Premium Essay

Impact of Us Foreign Policy on the Vietnam War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By leslie1323
Words 3614
Pages 15
Impact of US Foreign Policy on the Vietnam War
The Vietnam War is one of the most talked about wars in history. It began in 1959 and did not end until 1975. These years saw protests, conflicts, casualties, and confusion for the United States, as well as the terms of three presidents: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard Nixon. When U.S. involvement in the war began under Kennedy, it was originally put out as a plan for the United States to only aid the South Vietnamese, but, after his assassination, Johnson was put in charge. The path that the war took under Johnson was filled with controversy and large numbers of casualties. When Johnson did not run for a second term, Nixon was left in charge to ultimately turn things around. Soon, all of the American troops were removed from Vietnam, and the war slowly began to come to a close. But what was it about Nixon’s foreign policy that was so much more successful than Johnson’s? Was Nixon’s policy more closely related to Kennedy’s successful strategy than Johnson’s was, and, if so, why didn’t Johnson do a better job modeling his policy after Kennedy? These are all questions that political scientists still look at today as a way to solve the many questions that are still being posed about the war. I have looked deeply into these questions, and found answers through researching the history of Vietnam as well as the three presidents. As I read about each event that unfolded, it became clear to me why there were such drastic differences involving their results.
Before the election of President Kennedy, the United States was led by President Eisenhower. Kennedy did a good job continuing his predecessor’s policies of avoiding military confrontation and the commitment of US soldiers on foreign soil. During Eisenhower’s time, the major crisis for the United States was situated in Cuba, and how the Fidel...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

How Did The Vietnam War Affect Us Foreign Policy

...The Vietnam war was like a disappearing act.It was this way in the sense that many American men were drafted into the war. Many people did not like this.It messed with many lives and businesses.The US was impacted a lot in the fact of why they had to help, the impact on society, and the impact on foreign policy. The US had no other choice than to join the war.The US made a promise to south Vietnam and kept that promise by helping build and defend south Vietnam. They also want to protect freedom and democracy. Protecting democracy for one country shows they really care about democracy and other countries.This is Why the US got involved in the Vietnam war. The Vietnam war hugely impacted the american society. There were many people from Vietnam staying in america which caused a few changes. The US had to put extra signs on buildings so the Vietnamese people could read them and know which building to enter. This influenced our signs for packaging today. We also had all our money going towards war and not society. This is how the Vietnam war affected the US. Also, the Vietnam war affected the US foreign policy. After the war, the foreign policy was left in disarray. The US had discredited the post war policy of containment. Then, undermined the consensus that supported it. This is how the war affected US foreign...

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Policemen of the World

...Collins History 105 June 15, 2014 Foreign policy, whether for or against, seems to be the center or major problem in most of the international incidences, that have occurred recently. A) Two or three (2-3) international events from the past five years that can be traced back to a foreign policy created after the Civil War. 1. Sri Lankan government policy towards India against support of China - Sri Lankan government had a foreign policy towards India that was not supportive of China and that has led to a strained relationship between these two Nations. Tamilian issues were not completely addressed by Sri Lankan foreign policy and the recent atrocities against Tamil provoked the Tamilnadu state to pressurize the central government though this is Sri Lanka internal policy but in its foreign policy they couldn’t relate to the sentiments of Tamil people in India. The Indian government did not attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) Summit which was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The protest of the Sri Lankan Government towards the Tamils of Sri Lanka forced the Prime minister of India to stay away from the CHOGM summit. The long civil war with Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka did not patch up the relations between Sri Lanka and Tamilnadu and Tamil people forced Prime minister of India to boycott CHOGM. 2. Somalia’s foreign policy influenced by Muslim......

Words: 1648 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Vietnam Dbq Analysis

...China had a communist government and it spread to Vietnam in 1975 because of the domino theory. The domino theory is the theory that a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries. Indo-China consisted of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. These countries were in jeopardy of falling to communism because of their location and the domino effect. The U.S. tried to contain communism in Europe and after 45 years, they ended up containing it. They contained it by keeping communism in one country and not letting it spread. It makes it easier to contain if it is in one country. Communism spread to Asia and the U.S. has to be try and contain...

