Premium Essay

Identify and Explain the Main Changes That Have Occured to the Employment Relations Environment.

In: Business and Management

Submitted By eunicelaw8
Words 2326
Pages 10
Identify and explain the main changes that have occured to the employment relations environment.

A successful employment relationship is the fundamental element of any successful business or organisation, hence, it is essential and the reason of all the organizations continues seeking methods to improve and maintain these relationships. There are many philosophers and writers have studied and written lots of different theories and approaches that are related to employment relationship. These theories and approaches have changed rapidly from the classical era to the modern era. Furthermore, illustrating issues that have evolved through changes in the employment relations environments such as the nature of work, technology, managerial regimes, regulation, policy and globalisation. The purpose of this essay is to identify and explain the main changes that listed above. The second part of this essay identifies those changes or improvement of employment relations environment that can benefit both the employers and employees by creating a healthy and supportive working environment. Employees who have strong employment relationships, are more satisfied and keen on work, also, they tend to have helpful and friendly co-workers as well as high levels of employee trust and commitment with employer. The establishment of regulation and policies such as labour law, minimum wages, Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) enhance safety and security in workplace. Thus, strong employment relationships are beneficial to both employees and employer. In addition, a better quality of working environment could also increase the productivity of organisations.

Since automation had been widespread in the manufacturing industry in 1950s and 60s, technologies become a major part of everyday operations in every organization, especially in shipping, mining and meatpacking (Schuster & Weidman,...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Bdhs

...Social Change and Modernity Edited By Hans Haferkamp and Neil J. Smelser UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS Berkeley Los Angeles Oxford © 1992 The Regents of the University of California INTRODUCTION Hans Haferkamp and Neil J. Smelser Haferkamp is grateful to Angelika Schade for her fruitful comments and her helpful assistance in editing this volume and to Geoff Hunter for translating the first German version of parts of the Introduction; Smelser has profited from the research assistance and critical analyses given by Joppke. 1. Social Change and Modernity Those who organized the conference on which this volume is based—including the editors— decided to use the terms "social change" and "modernity" as the organizing concepts for this project. Because these terms enjoy wide usage in contemporary sociology and are general and inclusive, they seem preferable to more specific terms such as "evolution" "progress," "differentiation," or even "development," many of which evoke more specific mechanisms, processes, and directions of change. Likewise, we have excluded historically specific terms such as "late capitalism" and "industrial society" even though these concepts figure prominently in many of the contributions to this volume. The conference strategy called for a general statement of a metaframework for the study of social change within which a variety of more specific theories could be identified. 2. Theories of Social Change Change is such an evident feature of...

Words: 171529 - Pages: 687

Premium Essay

Mgmt 470 Test Bank 1-4

...Globalization Answer Key True / False Questions 1. As a result of globalization, we have been moving toward a world in which national economies are (p. 7) relatively self-contained entities. FALSE Over the past three decades a fundamental shift has been occurring in the world economy. We have been moving away from a world in which national economies were relatively self-contained entities. AACSB: Analytic Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Objective: 01-01 Understand what is meant by the term globalization. Topic: Introduction 2. By offering the same basic product worldwide, firms help to create a global market. TRUE Consumer products such as Citigroup credit cards, Coca-Cola soft drinks, video games, McDonald’s hamburgers, Starbucks coffee, and IKEA furniture are frequently held up as prototypical examples of this trend. The firms that produce these products are more than just benefactors of this trend; they are also facilitators of it. By offering the same basic product worldwide, they help to create a global market. AACSB: Analytic Blooms: Remember Difficulty: 1 Easy Learning Objective: 01-01 Understand what is meant by the term globalization. Topic: What Is Globalization? 3. A company has to be the size of a multinational giant to facilitate, and benefit from, the globalization of markets. FALSE A company does not have to be the size of multinational giants to facilitate, and benefit from,......

Words: 87342 - Pages: 350

Premium Essay

Economics

...Development • What Makes Development Unsustainable? • Policy for Sustainable Development — Human Development Index — Progress and Setbacks in Human Development • Advances in Human Development—A Global Snapshot • The Limits to Human Development `• The End of Convergence? • India—A Globalization Success Story with a Mixed Record on Human Development — National Human Development Report - 2001 • Indicators — State of Human Development in India • State Level 2. The Environment and Development. 46 — Introduction — The Basic Issues • Sustainable Development and Environmental Accounting • Population, Resources, and the Environment • Poverty and Environment • Growth versus the Environment • Rural Development and the Environment • Urban Development and the Environment • The Global Environment — Consequences of Environmental Damage — The Indian Case • Consequences of Environmental Plunder — Public Policy SECTION - II Indian Economy at Independence 3. India's Economy at Independence. 57 — Introduction — The Relative Importance of Various Industrial Activities • Composition of National Income — The Working Force — The Agrarian Scene • Stagnating Agriculture • Causes — India's Industrial...

