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Identify and Briefly Explain Three Reasons That Support the Claim That American Society Is Becoming Increasingly Secular. (9 Marks)

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Identify and briefly explain three reasons that support the claim that American society is becoming increasingly secular. (9 marks)

One of the main reasons that support the claim that American society is becoming increasingly secular is the decline in church attendance. Bruce argues that America is becoming more secular. There is a decline in attendance even though statistics suggest otherwise. Opinion polls suggest attendance has-been stable around 40% since 1940. However Hadaway's research team visited churches in Ashtabula County to find in Original statistics did not match the churches. If 40% of all Americans attended Church the churches would be then full but they were not. These statistic may apply to the religious people in America however not the nation as a whole. Or also people being surveyed may be drawn into the Hawthorne effect, as it is still seen as socially desirable or normative to go to church so people who no longer attend church will say they still go if asked.

Another reason to support the claim of America becoming increasingly secular is secularisation from within. Bruce argues that the manner American religion has accustomed to the modern world amounts to secularisation from within. Religion has become a form of therapy and importance on traditional Christian beliefs has declined. The change has enabled it to fit in with a secular society, so American religion has continued to be popular however it is becoming less religion. The purpose of religion has become more about seeking personal improvement in this world rather than seeking salvation in the afterlife.

The other reason that supports this claim is religious diversity. Bruce once more identifies that there is a trend towards practical relativism among American Christians; this requires the acceptance of the perspective that others are entitled to hold beliefs that are different...

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