Premium Essay

Impact of Nationalism

In: Social Issues

Submitted By shardas
Words 2751
Pages 12
Computer Peripherals

1. Input Devices

Input devices are used to capture the data and transmit it to the computer system for further processing and in computer readable form. Some of the input devices are as under:

a) Keyboard Devices: keyboard devices are the most commonly used devices today. They allow data entry into a computer system by pressing a set of keys, which is connected to a computer system. Programs and data are entered into a computer through a keyboard. A keyboard is similar to a typewriter it contains Alphabets,digits,special chars and some control keys. When a key is pressed an electrical signal is produced which is detected by an electronic circuit called keyboard encoder. Its function is to detect which key has been pressed and send binary code for it.

b) Point-and-Draw Devices: 1. Mouse: Mouse is the most popular point-and-draw device today. A mouse is called a pointing device. It moves across a flat surface with the help of tracking balls. Its movement and the direction of the movement is detected by two rotating wheels on the underside of the mouse called sensors.

2. Light Pen: A Light pen is a pointing device. It is used to select and write the text on the CRT. It is capable of sensing a position on the CRT screen when its tip touches the screen.

3. Trackball: A Trackball is a pointing device, similar to a mouse. The ball is placed in the base of a mouse, is placed on the top along with the buttons. To move the cursor around the screen the ball is rolled with the fingers. because the whole device is not moved. The cursor is often attached to or built into the keyboard. Trackballs built into the keyboard are commonly used in laptop(notebook) computers. because a mouse is not practical for laptop users in a small...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Impact of Nationalism

...Impact of Nationalism During the 19th and 20th centuries, nationalism played a crucial role in shaping the world, both constructively and destructively. Throughout history, nationalism can be found almost everywhere, with the desire for self-determination and independence as its primary catalysts. Nationalism can take form in politicians, national leaders, propaganda and mass media. In the last two centuries, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the emergence of independent nations, the two most influential wars of all time, World War I and World War II, and the rise of the worlds’ superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union can all be partially attributed to strong sense of nationalism and played an important role in shaping the world. The phenomenon of nationalism hit Europe in the 19th century. For example, self-determination, and the desire to be independent and dominant, fueled the Ottoman Empire. However, this longing proved destructive and led to the Ottoman Empire’s collapse in 1829, because of nationalist revolts. Although the Ottoman Empire ceased to exist, “The collapse led to the independence of Greece in 1830, and many countries pursued the same independence that Greece had obtained a few decades later. These countries included modern day Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria. Slavic peoples’, who included Poles and Serbs, also jumped in on the nationalist movement”. With the Ottoman Empire no longer in control, Greece was able to gain its......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

An Analysis Into the Rise of Arab Nationalism Following the Establishment of the State of Israel Post-1948 and Its Impacts

...An analysis into the rise of Arab Nationalism following the establishment of the State of Israel post-1948 and its impacts November, 2012 The main catalyst for the rise of Arab nationalism throughout the Arab world stemmed from the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. Israel's creation as the result of Zionist Jewish nationalism led to a counter-reaction in the peoples of Arab states - including Palestine - which was focused on removing Zionism from Arab lands and uniting Arabs to defeat Israel with the Palestinian cause being the central call of Arab nationalist intellectuals. By 1919 the Palestinian people had already established their identity as Arab, Palestinian, Syrians during the Paris Peace Conference as part of their process in developing their own nationalism. This longing for a more defined identity had increasingly become a matter of concern for Arab intellectuals especially after a growing Jewish community in Palestine and an absence of one formal representative of the people. Such occurrences led to a reaction and a will to reunite and regain the people’s dignity through the idea of Arab Nationalism. Examples of notable early nationalist thinkers include Sate’ al Husari, Michel Aflaq who were greatly influenced by prominent 19th century European thinkers. One of the earliest forms of Arab Nationalism was embodied in the Syrian Socialist National Party that was founded in 1932 by Antoun Saadeh, which started off by fighting French colonialism......

