In Other People's Words

In: Social Issues

Submitted By polleyc
Words 9907
Pages 40
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol. 28, No. 5, October 2003

In Other (People’s) Words: plagiarism by university students—literature and lessons

CHRIS PARK, The Graduate School, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews the literature on plagiarism by students, much of it based on North American experience, to discover what lessons it holds for institutional policy and practice within institutions of higher education in the UK. It explores seven themes: the meaning and context of plagiarism, the nature of plagiarism by students, how do students perceive plagiarism, how big a problem is student plagiarism, why do students cheat, what challenges are posed by digital plagiarism and is there a need to promote academic integrity? It is concluded that plagiarism is doubtless common and getting more so (particularly with increased access to digital sources, including the Internet), that there are multiple reasons why students plagiarise and that students often rationalise their cheating behaviour and downplay the importance of plagiarism by themselves and their peers. It is also concluded that there is a growing need for UK institutions to develop cohesive frameworks for dealing with student plagiarism that are based on prevention supported by robust detection and penalty systems that are transparent and applied consistently.

Introduction Much has been written on the theme of plagiarism by students, particularly in the context of North American experience. This paper reviews that literature in order to discover what lessons it holds for institutional policy and practice within institutions of higher education in the UK. As well as being ‘the problem that won’t go away’ (Paldy, 1996), plagiarism is a problem that is growing bigger. There is mounting evidence that student cheating in general, and plagiarism in particular, are…...

Similar Documents

Words!!

...paraphernalia; CF. married woman’s property exclusive of her dowry mores conventions; moral standards; moral customs timidity lack of self-confidence or courage understate state with less truth than seems warranted by the facts; Ex. He understated the seriousness of the crime; N. understatement; OP. overstate protocol diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport. braid plait; interweave strands or lengths of; make by weaving strands together; N: braided segment (as of hair) acquiesce assent; agree passively; comply without protest favoritism display of partiality toward a favored person wake trail of ship or other object through water; path of something that has gone before; Ex. hunger followed in the wake of the war functional made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism punctilious minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail imbecility weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool rebuke scold harshly; criticize severely facile easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something......

Words: 53728 - Pages: 215

To What Extent the Role of the People's Mediation Committees in China Now Is Still Significant When Some Cities Tend to Modernize and Others Tend to Conserve Traditionalism?

...of Imperial China. The mediation system and the legal system were developed together after the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949. People's Mediation Committees appeared during this period, helping local people to resolve civil disputes and to preserve harmony in the society. However, the Mao's economic reforms have brought some physical and social changes of the Chinese cities. Reforms have promoted the development of the legal system and other formal legal institutions. They have also permitted more individual freedoms, since the decentralization of the political control. Moreover, the fast-growing economic developments, the modernization and the Westernization have led to the apparition of new cities which advocate the ideas of individualism, competition and private space, ideas totally at the opposite of the Chinese traditional culture which advocates the social harmony in community and society. In my essay, I will try to answer to this question: To what extent the role of the People's mediation committees in China now is still significant when some cities tend to modernize and others tend to conserve traditionalism? First, I will present the evolution of the traditional Chinese legal system to the contemporary Chinese legal system. Second, I will focus on the case of mediation, one Alternative Dispute Resolution, and the People's Mediation Committees. And finally, I will explore the importance of the teachings of Confucianism in the......

Words: 3644 - Pages: 15

Word

...Word  basics   Word is a powerful word processing and layout application, but to use it most effectively, you first have to understand the basics. This tutorial introduces some of the tasks and features that you can use in all documents. Before you begin ....................................................................................................................................... 1 1. Create a new blank document ............................................................................................................... 2 2. Explore the Word user interface ............................................................................................................. 4 3. Navigate through a document ............................................................................................................... 5 5. Format text ........................................................................................................................................... 9 6. Copy, paste, and drag ......................................................................................................................... 11 7. Change the document layout ............................................................................................................... 14 8. Save a document in a new folder ......................................................................................................... 16 Quick Reference Card ..............................................

