Imagery of Darkness

In: Novels

Submitted By bluejayfan50
Words 1004
Pages 5
Kapilan Pushparajah
April 11th 2014 Imagery of Darkness The book “Heart of Darkness” is a novel written by writer Joseph Conrad. It is about the adventurers that an ivory transporter named Charles Marlow had down the Congo river to central Africa. The novel is based on a true story, of Joseph Conrad's actual journey up the Congo River in 1900. Marlow is Joseph Conrad’s alter ego. The novel had many themes such as; racism, loneliness, colonialism, good vs evil, power and many more. In this novel, Conrad uses imagery and symbolism to reveal the implication on the traits of different characters’ personalities. They represent main character traits. Main examples of imagery and symbolism in the novel occur when; Marlow meets the accountant for the first time. Marlow was amazed by how well dressed the accountant was. Imagery and symbolism also occur when Marlow looks through his binoculars to see the heads that were facing the station house which he had initially thought were just ornaments. The heads represent how kurtz is crazy and violent due to the graphicness of the heads.The imagery and symbolism in this novel describe the personality traits of the characters very well and helps the reader make better connections with the novel and helps them understand it better.

When Marlow first met the chief accountant he was amazed. He was impressed with the way that the accountant looked. He seemed to be very surprised. “When near the buildings I met a white man, in such an unexpected elegance of get-up that in the first moment I took him for a sort of vision. I saw a high starched collar, white cuffs, a light alpaca jacket, snowy trousers, a clean necktie, and varnished boots. No hat. Hair parted, brushed, oiled, under a green-lined parasol held in a big white hand. He was amazing, and had a penholder behind his ear.” (Conrad, 84). The…...

Similar Documents


...In the Face of Darkness “There was something ominous in the atmosphere” (75) “The voice was gone” (154) “The flight of the last hope from the Earth,” (122) “waiting for the passing away of a fantastic invasion.” (105) “No other man can ever know.” (99) “Red clusters of canvas...with gleams of varnished spirits,” (65) “Starched collars and got-up shirt fronts were achievements of character. (56) “Striving after something, altogether without a substance.” (123) “It would go to pieces before the first sunset.” (77) “No other man can ever know.” (99) “The sun sank low...from glowing white changed to a dull red without rays and without heat, As if about to go out suddenly; stricken with death by the touch of that gloom brooding over a crowd of men.” (66) “A treacherous appeal to the lurking death” (105) “No other man can ever know.” (99) “The profound darkness of its heart.” (105) “Offer a sacrifice to” escape the madness of the mind. (70) “Its light was dim” (74) “The greatness, the amazing reality of concealed life” (95) “No other man can ever know.” (99) “Exactly as a man’s backbone is seen running down the middle of his back under the skin,” (119) “it echoed loudly within him..he was hollow at the core.” (138) “Traveling back to the earliest beginnings of the world.” (105) “the jocose dream of that eternal slumber.”......

Words: 319 - Pages: 2


...Imagery is very important in poetry. It is used to give the reader a visual or sense of what the author is talking about. Imagery triggers something in the brain that then gives us the ability to correlate a word with a sound, smell, feelings or even sight. Without any type of imagery, it would make it very difficult to relate with the author. Color imagery is used to trigger sight and make us visualize colors and associate it with the words either preceding or proceeding. In the two poems, “Nothing Gold Can Stay” by Robert Frost and “Spring and All” by William Carlos Williams, color imagery plays a big role in describing the scene. “Nothing Gold Can Stay” by Robert Browning is a poem about nature and how everything is so beautiful at first, but it then becomes subsides and isn’t as wonderful. “Nature’s first green is gold”, this could refer to the sunrise in the morning (499). This reminds me of all the gorgeous hues of a sunrise and how the sky and everything the sun hits seems golden. It could also be referring to seasonal changes. When spring is around, all the flowers and sunlight look amazing, but when the flowers start turning into leaves and falling off, it is a little upsetting to look at. “So dawn goes down to day”, this gives me the sense that Frost is talking about the early mornings (499). Watching dawn turn into day is disappointing, especially when you get to see all the natural colors coming from dawn and then it just turns into another plain day. The last......

