Free Essay

Igala Kingdom

In: Historical Events

Submitted By SaniBB
Words 1391
Pages 6
The Many Feathers in the New Ata Gala’s Okebe (Crown)
Igala kingdom was founded in the 9th century, the founder Abutu Eje came down from Kwararafa. Abutu Eje meaning Abutu the leopard, was a prince of Kwararafa kingdom who was denied the right to ascend his father’s throne left his father’s kingdom out of anger from the injustice done him to settled first in Otutubatu-Amagade along River Benue in where is known today as Ife-Abejukolo before moving to Idah with some of his children and followers to establish what is known today as ATA’GALA throne (the seat of power).
The kingdom stretched from Idah in present Kogi State to the North in Bida in Niger state and to the south Onitsha, Oko all in Anambra State, Asaba in Delta State and some part of Edo State. Okene,Lokoja,Koton-Karfe and Toto, Nasarawa, Karshi, Abaji in the present Federal Capital Territory including the entire Idoma land and Agatu and beyond.
The feathers here represent the number of challenges awaiting the new Ata to address very quickly and treated as urgent matters.
The new ATA, His Royal Majesty Idakwo Ameh Oboni was born in 1949; he was barely seven (7) years of age when his own father Ata Ameh Oboni died in 1956, Ata Dr. Aliyu Obaje succeeded Ameh Oboni as Ata from 1956 to 2012 spending more than half a century on throne.
During the reign of the immediate past Ata Dr. Aliyu Obaje, the predecessor of Ata Idakwo Ameh Oboni, Igala nation witnessed tremendous developments; peace, no war in Igala land, no epidemic, no natural disasters as such and no serious clashes between Igala and the neighbouring ethnic groups. Igala got many educational institutions established and located on her lands, federal polytechnic Idah, College of education Ankpa, University at Anyigba and a federal unity school at Ugwolawo, St.Charles College at Ankpa and many other secondary schools. Igala sons and daughters excelled in their various field of human endeavours, Hashim Adaji the first federal minister of Air force, Dr. Ahmadu Ali, a military colonel and a university reader was the first National Youths Service Corps, NYSC boss and a federal commissioner (minister) of education, Brig. Gen Umaru Anaja was a military administrator of plateau state, D.I.G. Isah Saidu Adejo was number two in the hierarchy of the Nigerian Police Force, Brig. Gen. Onoja Okemata, Col.Hassan Yakubu, who later became the Eje of Ankpa, Dr. Abubakar Usman ,an academic and a minister in the second republic, Igala also later produced four (4) governors and a military administrator namely ; Prince Abubakar Audu ,the first civilian Igala governor,Alhaji Ibrahim Idris, Capt. Idris Wada and Colonel Ahmed Usman respectively. Admiral Ibrahim Ogohi, became Chief of Defence Staff, AVM Isaac Alfa was also Chief of Air Staff.
Igala also produced a host of academics and scientist, Prof. Oyibo the US based scientist who propounded the GAGUT theory, Dr.Egene Adah a nuclear scientist, Prof Abalaka, Prof. Idachaba, Alhaji Abdullahi Ibrahim SAN, the first senior advocate of Nigeria from Northern Nigeria, Engr. Maman Sule, the first Engineer from Northern Nigeria, Arch. Gabriel Yakubu Aduku, the first Architect from Northern Nigeria, Yakubu Mohammed, journalist and one of the founders of the first news magazine in Nigeria. And many other Igala men and women space could not allow us to list here.
Now, the new era is here, the new ATA is installed today (27th April,2013) and he is HRM Idakwo Ameh Oboni II, Okebe means crown in Igala language and that is what an Ata wears, beneath it are many feathers mostly dark red in colours. In this write up, we refer to them as challenges and we are going to take them one after the other.
Feather one, from the above introduction, you will learn that Igala land was very vast covering all the areas and places mentioned earlier, today the land is shrinking by day, gradually reducing to only Idah, Ankpa and Dekina. The new ATA should carefully look beyond these old three Igala divisions and reach out to the Igalas in other states and diaspora and see how they can be brought back to the main fold; what I mean by reaching out to other Igalas in other states is that Igala in places like Ebu in Delta State, Ete in Enugu State, Nzam, Udama and Onitsha in Anambra State, those in Edo State, Nasarawa State, Benue State, Niger State and Federal Capital Territory should not be left out whenever it comes to Igala cultural activities, they should always be offered with invitation and opportunities to attend and participate any time Igala holds any major festival. Talo, the yearly gathering of Igala race in Anyigba, the centre of Igala land should be re-organised and straightening and be made a good platform to drive this project.
The Ibaji area should be paramount on Ata agenda; in Ibaji, Igala have not only lost their lands and farmlands to flood but to their neighbours in the south, east and west. The Ata is the king and should know all his lands, boundaries and make his case at the appropriate quarters so that these issues can be resolved once and for all.
The next feather, there is no doubt that Igala peoples have witnessed development but the land still lacks in many basic amenities, NO LIGHT, we know that there is no stable public electric power anywhere in Nigeria today but let the Igala land enjoy at least the little others do. i.e. full and bright light is highly lacking, the entire Igala land should be connected to a strong national grid, the new Ata should take this upon himself to bring his children together in high places to achieve this. Roads and water should be constructed and extended to the rural areas in the land.
The third feather and most important one is reduction in over dependency on government in Igala land in terms of employment. The new Ata has a great role to play here, he is the Ata, the spiritual father of all Igala peoples, he should create a forum where all Igala sons and daughters everywhere can be reached, can be wooed and encouraged to come home and invest, establish businesses and industries that can benefit the entire Igala people. In fact, Igala Economic Summit Group IESG should be formed immediately to look into all these to harness Igala potentials. The IESG, should be made an annual event with committee to be made up of economists, businessmen, industrialists and academics of Igala extraction to brainstorm from time to time, to finding solutions and strategy towards developing the economic potentials in the land. Igala is blessed and endowed with a lot of mineral resources everywhere in Igala land, in Ankpa, there are huge and abundance coal resources, palm trees, orchards everywhere in Ibaji sugar cane plantation is in large commercial quantities untapped, crude oil and Itobe is blessed with huge deposits of kaolin and limestone, timber, fishery e.t.c.
The fourth feather and source of concern for all Igalas is the culture and heritage, these should be preserved. The new Ata should be ready to champion the cause of Igala cultural heritage. Igala History and Documentation Centre IHDC should be established where none exist. IHDC, should be a centre that contains historical documents, it could be laws, accounts of battles, relics of the past, where we can go to find out the meanings of things, name of things and how they came into existence e.t.c.
The fifth and the final feather is the issue of security and peace. We thank God that the issue of political thuggery and militancy is fast becoming a history in Igala land. However, this is another area that the new Ata should look forward to address and establishing a measure to curb future occurrences. Considering what is happening in other lands, the new Ata is advised to form immediately Igala Security Committee, ISC, to be headed by Ata himself with its members cutting across entire Igala land meeting regularly to address security issues.
WELCOME the new ATA Gabaidu, the king of the lions, long live His Royal Majesty, long live the Igala peoples, long live the Igala Nation.

