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In-Groups & Out-Groups

In: Business and Management

Submitted By thereseabennett
Words 505
Pages 3
In-groups & Out-groups
October 13, 2013 Abstract
This paper will introduce the concept of in-groups and out-groups and describe a personal situation as a member of each group. It will also explain how having an in-group and out-group affects the organization. It will discuss task related performance factors and the leaders relationships with the followers. In- & Out Groups
The in-group and out-group are two concepts of the Leader-Member Exchange, or LMX, model. The LMX model’s focus is on the relationship-based exchanges which are unique to each leader and her followers. The type of LMX relationship forms early. A follower can facilitate the type of LMX relationship they have with their leader by seeking feedback about their performance. A LMX that has high-quality will include mutual respect and trust. A leader will look to these followers to work hard and get the job done. A LMX that has low-quality will result in poor performance and more stress. A leader will expect these followers to be lazy and do subpar work (Nahavandi, 2006).

Having an in-group affects an organization because you have a group of employees who are appreciated for their hard work and dedication. These opinions can be based on biased by one person who has a personal relationship with the employee, although that is not supposed to be a factor. These opinions can also be based on past experience of the employees performance. An employee in the in-group will make it to the in-group because they are task-orientated and their performance will show they are hard workers (Nahavandi, 2006). Having an out-group affects an organization because you have a group of employees who are labeled as lazy and having poor performance. These opinions can be based on biased by one person whom may not really know the employee, as in the instance on my personal out-group experience....

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