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Impact of Globalization in Malaysia

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Amini
Words 5806
Pages 24
1. INTRODUCTION

Malaysia as described by many economists and development scientists is one of the fast growing developing countries in the East. The rapid process of economic development and increase number of population is a resulted from the globalization that Malaysia had experience. Globalization may be thought of initially as the widening, deepening and speeding up of worldwide interconnectedness in all aspects of contemporary social life, from the cultural to the criminal, the financial to the spiritual. Globalization is a situation explaining a process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a global network of communication, transportation, and trade (Wikipedia). Meanwhile, Palmer (2002) defines globalization as "the elimination of state-enforced restrictions on exchanges across borders and the increasingly integrated and complex global system of production and exchange that has emerged as a result”. Professor Madya Dr. Zaid Ahmad stated that, globalization is a recently emerging fashionable expression that carries several connotations. There are those who have used it to express what they argue as new phenomenon enveloping societies the world over. Generally, globalization involves three distinct processes such as the distantless, borderlessness and interconnectedness of nation-states

Society always arguing about a process which is naturally unstoppable. Either unprepared for it or against it, they will simply engulfed by phenomenon. They also tend to succumb the argument of the former even they are on the side of global social phenomenon. Even though a society group which is majority tend to succumb, but still got another group called minority are more positively about the role that affected societies could play in either getting themselves ready for the phenomenon or diminish potential super dynamic effect. The term globalization in Malaysia caught in the nation’s imagination. Some people perceived that globalization it to be engine that would drive Malaysian economy into a develop status. But they also cautious and mindful that globalization only happened if our country is able to properly align itself to the process in order to utilized or fully taking advantages the opportunities that came along with phenomenon.

Globalization in Malaysia seems to bring positive impacts towards our economy, but to a certain extent it also gives negative impacts upon of Malaysia societies. In addition, urban people are greatly exposed to a globalization because of the process seems to reach urban areas, first before it reach rural areas. When our country are successfully achieve or meet these challenges of globalization, thus, society need to understand the phenomenon or otherwise it could be an obstacles to the country’s efforts in meeting challenges of globalization. Consequently, the government may plan or implement strategies to overcome these obstacles. But without a fully support from societies in total, all of the efforts meet a deadlock or fail. In order to facing a globalization, there must be several strategies to be implemented as to face its challenges and try to benefit it for the future. So, this assignment will discuss more on globalization and its impact.

2. FACTORS CONTRIBUTE TOWARDS GLOBALIZATION IN MALAYSIAN CONTEXT

Briefly explain that, in order to open the international capital, the Malaysian government enlarged its integration into the global economy firstly through an embrace of export led growth strategy. One of the examples is the establishment of free industrial zones in the state of Penang in 1969 which nowadays comprise of four main phases. This growing globalization received a boost from our former Prime Minister; Dr. Mahathir in 1981. Through an increase in policy pronouncements and reforms, Malaysia adopted a series of neo-liberalizing economic measures, including privatization of state utilities, changes in its tax administration whereby it is done through cuts in direct and corporate taxes. The market was embraced as the engine of growth and seen to be the moderating force shaping development in the country. Thus, for example, in the 6th Malaysia Plan, the government readily proclaimed in 'The Way Forward' that our economic objective should be to secure the establishment of a competitive economy. It mean that, this objective specifically highlighted several strategies which Malaysia must have diversified and balanced economy with a mature and widely based industrial sector, a modern and mature agriculture sector and an efficient and productive and equally mature services sector such as entrepreneurial economy that is independent, outward looking and enterprising an economy that is subjected to the full discipline and fix our of market forces.
The existence of Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) in 1997 is one of the factors that contribute towards globalization in Malaysia. The advancement in information and communications technology (ICT) gives big impacts of globalization in Malaysia. Through MSC, the government spent a million Ringgit Malaysia to develop ICT industry in order to enhance the capacity of ICT and multimedia industry. With this plan, the ICT related infrastructure will be develop and upgraded. Not only that, a number of ICT national related programs and projects being implemented to accelerate the wider use of ICT in the various sectors such as economy. This will enable Malaysia people to sustain its competitiveness as well as attract new investments and create economic opportunities in ICT related industries. As a result, the development of ICT has brought new changes in Malaysian people and it will lead to globalization in Malaysia.
Another reason is, through the expansion of regional economic or trading blocs in this world such as European Union (EU), North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA), one of economic region activities in South East Asia region. The encouragement of free trade between member countries is another way of breaking down the economic barrier. The increase number of this association had lead to greater number of business transaction and diversity in trade demands. International trade agreements frequently happen through the activities of import and export. This can benefitted the countries members whereby, there are greater variety of products and goods in our market and it can boost our economy. This is done through globalization which mainly being used by its mechanism, which is economy liberalization. As a consequences, it lead to spread of local consumer products, examples; food to other foreign countries in other region. This FTA also considers as an international trade whereby it connects two or more countries to conduct business transaction. Process of liberalization takes place in economy sector whereby it obviously being exported from the Western. As we can see today, many countries are adopting neo-liberal and open free market as a result from the globalization that comes from other countries. Due to that also, the regional economic blocs are required to remove their tariff barriers as it can attract investors to our country. Instead of FTA, bilateral relations can strengthen economic cooperation between that particular countries, as example were Malaysia-Thailand.

