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Hypatia the Philosopher

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By mpsd08
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Hypatia the philosopher (Agora Movie) * Philosopher * Mathematician * Scientist

Theon Father of Hypatia

Christian tried to eradicate the pagans from the earth.
Pagans fought and unfortunately they were too many since they were the poor.
Pagans retreat to their library no one can leave or enter, they ran out of food and water. They asked help from the Prephet (mayor) Library Alexandria, province of Rome in Egypt, he forgave them for attacking them but the condition was to give up the library and give it to the Christians. They burned them and destroyed everything. They don’t want the knowledge to be passed down to the next generation.

YouTube – Agora-Hypatia – last moments of the Library of Alexandria
Describe how Christians destroyed the scrolls. Statues were destroyed as well.

When Hypatia died, Alexandria stopped being the focal point of philosophy.

Hypatia * pushed the idea that the earth revolved around the sun in a shape of an elipse * skinned alive using oyster shells, stoned, dragged to the city of Alexandria * accused of witch craft and ungodliness * killed by a mob * provoking her students or the masses in what they believe

Pagan * non Christian, non Jew, non Muslim, during the ancient Roman times * first religion * Christians accused pagans of devil worship (rituals revered the devil) * A horned-god named Pan * Not Christian you will be stoned to death, in Alexandria

Soldiers of Christ * killed Hypatia * they did charity works and gave their life for it * stone anyone who is not Christian * St. Cidil, ordered the killings of non Christians, he wrote a lot of doctrines that strength the Christian faith

Christian propaganda * Holiday winter solstice * Yule tide greetings – burn logs of Yule * October 31, new year of the witches * Chalice – blood of Christ, candles – for their request to reach to the gods, spells / spell craft – creative visualization
-------------------------------------------------

PowerPoint Notes

Hypatia
Neo-Platonic Philosopher
-Follower of Plato but revived version of it

Hypatia of Alexandria * Born about 370AD * She was the first woman to make a substantial contribution to the development of mathematics * She taught the philosophical ideas of Neo-Platonism with a greater scientific emphasis * She is described by all commentators as a charismatic teacher * Hypatia came to symbolize learning and science which the early Christian identifies with paganism * This led to Hypatia becoming the focal point of riots between Christians and non-Christians. * Children should be taught philosophy * Adviser to the Prephet (mayor)

* Hypatia was firmly convinced of the importance of universal education. in direct contradiction of the Roman Empire’s official Christian Doctrines. She advocated the education of all children, girls as well as boys, and she admonished that unquestioning acceptance of dogma was worse than no education at all.

* “Reserve your right tot think, for even to think wrongly is better than not to think at all” * “To rule by fettering the mind through fear of punishment in another world is just as a base as to use force” * “All formal dogmatic religions are delusive and must never be accepted by self-respecting persons as final” * “Men will fight for superstition as quickly as for the living truth – even more so, since superstition in intangible, you cant get at it to refute it, but truth is a point of view, and so changeable”

* She was murdered in March of 415 AD by Christians who felt threatened by her scholarship, learning, and depth of scientific knowledge

* Many scholars departed soon after making the beginning………

Neoplatonism * The founder of Neoplatonism was Plotinus * Plotinus taught that there is an ultimate reality which is beyond the reach of thought or language * The object of life was to aim at this ultimate reality which could never be precisely described

Plotinus * There is a supreme, totally transcendent “One”, containing no division, multiplicity or distinction * The “less perfect” must of necessity, “emanate”, or issue forth, from the “perfect” or “more perfect”. Thus, all of “creation “emanates from the One in succeeding stages of lesser and lesser perfection. These stages are not temporally isolated, but occur throughout time as a constant process

Hypatia and The One * Hypatia believed in a divine being, “the One”, which as the ultimate source of all reality. She wanted to get closer to “ the One” and taught her students to break away from the world of matter by searching for the soul, which is the

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