Words: 2451 - Pages: 10

Words

...constitutes a "word" involves determining where one word ends and another word begins—in other words, identifying word boundaries. There are several ways to determine where the word boundaries of spoken language should be placed: Potential pause: A speaker is told to repeat a given sentence slowly, allowing for pauses. The speaker will tend to insert pauses at the word boundaries. However, this method is not foolproof: the speaker could easily break up polysyllabic words, or fail to separate two or more closely related words. Indivisibility: A speaker is told to say a sentence out loud, and then is told to say the sentence again with extra words added to it. Thus, I have lived in this village for ten years might become My family and I have lived in this little village for about ten or so years. These extra words will tend to be added in the word boundaries of the original sentence. However, some languages have infixes, which are put inside a word. Similarly, some have separable affixes; in the German sentence "Ich komme gut zu Hause an", the verb ankommen is separated. Phonetic boundaries: Some languages have particular rules of pronunciation that make it easy to spot where a word boundary should be. For example, in a language that regularly stresses the last syllable of a word, a word boundary is likely to fall after each stressed syllable. Another example can be seen in a language that has vowel harmony (like Turkish):[5] the vowels within a given word......

Words: 574 - Pages: 3

Others

...changed me as a person, but for others it is something that they are not comfortable with. It is foreign and hard to understand, but that is only through a quick look at only a section of what it really is. Through the years I have heard the same old thing; they all look like girls, I don’t understand what they are saying so I refuse to listen. Through Korean pop music, I have a better understanding of the world around me and my peers. It has not only given me insight about the hardships people go through but about the hardships foreign teens go through as people also when they go to a new country. When people see them the same thoughts come to people’s heads. They don’t understand them, so they don’t want to talk to them. It is amazing how much you can learn about society just from a genre of music. It is legendary, it is called the Hallyu or here in Canada and other parts of the world, it is known as the Korean Wave. Quickly and rapidly since 1992 Korea has been creating a storm that has been sweeping all over the world and leaving people in awe. Many Kpop groups have not only become nationally famous but have become internationally famous as well. Psy, SHINee, Super Junior, Big Bang, 2NE1 and Girls Generation are only a few examples groups that have made it into the US and Canadian music stream. Their fans are loyal, and sometimes, or in sometimes a lot of the times can go overboard. There have been cases of violence, where fans have attacked other fans. Fan clubs are a......

Words: 2043 - Pages: 9

How Cultural Diversity Affects People's Responses to the Ways Others Express Themselves

...needs of the ever-changing classroom demographic. As classroom demographics change, so must the perspective of educators charged with educating young people. It is the responsibility of teacher leaders everywhere to find meaningful ways to reach their students. With the growing popularity of professional learning communities on school campuses, teachers can take advantage of professional development prospects enabling them to establish differentiated instructional strategies that give all students equal access and opportunities to learn. Teacher leaders have several roles. To begin with, as lifelong learners these leaders “foster 
a collaborative culture to support educator development and student learning” (Teachers as leaders, 2011). In other words, teacher leaders are dedicated to improving educational outcomes for students, expanding the professional communities that they work in and creating positive culture. Positive school culture is vital to both students and staff. Roby (2011) offers that “Teacher leaders not only have the ability to shape the culture of the workplace, but if they are operating from a moral mindset, an obligation to do so is imminent” (p. 782). Furthermore, teacher leaders are willing to take risks, effectively communicate, and express their ideas and are heavily involved in the school decision-making process. One idea I have expressed is the need for professional development on culturally relevant education as the majority of students at my school......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Word

...already been used by someone else . It is basically stealing someone’s ideas, thoughts, expressions or even formulas and representing them as your own without really crediting the original author or writer. Use or non-use of quotation marks is also considered plagiarism. It is considered a fraud and an academic dishonesty. Plagiarism is defined in various ways in institutions of higher learning. For example, Randall defines plagiarism as “appropriating another person’s ideas or words (spoken or written) without attributing those words or ideas to their true source” (132). Watkins views plagiarism as “the use of another person words, works or ideas without attribution” (5). Princeton perceives plagiarism as “the deliberate use of someone else’s language ideas or other original (not common knowledge) without acknowledging its source” (Neville, 2010). Plagiarism can be committed in various forms, for example one can clone someone else’s work word for word without changing anything, or changing key words and phrases while still retaining the original context, paraphrasing from various documents and making those portions fit together is also plagiarism ,citing non-existent or inaccurate information about the sources is also considered plagiarism. Self plagiarism also known as ‘recycling fraud’ exists where an individual takes work they have already submitted before and passes it as new work especially if the former had already been published. This is often referred to as......