Words: 1745 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Six Elements of a Good Legal System

...Nationalism raged in Africa as an outcome of white rule and colonization of the native African’s land of which Zambia is not an exception. Africans were in pursuit of uniting all of Africa with black solidarity and eventually self- governing rule. Those who sought that were called Pan-Africanists and started their revolt with protests and by reminding Africans with liberating sparks of freedom in slogans and ideas such as “Africa for the Africans”.PanAfricanist believed that Africa had a glorious past and that Africans had deeply influenced Western civilization. All of this talk and liberating actions prided Africans to join in their own movement, but was of course met by struggles and challenges.Therefore, this academic essay aims at discussing the impact of nationalism towards Zambian culture. In order to achieve this, the essay will begin by giving brief explanation on Zambian culture as well as Nationalism and thereafter stretch negative and positive impact of nationalism on this culture. Zambia’s contemporary culture is a blend of values, norms, material and spiritual traditions of more than 73 ethnically diverse people. It is believed that most of the tribes of Zambia moved into the area in a series of migratory waves a few centuries ago. They grew in numbers and many travelled in search of establishing new kingdoms, farming land and pastures. Culture comes in many forms and shapes that are constantly evolving. One way of thinking about culture is as “an iceberg......

Words: 2717 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

National Moments Fueling Nationalism, and Nationalism Fueling Wartime Culture

...National Moments Fueling Nationalism, and Nationalism Fueling Wartime Culture LE300 – Warfare and Culture Core Assessment Paper Abstract This paper will take a close look at nationalism, nation moments and war time culture, and how the three influence each other. National moments inspire nationalism, and nationalism inspires culture. There will be a focus on America’s national moment of the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the nationalism that was bread from it, and the war time culture it inspired. Another focus will be on the freedom that Australia gained from the Britain after the landing in Gallipole, and the nationalism that grew while they were fighting with the British Expeditionary Force during the Great War. Lastly we will examine modern day nationalism, and take a look at a differing opinion on the subject. The Great War was filled with defining national moments for each country involved, which lead them to develop their own sense of nationalism. Their sense of nationalism influenced the way they fought and strategized in World War I. David Silbey’s chapter, “Connecting Culture and the Battlefield: Britain and the Empire fight the Hundred Days,” in Wayne E. Lee’s book, “Warfare and Culture in World History,” describes how operational decisions guided cultural development during World War I, and in turn, how wars are “…constructions of the cultures and societies that wage the wars, built according to the principles, beliefs, and myths of those......

Words: 1591 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Great Irish Famine and Changing Attitudes Towards Nationalism and

...point in attitudes towards Irish nationalism between 1815 and 1937? The Great Famine (1845-48) was possibly one of the most cataclysmic events of the 19th Century marking a significant turning point in Irish nationalism. The rise to prominence of the Catholic Association, with Daniel O Connor as its leader, signified the emergence of a nation-wide organization promoting Irish nationalism by constitutional means. Despite some early success and the growing popularity of the Association, the disastrous impact of the Famine put a stop to further developments in the short term. Longer term, the Famine has come to be viewed as a critical turning point in the changing of attitudes and the development of a burgeoning Irish nationalism. Historians have said of the Famine that it was, “the most tragic famine in modern British history”, having a “shocking, demoralizing impact”. Kee goes further by suggesting the Famine should be read as "a form of genocide engineered by the English against the Irish people." Ultimately the Famine provided the platform for militant activity against British Rule but in the shorter term it was also the catalyst for the expression of other nationalist feelings, some of which took on a greater constitutional outlook. The high point of cultural nationalism came with the splitting of the Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) and the formation of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) in 1884. This growth of cultural nationalism was expressed by a growing......