Words: 57754 - Pages: 232

Premium Essay

International Business Overview

...UNIT – I INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS – AN OVERVIEW Content Outline          Introduction Definition and meaning of international business Scope of international business Special difficulties in international business Benefits of international business Understanding of international business environment Framework for analyzing the international business environment Summary Review Questions INTRODUCTION One of the most dramatic and significant world trends in the past two decades has been the rapid, sustained growth of international business. Markets have become truly global for most goods, many services, and especially for financial instruments of all types. World product trade has expanded by more than 6 percent a year since 1950, which is more than 50 percent faster than growth of output the most dramatic increase in globalization, has occurred in financial markets. In the global forex markets, billions of dollars are transacted each day, of which more than 90 percent represent financial transactions unrelated to trade or investment. Much of this activity takes place in the so-called Euromarkets, markets outside the country whose currency is used. This pervasive growth in market interpenetration makes it increasingly difficult for any country to avoid substantial external impacts on its economy. In particular massive capital flows can push exchange rates away from levels that accurately reflect competitive relationships among......

Words: 80869 - Pages: 324

Premium Essay

Labor Law

...the Asian Transnational Corporation (ATNC) Monitoring Network has been operational to build up a regional network through which labour organisations in different Asian countries can pursue concrete solidarity actions to improve working conditions of workers employed in transnational corporations (TNC). Against this backdrop, it is aimed to have a closer look at the labour management and forms of employment in automobile and electronics sectors invested by Asian TNCs in Asia. As part of this endeavour, the Centre for Education and Communication (CEC), New Delhi collaborated with the network research coordinated by Asia Monitor Resource Centre (AMRC), Hong Kong to observe the labour practices of Asian TNCs invested in India. In the first phase the network research focused on the movement of capital and its impact on labour by engaging desk research on foreign direct investment (FDI) flows and related aspects. In the current phase, emphasis is on specific cases of labour practices and labour conditions in selected ATNCs. 1.1 Methodology The present study is situated in the wider context of the dichotomy between labour and capital. The changes of production organisation and resultant labour practices and labour unrest at the micro level are seen as responses to macro level ramifications of trade patterns and subsequent policy level rearrangement in the nation states. The case of Toyota Kirloskar is studied in this framework at large. This ATNC Monitoring Network 273 is......

Words: 32270 - Pages: 130

Premium Essay

Developing Multi-Level Leadership

...Feedback to Enhance Student Learning and Teaching Practice 2009 Project Leader Professor James Barber - Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) Project Manager Associate Professor Sandra Jones – Director Learning & Teaching Unit Project Officer Brenda Novak Report written by: Associate Professor Sandra Jones and Brenda Novak. Case studies written by: Dr Mali Abdollahian, Ian McBean, Geoff Outhred, Dr Kate Westberg. Photographs - Copyright © 2009 RMIT University Photographers Margund Sallowsky and Kate Ebbot unless otherwise stated. ISBN 978-1-921426-36-0 Support for this project has been provided by the Australian Learning and Teaching Council, an initiative of the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations. The views expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the Australian Learning and Teaching Council Ltd. This work is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution- NoncommercialShareAlike 2.5 Australia Licence. Under this Licence you are free to copy, distribute, display and perform the work and to make derivative works. Attribution: You must attribute the work to the original authors and include the following...

Words: 49217 - Pages: 197

Premium Essay

Abcd

...management profiles Terje Borge Chan Nam Kiong Finance Customer and Channels Terje joined DiGi as Chief Financial Officer on 2 August 2010. Prior to this, he was Chief Financial Officer for DTAC in Thailand, heading the finance function and taking an active part in the overall management of DTAC, since 2007. He has been with Telenor since 2001 when he joined as Finance Manager, and was later promoted to Senior Vice President responsible for the investment in One GmbH, as well as the Senior Project Manager for merger and acquisition projects in Europe. Terje holds a Master of Science in Business Administration from the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration. Nam Kiong was appointed the Head of Customer and Channels in 2009. He is responsible for driving business results and customer experience at the points of sales or service, across DiGi’s customer channels. He has more than 20 years of experience in the telecommunications industry, where he has held various sales, distribution, and marketing positions. Nam Kiong holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Electronic Engineering from Sussex University, UK. Christian Thrane Ole Martin Gunhildsbu Suriahni Abdul Hamid Strategy and Business Transformation Technology Human Resource Development Christian joined DiGi in June 2010 as Head of Strategy and Business Transformation. Prior to this, he was Head of Market Management of the Consumer Division of ...