Words: 653 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Cold War and Us Diplomacy

...1: The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy Annette Hickson Dr. John Cronin Strayer University POL300 – International Problems February 9, 2014 Introduction The Second World War forever changed how the United States viewed its role in foreign affairs. America understood it could no longer stand by and watch countries abroad occupy other nations without feeling any impact. In order to combat this threat, several presidents introduced ideologies to prevent the spread of communism and position America as a leader of the free world. America looked for ways to promote democracy around the world but it was met with opposition. The Soviet Union was not willing to conform to America’s way of life and this battle was the basis for the Cold War. The Sixties was an era in which the Freedom Movement gained momentum and Americans began to question whether or not the government was honest with the public (Schultz, 2012). Meanwhile, foreign policy would dominate as President Lyndon Johnson inherited the U.S. involvement in Vietnam. To better understand President Johnson’s ideals, this paper will summarize the situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts during President Johnson’s time in office. Furthermore, President Johnson’s diplomatic doctrine will be analyzed with reference to specific actions and events. Finally, the effects of these diplomatic efforts for the U.S. and other countries will be described to assess its impact. ......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

History

...between individuals of this party. The tensions that existed between the USSR and the USA in the 1920s and 30s Communism was viewed as an unstable force that threatened social and political order and Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik Revolution, was to represent this. Allied countries Britain, France, USA and Japan had sent help to Bolshevik enemies during the Civil War therefore there were some hostile feelings towards them even after the war. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 1918) was a result of Russia withdrawing from the war, leading to a feeling of betrayal amongst the allies who were left to fight Germany alone. Communist groups in Spain and France grew in strength in the 1930s in response to the hardships of the Great Depression which placed strains on the USA. Britain’s appeasement policy towards Germany under Hitler’s leadership led to Stalin seeing it as an attempt to placate Hitler and a sign of Britain’s lack of enthusiasm for halting Nazi foreign policy. This meant mutual mistrust and hostility remained between the countries. The strains that existed in the Grand Alliance during World War 2 Despite the meeting at Tehran in November 1943 there were divisions amongst the Big Three. The opening of...

Words: 7667 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

Canadian Involvement in Vietnam War

...Canadian Involvement in the Vietnam War; Playing Both Sides. Although Canada “officially non-belligerent” in the war against Vietnam they were active and played a huge role for and against the war. It is a common belief that Canada’s position during the Vietnam War was strictly neutral but the government was more involved than many Canadians realize. The Canadian government aided the U.S by sending Medical equipment, providing technical assistance as well as diplomatic aid. In 1981, it was discovered that Canada had been secretly involved in testing U.S chemical warfare agents for Vietnam. The Canadian government also welcomed about 30,000 American war resisters and draft-dodgers who did not support the war across the Canadian borders; at the same time about 30,000 Canadians crossed the border to volunteer to help the U.S soldiers fight in Vietnam. Scholars like Jessica Squires spoke on The Canadian Anti-Draft Movement, which “was a network of groups in Canadian cities that actively supported the immigration of War resisters”. This Network was active from 1966-1973 and its activities were seen as a sort of resistance to the American War on Vietnam. At this time in the early 1970s there had been protests and demonstrations in Canada and various parts of the world, which denounced the war on Vietnam and the actions if the U.S Government and this Anti-Draft Movement was one of the ways Canadians were able to influence or oppose the Vietnam War. In 1966,......

Words: 1733 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Goodyear Fdi in Asian

...on Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company (Goodyear). The objective of this research paper is to determine if Goodyear should expand to Vietnam as a Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) or not. The research will focus on these areas: 1) Goodyear Financial 2) History of Goodyear 3) Principal of Business 4) The Country Vietnam a. History b. Economy d. Trade and Balance of Payments g. Intellectual property rights h. Work forces i. Currency exchange rate 5) Conclusion Goodyear is a US based company, which is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (symbol GT). They have more than 20,000 investors and employ about 72,000 people around the world. They are one of the world’s leading tire companies and second largest tire manufacturer in Europe behind Michelin. They have 55 plants in 22 countries and operate in most regions of the world. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company was founded by Frank A. Seiberling in 1898. During the early stages of the company, rubber and cotton were the lifeblood of the organization. The wingfoot trademark of Goodyear was not known to the public until it was first advertised in 1901. In 1905, four years after Goodyear first advertised, they emerged into a tire manufacturer leader. In 1910, Goodyear became a multi-national company when it acquired foreign plant in Bowmanville, Ontario, Canada and opened sales office in Australia, Argentina and South Africa in 1915. In 1916,......