Not only that, the freely movement of capital also leads to globalization. The production base of a developing economy is increase because of capital flows across countries. The mobility of capital only enabled savings for the entire globe and exhibited high investment potential. Foreign capital inflow plays an important role in the development economy. In another meaning, capital flows can help to attract investors. A financial flow also is one of the factor leads to economic globalization. The capital market development is one of the major features of the process globalization. The growth in capital and mobility of the foreign exchange markets enabled better transfer of resources cross borders. It is compulsory to go in for the expansion of foreign exchange markets. Thus, it will facilitate international transfer of capital. For example, international transfer of funds led to the financial crisis that has been dangerous phenomenon.

In addition, the creation and expansion of Multi-National Corporations also leads to globalization in Malaysia. The installation of multinational firms in Malaysia had caused Malaysia experienced greater globalization in term of business culture, management of operation and others. The influx of foreign labor and immigration of expatriate that being imported from our country also increase the tendency for cultural globalization. They will instill corporate values, professionalism that based on Western tradition and spread it through work culture. Such examples of existing MNC from foreign nations are American International Assurance (AIA), TESCO, General Motor Corporation and other companies.

3.0 SEVERAL ASPECTS THAT BEING AFFECTED BY GLOBALIZATION

Firstly is, informational aspects whereby through globalization, it will increase in information flows between different geographically remote locations. It connects different regions across the world and produce bulk of information that benefitted people’s daily life. The expansion of Internet, satellite leads to above situation.

Other than that is, cultural aspects which are globalization will lead to growth of cross-cultural trends; the desires to increase one’s standard of living and enjoy imported products that more quality compare to local products and so on. The result can be seen in Malaysia whereby, the immigration leads to cultural diversity and transformation of culture through mixing and assimilation of new culture. Furthermore, the industrialization sector also being affected by globalization. The increase in global demand on manufactured goods had caused Malaysia to install various industrial sectors as to meet this challenge. Freely movements of trade without any barriers contribute towards the creation and expansion of foreign companies that specialized on manufactured products. Such industrial area in Malaysia is, Free Industrial Zone in Penang and others. Increase in international trade had reflected towards Malaysian economy.

Besides that, globalization also affects economic aspect. It means that with the existence of globalization, the realization of global market is based on the exchange of goods and capital. With these scenario, the economic condition of an area can be affected; whether collapsing or growing is depends on the other areas of economic condition. Besides that, jobs may be moved to an area which has the lowest wages, least worker protection and lowest health benefits because the companies wanted to produce goods and services at the lowest cost of production. Political is also an aspect which has been affected with globalization in many countries in the world. This is because, there are several countries which have make use of globalization in order to create a world government which regulates the relationships among governments and guarantees the rights arising from social and economic globalization. Take United States of America for granted. They possess the highest power among the other world’s power which is part of it is due to globalization and its strong and wealthy e 4. IMPACTS OF GLOBALIZATION