Sani Baba Ahmad, Business Man writes from Abuja, Nigeria

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Brief Lesson Plan

...Brief Science Lesson Plans: Day 1: Vertebrates and Invertebrates – I will be introducing the students to these two groups and this will lead into the lessons on each animal group. Day 2: Animal groups: This will entail a lesson on the six animal kingdoms: Reptiles, fish, amphibians, birds, insects and mammals. Day 3: Animal Classifications: This will be a follow up from last day where I introduced them to the five groups, on this day instead I will give them different characteristics that characterize each group. Day 4: Life Cycles: This will deal with the different cycles each animal group has to go through. Day 5: Metamorphosis: Another lead in from the Life cycles lesson. Day 6: Offspring: I will be discussing with the students the animals and their babies. Day 7: Caring for their young: Here is where we will have a lesson on how the animals take care of their young. Day 8: Identifying the Needs of the animals: Like humans, animals have certain needs too and I will delve into these needs. Day 9: How they meet their needs: Another follow up from the previous lesson, I will do a part two lesson where I will teach a lesson on how the animals meet these needs. Day 10: Habitats: This is where we’ll discuss the homes of the animals. Day 11: How the animals move: This deals with how they use their bodies to run from their prey. Day 12: Adapting to the Environment: How these animals survive in their environments and where they live. Day 13:......