Words: 637 - Pages: 3

Use of Imagery

...Discuss the use of imagery in two stories of your choice. How do the various images work in a particular story to bring its subject matter into focus? Is there a central image? And how does this enhance or confuse or complicate the effect of the story? Short fiction can be seen as a literary medium through which the writer concisely creates a story that is almost as fleeting in its detail, as it is in its length of words. Imagery can be used in varying manners depending on what the writer is trying to achieve. In the short story ‘Sleepy’ by Anton Chekhov, we see a more vivid and palpable type of imagery that’s almost figurative and has the ability to lull the reader into sharing the protagonist’s feelings rather than just her surroundings. On the contrary, Katherine Mansfield’s ‘Her First Ball’, utilises strong, descriptive imagery that paints the setting, and the events occurring within, rather than bluntly focusing on the feelings associated with them. In ‘Sleepy’, Chekhov successfully evokes a strong feeling of the setting without being superfluous in his description. He provides an image of the tiny room at the beginning of the story and reinforces it throughout. In doing so, Chekhov portrays Varka’s painfully scarce reality to emphasise the huge contrast between the immediate scenario and the imagery describing her flustered dreams. It’s Varka’s need for sleep that seems to be the subject matter throughout the narrative, her exhaustion and inability to stay awake......

Words: 1095 - Pages: 5

Imagery Is the Key

...Brooke Bull Professor Brewer English 1302.007 24 September 2013 Imagery is the Key Throughout the short story “The Blue Bouquet” by Octavio Paz, there are several different types of imagery. The descriptive detail in the story adds a design of what the scene of the village looked like in Paz’s eyes. Without descriptive detail and imagery, the short story would be hard to understand and follow. With the use of visual imagery, auditory imagery, and kinesthetic imagery, showing more detail and visual imagination, throughout the story, helps the reader see and feel exactly what Paz is feeling throughout the story. Visual imagery is one of the factors Paz uses in his short story to help the reader’s visual and imagine what is going on. For example when he says, “Suddenly the moon appeared from behind a black cloud, lighting a white wall..,” (Paz 3), it is making the reader imagine the moon coming out of the clouds, so the little boy could see where he wanted to go. Another example of Paz’s visual imagery would be when the little boy finally turns around and faces the man who is trying to take his eyes. When Paz says “..He was small and fragile. His palm sombrero covered half his face. ..,” (Paz 12), that helps the reader understand and visualize what the old man looked like and who the little boy was up against. As the reader can conclude that without visual imagery in a story, the story is hard to understand and imagine. Without Paz describing the old man, the readers......

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Heart of Darkness

...Heart of Darkness Essay Light and dark imagery is one element most commonly used in literature, and has held specific symbolic meanings for hundreds of years. Simply stated, light generally symbolizes good, while darkness symbolizes the complete opposite, evil. More specifically, Conrad uses detailed imagery of light and dark to show that white men can in fact be more savage than the natives. While the contrast of light and dark, white and black, and good and evil is a common theme in his novel, Conrad reverses the meanings of the two. In his story often the light is viewed as more menacing and evil than the darkness, and the white characters more spiteful than the black. In Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad uses light and dark imagery and the reversing of their regular meanings as a main focal point throughout the novel. Conrad establishes throughout this the theme that not everything is as it seems. Conrad uses light imagery as a symbol of civilization. Darkness is defined as the absence of light just like the black jungle is defined as the absence of white man’s civilization, a civilization full of corruption and evil. Conrad’s first description of Brussels is an example of this. “In a very few hours I arrived at a city that always made me think of a white sepulcher.” It is significant that Conrad describes the building as a white coffin, because the job there is sending men out to retrieve ivory, ultimately resulting in their death. This cycle of evil begins and ends......