Malaysia had experience globalization several decades ago and from that time up until now, our government had develop various implementation strategies which aims to cope up with this phenomenon and to deal with variety of challenges that posted by globalization. Many methods had been used just to ensure, society are well prepared to bear the consequences from globalization and make their own way out for that problem. At the same time, supportive society should be established as to react upon government action. Malaysian citizen had voice their opinion and views regarding globalization whereby, accumulating of perception had been gathered by them. Based from that, it had been concluded that, there are some group of people perceived globalization as a machine that would drive the country’s economy into a develop status and bring beneficial impacts. However, there are certain groups of people who are still cautious and anxiety towards the bad effects of globalization. These views had discussed lengthy about the constructive and destructive effects of globalization. The bangs can be analyzed from three main aspects which are politics, economic and social.

1. Politic

Political globalization usually have sole purpose which is it act as a mean to create a new world of government which regulates the relationships among governments and guarantees the rights arising from social and economic globalization. The political globalization in Malaysia can be seen from several aspects such as through their ruling system, external relation and sovereignty.

4.1.1 Ruling system

Malaysia had adopted parliamentary democracy whereby it being followed from the foreign countries through globalization and liberalization. The constitution is largely democratic and provides for regular elections (Vaughn, 2003). This concept based largely on the concept of people majority which public especially can participate in decision making. The involvement in political arena had lead to the establishment of various political parties in Malaysia. The ruling system in Malaysia is being adopted from Western countries and the political will is largely same with other countries around the world. The stability in political arena can ensure greater political security in Malaysia with other nations through their external relation. The adoption of semi-democracy method is to be seen as a means to achieving stable and harmonious nations through more involvement of public in decision making. But as we can see in Malaysia nowadays, through democracy, fundamental rights of the people are being limited in the Federal Constitution as it denies them from exercising their rights. All this happen due to globalization in term of political aspects that being exported from foreign and later, being embracing in Malaysia.

4.1.2 External Relation
External relation can be described as a situation when one country cooperates with another country in a scope of politics, economics and social aspects. Some of the elements in external relation are international laws, foreign policy and others. The pressure and challenges that put by globalization had caused Malaysia to strengthen their economic condition and to maintain country security and harmony through external relation with other foreign nations. The scope may be wider as it covers various sectoral discussions as to meet the impacts of globalization. Malaysia, had conducted variety of cooperation with other countries through their relations. Malaysia-China political relation is identified as the most significant political relationship whereby the relations can be traced since the Han Dynasty. So, the globalization in this case is not a recent phenomenon (Balakrishnan, 2006). In the previous decade, Globalization can be viewed from the ideological differences perspective and the quest for security. The economic motivation could be clearly seen whereby various cooperations had been successfully implemented. As a result, political instability can be eradicated and their political relations can be strengthen and ensure harmonious condition in Malaysia. Moreover, rapid development can be identified as a result greater economic cooperation. Diplomatic relations is being upgraded for future benefit between Malaysia and China. Malaysia also had conducted several external relations with United States in term of politics. But, the relationship are seem to produce more negative whereby as we can see, its strengthen US position as a world supreme power.

4.1.3 Sovereignty

According to Laski (1961) the modern state is a sovereign state. The states need not be affected by the will of any external power. Sovereignty will become subject to no legal limitation of any kind. Although globalization is often viewed as challenges to national sovereignty because the states need to relinquish their sovereignty when join any integration, states in Asia still have chosen to embrace the global economy. Globalization was viewed as a tool for strengthening national power, rather than as a potential threat during the Asia’s boom years. This view was reinforced by the belief in Asia that governments could participate in the global economy without altering domestic political structures and practices. That is means; there are no negative effects towards the state’s political structures as it no need for changes or any sovereignty resignation. Malaysia is still exercising their own sovereignty eventhought becomes one of the members of ASEAN. The emergence of globalization had caused Malaysia to participate in this regional association. In Malaysia, however, suggest that globalization can force political, as well as economic change.