Words: 3459 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Lyka

... Prof. Amadzadeh Dinoflagellate Kingdom: Chromalveolata Phylum: Dinoflagellata Vegetative structure: flagellate protist Habitat: marine, fresh water Chloroplastid: chloroplast Cell wall: cell covering (theca) Domain pigment: photosynthetic pigment Food resource: photosynthesis Mode of reproduction: binary fission Chlorophyta Kingdom: Viridiplantae Phylum: Chlorophyta Vegetative structure: green algae Habitat: marine, fresh water Chloroplastid: chloroplast Cell wall: glucosamine Domain pigment: photosynthetic pigment Food resource: photosynthesis Mode of reproduction: both sexual and asexual Volvox Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Chlorophyta Class: Chlorophyceae Order: Volvocales Family: Volvocaceae Genus: Volvox Species: Volvox sp. Vegetative structure: single-celled green algae Habitat: freshwater Chloroplastid: chloroplast Cell wall: cellulose Domain pigment: photosynthetic pigment Food resource: photosynthesis Mode of reproduction: both sexual and asexual Chlorella Kingdom: Viridiplantae Phylum: Chlorophyta Class: Trebouxiophyceae Order: Chlorellales Family: Chlorellaceae Genus: Chlorella Species: Chlorella sp. Vegetative structure: single-celled green algae Habitat: underwater Chloroplastid: chloroplast Cell wall: lipipilysaccharides Domain pigment: photosynthetic pigment Food resource: photosynthesis Mode of reproduction: asexual Cosmarium Kingdom: Protista Phylum: Chlorophyta Class:......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Unit 10 Bio

...Unit 10 Classification Project This assignment is due BEFORE 1:35pm on February 23rd. NO late work will be accepted. This project is worth TWO grades: A Test category grade and a Formative category grade. At the end of this quarter the lowest Test category grade will be dropped. There will be no drops in any other category. This means that if you do not do this assignment, there will be a zero in the Formative category, which is worth 30% of your overall grade for the quarter. This also means that doing the project well can significantly RAISE your overall grade! You will make a booklet about the three domains and four kingdoms of life. Pay attention to the requirements for each page of the booklet! This paper clearly explains everything you need to do and if you follow the directions you will get a good grade. If you follow the directions AND do a neat, careful job then you could get a 100. Use regular sized, 8.5”x11” paper to make your booklet. You may use it full-sized, or fold it in half. It may be white or any colors you choose. Pictures may be hand drawn, traced, cut out of a magazine or newspaper, or printed out. Text may be neatly handwritten or typed and printed out. All cuts and gluing should be neat and not messy. Arrange the pictures and text on each page attractively. Creativity in presentation and layout adds bonus points to your grade, but make sure you are still following the instructions. Each page will contain the following: * name...

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hello

...Kingdom – Animal Kingdom | | Organism 1 | Organism 2 | Organism 3 | Identify the  phylum, class, order, family, genus, species, and common name of three organisms within this kingdom | Phylum ChordataClass MammaliaOrder Carnivora Family CanidaeGenus CanisSpecies C. lupis Canis lupus familiarisCommon Name  Dog | Phylum ChordataClass Mammalia Order CarnivoraFamily FelidaeGenus Felis Species Felis CatusCommon Name  Cat | Phylum ChordataClass ActinopterygiiOrder PerciformesFamily PomacentridaeGenus AmphiprionSpecies ocellarisCommon NameClownfish   | Is the organism multicellular or unicellular? |  Multicellular | Multicellular | Multicellular | What is the cell structure of the organism? |  Eukaryotic |  Eukaryotic |  Eukaryotic | How does the organism obtain food?  |  Their owners feed them. |  Their owners feed them. |  They eat leftovers from fish on the anemone and algae. | What is the diet of the organism? |  Dog food |  Cat food |  They feed on small inverterbrates. |  How does the organism move around?  |  They walk around with their legs. |  They walk around with their legs, also. |  They swim. | What is the normal size or size range of the organism? | It ranges with their size, small, medium, or large |  It ranges. But they are usually smaller. | They are very small fish. | How does the organism reproduce?  (asexually or sexually) |  sexually |  Sexually. |  sexually | What is the environmental function(s) or importance of......

