Premium Essay

Important of Philosophy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By orinya24
Words 4813
Pages 20
Volume 6 Number 2 (2012): 73-84 Editorial Essay
The Importance of Philosophy for Education in a Democratic Society
Dale T. Snauwaert
The University of Toledo
This essay explores the importance of philosophy for the study and practice of education in a democratic society. It will be argued that at its core education is a normative enterprise, in that it is driven by fundamental social values as well as the imperatives of social justice. These values and imperatives powerfully shape every dimension of educational theory, policy, and practice. From this perspective, education requires a normative frame of reference. Democracy, understood as not only a political system but more fundamentally as a way of life grounded in specific values and principles, provides a powerful point of reference. At the heart of democracy is the value of liberty, understood as self-determination. Self-determination requires that there should be careful reflection upon and rational deliberation concerning social values and, in turn, the imperatives of justice that inform the purposes and practices of education. It will be argued that philosophy constitutes a mode of inquiry and a discipline that enriches the capacity for reflection and rational deliberation, and hence it is essential for both democracy and the study and practice of education in a democratic society.
Education as a Normative Enterprise
There are a number of ways in which education is normative. While what follows is not an exhaustive list, it is arguably sufficient to demonstrate the normative nature of education. 73
In Factis Pax
Volume 6 Number 2 (2012): 73-84 First, education is an intentional activity. The planning and implementation of education isn’t arbitrary; it is purposeful and...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Why Is Philosophy Important?

...Unit 4a discussion: 1. Does philosophy need dialogue? I personally do not think that philosophy necessarily requires dialogue but I believe that dialogue is very important to philosophy. Dialogue allows for philosophical questions and issues to be resolved in a more creative way. It allows one to look at the setting, issues, characters, and plot twists in a conversational, stage like manner. For Socrates and Plato, dialogue played an important role in their work. In the dialogic conversation between the two Philosophers, they were able to naturally bring out the reasons they hold particular positions in a conversation thus helping reader further understand the underlying topic of their work. Another important aspect of dialogue is that it allows the reader to ask questions by one of the characters that the reader might be thinking. Although dialogue may not be required, it plays a large role in philosophy. Unit 4b discussion: Defining Normative Concepts Defining a concept involves two methods: List the things that fall under the concept (extensional definition) or we can give the rule that determines if something falls under a specific concept (intensional definition). But, the real question is, can we really define a normative concept? It seems like these two methods are either two broad or too narrow in their defining qualities. The sufficiency of the defining of normative concepts is the main. There could be many different ways to interpret a definition......

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Study Guide: Lesson 2 The Importance of Philosophy in General Lesson Overview Having discussed what philosophy is, we now consider why it is important to study philosophy. We will divide our discussion into 2 parts: (1) Why is it important for all persons in general and (2) Why is it specifically important for Christians to study philosophy? We begin, in true philosophic fashion, by examining the question itself: what do mean by philosophy being important and we introduce the idea of the philosophic mindset. We then examine 5 reasons why it is important for all persons to adopt the philosophic mindset. We will end by providing an overview of the different branches of philosophy. Tasks Read and take notes from chapter 2 of Philosophy: Critically Thinking about Foundational Beliefs, “Why is Philosophy Important?” As you read, make sure you understand the following points and questions: * What is meant by the philosophical mindset? A philosophical mindset is an attitude or approach to life that involves regularly examining beliefs to ascertain what they mean, if they are true and what value they have. A philosophical mindset approaches new information critically. It involves questioning, reflecting and considering the meaning, value and truthfulness of what one sees, reads or hears. (Mark W. Foreman. Prelude to Philosophy: Thinking Critically About Foundational Beliefs. 2012) * How does the job/vocation analogy apply to adopting the philosophical......

Words: 3331 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Personal Philosophy of Nursing

...Personal Philosophy of Nursing Student’ Name Institutional affiliation Personal Philosophy of Nursing Introduction Nursing is defined by the American Nurses Association as an act of safeguarding and upholding health and capabilities, preventing disease and harm, easing distress by offering diagnosis and treatment of any diseases that threaten the existence of the human race, and advocate for better care for individuals and communities in general (American Nurses Association, 2004, p. 7). Having a personal philosophy in this field is important. Philosophy refers to beliefs, and values of an individual that help reveal underlying values and belief about a field (Watson, 2008, p.259). Seedhouse (2000) defined nursing philosophy as a term that encompasses foundational and universal assumptions regarding the nursing profession.It further stipulates the beliefs and values that touch on the nature of knowledge and truth of the entities in the nursing profession and human wellbeing processes as indicated by the meta-paradigm (p.493). My personal philosophy of nursing is founded on the building blocks of philosophy that are, attitudes, beliefs, and values. There is a need for me as a professional nurse to believe and show the significance of nursing (ANA, 2002, P.15). This can be done by clearly articulating my personal philosophy of nursing. The philosophy will help me define how I can find my unique truth. My personal philosophy building began by trying to answer questions......

