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International Accounting Standards Board
Accounting plays a very significant role in the success of any business organization as it helps its users make decisions. Different accounting principles grew out of the divergent economic and social environments of various nations and regions. Difference among national accounting become more disconcerting when trade barriers between nations were reduced due to international cooperation developments. Efforts have increased during the past decade to move nations toward using international standards. The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) is an organization that regulates the accounting standards which are accepted globally by almost all the countries in the world. This paper will first discuss the history of IASB. Next it will explain the structure of IASB. After that, the paper will talk about how International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are created. Finally, it will describe the effort to converge IFRS with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).

History of IASB International Accounting Standards Board was first known as International Accounting Standard Committee (IASC) which existed from 1973 to 2001. It was responsible for developing the International Accounting Standards (IASs) and promoting the use and application of these standards. After nearly 25 years of achievement, the IASC concluded that it must find a way to converge between national accounting standards and practices, and create high-quality global accounting standards. To do that, IASC saw a need to change its structure in order to better work together toward global harmonization. The IASC operated until April 2001 when the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) assumed its accounting standard-setting responsibilities from it. (Hoyle B., Doupnik S. and Schaefer F) The headquarters…...

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