4.2 Economy

The economy therefore expanded, registering annual growth rates of around 8%-9%. Foreign investment also rose significantly, rising from RM 325 million in 1985 to RM 6.2 billion in 1990. As the economy expanded, the process of globalization increase that is labor and capital regulations was also liberalized. By 1995, foreign capital became the most important factor contributing to growth in Malaysia and Malaysia became one of the more attractive locations for investment in Asia.
4.2.1 Malaysia’s Trade, Exports and Imports

Southeast Asia has been a trade hub for centuries, especially Malaysia. Since the beginning of history, Malacca served as a fundamental regional commercial center for Chinese, Indian, Arab and Malay merchants for trade of precious goods. Since globalization landed, Malaysia has shares healthy trade relations with number of countries. This is because, with globalization, Malaysia has been able to create external economic relations with most of the developed country in the world such as United States of America. The country is associated with trade organizations, such as APEC, ASEAN and WTO. Besides that, Malaysia is also as one of the founding members in the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) that was established in 28 January 1992 for the trade promotion among ASEAN members. Not only that, Malaysia has also sign Free Trade Agreements with countries including Japan, Pakistan, China and New Zealand.

Malaysia was once the world’s largest producer of tin, rubber and palm oil. The manufacturing sector in our country plays crucial role in economic growth. However, the export industry was hit hard during the late 2000 economic recession which cause a drastic dropping to 78% i.e. FDI to RM4.2 billion in the first two quarters of 2009. Other than that, the total exports are also falling down from $198.7 billion in 2008 to $156.4 billion in 2009. The imports are also decreasing from 154.7 billion in 2008 to $119.5 billion 2009.

4.2.2 Malaysia’s Exports

In term of exports, the main Malaysia exports commodities include the electronic equipment, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, and also chemicals. These are the main export commodities that have been generating the income of our country with Malaysia’s export partner. This figure below shows the Malaysia’s export partner and the percentage for each of them;

[pic]

(Sources: EconomyWatch.com 2010)

From the figure above, it can be said that Singapore is the highest contributor in our country’s export with the percentage of 13.9% followed by China; 12.2%, United States of America; 10.9%, Japan; 9.8%, Thailand; 5.4%, and Hong Kong; 5.2%.

4.2.3 Malaysia’s Imports

In the aspect of imports, Malaysia imports commodities can be listed down such as electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, and chemicals. All of these are our country’s main import commodities that have been in trade due to globalization. The figure below shows the Malaysia’s import partner and the percentage for each of them;

[pic]

(Sources: EconomyWatch.com 2010)

From the figure above, it can be concluded that China is the highest contributor in Malaysia’s import with the percentage of 13.96%, followed by Japan; 12.5%, United States of America; 11.2%, Singapore; 11.1%, Thailand; 6%, Indonesia; 5.3%, South Korea; 4.6%, Germany and Taiwan; 4.2%.

4.2.4 Malaysia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a basic measure of a country's economic performance. It is the market value of all final goods and services made within the borders of a nation in a year. Below is a chart of trend of gross domestic product of Malaysia at market prices estimated by the International Monetary Fund with figures in millions of Malaysian Ringgit.

|Year |GDP |Exchange |Inflation Index |Per Capita Income |
| |(in millions) |(1 USD to MYR) |(2000=100) |(as % of USA) |
|1980 |54,285 |2.17 |51 |14.78 |
|1985 |78,890 |2.48 |64 |11.44 |
|1990 |119,082 |2.70 |70 |10.47 |
|1995 |222,473 |2.50 |85 |15.69 |
|2000 |343,216 |3.80 |100 |11.47 |
|2005 |494,544 |3.78 |109 |12.67 |
|2010 |?? |3.12 |?? |?? |