Words: 2138 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...Za’Qoya Richardson The term philosophy derives from the Greek terms philein (love) and Sophia (knowledge). Philosophy means the love of knowledge. People quite often find themselves questioning what we know to be reality. If we went our whole lives without knowing the factual detail of our society, the world would be chaotic. People would make up their own rules and there would be little structure. Back then during the Greek period anyone who sought knowledge was considered a philosopher. With that being said what would our history be like without scientists who have answered many philosophical questions in theory? Would there even be a history? These questions can be examples of philosophical questions. People have the misconception that if two people have opposing views on a certain subject, then one has to be correct and the other is incorrect. Philosophy proves that there can be multiple solutions or answers to the same issue at hand. People have their own philosophy. Some people misconceive philosophy with opinion (only). Philosophy uses one’s opinion to support good reasoning. Philosophy is supporting your position with an argument to create something logical. Philosophy can correlate with debate. Philosophers have to be willing to take criticism from opponents. Philosophy has paved the way for a lot of higher offices and leadership roles. Government officials and politicians use their philosophy to manipulate what is going on. They have to deal with......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Philosophy vs. Science by Joseph Rowlands The historical relationship between science and philosophy has not been a friendly one.  Philosophers like to start with their conclusions, and work to prove them.  When it came to trying to figure out what the world was like, philosophers tended to argue about what the world should be like.  Science was born as a rejection of this method.  Its goal was to figure out what the world was really all about, and its primary tool was actual experimentation. We've all seen philosophy at its worst.  Philosophers are often completely disconnected from reality and, more recently, don't care.  Rationalism, the view that only deductive knowledge is really reliable, is commonplace.  Philosophers often expound their ideas from armchairs and ivory towers, where the facts of reality don't concern them. It's not surprising science would want to distance itself from philosophy.  It becomes even more personal for the scientist when he's told that he must conform to preconceived views of the world.  It started with Galileo having to renounce his scientific views on astronomy, but continued through the ages.  Countless other scientists have had to hide their views on topics like evolution, the age of the earth and the existence of glaciers, with a range of punishments from the inquisition and burning at the stake to losing their jobs or financing.  Philosophy, often in the form of religion, does not seek the truth. It seeks believers, and the truth is......

Words: 6129 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay


...the task of philosophy is to search for meaning. In my opinion, Philosophy was created because many people today are searching for the meaning in their lives. We have a lot of questions like ‘Why I am here? Who am I?, ’ etc. Most of us are seeking for the correct answers on questions on our daily life. The universities or schools enables students to openly explore and learn, but still, it is not enough to fulfil or answer our questions, so that’s why philosophy was created and its main task is to search for the meaning, philosophy can answer our questions in many possible ways. 2. Why is philosophy important to human development and existence? I think that philosophy is important to human development because it can be served as a guide for us on our daily life because philosophy can fulfil our needs for information and philosophy can enhance our knowledge. I think that if philosophy not exists, cell phones, laptops, and other gadgets also not exists. So that’s why philosophy is important to human development and existence. Comparative Analysis - Relate Philosophy with the following: a. Science They are both trying to find answers about life that’s why philosophy and science are related to each other. I think that science is on fact, while philosophy is based on people's beliefs or ways of thinking. In addition, science has many theories, theories that seeks truths and answers like philosophy. b. History I think that history and philosophy are......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Philosophy has a major impact on the way that people make everyday decisions. From the thoughts we have, to the actions we take, whether it’s conscious or subconscious your philosophy plays a part in what you are doing. Philosophy gives everyone the opportunity to step back and get a better vision of where you are in life, where you have come from, and it will also give you a better idea of where you are trying to be in life. Philosophy is such a broad and thought provoking subject, and it is important to understand that philosophy is a thought process you practice. Philosophy is not something you learn out of a text book. Everyone has to nurture this thought process sometimes referred to as critical thinking. The actual breakdown of the word has a Greek origin it is two Greek roots: philein, a word that means “love,” and sophia, a word that means wisdom. When you put the two words together, it means “the love or pursuit of wisdom”. Philosophy can be considered to be many different truths, depending on the person and the ideas they have embraced through time. With the different twist and turns that philosophy can take, there had to be some way of classifying the different approaches. The approaches were broken down into 6 areas to be able to classify what type of research was being done. Philosophers like Bertrand Russell brought to our attention that we are quick to embrace the scientific explanation of the world but the Metaphysics or the idea that there may be an......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Theistic Progrealism