Words: 2137 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Nationalism: Good or Bad What is nationalism? Nationalism can be interpreted in so many different ways. There are also several varieties of it, which include both economic and cultural aspects. “Nationalism can best be described as an intense feeling of national pride and unity, an awakening of a nation’s people to pride in their country.” (Caterora, Gilly, Graham, 2013, p.171) Simply put, it’s a feeling of brotherhood towards one’s country. As in most countries, nationalism exists in some degree and plays an important role in the political and economic environment. It can come and go as conditions and overall attitudes change or differ. Throughout countries, foreign companies can be welcomed to the community one day and harassed or forced out the next. Nationalism is difficult to measure, but the effects on the economy can be profound. Nationalism can be perceived as either positive or negative depending upon the context in which it is used. One could make an argument that nationalism is bad because it makes people think that they are better than everyone else, even without fully understanding other countries’ cultures or policies. Of course as a modern society, we know this way of thinking is incorrect. There are several reasons why nationalism is good for a society. First, nationalism is closely associated with patriotism or the love of one’s country. This in turn creates an atmosphere that inspires people to willingly make sacrifices for their country. ......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

To What Extent Did the Great Potato Famine Cause a Change in Irish Nationalism

...In considering the process of change in the development of Irish Nationalism between the years 1815 and 1922, how far can the Potato Famine (1845-49) be seen as a turning point? Irish nationalism has been said to have changed hugely during the period of 1815 to 1922 in which the movement of nationalism took many changes in directions to complete a vast range of goals including fair rent and Home Rule. These changes were caused by different turning points along the way of which the Potato Famine has been said a key one. The Potato Famine did cause change to an extent but was not alone in the changing in direction of the Irish nationalist movement as other turning points contributed such as Catholic Emancipation, and the first Home Rule bill which both changed the objectives and strategies of the nationalist movement to an extent. The Potato Famine can be seen as a turning point in the change of Irish Nationalism as it was the first time the country had collectively focused on campaigning for cultural nationalism and this suddenly came about due to the catastrophic changes the famine had on the majority of the classes in Ireland, especially amongst the lower-class. It not only created a deep-seated hatred towards Britain amongst the Catholic population, but also had the devastating effect on the Irish population. It led to the death of approximately one million people and, by 1850, to the emigration of a further one and a half million. It accelerated a prolonged reversal......

Words: 2389 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Nationalism in 18th Century Europe

...Throughout the nineteenth century three political ideals began influencing states and their  citizens like no other ideals had done before. These ideals were liberalism, socialism and, the  most important, nationalism. Each one possessed its own uniqueness which inspired mass  followings of people that would last thoroughly into the twentieth century. Each one also proved  to form a catalyst for the modernisation of many European countries. However, in comparison,  none of these ideals had the impact that the nationalistic approach had. This is due to many  reasons which ranged from the fact that not everyone was affected by socialism or that ninety  percent of people in eighteenth century Europe lived in a ‘nation­state’ which acted as a breeding  ground for nationalism growth. A nation­state is a bordered country with its own culture and, the  main component of a nation, language. Once politically tapped, this shared heritage and  collective ideas could easily take the form of nationalism and depending on the capability of the  leadership in control the approach could take many different directions, the most well­known  being: ‘Pride Nationalism’ which originated from France or ‘Blood and Soil Nationalism’ from  Germany. One of the greatest accomplishment of nationalism was its ascension to the dominant  doctrine of ordinary people’s lives at the expense of religion whose power had become a tattered  shadow of previous centuries. However, that is not to say t......