Words: 258 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Operations Management

...The Goal – Critical Thinking Analysis #1 Marion Byrd, Peter Laurin, Kelly Powell, and Jon Warren MBA 475 Operations Management BSA 523 Dr. Paul Ewell December 3, 2012 All team members have signed this form and are in full compliance with the Certificate of Authorship expectations. In addition, it is fully understood that any Study Team member who did not fully participate in the project yet signed this form will cause the entire team to be subject to an HONOR CODE violation as applied per university policy. Marion Byrd _________________________________________ Peter Laurin _________________________________________ Kelly Powell _________________________________________ Jon Warren _________________________________________ THE GOAL – Critical thinking analysis #1 Ch 1-5 Alex Rogo is a plant manager of UniCo, being scrutinized by his superior due to inefficiencies of order shipments. A critical order was overlooked by plant workers and Alex’s boss stepped in to make him aware of a possible plant production failure and the ultimate possibility of closing the plant. Peach, the division president, informs Alex that if no perceptible improvements occur within three months, the plant might be shut down. In order to fill this critical order, Alex’s staff must pull together and not spare any cost or effort. Several problems occur during this process, including losing a capable and qualified machinist, resulting in the main production equipment of the division......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Impact of a Data Classification Standard

...Data Classification Standard is a guideline of how a business or organization should handle as well as secure their different array of data. With this particular report it will describe the “Internal Use Only” data of an Investment firm. Internal use only should tell you that this is information that is seen by employees of a company and no one else. There are 3 domains that could be under this umbrella of internal use only these would be the User Domain, Workstation Domain and the LAN domain. First we have the User Domain which defines the employees that will access the company’s information systems. This particular domain is the weakest link in the domain infrastructure due the users on this system that don’t think about the vulnerabilities and threats which include lack of user awareness, apathy towards policies, policy violations, downloads of personal or files that could malicious. Each of these risks is presented on an everyday basis that could compromise a company’s internal data. Secondly, you have the workstation domain, which is the domain where most of the users connect to the organizations infrastructure. This domain should require very tight security as well as access rights. Meaning, each user on the domain should only have the right to access what they need to be able to do their job productively and no more. This will have an impact in lowering the chance of breach in security. Some threats with this domain include; Unauthorized access to workstations...

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Economics

...Adiantum tenerum Taxonomic Classification: Kingdom: Plantae Division: Pteridophyta Class: Pteridopsida Order: Polypodiales Family: Pteridaceae Genus: Adiantum Species: A. tenerum. Description A. tenerum grows in a creeping position. Leaves are light green, pinnate, fan-shaped, glabrous, arching or pendent, about as long as broad. Adiantum tenerum cv. Scutum is medium sized fern growing to 60cm (23 inch) height and 60cm (23 inch) wide. It is erect, evergreen fern with many 3-pinnate fronds. The new growth is usually pale green turning green with age. It has segments more or less rhomboidal, lateral and upper margins lobed and finely toothed. Fronds become crowded by rhomboidal segments. Sori numerous along segment margins; indusia oblong. Adiantum trapeziforme L. Taxonomic Classification: Kingdom: Plantae Division: Pteridophyta Class: Pteridopsida Order: Polypodiales Family: Pteridaceae Genus: Adiantum Species: A. trapeziforme Description: Adiantum trapeziforme is a rhizomatous and evergreen fern, growing to a height of 1-3 feet tall and creeps as wide. Quite a hardy fern with slender and wiry stipes and rachises that are 6-15 inches long, erect (or drooping with age), shiny and brownish-black or almost black in color. Displaying luxuriant green foliage of graceful arching fronds 12-24 inches long, with a central pinna 4-8 inches long, and two to four more slightly shorter pinna on each side. An attractive formation with each pinna......

Words: 441 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Okay

...Erben Louis L. Labrador Mr. Ray Bilagantol 7-St.Bernard December 17,2012 ------------------------------------------------- Research 7 Brave I. The Kingdom of Dunbroch A. They celebrated the birthday of Merida. B. Her father,King Fergus give her a bow and arrows as a gift. C. While she’s finding her arrow, wisp’s appeared on Merida. D. Mor’du appeared in their kingdom and attacked. II. The Palace of Dunbroch A. He grew up. Her mother, Queen Elinor teaches her some proper princess’s doings and attitudes. B. She traveled with her horse, Angus. Her destination is on a waterfall known as the “Fire Falls”. The waterfalls were located in the queen’s tooth (mountain). C. The parent’s of Merida sent an invitation to the different tribes for choosing who will Merida will marry. III. The three clans accepted the invitation. A. When Merida knows about the invitation, she became angry because she’s not ready for marriage. They have an argument between Merida and the Queen. B. The three clans have just arrive from their long trip using their boats. C. The three kingdoms was: Macintosh, Macguffin, and Ding-wall. D. The leader of each tribe introduced their firstborn sons. E. Merida choose “Archery” as their elimination game. IV. Competition of the three clans. A. Many events are being played in the elimination game. B. They start competing the game “Archery”. C. Only the......