(Sources: World Economic Outlook Database 2010)
Based on the figure above, from the year of 1988 to 1997, the economy has experienced a period of broad diversification and sustained rapid growth averaging 9% annually. By 1999, nominal per capita GDP had reached $3,238. This is due to globalization which resulted in the creation or establishment of the new foreign and domestic investment with the other developed countries such as United States of America and Japan which played a significant role in the transformation of Malaysia's economy.
In term of manufacturing sector, it has grown from 13.9% of GDP in 1970 to 30% and this sector has been accounted for 30% of GDP (1999). Electronic components include semiconductor devices; which are electrical goods and appliances, are the major products in manufacturing sector that have made Malaysia as one of the largest exporters in the world. While in term of agriculture and mining, both of these sectors had been accounted for 42.7% of GDP in 1970 and dropped to 9.3% and 7.3% respectively in 1999. The drop in these sectors GDP can be related to the impact of economic recession in 1997 which means that most of the countries are still healing from massive drop in their economic condition in 1999.
4.2.5 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Malaysia
Foreign direct investment (FDI) in classic form can be defined as a company from one country making a physical investment into building a factory in another country. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Malaysia has been set up following the holding of at least 10% of the total equity in a resident company by a non-resident investor. It means that, foreign investors will hold 10% from the total equity in resident company. Consequent transactions in financial assets and liabilities between resident companies and non-resident direct investors linked by a foreign direct investment relationship (FDIR) which can also be called as FDI. This kind of transactions could be between Malaysian companies and with its immediate or ultimate parent or fellow companies.
Since gaining independence in 1957, Malaysia has taken advantage of its tangible assets like natural resources and abundant labor. Besides that, the intangible assets like trade status under Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), macroeconomic stability, liberal trade regime, and a resourceful legal infrastructure have also been used in order to bring in FDI. The Government of Malaysia’s (GOM) main policy is to bind FDI as a part of the economic development strategy to acquire foreign technology, capital, and skills.
Nowadays, as globalization spread all over the world, most of the developed countries such as United States of America and Japan have their eyes on Malaysia. Apart from that, they also see our country economy as encouraging for foreign investor to make their investment in various sectors. This is because; Malaysia offers investors a vibrant business environment with perfect conditions for growth and profits. Our country strengths include well-developed infrastructure, industrious workforce and also politically stable nation with a good legal system which provides attractive incentives for investors.

For the record, Malaysia has received RM46.1 billion foreign direct investment (FDI), which was all time high, for the whole of 2008. The foreign investments accounted for 73.4 % of the total investments of RM62.8 billion approved for 2008.

4.3 Social
Generally, globalization also led to marginalization, impoverishment and social divided and social differentiation for large numbers of people in Malaysia between the poor and rich. The rate of poverty is still difficult to be reduced especially for the people who live at the rural area. The development and improvements in technology is only reaching to the urban area. This lead to distinctions in certain area which classified into develops and under develops. The polarizations in society are becoming greater especially between the rich and poor (Castles). This study will emphasize on cultural aspects, education and environment.

4.3.1 Culture

Social aspect refers to each single factor that governs and associated with daily life of every normal human being. It may cover their culture, ideology, belief system, and any other variables that can explain social condition in certain nation. Culture elements had used to explain on how it may shape the common way of life of human. One of the optimistic effects can be seen through the exposure and greater awareness of Malaysian citizen pertaining various cultures that exists around the world. Globalization had caused variety of highly-advance technology being developed and used as an ‘instrument’ to disseminate information and connecting people from one country to another (Tong, 2001; Anonymous, 2009). As consequences, in Malaysia nowadays, there exists a new phenomenon which is cultural globalization and lead to cultural diversitification which comprises diversity in term of culture instead in Malaysia instead of culture embrace by three dominant races and minority races in this country. The situation is currently seen to continue as it vary the culture in Malaysia and perhaps, consider as a positive effects of cultural globalization. Malaysian culture will be expanded which slowly experience ‘culture amalgamation’ with other culture that comes from other states (Tong, 2001). Cross-cultural intensification and proliferation had been made and being disposed through globalization instruments which is technology such as Internet, satellite and installation of multi-national corporations. Expatriates that being imported might influence the organizational culture in that company and thus, influence the culture and style of work of local people. Campbell mention that, multiplicity of cultures in Malaysia will uphold Malaysia status at global stage and being labeled as one of the harmonious countries in the eye of the world. The creation of new cultures is benefitted to all society in Malaysia by not consider its races. In addition, new culture might exist due mix-marriage patent which resulted of transmigration and greater influx of foreign labors into Malaysia. Moreover, globalization mechanism is really helpful for Malaysian citizen in understanding and learning other foreign cultures and language that will be useful towards nation-building. Malaysia, My Second Home Programmed (MM2H) is established as to encourage more foreign people especially that comes from Europe and America’s to stay in Malaysia. From that, we can see that composition of culture in Malaysia will be increased. Cross cultural will later produce mix marriage between foreigners and local people.