Words: 2462 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Vietnam Protectionism

...Vietnam Protectionism question Vietnam has an estimated 90.3 million inhabitants. It is the world's 13th-most-populous country, and the eighth-most-populous Asian country as of 2012. It is a one party communist state that has been one of south east asias fastest growing economies and has its sights on becoming a developed nation by 2020. It became a unified country in 1975 when the armed forces of the communist north seized the south. The country experienced 3 decades of bitter wars in which the communists first fought against the colonial power France, then against South Vietnam and its US backers. A visit to Vietnam by US president Bill Clinton in 2000 was the culmination of American efforts to normalize relations with the former enemy. In 1986 the Doi Moi resulted in Vietnams sucessful transition to a socialist orientated market economy. Elements of market forces and private enterprises were introduced soon after and a stock exchange opened in 2000. In 2007 Its successful economic reforms resulted in it joining the World Trade Organization which has promoted more competitive, export-driven industries, It also became an official negotiating partner in the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement in 2010. These lifts in protectionism has meant that poverty has declined significantly however, Vietnam is still working to create jobs to meet the challenge of a labor force that is growing by more than one million people every year. It also still suffers from relatively......

Words: 1989 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Kennedy Doctrine

...Kennedy Doctrines & US Relations BY Shaconda Peterson POL 300 Instructor Dr. Angela Agboli-Esedebe Date: September 3, 2011 The Kennedy Doctrine refers to foreign policy initiatives of the 35th President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, towards Latin America during his term in office between 1961 and 1963. Kennedy voiced support for the containment of Communism and the reversal of Communist progress in the Western Hemisphere. The Kennedy Doctrine was essentially an expansion of the foreign policy prerogatives of the previous administrations of Dwight D. Eisenhower and Harry S. Truman. The foreign policies of these presidents all revolved around the threat of communism and the means by which the United States would attempt to contain the spread of it. The Truman Doctrine focused on the containment of communism by providing assistance to countries resisting communism in Europe while the Eisenhower Doctrine was focused upon providing both military and economic assistance to nations resisting communism in the Middle East and by increasing the flow of trade from the United States into Latin America. The Kennedy Doctrine was based on these same objectives but was more concerned with the spread of communism and Soviet influence in Latin America following the Cuban revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power under Eisenhower during the 1950s. Some of the most notable events that stemmed from tenets of JFK’s foreign policy initiatives in regard......

Words: 2302 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Revision Cold War

...revision guide is intended to guide you to the key essentials necessary for answering questions on Unit 3. You shouldn’t use at it a replacement for your class notes or your own revision notes, but as a way of supplementing them and ensuring you have a firm awareness of major events, individuals and ideas. 1. The seeds of conflict 2. Emergence of Cold War, 1944-53 3. The ‘Thaw’ & ‘Peaceful Co-existence’ 4. The arms impact of the arms race 5. Sin-Soviet relations 6. Détente 7. End of Cold War Reminder of the structure of Unit 3 • Unit 3 = 25% of total marks • Written exam: 2 hours • Answer ONE question from Section A (30 marks), and ONE from Section B (40 marks) - choice of 2 questions in both sections • Section A – discuss an historical issue • Section B – use source material & knowledge to discuss an historical event Section A – themes to explore in your revision: 1. The post-Stalin thaw and the bid for peaceful coexistence in 1950s: a) USSR: Khrushchev b) USA: the responses of Dulles, Eisenhower and Kennedy. • the continuation of the Cold War in the 1950s following the retirement of Truman & death of Stalin, despite the bid for improved relations on the part of the USSR in the form of unilateral cuts in the size of the Red Army and withdrawal from Austria and Finland. • the concept of peaceful coexistence & what motivated Khrushchev & the Soviet leadership, & why the USA under Eisenhower & his......

Words: 13995 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

Paper

...later reaction * policies of Alexander III (1881-94) and Nicholas II (1895-1917): backwardness and attempts at modernization nature of tsardom growth of opposition movements * significance of the Russo Japanese water: 1906 revolutions; Stolypin and the duma; the impact of the first world war (1914-18) on Russia * 1917 Revolutions: February/ March revolutions; provisional government and Dual power (soviets): October/November Bolshevik Revolution; Lenin and Trotsky * Lenin’s Russia (1917-24): consolidation of new soviet state; civil war; War communism; NEP; terror and coercion; Foreign relations * * Gorbachev and His aims/Policies (glasnost And perestroika) and (1931-1991) consequences of the soviet state * consequences of Gorbachev’s policies for Eastern European; reform movements: Poland- the role of solidarity; Czechoslovakia- the velvet revolution; fall of the Berlin wall * china: Mao (1935-1976) Conditions that produced authoritarian and single party states * emergence of leaders: aims, ideology, support * methods of force and legal used to establish authoritarian * form of government ideology establishment * nature, extent and treatment of opposition establishment * domestic policies and impact (structure and organisation of......