...F. LOR, MA MAED-I AUGUST 23, 2014 “THEISTIC PROGREALISM” Education is an incessant process. We never stop learning. Human beings continually learn from womb to tomb. Philosophy is the study of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life. A philosophy is necessary for the same reason that someone needs a plan to proceed in life or a map to find one’s destination. This is why my philosophy in life is also my philosophy in education and that is Philippians 4:13 “I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.” I strongly believe that nothing is impossible if you have God in your life –if you lead a God-centered life you can do everything. Acknowledging the existence of the Supreme Being or the Unmoved Mover gives you the strength to fulfill your purpose here on earth. This is the philosophy that I want to share and instill to all of my students. The source of my educational philosophy is a combination of read and studied thoughts of others (theist realism) and personal experiences and read experiences of others (progressivism) –which leads to the birth of “Theistic Progrealism” philosophy. “Theistic Progrealism” is a philosophy of education which combines the philosophies of Theistic Realism and Progressivism. A philosophy that strongly upholds select ideas of both philosophies mentioned: Theistic Realism is based on the idea that God is real, acts in the universe, and is knowable through the senses and reason; and Progressivism that is concerned......

Words: 1582 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Basics of Philosophy

...Summary of Chapter II: The Basics of Philosophy Everything we learn in life is related to philosophy. According to Weiner Heisenberg and Karl Popper, philosophy and knowledge are dependent on each other. The question here of course is, why? What is philosophy? Is it important? Chapter 2 discusses the basics of philosophy. Specifically on the definition of what philosophy actually is, the branches of philosophy, as well as the schools of philosophy. That is what this summary will focus on. First of all, what is philosophy? The word philosophy was derived from the Greek word philosophos. Philos means wisdom, while sophos means love. So philosophy basically means the love for wisdom. Philosophers observed the nature of objects and sought the truth. The study of philosophy is a never-ending process that keeps on developing until this very day. Philosophers try to understand the existence of everything there is thus making the study of philosophy limitless. However, the study of philosophy is more than just understanding things, it isn’t as simple as that. It’s a long process and takes effort to understand things critically, radically and systematically. The study of philosophy is divided into three general areas/branches of study, which are ontology, epistemology, and axiology. Ontology is then divided into two smaller groups; ontology (a more specific definition) and metaphysics. Ontology is the study of everything that exists and can be seen and/or perceived by......

Words: 559 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Philosophy Essay

...Crystal Eastham Professor Soden EDUC 200-D04 11/23/2015 Philosophy Essay An important part of being an effective teacher is knowing what your philosophy is. Your philosophy helps to determine how you will teach and how it will impact your students. When preparing for this paper I had to learn what my philosophy is. The results showed an equal foundation in both perennialism and social reconstructionism. In this paper I will discuss what these are and how they will be applied in a classroom setting. The perennialism psychology places a lot of importance on learning through teaching that have stood the test of time such as literature or curriculum. It is important to use methods that have a high success rate in order to have a base line for teaching. If something has the same effective rate now as it used to then it would be wise to use it repeatedly. At the same time social reconstructionism is the philosophy that focusses on the social aspect of a child’s growth. This places importance on ensuring kids have a strong foundation in equality and fairness. I see the value in both of these philosophies although I feel in a way that they contradict each other. It is important to instill in children things that make the past so influential yet prepare them for the future. This being said, how can one use these philosophies in a real life scenario? Imagine you are an American History teacher, and you want your students to do more than simply memorize their way through the......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Plato and Platipus

...It is normal to underestimate the power of philosophy. It is a social science that has lost influence in the 21st Century because many do not understand how this science can help humans achieve true happiness. Though philosophy is a heavy subject, it is the science with the most results regarding human nature and knowledge. Philosophy offers guidance to understand human behavior as well as to question our presence and our real role in society. It is one of the leading social sciences because many world leaders have tried to grasp it and understand the meaning of it thus showing how important it is to study philosophy. Nevertheless, not only should world leaders study philosophy but also everyone should be aware of the different philosophical teachings in order to differentiate well from wrongdoing. It is no surprise that philosophers understood ethics and politics before others, therefore showing the depth and practicality of philosophy as well as defining academia. Philosophy should not only be considered a social science but also a lifestyle; to better explain, philosophy is applicable in the daily routine as well as in the professional world making it both a theoretical and pragmatic. As a lifestyle, philosophers focused on how philosophy could be applicable to the daily life to improve one’s being. One of the main philosophies, still applicable today, and serves as guide for those looking for a healthier life is Confucianism. This philosophical ideology analyzes ethics,...