But, this study will not disregard to discuss the opposite direction or contradictory of globalization’s positive impact towards Malaysian society. Researches and studies on globalization show that how local cultures and social aspects of the public have been negatively affected by foreign element due to globalization phenomenon. Due to that, the effects of globalization on Malaysia can be characterized which their negative effects of global culture on the family and community elements among the Malaysian society such as family institution building, belief system and religion, perceptions and original value (Tong, 2001). The above situation is happen due to active role play by ‘machines’ of globalization which is media and Internet by exporting Western or foreign culture into Malaysia. Through these means, they will disseminate values that totally different and might ‘switch’ it to be align with their belief. Tong (2001), the shift from spiritual culture into material culture among Malaysian had caused various drawbacks lately whereby it slowly tries to destruct our culture values. The values of local people also changed from "traditionalism" to "modernity" whereby, they place greater attention in gaining wealth and instant monetary collection. The use of money, wealth and status as a reward had lead to larger number of people especially females that involved in immoral activities, mostly comes from Malay. Anonymous (2009) explained that media such as film, drama, cable televisions, and satellite televisions will contain Western values that being transferred into Malaysian society slowly without being identified. American Hollywood movie, Hong Kong drama, Japanese Anime, Korean drama is such example of media. These items will show inappropriate way of dressing, sexy fashion, and pornography and so on (Tong, 2001). As a result, our dressing code nowadays are not being followed as highlighted by the religious teaching and lead to phenomena of pre-marital sex, unwed mothers, abandoned children, illegal abortion, and AIDS. These social ills have become serious problems that should be eradicated immediately. Moreover, the values and attitude towards old folk also had changed whereby, it had been reported that, the number of old folks that being send to old folk's homes increasing.

Not only media, but Internet components such as electronic games, video tapes, video games, social website (e.g: Facebook and Twitter) may influence their attitude and cause people to forget their real intention (Anonymous, 2009). Western cultures nowadays are seemed to be applied in daily life that can be detected from their attitude, appearance which slowly diminishes the traditional values of that particular culture (Tong, 2001). For example, Islamic teachings have outlined several guidelines that can be used in guiding Muslims daily life. It has been explained lengthy in Qur’an and Hadith about halal and haram. But nowadays, especially among Malay people, they are more following ‘haram’ elements as it’s in the same path with culture exported by Western. Malaysian youth also slowly changed become more wild and aggressive. We are slowly losing our original identity and more to foreign-oriented lifestyle and culture.

4.3.2 Education

The migration of foreign students into our country also contributes to above phenomenon. As a result, our higher education system also improved whereby, the influx of international students had lead to the installation of various foreign educational campuses and thus, labeled Malaysia is one of the educational hubs among other developing countries (Arokiasamy, 2010). Based on the previous survey, the number of international students in Malaysia and Malaysian students that study abroad had increase dramatically due to increase number of private foreign institution that resulted from the invitation of Minister of Education and active role played by our government in supporting local students through scholarship and others. Not only that, the transform of study content and knowledge also is done as to meet the challenges of globalization of education. The curricula and quality of education had been improved as being pressure due to globalized education. Language also had been reformed and revolutionalized whereby in most educational institution in Malaysia, uses English as lingua-franca in cater knowledge for students and their daily work (Campbell). The benefit that we can see is, the locals; Malaysian can learn and adapt to the study environment as adopted in the foreign countries and perhaps, they may discover the culture and behavior of other students. Arokiasamy (2010) stated that, the use of information technology in education have widely applied in all institution across the world and thus, facilitate a good education system. Internet, one of the information technology component had been considered as a main vehicle in cater various knowledge and skills. It also is being used in teaching and learning session as it will ease the students and lecturer. Distance learning and communication as an example of globalizations effects. This is all done just to meet the current market demand.