Words: 984 - Pages: 4

The Heart of Darkness

...Johan Rodriguez Professor Nadia Johnson English Comp. 1101 13 June 2010 The Heart of Darkness is a novel that describes many subjects. One of these subjects is read between the lines but is very prominent during the whole adventure through the African Congo. The topic is knowledge and the great desire of man to reach it since its childhood to adulthood. Conrad uses the main character in his novel the Heart of Darkness, Marlow, as an interpretation of the ignorance of human kind and its desire to find knowledge. Kurt represents the knowledge that human kind so dearly desires but usually is surrounded by darkness. The paper is divided in three different sections. The first section provides an insight of Conrad’s novel and identifies the desire of Marlow to find knowledge through his voyage. The second sections establish the new attitudes and split concepts Conrad uses as turning points of the characters in the novel. The third and final section demonstrates the dilemma that Marlow confronts once it has found the knowledge he was looking for. MARLOW’S CRAVING FOR KNOWLEDGE The HOD describes the great desire of the author for letting its audience know that the knowledge of light is Kurt, the desire of man to look for that knowledge is Marlow and the African Congo and many of the other characters are the darkness that individuals must surpass to find knowledge. One of the striking aspects of the novel is that only Marlow and Kurt are named; the other......

Words: 1508 - Pages: 7

Heart of Darkness

...Heart of Darkness Criticism Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness is a novella that despite its short length constructs a tale that is as dense and complex as the undergrowth of the jungle through which the main character travels. The tale, which begins as a frame narrative on the Thames in London, chronicles Charlie Marlow’s descent from Belgium into the heart of Africa in search of Kurtz, the infamous chief of the inner station. As Marlow travels through Africa, we are treated to a wildly different view of Africa then we typically see in popular culture, with the book portraying the harsh realities of Colonialism while also creating an atmosphere of dread and horror. This atmosphere is incredibly critical to the way in which we view the story, which has been criticized both as a racist text and as the first truly critical account of Imperialism. The journey culminates at the inner station where Marlow meets the legendary Kurtz, a character so complex that critics are still analyzing his purpose in the story. Heart of Darkness, is certainly one of the most polarizing novels of the last few centuries, with critical essays singing its praises and damning its aesthetics being almost equal in sheer volume. The watershed of criticisms towards Conrad’s visionary novella burst with Chinua Achebe’s scathing write up of the story, with its famous defaming of Conrad as a “bloody racist” (Achebe 343), that ends with the suggestion that it be banned from student book lists. Achebe’s......

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Heart of Darkness

...Casey Lanier Mrs. Harmon AP English Literature 17th September, 2014 Heart of Darkness is a well-known book, full of irony and violence. But the main part of the book is about Marlow and his surroundings. Joseph Conrad reveals Marlow’s characteristics when he changes Marlow’s environment from civilized to barbaric, through the use of imagery, symbols, and the intensity of his diction. Language and the diction of language is one of the most idealistic topics. Since Marlow is narrating most of the entire story, it’s styled to sound like a drawn out monologue. It’s stop and go with his story, while he remembers different topics and materials of his adventure. The long paragraphs are spoken, and read, without a pause for a breath to be taken. This causes the text itself to feel like its creating a difficult, and even imprisoning scenery. Marlow also throws in a lot of repetition, which causes a dark and frightening atmosphere. “Trees, Trees, millions of trees, massive, immense, running up high; and at their foot, hugging the bank against the stream, crept the little begrimed steamboat, like a sluggish beetle crawling on the floor of a lofty portico. It made you feel very small, very lost...” (12) Makes the jungle feel claustrophobic and overbearing of the humans that are traveling through. The humans are like the beetles since their size variation is so different from the trees. He makes you feel that as you go through the jungle, you’re not in harmony with it. And at any......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Imagery and Symbolism in Brighton Rock