Words: 40515 - Pages: 163

Premium Essay

Robins & Robins Sues Casings, Inc.,

...This week's graded topics relate to the following Terminal Course Objectives (TCOs): A | Given an organizational requirement to conform business practices to both the law and best ethical practices, apply appropriate ethical theories to shape a business decision. | I | Given specified circumstances of a business decision to expand to international markets, determine what international legal requirements or regulatory controls apply. | Topics for This Week's Discussion * Introduce yourself to your professor and the rest of the class. (not graded) * Thread over TCO A/I (graded) * Ethics and Patent Rights Post 9/11 (graded) * Q & A Forum for your questions and comments (not graded) | | There is a drop down arrow next to the "Select a Topic" box.  Click on this arrow to select topics for discussion. | ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Select a Topic:       Bottom of Form The World Bank Situation (graded) | Class, please read Chapter 2, problem 5 from the Jennings text, p. 72. This week, we will discuss the Wolfowitz situation at the World Bank. Consider the questions at the end of the problem as you make comments in the threads this week. What are the ethics here? Was Wolfowitz trying to do the right thing? Does that make a difference ethically? Throughout the week, I will bring in further questions. Be sure to read the lecture and the international ethics article stated in your reading for the week as well.......

Words: 201281 - Pages: 806

Premium Essay

Icrier Retail Report

...Impact of Organized Retailing on the Unorganized Sector Mathew Joseph Nirupama Soundararajan Manisha Gupta Sanghamitra Sahu May 2008 INDIAN COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH ON INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS Foreword The retail sector is expanding and modernizing rapidly in line with India’s economic growth. It offers significant employment opportunities in all urban areas. This study, the second undertaken by ICRIER on the retail industry, attempts to rigorously analyse the impact of organized retailing on different segments of the economy. No distinction has been made between foreign and domestic players, in analyzing the impact of the increasing trend of large corporates entering the retail trade in the country. The findings of this study are based on the largest ever survey of unorganized retailers (the so-called “mom and pop stores”), consumers, farmers, intermediaries, manufacturers, and organized retailers. In addition, an extensive review of international experience, particularly of emerging countries of relevance to India, has also been carried out as part of the study. The study estimates that the total retail business in India will grow at 13 per cent annually from US$ 322 billion in 2006-07 to US$ 590 billion in 2011-12. The unorganized retail sector is expected to grow at approximately 10 per cent per annum with sales rising from US$ 309 billion in 2006-07 to US$ 496 billion. Organized retail, which constituted a low four per cent of total retail in 2006-07, is......

Words: 95472 - Pages: 382

Premium Essay

Discriptive Sbi

...In a competitive era like we have today, it is essential to catch up with the latest trends in the society. With increasing emphasis on various competitive exams and your soft skills for grabbing all upcoming opportunity, English as a language is becoming all the more important. Everywhere we go, we face difficulties in getting a job, which is our aim, to survive in the society and lead a successful life. Speaking and writing correct and required English is one of them. Here we bring a book that will give a basic structure to all the aspirants to attempt descriptive English properly. We give a complete framework covering each and every topic of descriptive English paper. The book comprises techniques to attempt précis and essays, contains types of letters, sample letters & even model tests for your practice. This will provide the aspirants with basic knowledge of general rules of attempting English language descriptive paper, guiding them in learning English to an extent to which they attempt confident use of English. The book is aimed to provide you the content, sufficient enough, to attempt the descriptive English paper efficiently and may lead you to success in your examination. For this purpose all the current topics are being covered here. This book also intends to provide the competitors a conceptual base through the explanations of the questions asked. Any modification or error shall be entertained and we will try to incorporate it in our next issue. DESCRIPTIVE...

Words: 101965 - Pages: 408

Premium Essay

Corporate Governance

...THE INDONESIA CORPORATE GOVERNANCE MANUAL First Edition IFC Advisory Services in Indonesia In Partnership with: THE INDONESIA CORPORATE GOVERNANCE MANUAL First Edition Jakarta, January 2014 i Disclaimer IFC, a member of the World Bank Group, creates opportunity for people to escape poverty and improve their lives. We foster sustainable economic growth in developing countries by supporting private sector development, mobilizing private capital and providing advisory services. The Indonesia Corporate Governance Manual (CG Manual) was commissioned by IFC as part of the Indonesia Corporate Governance Program that IFC is implementing in Indonesia since 2012. This manual is distributed with the understanding that neither the authors, nor the organizations, countries they represent, nor the publisher are engaged in rendering legal or financial advice. The material in this Manual is set out in good faith for general guidance, and no liability can be accepted for any possible loss or expense in incurred as a result of relying on the information contained herein. This publication is not intended to be exhaustive. It should not be relied upon as a basis for formulating business decisions. On all financial issues and questions, an accountant, auditor, or other financial specialist should be consulted. A lawyer should be consulted on all legal issues and questions. As the laws in the Republic of Indonesia are constantly changing, legal rules......