Words: 1772 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...In considering the process of change in the development of Irish nationalism over the whole period 1800-1921, how far can the Easter Rising be seen as a turning point? Nationalism in Ireland is when people increasingly identify with Ireland as their home nation and it also signifies a move away from identification with the British. A turning point would be a single event or individual that led to a great development in nationalism, this being and increase or decrease. The Easter Rising cannot be seen as the main turning point in Irish nationalism. Rather, the development of nationalism can be attributed to a culmination of events spanning over the whole period with each event adding a more solid foundation for changes. Some events that I shall speak about such as the Great Famine laid a much stronger foundation for nationalism due to the great increase in Anglophobia. Whereas other factors such as the Catholic Emancipation Act which showed the Irish Catholic population how they could achieve great change and concessions from the British through a united front. These achievements were limited by the fact that they gave the Irish more power in the British political system, however, they had gained no more power for the Irish political system. Individuals such as Parnell gave nationalism a new face by providing a viable constitutional route to achieving independence through the uniting of the nationalist movements which led to him being the most important turning point.......

Words: 2566 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Napoleon and Europe

...Assess the impact of Napoleon on Europe The Napoleonic Empire came into existence following the coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte as Emperor of France at Notre Dame in 1804. The frontiers of the ancien regime had been expanded up to and beyond France’s natural borders, with the momentum of expansion following in direct correlation with the pace of France’s military conquests under the leadership of Bonaparte himself. The ‘Great Empire’ is often referred to as a single entity embracing French controlled Europe, but territories were in fact separated depending on the levels of French control. Territory ruled directly from Paris was known as the pays reunis which compromised of France’s natural frontiers (borders of the Rhine, Alps and Pyrenees) as well as annexed territories of Piedmont, Parma, Papal States and Holland after 1810. It was also divided into the pays conquis, which were nominally independent satellite states and formed a zone protecting the borders of the French Empire from attacks from countries such as Britain. These were ruled by Frenchmen who were usually close to Napoleon as a family member or as a close friend, such as Jerome Bonaparte who was King of Westphalia and Joachim Murat who was King of Naples. When discussing impact, the effects of Napoleon and his policies on factors such as economies, religion and nationalism in satellite states that composed the Napoleonic Empire will be taken into account, whether positive or negative on the states.......

Words: 4637 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay


...Relations Impact of German Nationalism 12/1/2011 Sidra Bashir (10596) | Nationalism: The term “nationalism” is generally used to describe two phenomena: (1) the attitude that the members of a nation have when they care about their national identity, and (2) the actions that the members of a nation take when seeking to achieve (or sustain) self-determination. (1) Raises questions about the concept of a nation (or national identity), which is often defined in terms of common origin, ethnicity, or cultural ties, and while an individual's membership in a nation is often regarded as involuntary, it is sometimes regarded as voluntary. (2) Raises questions about whether self-determination must be understood as involving having full statehood with complete authority over domestic and international affairs, or whether something less is required. Nationalism is a strong identification of a group of people with a political entity defined in national terms. It is a deep emotional attachment manifested in love for one’s homeland, a common language and sometimes fears of a common enemy. It also includes the belief that the state is of primary importance and a belief that one state is naturally superior to all other states. Nationalism is an extreme attachment to one’s state, the attachment runs so deep and blind that sometimes people forgets to differentiate between right and wrong, and they remain true to their nation even if it is wrong. The problem of nationalism is that......

Words: 3254 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

New Nationalism and Teddy Roosevelt: the New Ideals of Federal Intervention, Social Justice and Economic Welfare for the Nation.

...New Nationalism and Teddy Roosevelt: The new ideals of federal intervention, social justice and economic welfare for the Nation. Abstract In 1901 when President McKinley was assassinated, Roosevelt confronted sentiment, especially from the older members of the Republican Party, that he was not the right person to lead the country, often referring to him as “His Accidency.” Roosevelt was interested in quickly changing the mood of the country and establishing his legitimacy to his new position. He did so by introducing a “New Nationalist” form of Progressivism. When Roosevelt was sworn in, the Progressive Party had already been developing and growing since the end of the 19th century. It advocated for reforms and the lead of the government in changing society’s problems in response to socio-economic and political imbalances. Such thinking was a radical change in the country’s mindset, with earlier efforts supporting private efforts to solve the nation’s ills. The Progressive party had a broad platform, but the overall goal was for government to implement and lead efforts to alter societal inequalities. The Progressives called for eliminating corruption in the federal government as well as supporting a social welfare program, the women’s vote, penal system reform, and prohibition. Although the issue of civil rights for African-Americans was of concern of some members, this issue was not formally included in any of the Progressive party’s literature. With the support......