Words: 950 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Impacts of English Language in Chinese, Economy, Culture and Education

...Introduction English language was introduced in South China in the eighteenth century. It took root in the mid nineteenth century when a school teaching English was started. The first missionary schools lasted for 10 years (1835-1851). After the 1860 war the schools were reopened and they spread to other parts of china. Between 1872 and 1925 over 7,000 missionary schools were operational with over 260,000 students. Learning English was a means to learning modernized military methods and an opening for china to work with foreign countries and create alliances. Strained relations with USSR when Russian language was to replace English gave the Western culture a better impact opportunity (Hughes, 2006). The support of English has undergone many difficulties but since the 1980’s China has encouraged working relations and study opportunities in English as it has helped them economically, politically and in its cultural dynamics. English has received much support in recent years as it has made Chinas world market expand astronomically. On other hand, China is obliged to use English language for the purposes of international trade and interaction. This is because English has remained to be the world largest spoken language (Wu, 2012). Economical China has enjoyed successful relations with on a global scale for its conformation to the English language. Since 1980’s, Mainland China has been doing business with different international countries but especially those with an English......

Words: 2345 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Contract

...The Origins of Standard English. Standard English is a controversial and debatable term for a form of the English language that is written and spoken by educated users. In simpler words we can say that Standard English is the one which is most broadly accepted in its form, as written and spoken by educated people in both formal and informal contexts. Its abbreviation is SE. One of the most significant factors in the upswing of Standard English was the importance that London was the capital city of England. In the 15th century it began off as a southern dialect and finished as a midland dialect. The eastern counties of course had a central role in this change of dialect. In 1656 Thomas Blount a lexicographer published his dictionary in which he defined up to 11,000 of the most unusual and difficult words. It was indeed the largest English dictionary when it was published at that time. His dictionary is one of the largest and greatest of English dictionaries. Standard English is not completely constant around the world. For example American users of standard English say” center, color, first floor etc. while British users say” centre, colour and ground floor”. So even Standard English like any other spoken or written language alters over time. Therefore it’s important to understand that Standard English is in no way any superior or inferior to any other form or variety of English. At present day there is no such thing as “standard English” which is not British, American or...

Words: 264 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gun Laws

...Tougher gun-control laws would not reduce the numbers of murders. It would increase it. Meanwhile it would not reduce gun-related crimes in the United States. In my opinion, in most states gun-related crimes would increase because of the stricter gun-control laws. As you can see in document 2, 5 and 6 you can see the increase of gun use and murders. In document 2 in Australia ever since they banned all guns. The amount of gun violence had increased exponentially. Also in document 5 you can see every nation that had banned gun use has increased every nation that does not have it banned their murder rates are very low. Meanwhile in document 6 the United States gun killings from 1999-2000 were extremely high compared to the other nation. Also in the United States 60% of murders are done by handguns 5% of murders are done with rilfes, 6% are done with shotguns and the other 29% are done by other materials during 2010-2013 in the United States . Out of all the other nations the united states has the highest gun related killings then any other developed country according to Washington. Therefore banning guns will not make a difference because as you can see all nations that have banned guns in there country their murder rates are exponentially high. Meanwhile the countries that have allowed guns in their countries there murder rates are very low. Also in the United States all gun related crimes are one of the highest...