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Nursing Philosophy

...Philosophy of Professional Nursing Kim Lopez American Sentinel University Philosophy of Professional Nursing The profession of nursing is sculpted by philosophies, theories and science. Theses components connect on another through the nursing process. The professional nurse’s philosophies shape practices, beliefs and nursing. Butts and Rich (2015) describe philosophy as a search for meaning and a set of beliefs. Nurses encounter many situations where their philosophies and beliefs guide their nursing judgment and decisions. As the nursing profession has evolved from a profession of skills to one of knowledge it is important to understand the overall discipline and the knowledge that motivates the thought and actions of the nurse (Butts & Rich, 2015). The development of theoretical formulations by nurse scholars has guided efforts to identifying what the core beliefs of nursing are. Theory development can be traced back to the writings of Florence Nightingale’s notes on nursing which altered the status of nursing from that of a domestic service to that of a profession (Selanders & Crane, 2012). When reflecting on my personal and profession philosophy, I found that looking at the traditional metaparadigm of nursing that includes person, environment, nursing and health (Butts & Rich, 2015) aided me in connecting my personal reflections, values, and beliefs with my professional outlook on my nursing practices. Personal Philosophy Nursing, for me, is more than a......

Words: 1031 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Philsophy in Education

...My Philosophy in Education A teacher’s philosophy effects many things, including their teaching style, rules, and grading scale, as well as how they react to students’s problems. Every teacher holds a philosophy about what they feel is important in the classroom, whether they acknowledge it or not. Philosophies are neither right nor wrong, it is simply what the teacher feels is most important for the students to learn. The philosophies that I hold to as I am preparing to become a teacher are a combination of two philosophies, essentialism and progressivism. Essentialism is refered to as “an educational philosophy suggesting that specific knowledge and skills exsis that all people should possess” (Kauchan, Eggen, p155). I believe that without the knowledge of certain things, such as reading, writing, and simple math, it becomes eccedingly difficult to excel in society. I also feel that there is information, that while not necessary, is important to be a well rounded person. These topics include subjects such as the nations history, literature, and any other culture shaping information. While essentialism deals with gaining knowledge, progressivism adds application. Progressivism is a philosophy that “emphasizes real-world problem solving, and individual development” (Kauchan, Eggen, p158). I believe that if a student leaves school with extensive knowledge, but no application in the real world the teacher has set them up to fail. In the same way, if a student leaves with......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Purpose of Education

...Professor: Class: Date of submission: Purpose of education Education is considered to be a very important aspect of every individual’s life. Education acts as a tool that shapes each individual’s life. In general there is no single definition of education that fully defines what education is. Different scholars in the field of education define education in their own different ways. However, most of the definitions of education converge at the acquiring or passing of knowledge, skills and behaviour from one individual to another or through an institution such as the family, school or the society. The word education is derived from a Latin word e-ducere which means “leading out” and therefore it means leading out from the darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge (Bailey, Barrow, Carr & McCarthy, 2013). In the formal setting education involves studying of a variety of subjects to learn new skills, habits and acquire new knowledge. It is usually divided into pre-school, primary school, secondary school and college or apprentice. For the purpose of this paper therefore education is defined as the practice of passing knowledge mostly in schools and colleges. The purpose of education in the society has been a matter of major debate among different philosophers of education. Education performs a very important role in an individual as well as the society. In our present society people look into education for everything. Different......

Words: 2664 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Nursing Philosphy

...Nursing Philosophy Fredy M. Calderon-Ventura Lehman College Abstract Philosophy of nursing states our thoughts on what we believe to be true about the nature of the profession of nursing and provide a basis for nursing activities. It endorses ethical values we hold as basic and bases our beliefs in theory. Nursing philosophy is based on both professional organization and individual definitions. Many factors both intrinsically and extrinsically influence one’s personal perceptions of the great profession called nursing. Every nurse is accountable for maintaining her own knowledge and education after completion of a nursing program. With a focus on personal professional growth that intellectually stimulates and promotes individual autonomy with her given specialty of practice, a nurse can greatly improve her self-confidence and professional motivation, thus providing a firm foundation on which to base her nursing judgment. Nursing Philosophy One strategy nurses can use to affirm that their practice is in harmony with their value system is to write a personal philosophy statement. This might be general in nature, such as a philosophy that relates to life values; it could be a philosophy statement related to beliefs about the profession of nursing; or it might be a philosophy specific to school nursing. In each case, this activity will encourage nurses to clarify their values and then examine how their philosophy fits with their professional practice. Articulating a......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6