project deadlines will also be added to the end of this proposal. With regards to my topic, it will focus on the most common type of hybrid: the electric hybrid. This vehicle combines an internal combustion engine with one or more electric motors to decrease fuel consumption and contribute less to pollution. These electric hybrids have always interested me and so to have the opportunity to research this topic would really open my eyes to the cold......

Words: 1138 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hybrid Cars

...Written by: swiss_2415 Hybrid Vehicles 1 Hybrid Vehicles: (Effects on the environment) Arthur Gil Environmental Investigations Professor April 4,2005 Hybrid Vehicles 2 As gasoline prices increase and the environment becomes unstable, people will begin to look for other modes to power their automobiles. One of those modes is know as hybrid power. A vehicle is considered a hybrid when it combines two or more sources of power. For example, a mo-ped (a motorized pedal bike) is a type of hybrid because it combines the power of a gasoline engines with the pedal power of the rider. Hybrid vehicles are an alternative being used to decrease the emissions of vehicles and to decrease the amount of fossil fuels being used. Hybrid vehicles also cost less to operate because of the decreased fuel usage. The gasoline-electric hybrid car is a cross between a gasoline-powered car and an electric car. Hybrid vehicles are all around us. Most of the locomotives we see pulling trains are diesel-electric hybrids. According too How Cars Work, Cities like Seattle have diesel-electric buses these can draw electric power from overhead wires or run on diesel when they are away from the wires. There are two kinds of hybrids. The parallel hybrid has a fuel tank which supplies gasoline to the engine. But it also has a set of batteries that supplies power to an electric motor. Both the engine and the electric motor can turn the transmission at the same time, and the transmission then turns the......

Words: 1638 - Pages: 7