Words: 616 - Pages: 3

Words

...CHAPTER –1 INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT  Project Title : “Comparative analysis of packaged drinking water of Kingfisher with other market players”  Name of the Organization: UNITED BREWERIES GROUP (UB GROUP)  Name of the Company : KINGFISHER LIMITED  Manufactured & Marketed By: ICEBERG FOODS LIMITED  Project Head & Supervisor: Mr. Mangesh Arnalkar (Regional Sales Manager)  Project Duration: 7th June 2010 to 30th July 2010 2 The study was made to improve the Kingfisher’s market potential in the Pune market in retail segment, and for this I had undertaken the above mentioned project. During my summer training at Kingfisher IBF LTD., I completed the project in corporate sale and market share of packaged drinking water product of Kingfisher IBF LTD. And the focusing areas of my study were as follows:-  A detailed study, consisting of product variety, corporate sale etc. of packaged drinking water of KINGFISHER IBF LTD.  An observational study packaged drinking water industry and market share of KINGFISHER IBF’s products.  A detail understanding of all the competitive brands of KINGFISHER IBF’s packaged drinking water.  Assessing the brand awareness of Kingfisher in Packaged Drinking Water segment.  Finding out the basis on which, dealers and customers, prefer buying Packaged Drinking Water. My project was to support sales promotion for ICEBERG FOODS LIMITED. It was carried out in PUNE city.......

Words: 8071 - Pages: 33

Word

...The field and subfields of psychology are broad in scope and colossal in size. Four major areas of psychology are social psychology, counseling psychology, biological psychology/neuroscience, and cognitive psychology. Social psychology is the study of thoughts, behaviors, and feelings in the presence or imagined presence of others. Steinberg states that, “major causes of morbidity and mortality among American teenagers are self-inflicted behaviors.” He indicates “that it’s not hard to change people’s attitudes and knowledge but it’s really hard to change their behavior” {, #116}. Counseling psychology covers the area of personal and interpersonal functioning. Trainees and trainers in counseling psychology programs are expected to be committed to the social values of respect for diversity, inclusion, and equity {Bieschke, 2009 #120}. Biopsychology is a branch of psychology that analyzes how the brain and neurotransmitters influence our behaviors, thoughts and feelings – the state of the body is central to guiding motivational behaviors {Berridge, 2010 #1157}. This field can be thought of as a combination of basic psychology and neuroscience {Cherry, 2012 #1207}. Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes, including how people think, perceive, remember, and learn {Cherry, 2012 #1207}. The consciousness of the human mind {The Open University, 2010 #1159} has long been a topic of fascination and curiosity amongst writers,......

Words: 268 - Pages: 2

Words

...Archaic words These words are no longer in everyday use or have lost a particular meaning in current usage but are sometimes used to impart an old-fashioned flavor to historical novels, for example, or in standard conversation or writing just for a humorous effect. Some, such as bedlam, reveal the origin of their current meaning, while others reveal the origin of a different modern word, as with gentle, the sense of which is preserved in gentleman. Some, such as learn and let, now mean the opposite of their former use. 1. Abroad-out of doors 2. Accouchement-birthing 3. Advertisement-a notice to readers in a book Obsolete. Words This label is attached to entry words and senses for which there is little or no printed evidence since 1755. A temporal label commonly used by lexicographers (that is, editors of dictionaries) to indicate that a word (or a particular form or sense of a word) is no longer in active use in speech and writing. 1. “bell, book, and candle” – the popes of old’s favoured way of excommunicating someone, but also a fancy way to intensify your retelling of screeching or railing at someone. 2. “with squirrel” – pregnant. 3. “balderdash” – once an adulterated wine, also an en mode way of saying that something is untrue. Jargon Words Jargon is a literary term that is defined as a use of specific phrases and words by writers in a particular situation, profession or trade. These specialized terms are used to convey hidden meanings......

Words: 2092 - Pages: 9

Word for Words

...slowed the machine’s performance and caused the operating system to become unstable. Flip thought these programs were “cool”, but most industry experts considered them shoddy products whose drawbacks far outweighed their usefulness. Finally, three weeks ago, Flip got angry at his computer and threw it on the floor. The motherboard and several other components were fatally damaged, so that Flip no longer has a working computer. End of story. Flip was an imprudent and irresponsible computer owner. He made several bad decisions. It would clearly have been better had he taken care of his computer, not installed harmful software, and never thrown it on the floor. This would have been better for the computer, for Flip, and even for society, for Flip would have been a more productive citizen with a working computer. So a question naturally arises: how might we prevent people from behaving like Flip? A solution fairly thrusts itself on our imagination (or at any rate, on the imagination of those who take their cue from modern politics): we could send the police after Flip, to drag him off and throw him in jail. That would send a message to other would-be computer abusers. What are we to think of this plan? Of course, as things stand, Flip will not be sent to prison because he has violated no law. But that just invites the question: Should Flip’s behaviour be against the law? It is clear enough that the behaviour was foolish and without redeeming social value. So why isn’t it illegal?...