...AO1: Articulate creative, informed and relevant responses to literary texts, using appropriate terminology and concepts and coherent, accurate written expression. AO2: Demonstrate detailed critical understanding in analysing the ways in which structure, form and language shape meanings in literary texts. ‘The effective use of imagery and symbolism is at the heart of the novel’s success’ Greene uses an extensive amount of imagery and symbolism to conjure an intricate understanding of the characters and plots within the novel. Imagery and symbolism is used throughout the novel to create contrast between characters or settings. For example Greene uses it to demonstrate Pinkie’s superiority in comparison to Rose’s meek inferiority, to highlight the class difference between Pinkie and Colleoni and to define characters as good or evil. Pinkie’s dominance and control over Rose stems from the first night on which they meet up. The vitriol bottle is a symbol of fear and destruction as Pinkie shows it to Rose in an attempt to scare her to stay quiet. Although he then lies that it isn’t really vitriol, she still becomes obedient towards him as she is in awe of his knowledge ‘”you know an awful lot about things, Pinkie,” she said with horror and admiration’. Her wonderment with Pinkie foreshadows the lengths she will go for him. Pinkie is brutal, venomous and destructive much like the bottle of vitriol. Pinkie is presented as emotionless however he feels ‘sensual pleasure’......

Words: 1239 - Pages: 5

Visual Imagery

...Psych/640 March 2015 Volume 1, Issue 1 Visual Imagery What is Visual Imagery Two important cognitive systems a person has are a person’s visual and verbal systems which are two very basic ways that individuals are able to express themselves to others. These two systems allow individuals to both create word and visual images in order to communicate thoughts with other individuals. In the verbal system a person is able to create words, portray thoughts, sequence words together in order to communicate with other people. In the visual system the system is more sensory based, relying on holistic, emotional, personal, and fantasy-based information or images. This system though being called visual is not just about seeing it’s also about sounds and touch. This paper is going to compare and contrast verbal and visual imagery, provide an argument of which is considered more important by the author, and provide justification of the argument with research . Inside this issue Visual Imagery ............................ 1 Visual and Verbal Systems .......... 1 Argument of Importance ............ 2 Closing Thoughts......................... 2 Visual and Verbal Systems For cognitive functioning to work in most individuals they must use imagery as well as verbal systems together. According to Mzoughi and Abdelhak (2011), most people uses both verbal and visual together though some people may be better at one or the other. Some individuals may be better visually and be......

Words: 895 - Pages: 4

Use of Imagery in Shakespeare's Macbeth

...Imagery is an effective tool used by writers to enhance the audience’s experience. This is no exception for the play “Macbeth”, in which Shakespeare spins a web of lies, deceit and treachery as the tragic hero, Macbeth, spurred on by vaulting ambition, overleaps, ultimately leading to his death. Throughout the play, recurrent imageries of clothing, blood and butchery as well as light and darkness are employed, propelling the play to its tragic end. The imagery of blood and butchery is employed when Macbeth is first introduced in the play, gives off the impression of a brave, courageous warrior, who was loyal to his King, and blood carried positive connotations of “valiancy” and other similar virtues, where “his blade smok’d with bloody execution”. However, it becomes clear that Macbeth has darker, more sinister intentions/wants beneath his warrior exterior: his desire to be King, which can be seen through his subscription to the Witches’ prophecy, foretelling that he will be King, and his frequent discussions with Lady Macbeth as they plot to usurp the throne from King Duncan. Blood then becomes a symbol of treachery, such as when Lady Macbeth calls upon the spirits to “make thick my blood” and to carry out the murder with no regrets, and in her plan to frame Duncan’s guards with his murder by “smear[ing] the sleepy grooms with blood”. The meaning of blood further descends into guilt, as we observe Lady Macbeth’s slow descend into madness and her......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Heart of Darkness

...The Incandescent Darkness Within Africa Imperialism in Africa was a dark time to say the least. Many novels are set within this time period in history due to its polemic. Things Fall Apart and Heart of Darkness are both set in the era of imperialism; they are constantly read together in order to obtain two different perspectives on imperialism within Africa. Reading the novels one after the other is a practical way to understand the messages each author is trying to convey to their readers. They both complement and enhance each other. Things Fall Apart and Heart of Darkness are two novels from which lucid similarities and differences can be found through the sense of community, the depiction of the Africans, and the vitalness of language found within both. The sense of community is a very important aspect throughout both novels. When the white missionaries start to appear in Things Fall Apart, the Ibo people are confused and reluctant to change. In the village of Mbanta, the first white missionary and his followers start talking about their god and how the gods of the Ibo people cannot harm anyone; a lot of the people listening to these men considered them mad and some of them began to go away (Achebe 146). It is human nature to resist change and hold on to what a person is accustomed to and already knows. The Ibo people were no exception. On the other hand, in Heart of Darkness, the white imperialists felt united only through race. Marlow leaves the first station he......

