Ihsan

In: Science

Submitted By ihsanhamadeh
Words 2894
Pages 12
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
المقدمة
إن الحمد لله، نحمدُه ونستغفره ونستعينه ونستهديه ونعوذُ بالله من شرورِ أنفسنا ومن سيئاتِ أعمالنا، من يهْدِ اللهُ فلا مضِلَّ له ومن يضلل فلا هادي له. وأشهد أنْ لا إله إلا اللهُ وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أنَّ محمداً عبدُه ورسولُه، بعثه اللهُ رحمةً للعالمين هادياً ومبشراً ونذيراً. بلّغ الرسالة وأدّى الامانة ونصحَ الأمّةَ فجزاهُ اللهُ خيرَ ما جزى نبياً من أنبيائه. صلواتُ اللهِ وسلامه عليه وعلى جميع الأنبياء والمرسلين، وعلى صحابته وآل بيته، وعلى من أحبهم إلى يوم الدين.

أما بعد...
فإني في هذا البحث تطرقت إلى موضوع التأديب بالضرب في الإسلام، لما له من أثر كبير في تربية أطفالنا ونشأتهم. يُعرَف التأديب بالضرب على أنه تعنيف المتؤدب وتعزيره لقيامه بأمور مخالفة للعرف أو للشرع بهدف ردعه عن تكرار تجاوزه في المرات القادمة ،وقد يتراوح التأديب من أمور منصوصة عليها شرعا كالحدود ، إلى أمور تركها الإسلام للمربي والتي إما أن تكون تعنيفا لفظيا أو ضربا أو سجنا أو غيرها. في هذا البحث نتطرق إلى النصوص الشرعية الواردة في السنة النبوية الشريفة والتي اشتملت على قواعد التأديب للأطفال والنساء والرجال والخادم، وإلى التأديب في الحروب وفي الحدود والتعزير. ينبغي أن نذكر بأن الموضوع لا يسعه هذا البحث وإنما اشتمل البحث على بعض الأحاديث الواردة في كل من الأمور المنصوصة مسبقا مع موجز لما ينص عليه الحديث، وقد تطرقت إلى الشرح الكامل لبعض الأحاديث لإزالة المعاني المبهمة منها. قد نجد أن الحديث الواحد قد يتكرر نصه عدة مرات مع اختلاف الرواة ويعود ذلك إلى عدم درايتي بأصول نقل الحديث وأي الروايات أقوى من أخرى ، كما أني حرصتُ أن أنتقي الحديث الصحيح فإن لم أجد فالحسن فإن لم أجد فالضعيف مع ذكر سنده وقوته في جميع الحالات. الأحاديث المنتقاة في هذا البحث تم استخراجها من موقع الدرر السنية – الموسوعة الحديثية وهي موسوعةٌ تضمُّ مئات الآلاف من الأحاديث، مع أحكام المحدِّثين (المتقدِّمين والمتأخِّرين والمعاصرين) عليها، مُستخرَجة من كتبهم. يمكن البحث فيها عن حُكم أيِّ حديث من خلال محرِّك بحث سريع وآخَر متقدِّم، كما يمكن البحث من خلال التصنيف الموضوعي، مع إمكانية اختيار البحث ضمن الصحيح…...

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