Words: 131549 - Pages: 527

Premium Essay

Acct504

...read, understand, analyze, and explain a A company’s Balance Sheet to other decision makers and use the knowledge and skills to make business decisions. Key Concepts Understand the environment of financial reporting in the United States and explain the importance of generally accepted accounting principles. Explain the meaning and purpose of a balance sheet and the items that appear in the balance sheet. Determine the interrelationship among the basic financial statements. Analyze the relationship between certain items in the balance sheet and the income statement with the help of ratio analysis. Evaluate the way that different assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equity items are presented in a balance sheet. Given an annual report, the student should be able to read, understand, analyze, and explain a B company’s Income Statement to other decision makers and use the knowledge and skills to make business decisions. Key Concepts Explain the meaning and purpose of an income statement and the items that appear in the income statement. Determine the interrelationship among the basic financial statements. Analyze the relationship between certain items in the balance sheet and the income statement with the help of ratio analysis. Evaluate the way that different revenues, expenses, gains, and losses are presented in an income statement. Given an annual report, the student should be able to read, understand, analyze, and explain a C company’s Statement......

Words: 125075 - Pages: 501

Free Essay

Ombusman

...Strengthening the Ombudsman Institution in Asia Improving Accountability in Public Service Delivery through the Ombudsman About the Asian Development Bank ADB’s vision is an Asia and Pacific region free of poverty. Its mission is to help its developing member countries reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of their people. Despite the region’s many successes, it remains home to two-thirds of the world’s poor: 1.8 billion people who live on less than $2 a day, with 903 million struggling on less than $1.25 a day. ADB is committed to reducing poverty through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Based in Manila, ADB is owned by 67 members, including 48 from the region. Its main instruments for helping its developing member countries are policy dialogue, loans, equity investments, guarantees, grants, and technical assistance. Strengthening the Ombudsman Institution in Asia Accountability is essential for good governance, and in many Asian countries the ombudsman is the key accountability institution. Originating in the West, the concept of the ombudsman arrived relatively late in Asia. Yet more and more ombudsman offices are being established in Asia, and they play a critical role in the fight against incompetence and injustice on the part of government officials. This report presents in-depth research on Asian ombudsmen, with a focus on best practices and emerging issues, especially in the......

Words: 148083 - Pages: 593

Free Essay

Interpretation of Dreams

...Wheras there was a space of nine years between the first and second editions of this book, the need of a third edition was apparent when little more than a year had elapsed. I ought to be gratified by this change; but if I was unwilling previously to attribute the neglect of my work to its small value, I cannot take the interest which is now making its appearance as proof of its quality. The advance of scientific knowledge has not left The Interpretation of Dreams untouched. When I wrote this book in 1899 there was as yet no "sexual theory," and the analysis of the more complicated forms of the psychoneuroses was still in its infancy. The interpretation of dreams was intended as an expedient to facilitate the psychological analysis of the neuroses; but since then a profounder understanding of the neuroses has contributed towards the comprehension of the dream. The doctrine of dream-interpretation itself has evolved in a direction which was insufficiently emphasized in the first edition of this book. From my own experience, and the works of Stekel and other writers, [1] I have since learned to appreciate more accurately the significance of symbolism in dreams (or rather, in unconscious thought). In the course of years, a mass of data has accumulated which demands consideration. I have endeavored to deal with these innovations by interpolations in the text and footnotes. If these additions do not always quite adjust themselves to the framework of the treatise, or if the......

Words: 226702 - Pages: 907

Free Essay

Unilever

...Disclaimer Notes to the Annual Report and Accounts This PDF version of the Unilever Annual Report and Accounts 2007 is an exact copy of the document provided to Unilever’s shareholders. Certain sections of the Unilever Annual Report and Accounts 2007 have been audited. Sections that have been audited are set out on pages 69 to 121, 125 to 126, 128 to 130 and 133 to 135. The auditable part of the report of the Remuneration Committee as set out on page 49 has also been audited. The maintenance and integrity of the Unilever website is the responsibility of the Directors; the work carried out by the auditors does not involve consideration of these matters. Accordingly, the auditors accept no responsibility for any changes that may have occurred to the financial statements since they were initially placed on the website. Legislation in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions. Disclaimer Except where you are a shareholder, this material is provided for information purposes only and is not, in particular, intended to confer any legal rights on you. This Annual Report and Accounts does not constitute an invitation to invest in Unilever shares. Any decisions you make in reliance on this information are solely your responsibility. The information is given as of the dates specified, is not updated, and any forward-looking statements are made subject to the......

Words: 94318 - Pages: 378