Words: 5710 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

How Far Does the Disaster of 1898 Account for the Growth of Catalan and Basque Nationalism?

...How far does the disaster of 1898 account for the growth of Catalan and Basque nationalism? The humiliating defeat of Spain to America during the Spanish-American War of 1898 dealt a catastrophic blow to the Spanish nation. In the subsequent Treaty of Paris signed on December 10th 1898, Spain relinquished its remaining colonial territories in the Caribbean and the Pacific. The disaster evoked heavy criticism of the Restoration government and its inherent corruption amongst many groups within Spanish society and served as a catalyst for the emergence of new political forces seeking to contest against the ruling oligarchy, most notably Catalan and Basque nationalism. This essay will argue that the disaster of 1898 was largely accountable for the growth of this nationalist sentiment in Catalonia and the Basque country. However, it will go on to assert that it was not wholly responsible: Catalanism had been built upon a steadily growing tide of Catalan particularism throughout the nineteenth century, and in the Basque Country its growth was ephemeral and would in fact enter a period of a more accelerated development during the years of the First World War. In Catalonia, friction had long existed between its regional demands and the centralising mission of the Spanish state. This tension had grown as a process of modernisation encouraged by industrial development in Catalonia had widened the cultural and economic gap between it and a stagnant central and southern Spain...

Words: 3001 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


... The enlightenment of the 18th century brought about new ways for religions and politics for the French Revolution. With the new ideas would help impact the French Revolution from 1789 to 1799. The enlightenment ideas about religion and society shaped the policies of the French Revolution. “The constant arrival of ships meant that ideas from Europe also traveled across the ocean, including those from Enlightenment thinkers and later revolutionary France. Some inhabitants of Saint Domingue embraced these ideas, but others reviled them. The grandsblancs especially became concerned when certain Enlightenment thinkers attacked slavery. They also disliked the emphasis on the rights and freedoms of the middle class, represented on Saint Domingue by the petitsblancs and gens de couleur. The petitsblancs, meanwhile, welcomed idealistic notions of justice and freedom because they resented the aristocratic dominance of the grandsblancs.” Getz, T.R. & Brooke, J.E. (2012). World history: The human experience from 1500. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. There were a lot of impacts related to the French Revolution as for political, social and culture. The political impacts that were related to the French Revolution are the political ideologies Nationalism and socialism. French nationalism, and nationalism as such, paradoxical in four ways. In their conception, nations often arise from states; in France, monarchs first enforced uniform laws throughout......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

History Test

...compete for colonies? a. Nationalism b. Communism c. Socialism d. Urbanism 2.) What was a result of the invention of the cotton gin? a. Slaves were no longer needed b. The need for slaves increased c. Farmers stopped growing cotton d. Cotton production decreased 3.) During the Industrial Revolution, how did the factory owners feel about the formation of trade unions? a. The owners encouraged the unions to form b. The owners did not care about the unions c. The owners did not like the unions d. The owners were excited about the unions 4.) Which of the following is the correct definition for collective bargaining? a. Process of negotiation between the United States and Japan b. Process of negotiation between management and union representatives c. Process of expanding educational opportunities for children d. Process of expanding a nation’s control over another nation with force 5.) Which of the following was included in child labor reforms passed by parliament? a. Increased the hours that children could work b. Restricted how many men could work c. Increased the hours that men could work d. Restricted the hours that children could work 6.) Adam Smith is famous for writing which of the following books? a. Communist Manifesto b. Wealth of Nations c. Mercantilist Theory d. Origin of the Species 7.) Which of the following is an impact of the Industrial Revolution...

Words: 1709 - Pages: 7