Words: 2041 - Pages: 9

People's Blog

...me of a most troubling and subversive ditty making its rounds of AlGore's, aka the People's, Internet. It is sung to the tune of "She's Lump": "Barack, Barack, Barack, He is The One, To re-distrib-ute wealth, he sure has fun! He wants to destroy our society, Every rule and reg fills his ble-eak soul with glee, He's destroyed our country's fiscal health While stealing every hard working man and woman's wealth Barack, Barack, gutsy and bold; Ruin the healthcare industry is the goal, If you're over 50 hate to burst your bubble; If you get sick and need a doc, you're not worth the trouble Barack, Barack, he'll make a car, Kludged together by 50,000 czars, It'll run on rainbows and unicorn farts; Only trouble is it can't even start Barack, Barack, he's got the power But not enough to run your heater for an hour; He promised energy prices would skyrocket, And you can't pay for anything with your empty pockets! Barack, in '12, tell him no way, But he'll declare an emergency and he will stay! And that's all the Repubicans have to say about that!" UGH! I am so righteously and equally disgusted that I must take a shower after cutting and pasting that filth into my message form. Excuse me tovarisches... ...Praise The One, I am better now due to the cleansing power of the Party shower He has beneficently provided me with. On with the message... ALERT to all People's Cube (PC) tovarisches: Find the dirty scum-sucking "writers" of this filth,......

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Others

...Experiential learning, can be useful to learners who want to use direct learning experiences in order to develop an understanding of a process and gain further knowledge about a topic or issue. So how easy is it to translate experiences into learning? Kolb's learning styles model and experiential learning theory are useful concepts towards our understanding of our learning behaviour and towards helping others to learn. The following example might illustrate the value of turning book learning and emotions into learning experiences. A social worker interviews a parent of a young child. The social worker receives a question from the parent: "Do you have children?" "No", is the reply. The credibility of social workers in the field can be undermined. A lot of distrust can arise from "book learning", so using the work place to apply learning can be very useful. Kolb's learning theory is a four-stage learning cycle, (which might also be interpreted as a 'training cycle') but can be very useful. Kolb's model is particularly well-designed, since it offers both a way to understand individual people's different learning styles and also an explanation of a cycle of experiential learning that can apply to learning in the work place. The four-stage cycle of learning, invites learners to think of learning as an experience that has a direct effect or concrete experience. These experiences provide a basis for 'observations and......

Words: 1375 - Pages: 6

Other

...Definition of Race Race is a group of people of common ancestry, distinguished from others by physical characteristics, such as hair type, the color of eyes and skin. Race as a social construction is changing as time goes on. Our daily lives are affected by race whether we are aware of it or not. We can see all over the world that race has affected various domains of our lives. From the types of jobs we have the amount of money we make, the kinds of friends we keep, the food we eat and even the schools we will attend. The entire foundation of race is constructed on a platform based on the color of people’s skin. The construction of social reality is based on social groups and the agreements and disagreements that are made based on the acceptance of certain constructions when it comes to our existence. There is nothing biologically real about race. I have learned that that there is no certain identification of race that exists from our collective agreements, acceptance, and positions other than our existing with one another. Race is a social construction that has real consequences and effects. Race shapes the way we view ourselves and those around us. We shouldn’t have an objective knowledge about race. We can know what race is and how it works being aware that regardless of the various shifts in the meaning of race that they have occurred through history and going to occur geographically but this should not lead to skepticism and the destruction of positive social......

Words: 1379 - Pages: 6

Other

...Social obligation is the obligation of a business to meet its economic and legal responsibilities and nothing more. Social responsiveness is when a firm engages in social actions in response to some popular social need. Social responsibility is a business's intention, beyond its legal and economic obligations, to do the right things and act in ways that are good for society. The workforce that makes iPods in China live in poor inland farming provinces where work is scarce and head to coastal areas in the south where factories produce the world’s consumer goods. The only reason they can survive in these cities is because work opportunities in manufacturing plants. It has been reported that Chinese factory workers have working hours, pay and other unsafe workplace issues that are exacerbated by a greater array of more hazardous chemicals when manufacturing iPods. Workers earn per month around one-quarter the UK and USA retail price. These workers who assemble iPods work 15 hours a day for US$50 per month. Chinese employees also work and sleep at these plants, sleeping in dormitories with more than 100 people, outside visitors are not allowed, employees have little choice about overtime and they stand at their posts for long hours without being allowed to take a rest. Media outlets sense a strong sense of responsiveness in linking one of the best selling products globally with Chinese workplace conditions. Apple has sold million iPods, iPads and iPhones. These sales have......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5