Meanwhile, from the negative perspective it had been discover that, the financial implications towards the locals also had caused burden for them to enter into private foreign and local education institution. The top management of the educational campuses also sometimes find it difficult in finding and creating global academic environment that suit with the present situation and meets the challenges of globalization (Arokiasamy, 2010). Moreover, the Western lifestyle and techniques that have been exported through education system had caused our traditional lifestyle, dressing to be abandoned.

4.3.3 Environment

Our environment also being affected by the globalization through urbanization process (Zaid Ahmad, Nobaya Ahmad & Haslinda Abdullah, 2009). Flora and fauna, habits of the wild life is in danger of extinction due to human activities. Due to that, it is hardly to maintain a green, clean and healthy environment for present and future condition. The installation of various housing area such as condominium, apartment and terrace house had direct to illegal forest cutting as to fulfill demand by the people that increase significantly. The total population rose as the migration of locals and makes that area look suffocated. Moreover, advancement in technologies had caused our surrounding or environment as a victim. The air, water system had been polluted and this problem can affect the physiology and psychological well being of the people to live in harmony and healthy environment (Zaid Ahmad, Nobaya Ahmad & Haslinda Abdullah, 2009). But, due to globalization also, recently many countries had supported the use of green technology in almost every aspects in human life as to preserve the natural and to make this world safer in the future. Through globalization, state across the world had widely applied the green technology as a solution towards criticism on our environment.

Conclusion

Globalization is a situation explaining a process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a global network of communication, transportation, and trade. Many people in Malaysia are arguing about that. However, globalizations have brought many impacts to Malaysia in many aspects such as economic, social and politic. All of these aspects have change and revolutionize landscape of Malaysia today.

The impacts also have the advantages and disadvantages to this country. It is depends to Malaysian people on how to face with it. If they know how to face it with kindly, they can get many benefits from impact of globalization. But if they are failing to deal with it, it would be vice-versa. Nowadays, globalization have give more benefits rather than harmful.

References

Impact of Globalization (2010). Retrieved September 4, 2010 from http://business.mapsofindia.com/globalization/impact.html

Answers.com - Factors contributing to the increase in globalisation? (2010). Retrieved September 1, 2010 from http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Factors_contributing_to_the_increase_in_globalisation

Media Globalization and Development of Malaysia (2010). Retrieved September 1, 2010 from http://www.scribd.com/doc/33011496/Media-Globalization-and-Development-of-Malaysia

Globalization (2010). Retrieved August 23, 2010 from http://www.scribd.com/doc/7976053/Globalization

Arokiasamy, A. R. (2010). The Impact of Globalization on Higher Education in Malaysia. Genting Inti International College, Pahang, Malaysia, pp 1-13.

Campbell, J. (2008). Recognition and Respect: Globalization Culture and Malaysian Education. European Journal of Social Sciences, , 183-200.

Putzel, J. (2004). The Political Impact Of Globalisation And Liberalisation: Evidence emerging from crisis states research. Crisis States Development Research Centre, 1742-6634 (7), 1-13.

Tong, C. H. (2001). Global Culture and Its Effect on the Malay Family and Community. Retrieved August 23, 2010 from http://www2.kokugakuin.ac.jp/ijcc/wp/global/08cheu.html

Vaughn, B. (2003). Malaysia: Political Transition and Implications for U.S. Policy. Congressional Research Service - The Library of Congress, pp. 1-14.

Woong, L. (2004). Mahathir, Malaysia and Globalisation: Challenging Orthodoxy. Central Coast School of Business,.

Zaid Ahmad, Nobaya Ahmad & Haslinda Abdullah (2009). Urbanism, Space and Human Psychology: Value Change and Urbanization in Malaysia. European Journal of Social Sciences, 11 , 464-470.

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