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Immigration

...Immigration: The Facts that are lost in this savage row The United Kingdom has the highest levels of immigration and it is currently attractive to live in England. According to the Government Actuary’s Department, some observed statistics from 2002 shows that in 2030 United Kingdom will have grown with 8 million immigrants if they keep letting the same annual part of Immigrants settle down in UK. In the article Immigration: The facts that are los in the savage row, there are several views of all the refugees that live in London. The article is written in December 2002, and is published by Martin Bright, Burhan Wazir and Faisal Islam in the newspaper: The Observer. The article dilemma deals about whether immigrants might have an opportunity to settle down and whether how big a portion of refugees might get the chance to live in England. “In a nation plagued by clogged roads, collapsing railways, severe housing shortages and teetering health and education systems.” (ll. 27) It is not a country that has sufficient enough resources for more people, at least not more immigrants because they do unusually not have the English language with them before they move to England. That means that jobs are limited on the labour market and England will need educating people to do the jobs they need doing. First and foremost, one might argue that allowing immigration to England will enhance the cultural diversity. Some social scientists believe that when different cultures are......

Words: 378 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

English

...The formation of the National English Language. The evolution of English in the 15 hundred years of its existence has been an unbroken one, but within it it’s possible to single out 3 main periods: 1.Old English (OE) 2.Middle English (ME) 3.New English (NE) Old English The historical background. It began in the 5th century, when the German tribes (Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians) settled in the British Isles. Originally the social and economical system was tribal and slave owning, which gradually developed into a feudal one. Accordingly tribal dialects developed into local ones. Geographically it covers the territory of the so-called English Proper. The main historical events are: -the introduction of Christianity; -the Scandinavian invasion. Word-stock (WS) Originally OE was a purely G language. So the WS comprised 3 layers of native words: 1st – IE words (mother, father) 2nd – CG words (to rise, to sink) 3d - OE proper (hlaford - lord) There were some borrowings from the Celtic language, denoting mostly place-names (London, York) and names of rivers (the Thames). After their settlement in Britain the G. tribes came into contact with the Celtic tribes who lived there, but the Celtic borrowings are very few (Loch Ness). Latin borrowings are: 1.Latin words borrowed by Ancient G. tribes when they lived on the continent of Europe. 2.Latin words borrowed by the Anglo-Saxon tribes from Romanized Celts on the British Isles. 3.Latin words which penetrated into......

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

David Cameron Bad Pm

...Conservative Cameroon loses control of Barmy Britain. Anyone who currently resides in Britain at the moment cannot look past the problems that riddle their nation. Never before has the country been in a worse state; on the social spectrum, never before have more ASBOs been issued than in the last three years. Politically, the government has probably never been so scandalous and economically, Britain is in the middle of several crises and is not showing any signs of recovery. Do you remember the days when Great Britain used to be admired? When the monarchy actually had a say in the way the empire ruled the globe. Or even more recently, when the mighty Brits managed to fend off rivals and secure the bids to host the 2012 Olympics. Even the later seems like light-years apart from present day, where riots occur every month because the Tories are too busy trying to guide their millionaires to the ‘good life’ as if they need it more than the hundreds of thousands of homeless, uneducated people in Britain. This has also created a growing divide between the rich and poor of Britain. Britain’s economic structure is still the best in the world, with the Great British pound being the strongest currency worldwide. However, this is getting increasingly harder to believe after the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) predictions about British economic growth rates and how they expect a major decline. The nation is also knee-deep in debt and therefore has had to cut its spending......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ruritanian Project

...Your company, which is headquartered in the United Kingdom, is considering setting up a new manufacturing facility in Ruritania. Ruritania is a politically stable, economically developing Eastern European country. Although, last year, the annual growth rate was only 0.7%, the annual growth rate has averaged around 6% per annum over the last five years. The rate of price inflation has been stable, averaging 5.2% per annum over the last five years. Although Ruritania does not have a long tradition of democracy, Governments have been democratically elected for the last twenty years and new elections are due in Ruritania in approximately nine months’ time. There are two major political parties in Ruritania and recent opinion polls suggest that the present Government currently enjoys a 7% lead over the other major party. This opinion poll lead has remained reasonably stable for the last eight months. The other major party is also committed to democratic principles and a market based economy although, if elected, it is likely that they would increase both corporate and personal taxation to provide additional funding for their proposed social expenditure. The Crown (the currency of Ruritania) traditionally had a centrally managed exchange rate, but the Ruritanian Government allowed the Crown to float freely about twelve years ago. This, initially, resulted in a fairly large drop in the value of the Crown, but the Crown has enjoyed reasonable stability against major......

Words: 472 - Pages: 2