Words: 780 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Richard Nixon Influence

...created a lasting impact on the United States. One of the most controversial and influential presidents was the 37th president Richard Nixon. During his term, Nixon made important decisions about the issues during the time period;however, not all of his decisions were favored by the public. Nixon was born on January 3, 1913, in the small town of Yorba Linda, California. He was raised in a big family of five children born to Hannah and Frank Nixon. His family life and his early childhood created a big impact on who he became when he was older. His mom was a Quaker so her lifestyle carried on to him and he also lost his older and younger brother to sickness. Nixon and his...

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Vietnam War

... The Vietnam War left many scars on the people of the United States and had an even greater effect on the country. The reputation of our country changed as people began to have different views on the government, people’s constitutional rights, and the proper role of the media. The changing of perspectives of the people led to the country being split and angry. The Vietnam War was a fight over the government’s power, the war itself, and the draft for the war. The Truman doctrine was created to make sure the South Vietnamese did not become communist. America began to send in massive amounts of money to Vietnam in hopes that it would not become communist. Vietnam was previously property of the French empire. During World War II the Japanese seized control of Vietnam. The communism of the Vietnamese was meant to be an opposition to the Japanese. France then later tried to take Vietnam back but failed. The United States had sent in money to France but when the Japanese defeated France the United States was forced to send money and military advisors to South Vietnam. By 1960, America sent in troops to Vietnam to fight in a war that eventually led to fifty-eight thousand Americans losing their lives. The subsequent loss on the Vietnamese side was even greater than that. The long standing war ended up costing $150 billion dollars. American intervention began in 1955 when the first military advisors came into power. Many of the government’s agencies became involved in the war at......

Words: 2087 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

English

...Dystopia Regrettably it is at this point that we find a gradual switchover from Utopia to Dystopia - societies whose planning is far from ideal, and which all too often come to grief. As a concept, Dystopia emerges at the end of the long Eighteenth Century, possibly as a result of social upheaval and the long wars.  it comes to the fore towards the end of the Nineteenth Century with gloomy forebodings as to the impact of industrialisation. Some go for a mechanical paradise. Others foresee a world order where things have got beyond repair - and that's not just the machines. Jack London in The Iron Heel (1908)sees the collapse of the American republic between 1912 and 1932 with the rise of 'The Oligarchy' (though he also thinks that international worker solidarity will avert a world war in 1913). Dystopia is highly pessimistic in tone. It traces what happens when things go wrong, either in an ideal world which has gone into crisis or decline, or else is a portrayal of of a world where society has collapsed at some time in the past. It is form of writing with a moral - and a warning. The irony is that reality can be stranger than fiction. The finale of The Mission is a case in point.  The humanitarian goals of the Jesuit Fathers ironically contained the seeds of destruction for the Missions. The presence not only of rational Indians, but Christianised ones who were highly skilled proved to be too much of a temptation for the bandeirantes, slavers who came across from Brazil......

Words: 3201 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

One Million Dead

...in the Vietnam Conflict was neither justifiable nor demonstrative of sound judgment by the American government. Many books, magazines, and other forms of commentary on the Vietnam War have surfaced in the half century since the war’s end. Historian and author Stanley Karnow suggests that such publications generally attempt to make sense of the horrific “war that nobody won” (Karnow 9). It is a subject that will continue endlessly to divide historians and others as they attempt to draw lessons from the conflict that might then be used to justify, condemn, or promote America’s involvement in modern day Vietnams. Because of the magnitude of complexities surrounding the war, some may find it difficult to formulate an unwavering opinion about the war’s causes and effects. According to Robert McNamara, who served as Secretary of Defense for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, mankind has often struggled to find solutions to even simple problems related to the unification of values and ideologies spanning diverse cultures (McNamara 323). In order to fairly judge why the American government put our troops in the jungles, swamps, and fields of Vietnam, one might first closely examine why our government claims to have committed our troops to Vietnam. One of the reasons most adamantly advanced by our government to justify a full scale assault on the Vietcong of North Vietnam was an incident that is said to have occurred in the Gulf of Tonkin. The Gulf of Tonkin boarders Vietnam and......

Words: 3484 - Pages: 14