Words: 1348 - Pages: 6

Heart of Darkness

...“I had immense plans.” Explore the changes of direction and desire in the novels Heart of Darkness and the Great Gatsby. Kurtz and Gatsby both have their own hopes and desires in the respective novels. For kurtz he wanted to colonise Africa by bringing the light; for Gatsby, he wanted to win­over Daisy to be his true love. However, both novels are similar in portraying how these plans can go horrifically wrong. Today i will explain how greed became the catalyst for their destruction of dreams. In Heart of Darkness, Kurtz left clues to show that he wanted to colonise Africa and make a positive difference to the lives of the Africans. He is known to paint a picture that shows a ‘blindfolded, naked woman’ holding a torch into the darkness. The light can be symbolic for the hope and direction that the europeans want to bring to Africa. In a more simplistic manner, the torch is the element for a fire and a source of energy and Kurtz could be saying that the ‘European energy’ is arriving into Africa to build up the continent. However, this painting also shows a more grave implication that the Europeans efforts will be futile. Although there is a light to guide the woman through the darkness , she is still blindfolded suggesting that they are ill­equipped to deal with the situation, and they are more inclined to make mistakes and not reach their targets. In conclusion, the danger of the wilderness, and the fact that the europeans are not well prepared for Africa means......

Words: 1687 - Pages: 7


...A Journey Through Darkness IT IS A SPARKLING DAY IN MID-JUNE, the sun out in full force, the sky a limpid blue. I am lying on my back on the grass, listening to the intermittent chirping of nearby birds; my eyes are closed, the better to savor the warmth on my face. As I soak up the rays I think about summers past, the squawking of seagulls on the beach and walking along the water with my daughter, picking out enticing seashells, arguing over their various merits. My mind floats away into a space where chronology doesn’t count: I am back on the beach of my adolescence, lost in a book, or talking to my old college chum Bethanie as we brave the bay water in front of her parents’ house in Connecticut, where she comes to visit every summer. In the 20 or so minutes of “fresh air” allotted after lunch (one of four such breaks on the daily schedule), I try to forget where I am, imaging myself elsewhere than in this fenced-off concrete garden bordered by the West Side Highway on one side and Riverside Drive on the other, planted with patches of green and a few lonely flowers, my movements watched over by a more or less friendly psychiatric aide. Soggy as my brain is from being wrenched off a slew of antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications in the last 10 days, I reach for a Coleridgian suspension of disbelief, ignoring the roar of traffic and summoning up the sound of breaking waves. I have only to open my eyes for the surreal scene to come back into my immediate line of......

Words: 8221 - Pages: 33

Darkness and Concealment in Macbeth

...including those of darkness and concealment. The role of darkness within ‘Macbeth’ forms a vital aspect of the entire nature of the plot, with characters such as Macbeth, Lady Macbeth and even the witches displaying the use of dark acts, such as murder, in order to achieve personal ambition “that wilt raven up life’s own means.” Additionally, concealment plays an equally vital role, with the ‘femme fatale’ of Lady Macbeth strongly displaying signs of duality as she represses her evil nature behind the charade of passive femininity. However, one must consider why and how darkness and concealment obtain a significant device in structuring both the plot and displaying the gothic elements. Within ‘Macbeth, one of the most significant roles of the gothic notion of darkness is to emphasise to the audience the chaos and distress caused by Macbeth’s disruption of the Divine Right of Kings; which Shakespeare highlights through the relentless conflict between dark and light throughout the plot. Although darkness plays a vital role in accentuating the beast within both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, it can be seen as equally significant in the literal sense, with the eclipse which occurs during and after the murder of Duncan - hiding the cruel, dark nature to Macbeth’s acts. Within Act Two, Scene One, Fleance expresses the fact that “the moon is down: I have not heard the clock” which instantly creates a sense of terror for both modern and Jacobean audiences, through the imagery of......

Words: 1032 - Pages: 5